36,506 results match your criteria listed tablesresults


Sustainable treatment of bimetallic (Ag-Pd/α-AlO) catalyst waste from naptha cracking process: An innovative waste-to-value recycling of precious metals.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 7;291:112748. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Environment and Energy, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk, 54896, Republic of Korea; Department of Mineral Resources and Energy Engineering, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk, 54896, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Bimetallic (Ag-Pd/α-AlO) catalysts are essentially applied to naptha-cracking process with a controlled CO emission. After losing the catalytic properties in long run, the landfilling disposal of spent catalysts poses severe stress to the environment and deprivation of precious metals. Therefore, an innovative solvo-chemical recycling approach that involving the solid-liquid and liquid-liquid mass transfer phenomena was studied. Read More

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How Does Multiple Listing Affect Lung Transplantation? A Retrospective Analysis.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Surgery, Division of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Department of Medicine, Pulmonology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. Electronic address:

The impact of multiple listing (ML) strategies on lung transplantation is unknown. Retrospective review of United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry for lung transplantation between May 1, 2005 and March 31, 2017 was performed. Characteristics of single (SL) and ML candidates were compared, and incidence density matching was used to select up to 10 controls for each case. Read More

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Correction to Scarpina et al. (2020).

Authors:

Neuropsychology 2021 Mar;35(3):334

Reports an error in "Is bimanual interference affected in the case of a central proprioceptive loss? New insight from a left-brain-damaged single-case study" by Federica Scarpina, Sofia Tagini, Marco Rabuffetti, Giovanni Albani, Francesca Garbarini and Alessandro Mauro (, 2020[May], Vol 34[4], 479-492). In the article "Is Bimanual Interference Affected in the Case of a Central Proprioceptive Loss? New Insight From a Left-Brain-Damaged Single-Case Study," by Federica Scarpina, Sofia Tagini, Marco Rabuffetti, Giovanni Albani, Francesca Garbarini, and Alessandro Mauro (Neuropsychology, 2020, Vol. 34, No. Read More

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The barriers and enablers to downloading the COVIDSafe app - a topic modelling analysis.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Central Queensland Hospital and Health Service, Central Queensland Public Health Unit, Queensland.

Objective: We report a survey in regional Queensland to understand the reasons for suboptimal uptake of the COVIDSafe app.

Methods: A short five-minute electronic survey disseminated to healthcare professionals, mining groups and school communities in the Central Queensland region. Free text responses and their topics were modelled using natural language processing and a latent Dirichlet model. Read More

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What Executive Function Network is that? An Image-Based Meta-Analysis of Network Labels.

Brain Topogr 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Physics, Florida International University, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.

The current state of label conventions used to describe brain networks related to executive functions is highly inconsistent, leading to confusion among researchers regarding network labels. Visually similar networks are referred to by different labels, yet these same labels are used to distinguish networks within studies. We performed a literature review of fMRI studies and identified nine frequently-used labels that are used to describe topographically or functionally similar neural networks: central executive network (CEN), cognitive control network (CCN), dorsal attention network (DAN), executive control network (ECN), executive network (EN), frontoparietal network (FPN), working memory network (WMN), task positive network (TPN), and ventral attention network (VAN). Read More

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Dynamics of the genus Ostreopsis (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) in a Mediterranean fish farm.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 May 10;193(6):333. Epub 2021 May 10.

Laboratory of Conservation and Valorization of Marine Resources, National Higher School of Marine Science and Coastal Management (ENSSMAL), University Campus of Dely Ibrahim, Bois des Cars, 16320, Algiers, Algeria.

This study revealed the dynamics of the genus Ostreopsis in the south-western Mediterranean Sea fish farm during the 2016 and 2017 summers. This phytoplankton is known to produce palytoxin-like compounds, listed among the most potent marine toxins known, and can pose a serious concern for humans in the Mediterranean area. Principal component analysis (PCA) explained the significance of temperature, salinity, and dissolved inorganic nitrogen in the proliferation of this toxic dinoflagellate. Read More

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The Association of Unfairness with Mental and Physical Health in a Multiethnic Sample of Adults: Cross-sectional Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 May 10;7(5):e26622. Epub 2021 May 10.

Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, Dearborn, MI, United States.

Background: Two psychosocial constructs that have shown consistent associations with negative health outcomes are discrimination and perceived unfairness.

