15,965 results match your criteria lives well


Movement Is Life-Optimizing Patient Access to Total Joint Arthroplasty: Diabetes Mellitus.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

From the Department of Orthopaedics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (Wiznia), American Association of Latino Orthopaedic Surgeons, Salinas, CA (Jimenez), and the Department of Orthopedics (Harrington), Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX.

This is one of a series of articles that focuses on maximizing access to total joint arthroplasty by providing preoperative optimization pathways to all patients to promote the best results and minimize postoperative complications. Because of inequities in health care, an optimization process that is not equipped to support the underserved can potentially worsen disparities in the utilization of arthroplasty. A staggering 10. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Happiness and depression in psoriasis: a cross-sectional study in Germany.

Qual Life Res 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: Prior research on the psychological consequences of skin diseases has focused on assessing mental comorbidities. The aim of this study was to investigate subjective well-being in a large sample of individuals affected by psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, and to explore the associations with depression and disease-related parameters such as disease severity.

Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted from March to June 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Detection of Cell Death in Planarians.

Bio Protoc 2018 Oct 5;8(19):e3039. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Statistics and Institute of Biomedicine, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain.

Planarians are freshwater flatworms, well known for their ability to regenerate a complete organism from any piece of their body. Furthermore, planarians are constantly growing and degrowing throughout their lives, maintaining a functional and proportioned body. These properties rely on the presence of a population of adult stem cells and on the tight control of their cell renewal, which is based on the balance between the proliferation of new cells and their differentiation, and the death of unnecessary cells. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2018

POLICY POLARIZATION AND DEATH IN THE UNITED STATES.

Temple Law Rev 2020 ;92(4):889-916

Gerald B. Cramer Faculty Scholar in Aging Studies, Andrew Carnegie Fellow, and Co Director of the Policy, Place, and Population Health Lab at Syracuse University.

The United States currently ranks last among high-income countries for life expectancy. Since 2014, U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Turning a threat into an opportunity: British American Tobacco's weakening of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products.

Tob Control 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Tobacco Control Research Group, Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Background: Previous research has outlined transnational tobacco company (TTC) efforts to undermine implementation of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (Protocol) and evidence of ongoing TTC complicity in the illicit tobacco trade (ITT). However, the industry's views on the Protocol and role in its development are not well understood.

Methods: Systematic searching and analysis of leaked documents-approximately 15 000 from British American Tobacco (BAT) and 35 from Philip Morris International, triangulated via searches of online resources and interviews with five stakeholders across academia, international organisations, governments, civil society and the private sector. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Experiences of patients with facioscapulohumeral dystrophy with facial weakness: a qualitative study.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Sep 16:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Neurology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Purpose: This study focuses on the functional and psychosocial consequences of facial weakness of patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) and how they manage their daily lives.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a qualitative study. Sixteen FSHD patients with varying degrees of facial weakness were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Association of Care Environment With HIV Incidence and Death Among Orphaned, Separated, and Street-Connected Children and Adolescents in Western Kenya.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Sep 1;4(9):e2125365. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Biostatistics, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.

Importance: In 2015, there were nearly 140 million orphaned children globally, particularly in low- and middle-income regions, and millions more for whom the street is central to their everyday lives. A total of 16.6 million children were orphaned because of deaths associated with HIV/AIDS, of whom 90% live in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Critical Review on New Approaches for Chronic Disease Prevention in Brazil and Canada: From Wholistic Dietary Guidelines to Physical Activity Security.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 30;8:730373. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Physical Activity Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Unit, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

In light of new evidence on the prevention of chronic diseases and the elevated rates of overweight and obesity in Brazil and Canada, this critical review aims to interpret and synthesize current aspects regarding dietary and physical activity initiatives in both countries and make future recommendations. The pioneering work presented in the last Brazilian dietary guidelines has been called a model that can be applied globally, given its conceptualization of healthy eating that translates easily to practical guidance. The new Canadian Food Guide has incorporated similar aspects, also putting the country as a leader in dietary guidance. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Forgotten Ones: Crafting for Meaning and for Affiliation in the Context of Finnish and Japanese Employees' Off-Job Lives.

