2,525 results match your criteria livestock farmers

[Investigation of Leishmania infantum Seroprevalance and Leishmaniasis Knowledge Level in Northern Cyprus].

Mikrobiyol Bul 2022 Jul;56(3):377-386

Near East University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by Leishmania parasites, transmitted by sand flies and common in the Mediterranean region. Cyprus is located in the east of Mediterranean Sea and is considered endemic for Leishmaniasis. In our study, it was aimed to investigate Leishmania infantum IgG seropositivity in healthy volunteers living in different regions of Northern Cyprus and to determine the risk factors for Leishmaniasis and measure the level of public knowledge about the disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Farmers' Risk Perception on Climate Change: Transhumance vs. Semi-Intensive Sheep Production Systems in Türkiye.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Aug 6;12(15). Epub 2022 Aug 6.

Organic Agriculture Program, Graduate Education Institute, Taşlıçiftlik Campus, Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat 60000, Türkiye.

Sheep farmers' perceptions of climate change and its impacts and the adaptation strategies they consider to address these risks are of great importance in ensuring the resilience of farming practice. This study focused on sheep farmers' perception of climate change and the risks and actions taken to mitigate these impacts. A total of 68 surveys were carried out among sheep farmers (39 transhumance and 29 semi-intensive farmers) by two different representative production systems in Türkiye. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A 9-year retrospective review of lightning deaths from the Eastern Anatolian Region of Turkey.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

In this study, deaths from lightning strikes in Eastern Turkey revealed distinct patterns in lifestyle and physical injury. Farmers, sailors, and those engaged in outdoor sports are all at risk of being struck by lightning. Death from a lightning strike is associated with cardiovascular and central nervous system damage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Women's empowerment and intra-household gender dynamics and practices around sheep and goat production in South East Kenya.

PLoS One 2022 4;17(8):e0269243. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Department of Anthropology, Gender and African Studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Small ruminant production facets like decision-making, ownership, labour allocation, access to- and control over assets are gendered. This study investigates intra-household gender dynamics and practices around sheep and goat production among smallholder farmers in South East region of Kenya. A quantitative study was conducted on 358 dual-headed (married) households to generate gender-disaggregated data on ownership, decision-making and labour allocation around small ruminant production. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessment of peri-urban livestock producers' willingness to pay for improved forages as cash crops.

Agron J 2022 Jan-Feb;114(1):63-74. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock System Univ. of Florida Gainesville FL 32611 USA.

Availability of quality feed is a major constraint for livestock production in Burkina Faso. Despite previous efforts to test improved forages at research stations to overcome the dry-season feed gap, little has been done to promote them as cash crops that can contribute to meeting the growing feed demand in the country. This study was undertaken to evaluate the willingness to pay (WTP) for improved forage by livestock producers in the peri-urban livestock production systems of Burkina Faso. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Carriage of Plasmid-Mediated Colistin Resistance-1-Positive Escherichia coli in Humans, Animals, and Environment on Farms in Vietnam.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2022 07 13;107(1):65-71. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Plasmid-Mediated Colistin Resistance 1 (mcr-1) was first reported in 2015 and is a great concern to human health. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of mcr-1 and mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli (MCRPEC) and the association in infection status among various reservoirs connected to livestock. The study was conducted in 70 poultry and swine farms in a commune in Ha Nam province, northern Vietnam. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epidemiology and Traits of Mobile Colistin Resistance () Gene-Bearing Organisms from Horses.

Microorganisms 2022 Jul 25;10(8). Epub 2022 Jul 25.

Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Florida Campus, University of South Africa, Johannesburg 1709, South Africa.

Mobile colistin resistance () genes (-1 to -10) threaten the efficacy of colistin (COL), a polymyxin antibiotic that is used as a last-line agent for the treatment of deadly infections caused by multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant bacteria in humans and animals. COL has been used for more than 60 years for the prophylactic control and treatment of infections in livestock husbandry but not in horses. Polymyxin B is used for the prophylactic control and empirical treatment of infections in horses without conducting sensitivity tests. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prediction of Acute and Chronic Mastitis in Dairy Cows Based on Somatic Cell Score and Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy of Milk.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jul 18;12(14). Epub 2022 Jul 18.

Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1180 Vienna, Austria.

