355 results match your criteria loci amelogenin


A novel multiplex of 12 multicopy Y-STRs for forensic application.

J Forensic Sci 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

National Engineering Laboratory for Forensic Science, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Crime Scene Evidence Examination, Key Laboratory of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, Beijing, China.

Y chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) have been applied overwhelmingly in forensic areas for solving paternity identification and sexual assault cases. Yet the widely used Y-STR kits contain mostly single-copy markers, which may restrict the discrimination power. Here, a novel Y-STR multiplex was developed and validated in order to complement the currently available Y-STR kits, especially on differentiating male relatives. Read More

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DNA degradation in human teeth exposed to thermal stress.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 9;11(1):12118. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Forensic Dentistry and Medicine, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga-IBIMA (CE-18), School of Medicine, University of Malaga, 29071, Malaga, Spain.

Human identification from burned remains poses a challenge to forensic laboratories, and DNA profiling is widely used for this purpose. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of temperature on DNA degradation in human teeth. Thirty teeth were exposed to temperatures of 100, 200, or 400 °C for 60 min. Read More

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Detection and analysis of null alleles of amelogenin in gender identification.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Apr 27;52:101899. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Forensic Science Institute of Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuzhou, Fujian 350001, PR China; Provincial Clinicial College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350001, PR China.

In this study, we located eight samples with null alleles of amelogenin out of 10,750 cases, and discussed the influence in gender identification and forensic personal identification. Amelogenin was detected and retested by several autosomal STR kits and sex chromosomal STR kits, and the causes were analyzed by chromosome karyotype analysis and Y chromosome microdeletion detection if necessary. Suspected AMEL-X loss was observed in five samples, but no abnormality was detected in the X-STR loci. Read More

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Applicability of human-specific STR systems, GlobalFiler™ PCR Amplification Kit, Investigator 24plex QS Kit, and PowerPlex® Fusion 6C in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).

BMC Res Notes 2021 May 29;14(1):212. Epub 2021 May 29.

State Forensic Science Laboratory, Directorate of Forensic Services, Junga, Shimla, 171218, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Objectives: Human identification systems based on STRs are widely used in human population genetics and forensic analysis. This study aimed to validate the cross-reactivity of three widely known human-specific STR identification systems i.e. Read More

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Evaluation of the AGCU Expressmarker 30 Kit composed of 31 loci for forensic application.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Jul 19;324:110849. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Forensic Genetics, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences & Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. Electronic address:

With the widespread use of STR in identification of individuals, paternity testing, as well as population genetics, many commercially robust and validated STR multiplex kits were developed. The AGCU Expressmarker 30 Kit is a new autosomal STR system that contains 29 autosomal STR loci (D3S1358, vWA, D1S1656, CSF1PO, D8S1132, D19S253, D3S3045, D8S1179, D21S11, D16S539, TPOX, D6S477, Penta D, D2S441, D5S818, TH01, FGA, D15S659, D22S1045, D19S433, D13S317, D7S820, D6S1043, D10S1435, D10S1248, D2S1338, D18S51, D12S391, and Penta E), one insertion/deletion polymorphic marker on the Y chromosome (Y indel), and the amelogenin locus. A series of validation studies were performed in this context according to the guidelines of "Validation Guidelines for Forensic DNA Analysis Methods". Read More

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Evaluation of Promega PowerSeq™ Auto/Y systems prototype on an admixed sample of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Population data, sensitivity, stutter and mixture studies.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2021 Jul 6;53:102516. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Forensic DNA typing typically relies on the length-based (LB) separation of PCR products containing short tandem repeat loci (STRs). Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) elucidates an additional level of STR motif and flanking region variation. Also, MPS enables simultaneous analysis of different marker-types - autosomal STRs, SNPs for lineage and identification purposes, reducing both the amount of sample used and the turn-around-time of analysis. Read More

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Efficacy of reduced-size short tandem repeat PCR analysis for degraded DNA samples.

Genes Genomics 2021 Jul 19;43(7):749-758. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

DNA Analysis Division, National Forensic Service Seoul Institute, Seoul, 08036, Korea.

