856,459 results match your criteria long-term efficacyresults

Intracranial 131I-chTNT Brachytherapy in Patients with Deep-Seated Glioma: A Single-center Experience with 10-Year Follow-up from China.

Nuklearmedizin 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Fourth Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective:  The intracranial brachytherapy has been applied for decades, however, no results with long-term follow-up have been reported. This study investigated the long-term efficiency of intra-tumoral injection of I-chTNT in patients with deep-seated glioma.

Method:  Thirty-five patients undergoing I-chTNT brachytherapy between December 2004 and May 2009 were enrolled. Read More

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How safe is it to use ultrasound in prenatal medicine? Facts and contradictions - Part 2 - Laboratory experiments regarding non-thermal effects and epidemiological studies.

Ultraschall Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Centre for Ultrasound and Prenatal Medicine Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

The first part of this CME article (issue 5/20) provided a detailed examination of the biophysical effects of ultrasound waves, the exposure values, and in particular the thermal effect. In vivo and in vitro measurements have shown that the temperature increase in tissue associated with B-mode ultrasound is far too low to pose a potential risk. Even experiments with exposure values in the range of pulsed Doppler have shown that temperature increases of over 1. Read More

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Dosimetric effect of nanoparticles in the breast cancer treatment using INTRABEAM® system with spherical applicators in the presence of tissue heterogeneities: A Monte Carlo study.

Biomed Phys Eng Express 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine, Hojjat-dost Alley, Naderi Street, Tehran, Tehran, Tehran, 17015, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

Using the 50 kV INTRABEAM® IORT system after breast-conserving surgery: tumor recurrence and organs at risk (OARs), such as the lung and heart, long-term complications remain the challenging problems for breast cancer patients. So, the objective of this study was to address these two problems with the help of high atomic number nanoparticles (NPs). A Monte Carlo (MC) Simulation type EGSnrc C++ class library (egspp) with its Easy particle propagation (Epp) user code was used. Read More

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An anti-biofilm material: polysaccharides prevent the precipitation reaction of silver ions and chloride ions and lead to the synthesis of nano silver chloride.

Nanotechnology 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Shandong University, Qingdao, 266700, CHINA.

The formation of biofilm is one of the causes of bacterial pathogenicity and drug resistance. Recent studies have reported a variety of anti-biofilm materials and achieved good results. However, it is still very important to develop some materials with wider application scenarios or higher biofilm resistance. Read More

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Pre-intervention SNOT-22 scores predict outcomes in aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Mar 31;42(5):103025. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States of America.

Purpose: This study evaluated whether stratified preoperative, pre- aspirin desensitization (AD) sinonasal symptom scores predict postoperative, post-AD outcomes in Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD).

Materials And Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients with aspirin challenge-proven AERD who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery followed by AD was performed. Preoperative, postoperative/pre-AD, and postoperative/post-AD sinonasal symptom scores were collected (22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test, SNOT-22). Read More

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Epilepsy Outcome at Four Years in a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Oral Prednisolone and Intramuscular ACTH in West Syndrome.

Pediatr Neurol 2021 Mar 8;119:22-26. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: This article explores the role of initial treatment on control of spasms and other epilepsies at four years in children previously treated for West syndrome.

Methods: The Sri Lanka Infantile Spasm Study is a prospective clinical trial evaluating response to intra-muscular adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) versus oral prednisolone. A previous report documented response through age 12 months. Read More

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Biodegradation of phenol by a halotolerant versatile yeast Candida tropicalis SDP-1 in wastewater and soil under high salinity conditions.

J Environ Manage 2021 Apr 6;289:112525. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

The Key Laboratory of Biotechnology for Medicinal Plant of Jiangsu Province, School of Life Science, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, 221116, PR China. Electronic address:

In this study, a novel halotolerant phenol-degrading yeast strain, SDP-1, was isolated from a coastal soil in Jiangsu, China, and identified as Candida tropicalis by morphology and rRNA internal transcribed space region sequence analysis. Strain SDP-1 can efficiently remove phenol at wide ranges of pH (3.0-9. Read More

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Energy-enhanced parenteral nutrition and neurodevelopment of preterm newborns: A cohort study.