Front Psychol 2021 30;12:682479. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Faculty of Social Sciences (Psychology), Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.

In an intensifying working life, it is important for employees to proactively shape their lives beyond work to create opportunities for satisfying personal needs. These efforts can be beneficial for creating and sustaining well-being in terms of vitality. In this study, we focused on off-job crafting (OJC) for meaning and OJC for affiliation, conceptualized as proactive changes in off-job life with the aim of increasing satisfaction of needs for meaning and affiliation, among employees in Finland and Japan, two countries with disparate cultural values. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome on the diagnostic odyssey: Rethinking complexity and difficulty as a hero's journey.

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Patients with hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, an hereditary disorder of the connective tissue, often face a long and difficult diagnostic odyssey in pursuit of a name for their condition. Clinicians may dismiss subjective symptoms of chronic pain, thus prolonging patients' odysseys and worsening their care and satisfaction and creating antagonisms in the patient-provider relationship. A greater understanding of patient experiences is necessary in order to decrease burdens of this relationship and to improve care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Should the world collaborate imminently to develop neglected live attenuated vaccines for COVID-19?

Authors:
Ji-Ming Chen

J Med Virol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

School of Life Sciences and Engineering, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong, 528225, China.

The rapid spread of the Delta variant suggests that SARS-CoV-2 will likely keep rampant for months or years and could claim millions of more lives. All known vaccines cannot well defeat SARS-CoV-2 except neglected live attenuated vaccines (LAVs), which could have much higher efficacy and much higher production efficiency than other vaccines. LAVs have well defeated more pathogenic viruses than other vaccines in the history, and most of the current human vaccines for viral diseases are safe LAVs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

[Switching from acenocoumarol to phenprocoumon: step in personalised anticoagulation?]

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2021 Sep 9;165. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

UMC Groningen, afd. Hematologie, Groningen.

Acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon are vitamin K antagonists (VKA) with average half-lives of 11 hours and 160 hours, respectively. They are used to treat and prevent thrombosis in mechanical cardiac valve replacement, atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism. There are historical regional differences in preferred VKA in the Netherlands. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Unintended harm: A qualitative study of "harm" upon people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand.

Health (London) 2021 Sep 15:13634593211046841. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Thammasat University - Rangsit Campus, Thailand.

Given the highly pervasive health threats faced by people who inject drugs, harm reduction has been implemented in Thailand. Although harm reduction is a particularly effective public health strategy for reducing risky behavior, it is currently practiced with minimal understanding of unintended harm-drug policy, social exclusion, stigma, and discrimination-for people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. This study aims to understanding the "unintended harm" encountered by people who inject drugs in Bangkok in their everyday lives through social interaction at all levels of society from macro, micro, and individual levels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Unforeseen Effects of COVID-19 on Adolescent Health.

Authors:
Mishu Mangla

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2021 Sep 10:1-3. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bibinagar, Hyderabad India.

India is presently in the midst of a major health crisis with the second wave of corona virus spreading at an alarming rate and claiming more lives than ever before. Although the pandemic is affecting the lives of all sections of society, adolescent girls being a vulnerable group are affected in dual manner, not just by the direct effects of the virus but also by many still underrated indirect effects. The present article aims to highlight the indirect yet sinister effects of COVID-19 on physical, mental, social, sexual and reproductive and psychological health and well-being of adolescent girls and other issues like their personal safety, peer support and long-term health issues. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Gene-by-Crisis Interaction for Optimism and Meaning in Life: The Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Behav Genet 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the restrictions to reduce the spread of the virus has had a large impact on daily life. We investigated the individual differences in the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and first lockdown on optimism and meaning in life in a sample from the Netherlands Twin Register. Participants completed surveys before (N = 9964, Mean age: 48. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Living with HIV in Ghana: Disclosure of status and experiences of persons receiving antiretroviral therapy.