Background: Short tandem repeats (STR) typing is an essential analysis method for human identification in forensic field. When DNAs obtained from the field as evidences are severely degraded or in too small amounts, STR analysis often shows allele drop-out.

Objective: To improve STR analysis for degraded DNA or trace DNA, reduced-size STR (rSTR) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system was devised by selecting relatively large-size STR loci. Read More

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Development and validation of a forensic six-dye multiplex assay with 29 STR loci.

Electrophoresis 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Forensic Science, Medical School of Soochow University, Suzhou, P. R. China.

This paper describes the development and validation of a novel 31-locus, six-dye STR multiplex system, which is designed to meet the needs of the rapidly growing Chinese forensic database. This new assay combines 20 extended-CODIS core loci (D3S1358, D5S818, TPOX, CSF1PO, TH01, vWA, D7S820, D21S11, D8S1179, D18S51, D16S539, D13S317, FGA, D1S1656, D2S441, D2S1338, D10S1248, D12S391, D19S433, and D22S1045), nine highly polymorphic loci in Chinese Han population (D3S3045, D6S1043, D6S477, D8S1132, D10S1435, D15S659, D19S253, Penta D, and Penta E), and two gender determining markers, amelogenin and Y-Indel, which could amplify DNA from extracts, as well as direct amplification from substrates. To demonstrate the suitability for forensic applications, this system was validated by precision and accuracy evaluation, concordance tests, case sample tests, sensitivity, species specificity, stability, stutter calculation, and DNA mixtures, according to the guidelines described by the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (SWGDAM) and regulations published by the China Ministry of Public Security. Read More

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The development of miniSTRs as a method for high-speed direct PCR.

Electrophoresis 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Chemistry, Florida International University (FIU), Miami, Florida, USA.

There are situations in which it would be very valuable to have a DNA profile within a short time; for example, in mass disasters or airport security. In previous work, we have promoted reduced size STR amplicons for the analysis of degraded DNA. We also noticed that shorter amplicons are more robust during amplification, making them inhibition resistant, and potentially applicable to high-speed direct PCR. Read More

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A Novel Panel of 43 Insertion/Deletion Loci for Human Identifications of Forensic Degraded DNA Samples: Development and Validation.

Front Genet 2021 11;12:610540. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Insertion/deletion polymorphism is a promising genetic marker in the forensic genetic fields, especially in the forensic application of degraded sample at crime scene. In this research, a novel five-dye multiplex amplification panel containing 43 highly polymorphic Insertion/deletion (InDel) loci and one Amelogenin gene locus is designed and constructed in-house for the individual identification in East Asian populations. The amplicon sizes of 43 InDel loci are less than 200 bp, which help to ensure that full allele profiles can be obtained from degraded DNA sample. Read More

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The Polymorphism Analyses of Short Tandem Repeats as a Basis for Understanding the Genetic Characteristics of the Guanzhong Han Population.

Biomed Res Int 2021 25;2021:8887244. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Multi-Omics Innovative Research Center of Forensic Identification; Department of Forensic Genetics, School of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

The short tandem repeat (STR) loci are polymorphic markers in the combined DNA index system (CODIS) and non-CODIS STR loci. Due to the highly polymorphic characteristic of STR loci, they are popular and widely used in forensic DNA typing laboratories. In this study, 22 STR loci (1 CODIS, 21 non-CODIS STR loci) and an Amelogenin locus were genotyped and analyzed in 590 unrelated individuals of the Guanzhong Han population. Read More

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Developmental validation of the STRscan-17LC kit: a 6 Dye STR kit enhanced stability and ability to detect degraded samples.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Mar 16;135(2):431-440. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Department of Forensic Science, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Central South University, No172. Tongzipo Road, Changsha, 410013, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China.

Genotyping of short tandem repeat (STR) markers is the basic method of forensic science. Enhanced technologies are needed to meet the requirements of databasing and casework samples. The STRscan-17LC kit is a 6 Dye STR kit which amplifies 16 STR loci: D3S1358, TPOX, D16S539, vWA, D2S1338, CSF1PO, D19S433, D7S820, FGA, D8S1179, D5S818, D13S317, D18S51, TH01, D12S391, and D21S11 and the sex-determinant locus amelogenin. Read More

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Development and validation of a multiplex 19 X-chromosomal short tandem repeats typing system for forensic purposes.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 12;11(1):609. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

School of Forensic Medicine, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, 030001, China.