Nutrition 2021 Feb 26;89:111219. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: Preterm births are at higher risk for neurodevelopment (NDV) disabilities. To limit long-term consequences, guidelines recommend aggressive parenteral nutrition (PN) soon after birth. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of energy-enhanced PN in the first week of life on long-term NDV in preterm neonates. Read More

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February 2021

Early initiation of ambroxol treatment diminishes neurological manifestations of type 3 Gaucher disease: A long-term outcome of two siblings.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 Mar 31;32:66-72. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address:

Gaucher disease type 3 (GD3) is a severely debilitating disorder characterized by multisystemic manifestations and neurodegeneration. Enzyme replacement therapy alleviates visceral signs and symptoms but has no effect on neurological features. Ambroxol has been suggested as an enzyme enhancement agent. Read More

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Effects of concurrent action and object naming treatment on naming skills and functional brain activation patterns in primary progressive aphasia: An fMRI study with a case-series design.

Brain Lang 2021 Apr 6;218:104950. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401, United States; Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, United States. Electronic address:

Individuals with primary progressive aphasia (PPA) exhibit differential impairment patterns in noun and verb naming, but it remains unclear whether anomia treatment results in similar improvements in noun and verb naming. Therefore, we examined the immediate and long-term (3-months post-treatment) behavioral and neural effects of an anomia treatment on object and action naming skills in PPA. A case-series design was utilized involving two individuals with PPA. Read More

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Screening for HPV and dysplasia in transgender patients: Do we need it?

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Mar 31;260:177-182. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Aim of this study was the evaluation of prevalence of HPV infection and resulting genital dysplasia to assess the necessity and reasonability of pap smears and HPV testing in transgender patients. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection and responsible for the majority of genital dysplasias and malignancies. However, few data exist about the prevalence of HPV and dysplasia in transgender people. Read More

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Effects of sirolimus in the treatment of unresectable infantile hemangioma and vascular malformations in children: A single-center experience.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05505, Korea.

Objective: Recently, sirolimus has emerged as a safe and effective treatment modality for unresectable vascular lesions. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness and safety of sirolimus based an early experience with patients with unresectable vascular anomalies.

Methods: Medical records and radiological images of all patients with unresectable vascular anomalies treated with sirolimus at our center between January 2018 and November 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Gray matter volume in left intraparietal sulcus predicts longitudinal gains in subtraction skill in elementary school: Running title (5 words): Gray matter volume predicts subtraction.

Neuroimage 2021 Apr 6:118021. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Although behavioral studies show large improvements in arithmetic skills in elementary school, we do not know how brain structure supports math gains in typically developing children. While some correlational studies have investigated the concurrent association between math performance and brain structure, such as gray matter volume (GMV), longitudinal studies are needed to infer if there is a causal relation. Although discrepancies in the literature on the relation between GMV and math performance have been attributed to the different demands on quantity vs. Read More

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The effects of maternal SSRI exposure on the serotonin system, prefrontal protein expression and behavioral development in male and female offspring rats.

Neurochem Int 2021 Apr 6:105041. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

School of Rehabilitation, Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China. Electronic address:

Fluoxetine (FLX), a commonly used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is often used to treat depression during pregnancy. However, prenatal exposure to FLX has been associated with a series of neuropsychiatric illnesses. The use of a rodent model can provide a clear indication as to whether prenatal exposure to SSRIs, independent of maternal psychiatric disorders or genetic syndromes, can cause long-term behavioral abnormalities in offspring. Read More

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Detrimental effects of 6 months exposure to very low doses of a mixture of six pesticides associated with chronic vitamin deficiency on rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Apr 6:112188. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Toxicology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Craiova, 200349, Romania. Electronic address:

This study aimed to evaluate the long-term low-dose effects of exposure to a mixture of 6 pesticide active substances (diquat, imazamox, imazethapyr, tepraloxydin, bentazone, acifluorfen) and to elucidate if chronic vitamin deficiency can influence their toxicity. Two hundred Wistar rats were divided in 4 groups: a vitamin-sufficiency control group, a vitamin-deficiency control group, a vitamin sufficiency test group and a vitamin-deficiency test group. The test groups were treated with the aforementioned pesticides at doses 100 times lower than the corresponding NOAEL. Read More

