14,599 results match your criteria lobe lung

Aortic Angiosarcoma in Association with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 12;22:e931740. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Clinical Pathology, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine, Niigata, Japan.

BACKGROUND Primary aortic sarcoma often poses diagnostic challenges for pathologists and clinicians because of a very low incidence and controversy over nomenclature and definition. We report a case of aortic angiosarcoma in association with a graft. We also conducted a clinicopathological review of cases of primary aortic sarcomas associated with implanted grafts. Read More

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Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with lung metastases: a case report and review of the literature.

Thyroid Res 2021 Jun 11;14(1):15. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.

Background: Distant metastasis from papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) is rare. Here we report a case of PTMC with multiple lung metastases.

Case Presentation: A 64-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal pain. Read More

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A randomized controlled trial comparing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and fusion protein inhibitors singly and in combination on the histopathology of bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0252455. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Dept. of Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States of America.

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has substantial morbidity in young calves, and closely parallels human RSV in infants. We performed a randomized controlled trial in five to six-week-old Holstein calves (Bos taurus). comparing fusion protein inhibitor (FPI) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) singly and in combination at three and five days after experimental BRSV infection. Read More

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An Elderly Smoker Presenting With Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis: An Unusual Demographic.

Cureus 2021 May 8;13(5):e14901. Epub 2021 May 8.

Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, McLaren Health Care, Flint, USA.

Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare neoplastic condition that occurs almost exclusively in young smokers and presents with multiple solid and/or cystic nodules in a primarily upper lobe distribution on chest imaging. Frequently, suspicion arises incidentally on imaging performed for alternative reasons, such as lung cancer screening, but diagnosis requires biopsy studies. We describe an uncommon case of PLCH in an elderly female patient presenting with mild dyspnea and a significant history of smoking. Read More

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A bronchopulmonary artery fistula in a horse.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University.

A 24-year-old, Thoroughbred gelding presented with difficulty breathing for a few days and intermittent nose bleeding before dying. At necropsy, the bronchoesophageal artery and the bronchial artery that flowed into the left anterior lobe were tortuous and dilated, and it was found that dilated tortuous branches of the bronchial artery ran over the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the left anterior lobe. Histopathologically, an anastomosis between a muscular artery and an elastic artery were demonstrated, which were identified as bronchial and pulmonary arteries, respectively. Read More

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Chronic eosinophilic pneumonitis due to the inhalation of aerosolized face lotion: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25860

Respiratory Disease Center, Fukujuji Hospital, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association (JATA), Kiyose City, Tokyo.

Rationale: Inhalation of toxic agents can induce eosinophilic pneumonia. However, only a few case reports demonstrate that exposure to materials can induce chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP). Here, we describe a rare case of CEP with mild alveolar hemorrhage due to the inhalation of aerosols from face lotion. Read More

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Pathological complete response to neoadjuvant ceritinib of a crizotinib-resistant, stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer with ALK rearrangement: A case report.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

The treatment of stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is complicated, the best strategy is chosen individually and surgery is usually not recommended. A 50-year-old female was diagnosed with locally advanced lung adenocarcinoma (stage IIIB, T2bN3M0). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed an ALK rearrangement. Read More

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Preoperative prediction of the localization of a solitary fibrous tumor using four-dimensional computed tomography: a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 5;2021(6):rjab184. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pathology, Japanese Red Cross Society Nagano Hospital, Nagano, Nagano, Japan.

Solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTP) are relatively rare primary pleural tumors. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) is reportedly useful in assessing parietal pleural invasion and adhesion in patients with lung cancer. We report a case in which 4D-CT was performed to evaluate SFTP localization and parietal pleural invasion and adhesions. Read More

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Selective Lobe Ventilation and a Novel Platform for Pulmonary Drug Delivery.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC.

The current methods of mechanical ventilation and pulmonary drug delivery do not account for the heterogeneity of acute respiratory distress syndrome or its dependence on gravity. The severe lung disease caused by severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2, coronavirus disease 2019, is one of the many causes of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 has caused more than three million deaths worldwide and has challenged all therapeutic options for mechanical ventilation. Read More

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Oblique Carinal End-to-End-Anastomosis for Pig Bronchus in Organ Donor and Lung Transplant Recipient.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Pig bronchi are rare anomalies, in which the right upper lobe bronchus originates above the carina. During surgery, this can lead to technical challenges associated with the bronchial anastomosis, especially during lung transplantation. We herein report the case of a combined liver-lung transplantation with a pig bronchus in both, the organ donor and the transplant recipient. Read More

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Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma with pulmonary metastasis. A rare case report.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 04 13;58(2):221-225. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Hospital de Oncología, Servicio de Tumores de Tórax, Ciudad de México, México.

Background: Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma is a very rare tumor that tends to develop in deep soft tissues of young adults and has the potential for local recurrence and distant metastasis.

