52,260 results match your criteria long bones


Pediatric Scaphoid Fracture Associated with Osteopetrosis: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 Apr 13;11(2). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

Case: A 12-year-old boy with osteopetrosis sustained a scaphoid waist fracture, which has not previously been reported with this condition. Healing was successfully achieved with percutaneous cannulated compression screw fixation, albeit with prolonged healing as is typical for this condition.

Conclusion: A lack of osteoclastic remodeling predisposes patients with osteopetrosis to fractures, commonly in long bones. Read More

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Excision of fibrous band and application of tension band plating in focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia: A case report and literature review.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021 Mar;55(2):184-188

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia (FFCD) is a rare disease that can cause angular deformities of long bones. The common pathologic finding is a thick fibrotic band extending from epiphysis to metaphysis on one side of the bone. The tethering effect of the fibrotic band around the growth plate is thought to be the main etiology for the development and progression of the deformity. Read More

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Radiological and histopathological features of short rib‑polydactyly syndrome type III and identification of two novel variants.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 13;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Key Laboratory of Maternal‑Fetal Medicine of Liaoning Province, Key Laboratory of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Higher Education of Liaoning Province, Liaoning Centre for Prenatal Diagnosis, Research Center of China Medical University Birth Cohort, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110004, P.R. China.

Short rib‑polydactyly syndrome type III (SRPS3) is a lethal perinatal skeletal disorder consisting of polydactyly and multi‑system organ abnormalities. To further assess the pathogenicity of two pairs of compound heterozygotes and to search for novel molecular etiology, X‑rays and hematoxylin and eosin staining were conducted in three cases: Two retrospective samples and a newly identified patient with SRPS3. In addition, next‑generation sequencing was used to evaluate a fetus with SRPS3. Read More

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Thumb Metacarpal-Trapezoid Impingement as an Etiology of Pain After Trapeziectomy and Basal Joint Soft Tissue Arthroplasty: A Case Series.

J Hand Surg Am 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ.

Purpose: To report a poorly described etiology for pain after trapeziectomy and soft tissue basal joint arthroplasty, diagnosed with the aid of nuclear imaging.

Methods: Five patients (4 women and 1 man), average age 62 years (range, 59-65 years) presented with pain an average of 7 months (range, 2-11 months) after basal joint arthroplasty. The dominant hand was involved in all cases. Read More

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Radiological Assessment of Giant Cell Tumour of Bone in the Sacrum: From Diagnosis to Treatment Response Evaluation.

Curr Med Imaging 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, IRCCS Rizzoli, Bologna. Italy.

Giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB) typically occurs in young adults from 20-40 years old. Although the majority of lesions are located in the epi-metaphyses of the long bones, approximately one third of tumours is located in the axial skeleton, of which only 4% in the sacrum. Sacral tumours tend to be large at the time of presentation, and they present with aggressive features such as marked cortical destruction and an associated soft tissue component. Read More

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Gene expression analysis of fresh extraction wounds prior to onset of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw-like lesions in mice: A preliminary animal study.

J Prosthodont Res 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Applied Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of chemotherapeutic/bisphosphonate combination therapy with tooth extraction on gene expression patterns of fresh extraction wounds during initial stages prior to their diagnosis as bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ)-like lesions in mice.

Methods: Female C57BL/6J mice were used. To create a high-prevalence BRONJ mouse model, combination therapy with the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide (CY) and zoledronic acid (ZA) was performed (CY/ZA). Read More

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Osteoblastoma of the Distal Radius.

J Hand Surg Am 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Osteoblastomas are rare, benign, bone-forming neoplasms that represent less than 1% of all bone tumors and occur mostly in people aged 10 to 30 years. In long bones, the metadiaphyseal region tends to be most commonly affected. However, to the best of our knowledge, only 11 cases have been reported to occur in the distal radius. Read More

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Single Versus Multi-channel Dispersion Analysis of Ultrasonic Guided Waves Propagating in Long Bones.

Ultrason Imaging 2021 Apr 12:1617346211006660. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Ultrasonic guided wave techniques have been applied to characterize cortical bone for osteoporosis assessment. Compared with the current gold-standard X-ray-based diagnostic methods, ultrasound-based techniques pose some advantages such as compactness, low cost, lack of ionizing radiation, and their ability to detect the mechanical properties of the cortex. Axial transmission technique with a source-receiver offset is employed to acquire the ultrasound data. Read More

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Resolution of sclerotic lesions of dysosteosclerosis due to biallelic SLC29A3 variant in a Turkish girl.