Afr J AIDS Res 2021 Sep 14:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Centre for Disability Rehabilitation Studies, Department of Health Promotion, Disability Studies and Education, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Barriers to treatment faced by people living with HIV (PLWH) have been well explored in the literature. Despite the importance of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the treatment of HIV and prevention of AIDS, in the Ghanaian context only about 32% of infected persons have access to treatment. This underscores a need to understand the experiences of PLWH receiving ART to provide baseline information for policymakers' efforts to increase access to treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Health risk behaviors before and during COVID-19 and gender differences.

J Community Psychol 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Aventura Social Project, Faculty of Human Motricity, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Changes in routines and habits, fear of contamination from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus, and economic crisis have resulted in significant impacts upon individuals' lives, health, and risk behaviors. The present study aims to analyze health risk behaviors and gender differences of Portuguese adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. A quantitative analysis using SPSS v. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Relationships Among Belief in God, Well-Being, and Social Capital in the 2020 European and World Values Surveys: Distinguishing Interpersonal and Ideological Prosociality.

Authors:
John B Nezlek

J Relig Health 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Institute of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland.

Analyses of the 2020 combined European and World Values Surveys (124,958 respondents from 77 countries) found that people who believed in God tended to be happier, more satisfied with lives, and healthier than non-believers. Believers trusted people close to them (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Age Discrimination in the Context of Motivation and Healthy Aging.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 Sep;76(Supplement_2):S167-S180

Leipzig University, Germany.

Age discrimination can undermine older people's motivation to stay engaged with their lives and poses a major challenge to healthy aging. In this article, we review research on age discrimination in different life domains, including health and work. Motivation and health constitute potential antecedents as well as outcomes of age discrimination, with reduced motivation and impaired health increasing the likelihood of becoming a victim of age discrimination, but also resulting from age discrimination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effort Mobilization and Healthy Aging.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 Sep;76(Supplement_2):S135-S144

Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Healthy aging is in part dependent upon people's willingness and ability to mobilize the effort necessary to support behaviors that promote health and well-being. People may have the best information relating to health along with the best intentions to stay healthy (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Abiotic reduction of nitrite by Fe(II): a comparison of rates and NO production.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.

Abiotic reduction of nitrite (NO) by Fe(II) species (, chemodenitrification) has been demonstrated in a variety of natural environments and laboratory studies, and is a potentially significant source of atmospheric nitrous oxide (NO) emissions. It is, however, unclear how chemodenitrification rates and NO yields vary among heterogeneous Fe(II) species under similar conditions and whether abiotic reduction competes with biological NO reduction. Here, we measured rates of NO reduction and extents of NO production by several Fe(II) species under consistent, environmentally relevant conditions (, pH 7. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Tale of Two Cities: COVID-19 and the Emotional Well-Being of Student-Athletes Using Natural Language Processing.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 25;3:710289. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

The Department of Sport Management, College of Education, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, United States.

Student-athletes at the Division I institutions face a slew of challenges and stressors that can have negative impacts in eliciting different emotional responses during the COVID-19 pandemic. We employed machine-learning-based natural language processing techniques to analyze the user-generated content posted on Twitter of Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) student-athletes to study changes in their sentiment as it relates to the COVID-19 crisis, major societal events, and policy decisions. Our analysis found that positive sentiment slightly outweighed negative sentiment overall, but that there was a noticeable uptick in negative sentiment in May and June 2020 in conjunction with the Black Lives Matter protests. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Families: Young People's Experiences in Estonia.

Front Sociol 2021 25;6:732984. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Institute of Cultural Research, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

This articles reflects the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the everyday lives of children and their families in Estonia during lockdown in spring 2020 and 2021. The data corpus is based on diaries compiled by children during the first lockdown in 2020 for a collection at the Estonian Literary Museum, and on a series of semi-structured interviews with children documenting their experiences during lockdown in spring 2021. The study draws on literature from the "new sociology of childhood" and applies Bronfenbrenner's social ecological model to an analysis of young people's experiences when their mobility outside the home was restricted, and they were forced to reorganise their time use. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Effect of Child Quantity and Education on Parents' Well-Being in Vietnam.