Clinical Case: We present the case of a 36-year-old man with a low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma in the right shoulder, which was initially reported as a 4-year-old tumor, undergoing extensive resection with a histopathological report of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, whose deep surgical edge was in bony contact. A simple and contrasted axial tomography was performed where an 8 mm left lung lesion was observed in the upper lobe lower lingular segment of heterogeneous content, hyperdense with contrast medium reinforcement. Read More

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Salvage surgery after definitive chemoradiotherapy through VATS for an initial unresectable locally advanced lung cancer: an alternative consolidative modality to radiotherapy?

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;7(1):138. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Thoracic Oncology, Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) is the first choice treatment for patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but up to 35% of dCRT-treated tumors may have persistent or recurrent disease. Since the last decades, multimodality therapy showing potential for cure has become the mainstream for treatment of locally advanced NSCLCs, even some that were initially inoperable. Although salvage lung resection after dCRT has been reported with acceptable survivals, experiences in this respect are still limited. Read More

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A 63-Year-Old Woman With an Acute Exacerbation of Interstitial Pneumonia.

Chest 2021 Jun;159(6):e389-e394

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address:

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old, non-smoking Asian woman presented to our hospital due to abnormal findings on chest radiography. She had no history of dust exposure. Chest radiography and CT imaging showed patchy ground-glass attenuation (GGA) in the bilateral lower lung lobes, a ground-glass nodule in the right lower lung lobe (diameter, 9. Read More

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Durable Response to Immunotherapy With Antiangiogenic Drug in Large-Cell Lung Carcinoma With Multiple Fulminant Postoperative Metastases: A Case Report.

Front Oncol 2021 20;11:633446. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Immunotherapy alone or chemo-immunotherapy has recently been recommended for treating advanced lung carcinoma in patients without driver mutations. However, the efficacy of immunotherapy and molecular mechanism in large-cell lung cancer (LCLC) remains unclear. Here, we reported a rare case of multiple fulminant postoperative body and mouth metastases in LCLC treating with combination immunotherapy. Read More

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Anti-Alpha-Amino-3-Hydroxy-5-Methyl-4-Isoxazolepropionic Acid Receptor Encephalitis: A Review.

Front Immunol 2021 21;12:652820. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Anti-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) encephalitis, a rare subtype of autoimmune encephalitis, was first reported by Lai et al. The AMPAR antibodies target against extracellular epitopes of the GluA1 or GluA2 subunits of the receptor. AMPARs are expressed throughout the central nervous system, especially in the hippocampus and other limbic regions. Read More

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Three Cases of Resection of Late Recurrence of Breast Cancer that Required Differential Diagnosis of Primary Lung Cancer.

J UOEH 2021 ;43(2):271-276

Department of General Surgery, Shinkokura Hospital.

We report 3 cases of surgical resection for lung metastasis more than 15 years after initial surgery for breast cancer. Case 1: A 77-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a lung nodule in the left lower lobe detected in a computed tomography (CT) scan. She had undergone breast preservation therapy for breast cancer 15 years before the first visit. Read More

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January 2021

Diagnostic yield of CT pulmonary angiography for pulmonary embolism in clinically suspected patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e26213

Department of Critical Care, Khamis General Hospital, Khamis Mushyet, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common medical problem. Its diagnostic criteria must be reviewed to determine the need for confirmatory testing. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is the current standard of care, which provides accurate diagnosis with rapid turnaround. Read More

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Clinical features in pulmonary tuberculosis patients combined with diabetes mellitus in China: An observational study.

Clin Respir J 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Beijing, the People's Republic of China.

Background: Consideration of the huge burden both of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus(DM) in China as a major public health issue, research focused on the relationship between DM and TB was needed.

Methods: An observational study was conducted (2015-2018) in regional representative tuberculosis and lung disease hospitals in China. All of the adult patients newly diagnosed of pulmonary tuberculosis were consecutively recruited in this study. Read More

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Clinical characteristics of 50 children with azygos lobe: a retrospective study.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Immunology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

An azygos lobe is a rare anatomic variant of the lung which may be misdiagnosed as other pathological conditions. There is a dearth of information on the clinical characteristics of children with azygos lobe. This study aims to summarize the clinical features of children with azygos lobe, which may be helpful to improve recognition and clinical care of those patients. Read More

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[Effect of auricular point sticking therapy on perioperative pain in patients with partial lung resection].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 Jun;41(6):603-7

1Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; 2Qinghai Armed Police Force Hospital; 3China News of TCM.

Objective: To observe the analgesic effect of auricular point sticking therapy during the perioperative stage in the patients with partial lung resection.

Methods: A total of 92 patients with partial lung resection were randomized into an auricular point group (31 cases, 1 case dropped off), the sham-auricular point group (30 cases) and a medication group (31 cases, 1 case dropped off). The routine medication for analgesia was provided in all of the three groups. Read More

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Screening in cryptogenic brain abscess: Do not forget pulmonary arteriovenous malformations.

Surg Neurol Int 2021 26;12:188. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, AZ Klina, Brasschaat, Belgium.