Am J Med Genet A 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Pediatric Genetics, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Dysosteosclerosis is a group of sclerosing bone dysplasia characterized by short stature, increased bone fragility, osteosclerosis, and platyspondyly. It is a genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by biallelic mutations in the SLC29A3, TNFRSF11A, TCIRG1, and CSF1R genes. To date, four dysosteosclerosis patients with SLC29A3 mutations have been reported. Read More

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Fibula Musculo-Osteocutaneous Flap with Full Thickness of Flexor Hallucis Longus Muscle.

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):22-29

Department of Plastic Surgery, Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, 560040, Bangalore, India.

Background: Fibula flap has been a gold standard method for reconstruction of the mandible. It has been used for reconstruction of maxilla as well as long bones, effectively. Fibula flap in selected cases has been used as a pedicled flap. Read More

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January 2021

[Rib cartilage framework supporting combined with local flap grafting for correction of cryptotia].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;56(4):329-332

th Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Peking Union Medical College,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100144, China.

To investigate the curative effect of rib cartilage framework supporting combined with local flap grafting for correction of cryptotia. Fourteen cases (nineteen ears) were corrected by rib cartilage framework supporting combined with local flap grafting method from January 2017 to March 2019. Part of the 7th rib cartilage was carved into a scalloped cartilage piece, which was implanted on the retroauricular cartilage to release and expand the deformed cartilage. Read More

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The necessity or not of the addition of fusion to decompression for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis patients: A PRISMA compliant meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e24775

Department of Neurosurgery, The fifth affiliated hospital of Nanchang University (Fu Zhou first people's hospital of Jiangxi province), Fuzhou, Jiangxi, PR China.

Background: The new emerging application of decompression combined with fusion comes with a concern of cost performance, however, it is a lack of big data support. We aimed to evaluate the necessity or not of the addition of fusion for decompression in patients with lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Methods: Potential studies were selected from PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, and gray relevant studies were manually searched. Read More

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Short Segment Pedicle Screw Fixation Including Fracture Vertebrae for the Management of Unstable Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):485-492

Dr Abdullah Al Mamun Choudhury, Medical Officer, National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Stabilization procedures for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures remain controversial. Traditional stabilization procedures include short and long segment stabilization. Nowadays short-segment including fracture vertebrae stabilization is one of the modalities of treatment. Read More

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Inter-Implant Papilla Reconstruction via a Bone and Soft Tissue Augmentation: A Case Report with a Long-Term Follow-up.

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2021 Nov-Dec;41(2):169-175

Implant-related esthetic demands have increased tremendously in recent years. The presence of shallow papillae or open interproximal spaces (black triangles) are some of the most troubling dilemmas in dentistry. Among the many factors associated with the presence of papilla or papilla height, the interproximal bone is one of the main factors dictating the presence of an adequate papilla between implants. Read More

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Should Iliac Wing Screws Be Included in Long Segment Dynamic Stabilization?

Cureus 2021 Feb 24;13(2):e13543. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Neurosurgery, Koç University School of Medicine, Istanbul, TUR.

Background In this article, clinical satisfaction and radiological results are discussed in a series of patients where the iliac wings participate in dynamic stabilization. Dynamic stabilization is an effective alternative surgical treatment method, especially in clinical pictures that go with pain due to minor instabilities. Practically the unique surgical instrument used in multilevel instabilities is the Dynesys system. Read More

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February 2021

Giant Cell Tumor of Triquetrum: A Case Report with Literature Review.

J Wrist Surg 2021 Apr 13;10(2):158-163. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

 Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a benign, aggressive tumor of bone and occurs commonly around the knee and distal radius. GCT of bone rarely occurs in hand. In hand, metacarpals are the most common site and there have been only a few case reports of GCT of the carpal bone. Read More

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Epiphyseal Ewing Sarcoma in a skeletally mature patient: A case report and review of the literature.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 May 19;16(5):1191-1197. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Diagnostic, Molecular and Interventional Radiology, Mount Sinai Health System, 1468 Madison Ave, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

While Ewing sarcoma of bone is the second most common primary osseous malignancy in childhood where it typically involves the diaphysis or metadiaphyses of long bones of skeletally immature patients, primary epiphyseal involvement of the long bone in skeletally mature patients is rare with no cases reported in the literature to our knowledge, rendering this case the first of its kind. We present the first case of primary Ewing Sarcoma of the epiphyses of the long bones in a skeletally mature 20-year-old male patient. The patient initially presented with left knee stiffness and pain that was empirically treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Read More

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The Pathophysiology of Osteoporosis after Spinal Cord Injury.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 17;22(6). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas St., Charleston, SC 29425, USA.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) affects approximately 300,000 people in the United States. Most individuals who sustain severe SCI also develop subsequent osteoporosis. However, beyond immobilization-related lack of long bone loading, multiple mechanisms of SCI-related bone density loss are incompletely understood. Read More

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