X-chromosome short tandem repeat (X-STR) markers are a powerful complementary system used for paternity and forensic casework. This study presents the development and validation of a new highly efficient multiplex-fluorescent-labeled 19 X-STR typing system, including DXS10079, DXS101, DXS10135, DXS10162, DXS6795, DXS6800, DXS6803, DXS6807, DXS6809, DXS6810, DXS7133, DXS7423, DXS981, DXS9902, DXS9907, GATA165B12, GATA172D05, GATA31E08 and HPRTB along with sex-typing locus, amelogenin. The system was validated according to guidelines issued by the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods. Read More

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January 2021

Development and validation of a new 18 X-STR typing assay for forensic applications.

Electrophoresis 2021 Mar 27;42(6):766-773. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P. R. China.

With a unique inheritance pattern compared to autosomal short tandem repeats (A-STRs), X chromosomal STRs (X-STRs) have special usage in forensic relationship testing. In this study, we designed a multiplex amplification system (named TYPER-X19 multiplex assay) consisting of 18 STR loci spreading from 7.837 to 149. Read More

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The impact of chimerism on DNA-based human identification from skin surface cells of post-allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCST) patients.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Jan 1;318:110636. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

The use of biological traces recovered from touched or handled items increased with the advance of the forensic analysis system. Thus, DNA profiles obtained from touch DNA became a useful tool in forensic investigation. However, a chimeric person with more than one chromosomal population can be challenging for a forensic analyst. Read More

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January 2021

Chimeric status of biological samples after HSCT for personal identification: Y-STR based DNA analysis in sex mismatch cases.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Jan 1;318:110639. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

JPNATC, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Identification of an individual is the prime object in forensic case works both in civil or criminal situations like paternity/maternity disputes, sexual assaults, murder, mass disaster victims etc. STR analysis has already proved its potential to give accurate results. In addition to autosomal chromosomes, sex determination at many times is crucial in forensic situations, especially in situations like rape cases or in cases of missing persons. Read More

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January 2021

Introduction of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Blood Group and Platelet Antigens from Cell-Free Plasma DNA Using Digital PCR.

Transfus Med Hemother 2020 Jul 5;47(4):292-301. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Institute of Transfusion Medicine and Immunology, Heidelberg University, Medical Faculty Mannheim, German Red Cross Blood Service Baden-Württemberg - Hessen, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetal antigens is a common standard for targeted immune prophylaxis in RhD-mediated hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, and is most frequently done by quantitative PCR (qPCR). A similar approach is considered for other blood group and human platelet alloantigens (HPA). Because of a higher sensitivity compared to qPCR for rare molecule detection, we established and validated digital PCR (dPCR) assays for the detection of exons 3, 5 and 7, KEL1, HPA-1a, and HPA-5b from cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in plasma. Read More

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Massively parallel sequencing of STRs using a 29-plex panel reveals stutter sequence characteristics.

Electrophoresis 2020 12 6;41(23):2029-2035. Epub 2020 Sep 6.

National Engineering Laboratory for Forensic Science, Key Laboratory of Forensic Genetics of Ministry of Public Security, Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, Beijing, P. R. China.

Massively parallel sequencing of forensic STRs simultaneously provides length-based genotypes and core repeat sequences as well as flanking sequence variations. Here, we report primer sequences and concentrations of a next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based in-house panel covering 28 autosomal STR loci (CSF1PO, D1GATA113, D1S1627, D1S1656, D1S1677, D2S441, D2S1776, D3S3053, D5S818, D6S474, D6S1017, D6S1043, D8S1179, D9S2157, D10S1435, D11S4463, D13S317, D14S1434, D16S539, D18S51, D18S853, D20S482, D20S1082, D22S1045, FGA, TH01, TPOX, and vWA) and the sex determinant locus Amelogenin. Preliminary evaluation experiments showed that the panel yielded intralocus- and interlocus-balanced sequencing data with a sensitivity as low as 62. Read More

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December 2020

Genetic variation and differentiation among a native British and five migrant South Asian populations of the East Midlands (UK) based on CODIS forensic STR loci.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Sep 14;47(6):572-583. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Human Genomics Lab, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.