Monitoring for mastitis on dairy farms is of particular importance, as it is one of the most prevalent bovine diseases. A commonly used indicator for mastitis monitoring is somatic cell count. A supplementary tool to predict mastitis risk may be mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy of milk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Alternative Practices in Organic Dairy Production and Effects on Animal Behavior, Health, and Welfare.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jul 12;12(14). Epub 2022 Jul 12.

West Central Research and Outreach Center, University of Minnesota, 46352 MN-329, Morris, MN 56267, USA.

The number of organic dairy farms has increased because of the increased growth of the organic market, higher organic milk price, and because some consumers prefer to purchase products from less intensive production systems. Best management practices are expected from organic dairy farms to ensure animal health and milk production. Organic dairy producers typically transition from conventional systems to avoid chemicals and pesticides, enhance economic viability, improve the environment, and increase soil fertility. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Research on Chengdu Ma Goat Recognition Based on Computer Vison.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jul 7;12(14). Epub 2022 Jul 7.

College of Information Engineering, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an 625000, China.

The Chengdu ma goat is an excellent local breed in China. As one of the breeds listed in the National List of Livestock and Poultry Genetic Resources Protection, the protection of its germplasm resources is particularly important. However, the existing breeding and protection methods for them are relatively simple, due to the weak technical force and lack of intelligent means to assist. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

"How Are My Age and Cows Related?" Cognitive Interviewing as a Tool to Pretest Survey Questions in Two Limited Resource Settings.

Front Vet Sci 2022 8;9:833748. Epub 2022 Jul 8.

Animal and Human Health Program, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

Antimicrobial resistance is a complex topic requiring interdisciplinary solutions embedded in One Health thinking. Currently, many surveys are underway in low- and middle-income countries to study how antimicrobial use in the livestock sector is driving resistance. In a survey, the respondents must understand and answer the questions correctly to produce accurate and valuable results. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of African Animal Trypanosomiasis in Cattle in Lambwe, Kenya.

J Parasitol Res 2022 14;2022:5984376. Epub 2022 Jul 14.

Biotechnology Research Institute, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, P.O. Box 362, Kikuyu, Kenya.

Background: African animal trypanosomiasis (AAT) affects livestock productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine cattle AAT's prevalence and associated risk factors in Lambwe Valley, Kenya.

Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, livestock owners were recruited from four villages of Lambwe in Homa Bay, Kenya. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incorporating male sterility increases hybrid maize yield in low input African farming systems.

Commun Biol 2022 Jul 22;5(1):729. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), Nairobi, Kenya.

Maize is a staple crop in sub-Saharan Africa, but yields remain sub-optimal. Improved breeding and seed systems are vital to increase productivity. We describe a hybrid seed production technology that will benefit seed companies and farmers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Using value chain and trade networks in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, as a basis for targeted rural chicken surveillance.

Prev Vet Med 2022 Jul 8;207:105713. Epub 2022 Jul 8.

Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa; College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia.

Despite the benefits of rural chickens in the Eastern Cape Province (ECP) of South Africa, this sector is still underdeveloped and poorly surveyed for poultry diseases. The lack of a sustainable poultry disease surveillance system coupled with communities and practices where the interactions between birds are high, emphasize the need for targeted surveillance of chicken diseases in the province. However, to set up such a system requires knowledge of the value chain and trade networks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The economic effects of grazing in small-scale lamb fattening production systems in central México through a scenario analysis.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2022 Jul 20;54(4):233. Epub 2022 Jul 20.

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM el Cerrillo, C.P. 50090, Toluca, Estado de México, México.

The objective was to assess grazing as an element of profitability and competitiveness of a small-scale lamb fattening production system in central México and compare its economic performance by means of an analysis of scenarios. Two scenarios were analysed to assess the contribution of grazing on profitability and competitiveness. The first analysis was when grazing was the feed base, and secondly, costs of opportunity and economic impacts were studied under the assumption that sheep do not graze, and total feed has to be bought from external suppliers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Wolf attacks predict far-right voting.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Jul 18;119(30):e2202224119. Epub 2022 Jul 18.

Institute of Social Sciences, Humboldt University, 10117 Berlin, Germany.