Background: Brain abscess usually occurs secondary to trauma, through contiguous spread (e.g.; dental infections, [paranasal] sinusitis, otitis, and mastoiditis), after intracranial neurosurgical procedures, or through hematogenous spread in case of an arteriovenous (AV) shunt, for example; atrial septum defect. Read More

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Magnetic resonance imaging-guided microwave ablation for lung tumor: a case report.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021 Jun;11(6):2780-2784

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical University & Jiangsu Cancer Hospital & Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular and Translational Cancer Research, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Thoracoscopic surgery is considered to be the best treatment option for pulmonary lesions. However, for patients with clinical stage IIIA, surgery is not always feasible, due to a lack of sufficient lung function. Microwave ablation (MWA) is an appropriate, minimally invasive treatment option for these patients. Read More

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Pulmonary Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: A Rare Type of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Cureus 2021 Apr 28;13(4):e14734. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Pulmonary and Critical Care, East Orange Veterans Affairs, East Orange, USA.

Pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is an uncommon type of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with an incidence of approximately 3% of all lung cancer diagnoses. The patient was a 60-year-old male with a 90-pack year smoking history who presented with dyspnea on exertion and productive cough for five weeks. Decreased breath sounds without respiratory distress and generalized cachexia were noted on the initial physical exam. Read More

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The Evolving Concept of Complete Resection in Lung Cancer Surgery.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 25;13(11). Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hospital Universitari Mútua Terrassa, University of Barcelona, Plaza Dr. Robert 5, 08221 Terrassa, Spain.

Different definitions of complete resection were formulated to complement the residual tumor (R) descriptor proposed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer in 1977. The definitions went beyond resection margins to include the status of the visceral pleura, the most distant nodes and the nodal capsule and the performance of a complete mediastinal lymphadenectomy. In 2005, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) proposed definitions for complete, incomplete and uncertain resections for international implementation. Read More

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Tractotomy using the Penrose drain guide for deep lung injury caused by chest drainage: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 1;7(1):134. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Toyohashi Municipal Hospital, 50 Aza Hachiken Nishi, Aotake-Cho, Toyohashi, Aichi, 441-8570, Japan.

Background: Pulmonary tractotomy effectively treats deep pulmonary penetrating injuries; however, it requires the accurate insertion of forceps or a stapler into the wound tract. This report describes a case of tractotomy using the Penrose drain guide for a deep lung injury caused by chest drainage.

Case Presentation: A 75-year-old man suffered multiple rib fractures and hemothorax. Read More

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CT Findings of Pulmonary Metastases from Primary Cardiac Angiosarcoma.

Curr Med Imaging 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is a rare malignancy with high predilection to involve surrounding structures such as pulmonary metastases. We analysed the chest computed tomography (CT) imaging features of patients diagnosed with primary cardiac angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastases in this study.

Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed 12 patients with confirmed primary cardiac angiosarcoma, out of which eight (all men) with pulmonary metastasis were included in the analysis. Read More

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[Sleeve Lobectomy for Right Middle Lobe and S6 Segment Lung Cancer:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Jun;74(6):469-471

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan.

A 76-year-old man showed an abnormal chest shadow at the follow-up of treated gastric cancer. Chest computed tomography revealed mass lesions in the right middle and left upper lobes, and bronchoscopy revealed a nodular lesion at the entrance of the right B6. The right middle lobe and B6 lesions were diagnosed as lung cancer, and sleeve resection for the right middle lobe and S6 segment was performed. Read More

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[Lung Cancer Cases with Spontaneous Regression].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Jun;74(6):429-433

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Maebashi Hospital, Maebashi, Japan.

Case 1 was a 79-year-old man. Computed tomography (CT) showed a nodule in the left upper lobe. Surgery was planned, but the regression of the nodule was noted and the surgery was postponed. Read More

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Virtual bronchoscopic navigation non-virtual bronchoscopic navigation assisted bronchoscopy for the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ther Adv Respir Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;15:17534666211017048

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No 1 Youyi Road, Yuzhong, Chongqing 400016, China.

Background: Image-guided bronchoscopy techniques such as virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN) has emerged as a means of assisting in the biopsy of peripheral pulmonary lesions. However, the role of VBN-assisted (VBNA) bronchoscopy in the diagnosing of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) has not been well established. This meta-analysis investigated the diagnostic yield of VBN-assisted non-VBN-assisted (NVBNA) bronchoscopy for PPLs. Read More

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Early Warning Information for Severe and Critical Patients With COVID-19 Based on Quantitative CT Analysis of Lung Segments.

Front Public Health 2021 13;9:596938. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Radiology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Affiliated People's Hospital, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, China.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is spreading rapidly around the world. We aimed to explore early warning information for patients with severe/critical COVID-19 based on quantitative analysis of chest CT images at the lung segment level. A dataset of 81 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treated at Wuhan Wuchang hospital in Wuhan city from 21 January 2020 to 14 February 2020 was retrospectively analyzed, including ordinary and severe/critical cases. Read More

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