Background: Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) are widely used in population and forensic genetic studies.

Aim: The objective of this study was to document the level and extent of genetic variation of the FBI Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) STR loci (D3S1358, vWA, FGA, D8S1179, D21S11, D18S51, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, TH01, TPOX and CSF1PO) in 6 populations (British, Indian (Punjabis and Gujaratis), Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan) of the East Midlands (UK). There is a lack of genetic research on the migrant South Asian populations. Read More

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September 2020

Evaluation of a six-dye multiplex composed of 27 markers for forensic analysis and databasing.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 09 16;8(9):e1419. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Forensic Genetics, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences & Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Short tandem repeat (STR) markers play a significant role in genetic applications and have proved to be effective for the personal identification in forensic medicine. In this study, a six-dye multiplex composed of 23 autosomal STR loci (TH01, D3S1358, Penta D, D6S1043, D21S11, TPOX, D1S1656, D12S391, Penta E, D10S1248, D22S1045, D19S433, D8S1179, D2S1338, D2S441, D18S51, vWA, FGA, D16S539, CSF1PO, D13S317, D5S818, D7S820), one Y chromosome STR (DYS391), two internal quality control markers (Quality Sensor QS1 and QS2), and Amelogenin was evaluated.

Methods: Evaluation studies, including PCR-based studies, sensitivity studies, species specificity studies, stability studies, DNA mixture studies, concordance studies, and precision evaluations were performed according to the guidelines of "Validation Guidelines for Forensic DNA Analysis Methods (2016)" by the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (SWGDAM). Read More

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September 2020

A newly devised multiplex assay of novel polymorphic non-CODIS STRs as a valuable tool for forensic application.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2020 09 20;48:102341. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Justice, Shanghai, 200063, PR China. Electronic address:

DNA profiling that relies on sets of highly polymorphic autosomal STR markers is widely used in the forensic field for human identification and paternity testing. However, the number of markers that are included in the STR kits that are currently available is insufficient to conclusively prove or disprove a relationship between individuals, especially when complex family scenarios are suspected or indirect analyses are required. In these cases, it becomes necessary to increase the number of loci under analysis to reach an adequate likelihood ratio (LR). Read More

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September 2020

The genomic ancestry of Jat Sikh population from Northwest India inferred from 15 autosomal STR markers using capillary electrophoresis.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Aug 16;47(5):483-489. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Background: Autosomal STR typing using capillary electrophoresis is a reliable method for establishing parentage and for deciphering genomic ancestry.

Aim: This study was planned to show the genetic diversity of the Jat Sikh population, which is a widespread community of the Punjab region, and to assess its genetic relationship with existing Indian populations.

Subjects And Methods: Blood samples of unrelated healthy individuals of the Jat Sikhs (n = 123) were used in this study. Read More

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Forensic features and genetic background exploration of a new 47-autosomal InDel panel in five representative Han populations residing in Northern China.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 05 10;8(5):e1224. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Insertion/deletion (InDel) analysis plays an indispensable role in human identification, population genetics, and biogeographic research. Profiles of individuals in forensic applications worldwide based on a set of autosomal InDel loci (A-InDels) in human genomes have been widely used over the past few years.

Methods: The new AGCU InDel 50 Kit contains 47 well-chosen A-InDels, ensuring high discriminatory power, and the 2 Y chromosome InDel loci (Y-InDels) are used for sex determination in case of allele dropout at Amelogenin. Read More

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Development of an NGS panel containing 42 autosomal STR loci and the evaluation focusing on secondary kinship analysis.

Int J Legal Med 2020 Nov 20;134(6):2005-2014. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

College of Forensic Medicine, Hebei Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050017, People's Republic of China.

High-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a feasible technique to detect considerably more markers and simultaneously obtain length and sequence information in a single reaction. In this study, we developed an NGS panel including 42 commonly used autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) and amelogenin on the Illumina MiSeq FGx™. Sequencing accuracy was validated by the consistency of 2800M Control DNA detected using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit and Sanger sequencing. Read More

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November 2020

Novel human sex-typing strategies based on the autism candidate gene NLGN4X and its male-specific gametologue NLGN4Y.

Biol Sex Differ 2019 12 18;10(1):62. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Saarland University, Homburg, Germany.

Background: Since the early days of PCR techniques, sex identification, "sex-typing," of genomic DNA samples has been a fundamental part of human forensic analysis but also in animal genetics aiming at strategic livestock breeding. Most analyses are employing the AMELX/AMELY gene loci on the X and Y chromosomes present in most mammals. We hypothesize that sex-typing in humans is also possible based on the genes NLGN4X and NLGN4Y, which represent X and Y chromosome-specific copies of a common ancestral neuroligin-4 orthologue. Read More

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December 2019

PIMA: A population informative multiplex for the Americas.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2020 01 5;44:102200. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Forensic Genetics Unit, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Electronic address:

We describe an ancestry-informative autosomal SNP multiplex designed to be a small-scale, flexible panel that can complement uniparental markers in assessing the American variability (i.e. pre-Colombian) found in contemporary indigenous American populations. Read More

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January 2020

Cross-species validation of human specific STR system, SureID 21G and SureID 23comp (Health Gene Technologies) in Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes).

BMC Res Notes 2019 Nov 19;12(1):750. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Ningbo Health Gene Technologies Co. Ltd., Ningbo, 315040, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: The human specific commercially available STRs system are often not tested in non human primates for their cross applicability. The aim of this study is to test Cross-species validation of two commercially available human specific STR kits i.e. Read More

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November 2019

An evaluation of the SureID 23comp Human Identification Kit for kinship testing.

Sci Rep 2019 11 14;9(1):16859. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

School of Forensic and Applied Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom.

Short tandem repeat (STR) profiling has been routinely used in kinship testing since the introduction of commercial kits in the mid-1990s. While 15 to 23 STR loci normally give definitive results in simple kinship testing, additional loci are sometimes required to resolve complex cases. The SureID 23comp Human Identification Kit, recently released by Health Gene Technologies (China), multiplexes amelogenin and 22 autosomal STRs, 17 of which are non-CODIS STRs. Read More

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November 2019

Validation of a multiplex amplification system of 19 autosomal STRs and 27 Y-STRs.

Forensic Sci Res 2019 Nov 5;5(4):292-299. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Liaoning Provincial Public Security Department, Shenyang, China.

This article describes a newly devised autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system for 19 autosomal loci (D12S391, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D2S1338, D21S11, D3S1358, D5S818, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, CSF1PO, FGA, TH01, TPOX, vWA, Penta D and Penta E), 27 Y-chromosome STR loci (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS449, DYS456, DYS458, DYS460, DYS481, DYS518, DYS533, DYS570, DYS576, DYS635, DYS627, YGATAH4 and DYF387S1) and amelogenin with six-colour fluorescent labelling. Various parameters were evaluated, such as its accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, stability, ability to analysis of mixtures and effects of changes in the PCR-based procedures. All of the 47 selected STR loci were accurately and robustly amplified from 282 bloodstain samples. Read More

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November 2019

Developmental validation of the Microreader™ 20A ID system.

Electrophoresis 2019 12 24;40(23-24):3099-3107. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Department of Forensic Genetics, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P. R. China.

The Microreader™ 20A ID system is designed for forensic applications such as personal identification, parentage testing, and research. It includes 13 combined DNA index system (CODIS) short tandem repeat (STR) loci (CSF1PO, FGA, TH01, TPOX, vWA, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, and D21S11), three expanded CODIS STR loci (D12S391, D19S433, and D2S1338), three non-CODIS STR loci (D6S1043, Penta D, and Penta E), and the amelogenin locus in one reaction with a six-dye fluorescent (FAM, HEX, TAMAR, ROX, PUR, and QD550) analysis system. In this study, the Microreader™ 20A ID system was validated according to the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods validation guidelines for forensic DNA Analysis methods and Chinese national standard, including PCR-based studies, sensitivity study, precision, and accuracy evaluation, stutter calculation, inhibitor tests, species specificity, and DNA mixture studies. Read More

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December 2019