Does the return of large carnivores affect voting behavior? We study this question through the lens of wolf attacks on livestock. Sustained environmental conservation has allowed the wolf ( to make an impressive and unforeseen comeback across Central Europe in recent years. While lauded by conservationists, local residents often see the wolf as a threat to economic livelihoods, particularly those of farmers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Connecting nutritional facts with the traditional ranking of ethnobotanically used fodder grasses by local farmers in Central Punjab of Pakistan.

Sci Rep 2022 Jul 19;12(1):12299. Epub 2022 Jul 19.

Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Okara, Okara, 56130, Pakistan.

The local farmers of Central Punjab, Pakistan have been using indigenous grasses as vital components of ruminant diets, but little is reported about their nutritional potential. Hence this study investigated nutritive potential of a selection of ethnobotanically important fodder grasses. Multiple nutritional parameters (proximate components, fibre fractions), secondary metabolites (phenolics, tannins) and in vitro digestibility values were determined. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.] lines for high grain and fodder yields in the dry season of Niger republic.

Souleymane Abdou

Heliyon 2022 Mar 18;8(3):e09147. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN), BP. 429, Niamey, Niger.

Cowpea grains constitute a nutritious food to humans, while resource-poor farmers use its fodder and shell in fattening livestock during the dry season in Niger. Owing to the high price of these commodities, especially in the hot, dry season, the development and adoption of dual-purpose varieties adapted that period may significantly lower the cost of cowpea products to farmers. To that end, 12 cowpea genotypes were evaluated for high grain and forage yield at three INRAN research stations during the hot, dry season of 2021. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Seroepidemiology of selected transboundary animal diseases in goats in Zambia.

Prev Vet Med 2022 Sep 8;206:105708. Epub 2022 Jul 8.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.

Transboundary pathogens of goats present significant constraints to the livelihoods of millions of farmers in countries such as Zambia. Consequently, this study aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp), foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV), Brucella spp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2022

Modelling livestock infectious disease control policy under differing social perspectives on vaccination behaviour.

PLoS Comput Biol 2022 07 14;18(7):e1010235. Epub 2022 Jul 14.

The Zeeman Institute for Systems Biology and Infectious Disease Epidemiology Research, School of Life Sciences and Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

The spread of infection amongst livestock depends not only on the traits of the pathogen and the livestock themselves, but also on the veterinary health behaviours of farmers and how this impacts their implementation of disease control measures. Controls that are costly may make it beneficial for individuals to rely on the protection offered by others, though that may be sub-optimal for the population. Failing to account for socio-behavioural properties may produce a substantial layer of bias in infectious disease models. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Phosphorus characteristics of Canada-wide animal manures and implications for sustainable manure management with a cleaner environment.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Jul 8;845:157200. Epub 2022 Jul 8.

Quebec Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2560 Hochelaga Blvd, Quebec, Quebec G1V 2J3, Canada. Electronic address:

Animal manure can be a serious environmental concern if improperly managed, particularly with regard to phosphorus (P). A good understanding on manure P chemistry is required for improving manure management in an environmentally sustainable manner. In the study, 102 representative manure samples collected from farms of major intensive livestock areas of Canada were sequentially fractionated with HO, 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The magnitude of calf morbidity and mortality and risk factors in smallholder farms across livestock production systems in central Ethiopia.

Vet Med Sci 2022 Jul 10. Epub 2022 Jul 10.

One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA.

Background: Calf morbidity and mortality are major constraints in Ethiopian cattle production that severely limit available replacement stock. Calf morbidity and mortality reports in Ethiopia mostly focus on market-oriented dairy production systems. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in central Ethiopia with the objectives of estimating the magnitude of calf morbidity and mortality across three production systems and contributing risk factors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Would a simple attention-reminder in discrete choice experiments affect heuristics, preferences, and willingness to pay for livestock market facilities?

PLoS One 2022 8;17(7):e0270917. Epub 2022 Jul 8.

Business School, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom.

This study addresses the question whether an 'attention reminder' in discrete choice experiments (DCE) affects preferences, willingness to pay (WTP), and attribute non-attendance (ANA). We report on an experiment which elicited preferences for livestock market facilities from 960 randomly selected farm households in Ethiopia. Basic diagnostic comparisons of the estimations showed that taste parameters are significantly different and the WTP values of two (out of eight) facilities are different between before and after the reminder. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of khat cultivation on rural households' income in Bahir Dar Zuria District, Northwest Ethiopia.