Front Public Health 2021 25;9:706279. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Mekong Development Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Vietnam currently has a rapidly aging population, while formal social protection has only covered a small fraction of older people. Therefore, many older people with insufficient income or poor health must rely on their children's support. This study uses the Vietnam National Aging Survey 2011 to determine whether the quality of children's education/employment and the number of children in a family impact older people's life satisfaction and health. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Creating person-al space for unspoken voices during diagnostic medical imaging examinations: a qualitative study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 11;21(1):954. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Medical Radiation Science, University of Canberra, University Drive, Bruce, ACT, 2617, Australia.

Background: There is emerging interest in person-centred care within a short-lived yet complex medical imaging encounter. This study explored this event from the viewpoint of patients referred for an imaging examination, with a focus on the person and their person-al space.

Methods: We used convenience sampling to conduct semi-structured interviews with 21 patients in a private medical imaging practice in Australia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Design, synthesis and antibacterial activity of chalcones against MSSA and MRSA planktonic cells and biofilms.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Aug 31;116:105279. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Laboratory of Antibiotics and Chemotherapeutics, Department of Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Biosciences, Humanities and Exact Sciences, São Paulo State University, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Staphylococcus aureus is the one of the most successful modern pathogens. The same bacterium that lives as a skin and mucosal commensal can be transmitted in health-care and community-settings and causes severe infections. Thus, there is a great challenge for a discovery of novel anti-Staphylococcus aureus compounds, which should act against resistant strains. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Technical Note: Modulation of fMRI brainstem responses by transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation.

Neuroimage 2021 Sep 10;244:118566. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Translational Neurocircuitry Group, Max Planck Institute for Metabolism Research, Gleueler Strasse 50, 50931, Cologne, Germany; Cluster of Excellence in Cellular Stress Responses in Aging Associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne, 50931, Cologne, Germany.

Our increasing knowledge about gut-brain interaction is revolutionising the understanding of the links between digestion, mood, health, and even decision making in our everyday lives. In support of this interaction, the vagus nerve is a crucial pathway transmitting diverse gut-derived signals to the brain to monitor of metabolic status, digestive processes, or immune control to adapt behavioural and autonomic responses. Hence, neuromodulation methods targeting the vagus nerve are currently explored as a treatment option in a number of clinical disorders, including diabetes, chronic pain, and depression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effects of metals and persistent organic pollutants on the fitness and health of juveniles of the endangered european sturgeon Acipenser sturio Exposed to W1ater and sediments of the garonne and dordogne rivers.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Sep 8;225:112720. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Univ. Bordeaux, UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC, Allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615 Pessac Cedex, France.

The last remaining population of European sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) lives in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne (France) catchment (GGD). Captive young individuals are released into the GGD hydrosystem each year, as part of a restocking programme. This study aims to assess the health status of juveniles A. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The chemistry of branched condensed phosphates.

Nat Commun 2021 Sep 10;12(1):5368. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Condensed phosphates may exist as linear, cyclic or branched structures. Due to their important role in nature, linear polyphosphates have been well studied. In contrast, branched phosphates (ultraphosphates) remain largely uncharacterised, because they were already described in 1950 as exceedingly unstable in the presence of water, epitomized in the antibranching-rule. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The potentials of carbon monoxide-releasing molecules in cancer treatment: An outlook from ROS biology and medicine.

Redox Biol 2021 Sep 6;46:102124. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

School of Dentistry, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Carbon monoxide (CO) is now well recognized a pivotal endogenous signaling molecule in mammalian lives. The proof-of-concept employing chemical carriers of exogenous CO as prodrugs for CO release, also known as CO-releasing molecules (CO-RMs), has been appreciated. The major advantage of CO-RMs is that they are able to deliver CO to the target sites in a controlled manner. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021