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Glass-like protein condensate for the long-term storage of proteins.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573, Japan. Electronic address:

Long-term storage of proteins at ambient temperature is required for applications in pharmaceutics and biotechnology. Lyophilization is a versatile approach for stabilizing proteins at ambient temperature, although its freezing and drying processes negatively affect the protein structure. In this study, we show a glass-like protein condensate (GLPC) as a new method for protein stabilization at ambient temperature. Read More

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Prediction of parasitological cure in children infected with Trypanosoma cruzi using a novel multiplex serological approach: an observational, retrospective cohort study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Parasitology Service, Hospital de Niños "Ricardo Gutierrez" and Instituto Multidisciplinario de Investigacion en Patologias Pediatricas (IMIPP)-CONICET-GCBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Assessment of therapeutic response with standard serological diagnostic assays in patients with chronic Chagas disease is a major challenge due to the long persistence of parasite-specific antibodies. The current consensus for parasitological cure is to monitor conversion from positive to negative Trypanosoma cruzi serology (seroreversion). However, because of robust humoral immune response, seroreversion by standard serological tests can take years to decades. Read More

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Strategies to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in babies at risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Neonatal hypoglycaemia is associated with adverse development, particularly visual-motor and executive function impairment, in childhood. As neonatal hypoglycaemia is common and frequently asymptomatic in at-risk babies-ie, those born preterm, small or large for gestational age, or to mothers with diabetes, it is recommended that these babies are screened for hypoglycaemia in the first 1-2 days after birth with frequent blood glucose measurements. Neonatal hypoglycaemia can be prevented and treated with buccal dextrose gel, and it is also common to treat babies with hypoglycaemia with infant formula and intravenous dextrose. Read More

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Immune cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of Ugandan adults who resist versus those who develop latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(4):e0249477. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America.

Background: The search for immune correlates of protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection in humans is limited by the focus on peripheral blood measures. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) can safely be done and provides insight into cellular function in the lung where infection is first established. In this study, blood and lung samples were assayed to determine if heavily MTB exposed persons who resist development of latent MTB infection (RSTR) vs those who develop latent MTB infection (LTBI), differ in the make-up of resident BAL innate and adaptive immune cells. Read More

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Updated Meta-analysis of Minimally Invasive Versus Open Surgery for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms.

Pancreas 2021 Mar;50(3):423-433

From the Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with those of open pancreas surgery (OPS) for the treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs).

Methods: Studies reporting the effects of MIS and OPS for pNENs, published on PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library before May 2020 were reviewed.

Results: Seventeen cohort studies with a total of 1853 patients were eligible for analysis, including 655 patients in the MIS group and 1198 patients in the OPS group. Read More

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Pancreatic Cancer Stem-Like Cells With High Calreticulin Expression Associated With Immune Surveillance.

Pancreas 2021 Mar;50(3):405-413

From the Department of Gastroenterological, Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube.

Objective: Pancreatic cancer stem-like cells (P-CSLCs) are thought to be associated with poor prognosis. Previously, we used proteomic analysis to identify a chaperone pro-phagocytic protein calreticulin (CALR) as a P-CSLC-specific protein. This study aimed to investigate the association between CALR and P-CSLC. Read More

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Pathological Features and Imaging Findings in Pancreatic Carcinoma In Situ.

Pancreas 2021 Mar;50(3):399-404

Department of Pathology, Japanese Red Cross Society Kyoto Daiichi Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the pathological features and imaging findings of pancreatic carcinoma in situ (PCIS).

Methods: Twenty patients with PCIS were categorized as flat (F) (n = 6) and low papillary (LP) (n = 14) types.

Results: None of F type and 8 (57%) of 14 with LP type lesions showed intraductal infiltrations of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) greater than 10 mm. Read More

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The Short- and Long-Term Burden of Acute Pancreatitis in the United States: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Pancreas 2021 Mar;50(3):330-340

Real World Evidence, IQVIA, Plymouth Meeting, PA.

Objectives: This retrospective cohort study assessed short- and long-term economic, clinical burden, and productivity impacts of acute pancreatitis (AP) in the United States.

Methods: United States claims data from patients hospitalized for AP (January 1, 2011-September-30, 2016) were sourced from MarketScan databases. Patients were categorized by index AP severity: severe intensive care unit (ICU), severe non-ICU, and other hospitalized patients. Read More

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Computer-aided Intraoperative Toric Intraocular Lens Positioning and Alignment During Cataract Surgery.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2021 Apr 9;PP. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Cataract causes more than half of all blindness worldwide. The most effective treatment is surgery, where cataract is often replaced by intraocular lens (IOL). Beyond saving vision, toric IOL implantation is becoming increasingly popular to correct corneal astigmatism. Read More

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The Activation of Prosurvival Pathways in during Torpor.

Physiol Biochem Zool 2021 May-Jun;94(3):180-187

AbstractHibernation is a strategy used by some mammals to survive harsh winter conditions. Many small mammals, such as the little brown bat, , enter a long-term state of hibernation characterized by a period of deep torpor that can range from days to weeks. Torpid bats undergo metabolic rate depression that not only results in physiological changes but also promotes biochemical changes that favor survival. Read More

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Long-term physico-chemical stability of 5-fluorouracile at standardised rounded doses (SRD) in MyFuser® portable infusion pump.

J Chemother 2021 Apr 9:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Medical Laboratory, CHU UCL Namur, Yvoir, Belgium.

Management of chemotherapies is a strategic issue for european healthcare. Dose-banding enables to reduce waiting time of patients in day care units and drug wastage. The aim of this study was to assess the stability of 5-Fluorouracile (5-FU) at standardised rounded doses of 4 and 5 g in MyFuser® portable infusion pump for in-advance preparation. Read More

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Comparison of Perioperative, Oncological, and Functional Outcomes of Three-Dimensional Versus Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: A Preliminary Study.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Urology, Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey.

Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the first-line treatment modality for prostate cancer and can be performed using retropubic or minimally invasive techniques. New technologies such as the da Vinci robotic system and three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic imaging system have been developed to overcome the challenges of conventional laparoscopy. This study aimed to compare the perioperative, oncological, and functional outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic RP (RALP) and 3D laparoscopic RP (3D LRP). Read More

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Comprehensive Preclinical Assessment of ADVM-022, an Intravitreal Anti-VEGF Gene Therapy for the Treatment of Neovascular AMD and Diabetic Macular Edema.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2021 Apr;37(3):181-190

Adverum Biotechnologies, Inc., Redwood City, California, USA.

Inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor is the mode of action for several approved therapies, including aflibercept, for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and diabetic macular edema (DME). Lack of compliance due to the frequent intravitreal dosing requirements may result in inadequately treated disease, leading to irreversible vision impairment. To date, the majority of gene therapy clinical trials providing sustained anti-VEGF levels in the retina have been limited to subretinal injections requiring a vitrectomy. Read More

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Comparison of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Specific Antibodies' Binding Capacity Between Human Milk and Serum from Coronavirus Disease 2019-Recovered Women.

Breastfeed Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Neonatal Immunology and Microbiology, Medolac Laboratories, A Public Benefit Corporation, Boulder City, Nevada, USA.

Human milk from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-recovered women may be useful as oral antibody therapy to prevent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and provide long-term immunity to neonates and young children. As convalescent plasma is already used as antibody therapy, this study aimed to compare the binding capacity of antibodies specific to the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 between human milk and serum from COVID-19-recovered women. The areas under the curve (AUCs) for IgA, IgM, and IgG specific to the SARS-CoV-2 RBD in human milk and serum samples were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Read More

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Quantifying Preservation Potential: Lipid Degradation in a Mars-Analog Circumneutral Iron Deposit.

Astrobiology 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Impacts and Astromaterials Research Centre, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Comparisons between the preservation potential of Mars-analog environments have historically been qualitative rather than quantitative. Recently, however, laboratory-based artificial maturation combined with kinetic modeling techniques have emerged as a potential means by which the preservation potential of solvent-soluble organic matter can be quantified in various Mars-analog environments. These methods consider how elevated temperatures, pressures, and organic-inorganic interactions influence the degradation of organic biomarkers post-burial. Read More

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