GeoJournal 2022 Jun 28:1-20. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of khat cultivation on rural households' income in the Bahir Dar Zuria district using cross-sectional data collected from 180 randomly selected respondents, and supported by focus group discussions in two districts of northwest Ethiopia. The data were analyzed by simple descriptive statistics and beta regression. Results from descriptive statistics show that khat contributes the largest (51%) of farmers' income, followed by crop sale (33%), sale of livestock and their products (9%), and off-farm and non-farm activities (7%), Empirical findings from the Beta regression model also show that farming experience, education status, the proportion of land allocated for khat cultivation, total working capital of the household, the density of khat trees planted per hectare, and participation in off-farm and non-farm activity have a significant and positive effect on the proportion of khat income of the households. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

African smallholder farmers and the treatment of livestock diseases using ethnoveterinary medicine: A commentary.

Pastoralism 2022 30;12(1):29. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Department of Agriculture, Central University of Technology, Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Often touted as an ancient and sustainable practice among indigenous livestock farmers in developing countries, the use of ethno-veterinary medicine is examined within the context of its efficacy. While there are undoubtedly positive implications for adopting knowledge and practice that align with nature, there is both prevalence and ambivalence to the adoption of indigenous plant knowledge and resources for the treatment of livestock infections and diseases. This situation is due to the lack of validation and standardization of the practice in low-income countries, requiring scholarly efforts in developing this indigenous knowledge system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparing the Effectiveness of Different Approaches to Raise Awareness About Antimicrobial Resistance in Farmers and Veterinarians of India.

Front Public Health 2022 16;10:837594. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health threat. The indiscriminate use of antibiotics in the animal health sector contributes to increasing rates of AMR and studies involving dairy farmers in India have found knowledge levels regarding antibiotics and AMR to be very low. The purpose of this study was to assess different methods to raise awareness and knowledge about AMR and antibiotic use among dairy farmers, paravets (veterinary assistants), and veterinarians. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessing catchment scale water quality of agri-food systems and the scope for reducing unintended consequences using spatial life cycle assessment (LCA).

J Environ Manage 2022 Sep 29;318:115563. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Net Zero and Resilient Farming, Rothamsted Research, North Wyke, Okehampton, Devon, EX20 2SB, UK.

Life cycle assessment is a multidisciplinary framework usually deployed to appraise the sustainability of various product or service supply-chains. Over recent decades, its use in the agri-food sector has risen sharply, and alongside this, a wide range of methodological advances have been generated. Spatial-life cycle assessment, defined in the current document as the interpretation of life cycle assessment results within a geographical nature, has not gone unexplored entirely, yet its rise as a sub-method of life cycle assessment has been rather slow relative to other avenues of research (e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2022

Fijian Veterinarian and Para-Veterinarians' Behavior, Attitude and Knowledge Toward Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance: A Qualitative Study.

Front Vet Sci 2022 14;9:898737. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Animal Sciences, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health issue affecting humans and livestock. Reduction in antimicrobial use (AMU) and appropriate use of antimicrobials in livestock production systems have been encouraged. Lack of access to qualified veterinarians, policies regulating AMU and knowledge of AMU and AMR have been identified as drivers of inappropriate AMU behavior in developing countries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The first report on the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infections and associated risk factors among traditional pig farmers in Bali Province, Indonesia.

Vet World 2022 May 10;15(5):1154-1162. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Udayana University, Denpasar 80225, Bali, Indonesia.

Background And Aim: Pigs are the main livestock commodity in Bali Province, Indonesia, where traditional farming practices are widely used. Traditional pig farmers are often closely associated with poverty and a perceived lack of knowledge regarding health and hygiene. Data on soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) and risk factors associated with STH worm infection among traditional pig farmers in Bali were previously unavailable. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Small Ruminant Farming in Tribal Areas of Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan.

Vet Sci 2022 Jun 7;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Yunnan Key Laboratory for Porcine Gene Editing and Xenotransplantation, Kunming 650201, China.

Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA) of Punjab-Pakistan are comprised of hilly mountains with small ruminants as a sole source of income. In this study, farming practices, productivity, health and the economic value of sheep were evaluated in PATA through a survey of farmers ( = 138) holding 11,558 heads of sheep. Out of a total population, 87% were non-descriptive flocks, and 9% and 4% were purebred flocks belonging to the Kajli and Thali populations, respectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF