8,378 results match your criteria living lived

Personal recovery and socio-structural disadvantage: A critical conceptual review.

Health (London) 2021 May 7:13634593211014250. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of Strathclyde, UK.

Despite its seeming breadth and diversity, the bulk of the personal (mental health) recovery literature has remained strangely 'silent' about the impact of various socio-structural inequalities on the recovery process. Such an inadequacy of the empirical literature is not without consequences since the systematic omission or downplaying, at best, of the socio-structural conditions of living for persons with lived experience of mental health difficulties may inadvertently reinforce a reductionist view of recovery as an atomised, individualised phenomenon. Motivated by those limitations in extant scholarship, a critical literature review was conducted to identify and critique relevant research to problematise the notion of personal recovery in the context of socio-structural disadvantage such as poverty, homelessness, discrimination and inequalities. Read More

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Association of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Disadvantage With Complicated Appendicitis in Children.

J Surg Res 2021 May 4;265:245-251. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Electronic address:

Background: Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is linked to poorer outcomes for a variety of health conditions in children, potentially through delay in accessing care. The objective of this study was to measure the association between SES and delay in surgical care as marked by presentation with complicated appendicitis (CA).

Methods: Children treated for acute appendicitis between 2015-2019 at a large academic children's hospital were reviewed. Read More

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Advancing health equity in cancer care: The lived experiences of poverty and access to lung cancer screening.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0251264. Epub 2021 May 6.

Women's College Research Institute, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Individuals living with low income are more likely to smoke, have a higher risk of lung cancer, and are less likely to participate in preventative healthcare (i.e., low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer screening), leading to equity concerns. Read More

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First Record of Human Urogenital Myiasis Caused by Larvae (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Miandoab, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran: A Case Report.

J Arthropod Borne Dis 2020 Dec 31;14(4):425-429. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Myiasis is a disease caused by infections of tissues and organs of human and vertebrates body by the larvae of real flies of Diptera which feeding on living or dead tissues of host for a period of time. This report aims to present a case of urogenital myiasis caused by the larvae of (Diptera: Psychodidae) for the first time in Iran.

Methods: In this case report, we present a case of a 9-year-old girl with urogenital myiasis caused by . Read More

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December 2020

Malnutrition among the Elderly in Malaysia and Its Associated Factors: Findings from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2018.

J Nutr Metab 2021 12;2021:6639935. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, 41070 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Malaysia is predicted to become an ageing population by 2035. Malnutrition among the elderly is one of growing concern. This study aims to identify the prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors among the elderly in Malaysia. Read More

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Living labs for patient engagement and knowledge exchange: an exploratory sequential mixed methods study to develop a living lab in paediatric rehabilitation.

BMJ Open 2021 May 4;11(5):e041530. Epub 2021 May 4.

College of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Introduction: Despite recognition of the importance of patient engagement in research and knowledge translation, systematic approaches to engagement and co-ideation remain limited. Living labs are collaborative knowledge sharing systems that use multimethod, user-centred approaches that hold potential to catalyse these aims. However, their use in healthcare is limited, and no living lab has been developed in paediatric rehabilitation. Read More

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Primary health care clinics as catalyst to community building and health among residents in low income housing units.

Appl Nurs Res 2021 Jun 21;59:151396. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, FNB Bldg. Rm 3351, London, ON N6A 6B7, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: This paper focuses on the identified value of a community-based project (CBP), including residents' living within low income housing units and their reported experiences of receiving health and social services within two communities by nurse practitioners (NPs) and its impact on their communities.

Objective: To gain insight into the lived experience of residents in the housing units from a collaborative interprofessional care approach provided in a clinic situated within each housing unit, in integrating health and social services within the residents' own 'community' and its outcomes.

Design: A qualitative descriptive study to gain insight into the shared views of care informants. Read More

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Does the neighbourhood food environment contribute to ethnic differences in diet quality? Results from the HELIUS study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Public Health Nutr 2021 May 5:1-29. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: The aim of this study was to establish whether the neighbourhood food environment, characterized by the healthiness of food outlets, the diversity of food outlets and fast-food outlet density within a 500 m or 1000 m street network buffer around the home address, contributed to ethnic differences in diet quality.

Design: Cross-sectional cohort study.

Setting: Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Read More

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Social networks in an assisted living community: Correlates of acquaintance and companionship ties among residents.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

University of Texas at Arlington School of Social Work.

Objectives: Social relationships are important for older adults' well-being, including those who live in assisted living (AL) communities. This study explores co-resident networks within an AL community and identifies factors associated with residents' social ties.

Methods: Acquaintance and companionship networks within the community are described using cross-sectional survey data (N=38). Read More

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Participatory design and qualitative evaluation of a decision guide for workplace human immunodeficiency virus self-disclosure: The importance of a socio-ecological perspective.

Health Expect 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Background: Disclosure of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive status in a workplace can be a complex social decision for a person living with HIV.

Objective: To design a Decision Guide to support people living with HIV in assessing contexts, risks and benefits of workplace disclosure in choosing whether or not, or to what extent, to disclose. In this report, we review the participatory design of a Decision Guide prototype and focus on its evaluation. Read More

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Feelings of safety during daytime walking: associations with mental health, physical activity and cardiometabolic health in high vacancy, low-income neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan.

Int J Health Geogr 2021 May 3;20(1):19. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Introduction: Individuals living in low-income neighborhoods have disproportionately high rates of obesity, Type-2 diabetes, and cardiometabolic conditions. Perceived safety in one's neighborhood may influence stress and physical activity, with cascading effects on cardiometabolic health.

Methods: In this study, we examined relationships among feelings of safety while walking during the day and mental health [perceived stress (PSS), depression score], moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA), Body Mass Index (BMI), and hemoglobin A1C (A1C) in low-income, high-vacancy neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan. Read More

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Single-parenthood and health conditions among children receiving public assistance in Japan: a cohort study.

BMC Pediatr 2021 May 3;21(1):214. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Health and Social Behavior, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Background: Children's healthy development is important. While governmental public assistance benefits financially troubled families, it cannot compensate for a lack of social support. Single-parenthood is a health risk factor for children owing to low-income-associated food insecurity and stress. Read More

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Family medicine provision of online medication abortion in three US states during COVID-19.

Contraception 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Women on Web/Aid Access, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To examine provision of direct-to-patient medication abortion during COVID-19 by US family physicians through a clinician-supported, asynchronous online service, Aid Access.

Study Design: We analyzed data from US residents in New Jersey, New York, and Washington who requested medication abortion from three family physicians using the online service from Aid Access between April and November 2020. This study seeks to examine individual characteristics, motivations, and geographic locations of patients receiving abortion care through the Aid Access platform. Read More

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Effects of home-based physical exercise on days at home, healthcare utilization and functional independence among patients with hip fractures: a randomized controlled trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Rehabilitation, South Karelia Social and Health Care District (Eksote), Valto Käkelän katu 3, FI-53130 Lappeenranta, Finland.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of a physical exercise program on days lived at home, the use and costs of healthcare and social services mortality and functional independence among patients with hip fractures.

Design: Randomized controlled trial with parallel two-group design, consisting of a 12-month intervention and 12-month registry follow-up.

Setting: Home-based intervention. Read More

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Recovery from anorexia nervosa: the influence of women's sociocultural milieux.

Australas Psychiatry 2021 May 3:10398562211010796. Epub 2021 May 3.

Transcultural Centre, Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: Young women living in industrialised westernised societies have a higher prevalence of anorexia nervosa, partly due to a cultural emphasis on thinness as a beauty ideal. Sociocultural milieux might promote recovery from anorexia nervosa amongst young women. The current article is a commentary about the social influences on recovery from anorexia nervosa - based on social anthropology, narratives of people with lived experience, and clinical studies. Read More

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Travel time to emergency care not by geographic time, but by optimal time: A nationwide cross-sectional study for establishing optimal hospital access time to emergency medical care in South Korea.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0251116. Epub 2021 May 3.

Center for Public Health, National Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Increase in travel time, beyond a critical point, to emergency care may lead to a residential disparity in the outcome of patients with acute conditions. However, few studies have evaluated the evidence of travel time benchmarks in view of the association between travel time and outcome. Thus, this study aimed to establish the optimal hospital access time (OHAT) for emergency care in South Korea. Read More

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Fasciola hepatica Infection Risk for Adult Household Members with Children with Fascioliasis in Cusco, Peru.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

1Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

Fasciola hepatica is highly prevalent in the highlands of Peru. School-age children have the greatest risk of infection. Mass treatment of at-risk populations has been proposed to control the infection and prevent complications. Read More

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In the borderland of the body: How home-dwelling older people experience frailty.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Rationale: The increasing number of frail home-dwelling older people has sharpened the focus on discovering and implementing suitable treatment and care in clinical practice, aiming to prevent loss of physical functioning and preserve their autonomy and well-being. People's embodied experiences may yield rich descriptions to help to understand frailty. Thoroughly understanding older people's individual perceptions is especially relevant because the numbers of home-dwelling older people are increasing, and people tend to develop more health problems and become frailer as they age. Read More

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Stigma as a Barrier to Participant Recruitment of Minority Populations in Diabetes Research: Development of a Community-Centered Recruitment Approach.

JMIR Diabetes 2021 May 3;6(2):e26965. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, United States.

Background: The development of evidence-based care geared towards Black and Latina women living with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes is contingent upon their active recruitment into clinical interventions. Well-documented impediments to recruitment include a historical mistrust of the research community and socioeconomic factors that limit awareness and access to research studies. Although sociocultural and socioeconomic factors deter minorities from participating in clinical research, it is equally important to consider the role of stigma in chronic disease intervention studies. Read More

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How Free Is Free Health Care? An Assessment of Universal Health Coverage Among Jamaicans with Sickle Cell Disease.

Health Equity 2021 21;5(1):210-217. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Caribbean Institute for Health Research-Sickle Cell Unit, The University of the West Indies Mona Campus, Kingston, Jamaica.

In an effort to transition toward universal health coverage (UHC), Jamaica abolished user fees at all public health facilities in 2008. We aimed to determine the extent of out-of-pocket payments (OPPs) and the other cost barriers to UHC among patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients presenting to the Sickle Cell Unit in Kingston, Jamaica, for routine care between October 2019 and August 2020 were consecutively recruited and interviewed about their latest hospitalization within the previous 4 weeks. Read More

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The Lived Experience of Covid-19.

J Nurse Pract 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Duquesne University/Saint Francis University, Pittsburgh/Loretto, Pennsylvania.

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the essence of living with COVID-19. The researchers used a phenomenological research design and interviewed 14 individuals ages 18 and older during the pandemic's first wave. Data analysis using Colaizzi's method for analysis revealed two overarching themes: Physical Experiences and Psychological/Emotional experiences and eight subthemes which identify concerns that impact quality of life. Read More

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Young adults' return migration from large cities in Sweden: The role of siblings and parents.

Popul Space Place 2020 Oct 2;26(7):e2354. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Centre for Demographic and Aging Research and Department of Geography Umeå University Umeå Sweden.

Living in cities affects young adults' access to education and work. With the use of register data for 2000-2013, we examined the role of having siblings and parents living close by and having siblings and parents living in the area of origin, in young adults' return migration from the four largest cities in Sweden. We found that young adults were less likely to return, and also less likely to migrate elsewhere, if they had siblings or parents living in the city of residence than if this was not the case. Read More

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October 2020

Investigating the Relationship between Sociodemographic Factors and Bird Identification by Landowners Across a Rural-to-Urban Gradient.

Environ Manage 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36849, USA.

Social, cultural, and economic differences have been shown to influence ecological knowledge. Given the importance of ecological knowledge for appreciation and protection of nature, we sought to investigate the relationship between landowners' sociodemographic attributes and the number of birds listed by landowners on their property across a rural-to-urban gradient. We hypothesized that: (1) age and education would be positively related to the number of birds an individual listed, while gender would be unrelated to the number of birds an individual listed; (2) rural landowners would list a larger number of bird species due to their increased level of exposure to nature and place-based knowledge; and (3) the number of years spent living on a property would positively impact the number of birds an individual listed by increasing the amount of time possible to interact with nature. Read More

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Women in larger bodies' experiences with contraception: a scoping review.

Reprod Health 2021 Apr 29;18(1):89. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, Faculty of Health, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Background: As the prevalence of obesity increases and the age of onset decreases, more women of reproductive age will be living in larger bodies. Research on weight-related efficacy and safety has informed clinical guidelines for routine and emergency contraceptive use by women with a higher body mass index; however, patient perspectives are needed to understand women in larger bodies' experiences with contraception and contraceptive care. This scoping review summarizes the literature on women in larger bodies' experiences with contraception with the goal of gaining a better understanding of the nature of these experiences and identifying gaps in the existing research. Read More

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Mobility-A Bridge to Sense of Coherence in Everyday Life: Older Patients' Experiences of Participation in an Exercise Program During the First 3 Weeks After Hip Fracture Surgery.

Qual Health Res 2021 Apr 30:10497323211008848. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Our aim with this article was to explore the experiences of older people who participated in the evidence-based High-Intensity Functional Exercise (HIFE) Program during the first 3 weeks of rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery. Nineteen older people participated in the study. Data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. Read More

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Assessing the Impact of a Hilly Environment on Depressive Symptoms among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Japan: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 24;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Functional Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Shimane 693-8501, Japan.

Although some neighborhood environmental factors have been found to affect depressive symptoms, few studies have focused on the impact of living in a hilly environment, i.e., land slope, on depressive symptoms among rural older adults. Read More

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Evolution of Quality of Life in Persons with Parkinson's Disease: A Prospective Cohort Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 22;10(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Av. de España, 02001 Albacete, Spain.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that results in important functional symptoms, altered mood, and deterioration in quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to determine the evolution of the QoL in persons with PD in the Albacete health district over a two-year period and identify associated sociodemographic, clinical, and socio-health characteristics. A cohort study was conducted of patients at different stages of PD in the Albacete health district. Read More

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Understanding Youth's Lived Experience of Anxiety through Metaphors: A Qualitative, Arts-Based Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 19;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, College of Nursing, University of Manitoba, 89 Curry Place, Winnipeg, Manitoba, MB R3T 2N2, Canada.

Living with anxiety can be a complex, biopsychosocial experience that is unique to each person and embedded in their contexts and lived worlds. Scales and questionnaires are necessary to quantify anxiety, yet these approaches are not always able to reflect the lived experience of psychological distress experienced by youth. Guided by hermeneutic phenomenology, our research aimed to amplify the voices of youth living with anxiety. Read More

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Habitat Characteristics Coincidence of Dead and Living Long-Tailed Gorals () According to Extreme Snowfall.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 2;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Sangju 37224, Korea.

The long-tailed goral () is a critically endangered herbivore in South Korea. Despite government efforts to recover the population through reintroduction programs, the animal remains vulnerable to heavy snowfall. From March to June 2010, 24 animals were found dead due to heavy snowfall in the Wangpi Stream basin. Read More

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