Objective: The current analyses report the effects of discrimination and unfairness on medical, psychological, and behavioral outcomes from a recent cross-sectional survey conducted in a multiethnic sample of adults in Michigan.

Methods: A cross-section survey was collected using multiple approaches: community settings, telephone-listed sample, and online panel. Read More

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The Outcomes of "Submitted" Publications From Applicants to Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Programs: A Retrospective Review of 1303 Residency Applications.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2020 Jul;4(7):e2000112

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery (Dr. Freshman, Dr. Kim, Dr. Feeley, Dr. Zhang, and Dr. Lansdown), University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, and the University of California San Francisco School of Medicine (Mr. Cortez), San Francisco, CA.

Purpose: To evaluate research listed as "Submitted" on orthopaedic surgery residency applications for eventual publication rates and quality.

Significance: As the orthopaedic surgery residency selection process becomes increasingly competitive, the number of research publications listed on applications continually increases. However, the utility of using publications listed as "Submitted" in the applicant evaluation process remains unknown. Read More

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The Role of the Pharmacist in Optimizing Cancer Immunotherapy: A Retrospective Study of Nivolumab Adverse Events.

J Pharm Pract 2021 Jun 5;34(3):386-396. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, 1067University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are an emerging treatment in cancer therapy for prolonging life, minimizing symptoms, and selectively targeting cancer. Program death 1 (PD-1) inhibitors, such as nivolumab, fall within this class, enabling the patient's immune system to detect and destroy cancer. The introduction of ICIs is changing cancer therapy, with new drugs and new toxicities-an evolving area encountered by pharmacists. Read More

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Impact of an integrated medication reconciliation model led by a hospital clinical pharmacist on the reduction of post-discharge unintentional discrepancies.

J Clin Pharm Ther 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Libertas International University, Zagreb, Croatia.

What Is Known And Objective: There is no optimal standardized model in the transfer of care between hospitals and primary healthcare facilities. Transfer of care is a critical point during which unintentional discrepancies, that can jeopardize pharmacotherapy outcomes, can occur. The objective was to determine the effect that an integrated medication reconciliation model has on the reduction of the number of post-discharge unintentional discrepancies. Read More

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A review on the motivations, decision-making factors, attitudes and experiences of couples using pre-implantation genetic testing for inherited conditions.

Hum Reprod Update 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Division of Surgery and Cancer, Institute of Developmental Reproductive & Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital Campus, London, UK.

Background: In pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT), fertile couples undergo IVF with genetic testing of embryos to avoid conceptions with a genetic condition. There is an exponentially increasing uptake with over 600 applications listed by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority in the UK. The psychological aspects of the decision-making process and the experience of PGT, however, are relatively underevaluated, with the potential to leave patients unsupported in their journeys. Read More

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Nudging Healthy Choices in Food Search Through Visual Attractiveness.

Front Artif Intell 2021 22;4:621743. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Information Science and Media Studies, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Recipe websites are becoming increasingly popular to support people in their home cooking. However, most of these websites prioritize popular recipes, which tend to be unhealthy. Drawing upon research on visual biases and nudges, this paper investigates whether healthy food choices can be supported in food search by depicting attractive images alongside recipes, as well as by re-ranking search results on health. Read More

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Alpha 1 Antitrypsin is an Inhibitor of the SARS-CoV-2-Priming Protease TMPRSS2.

Pathog Immun 2021 26;6(1):55-74. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Division of Allergy and Immunology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH.

Background: Host proteases have been suggested to be crucial for dissemination of MERS, SARS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2 coronaviruses, but the relative contribution of membrane versus intracellular proteases remains controversial. Transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) is regarded as one of the main proteases implicated in the coronavirus S protein priming, an important step for binding of the S protein to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor before cell entry.

Methods: We developed a cell-based assay to identify TMPRSS2 inhibitors. Read More

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Peculiarities of the inverted repeats in the complete chloroplast genome of Lindau.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 Apr 22;6(4):1440-1447. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resource Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine from the Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Lindau belongs to the family It is an antiviral herb that can be used to prevent Influenza virus infections in the border areas between China and Vietnam. Local people call it 'Purple Ban-lan-gen' because its root is very similar to that of (Nees) Kuntze, which is called 'Southern Ban-lan-gen' and is listed in Chinese Pharmacopeia. The two species have been used interchangeably locally. Read More

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A rare case of retroperitoneal paraganglioma located in the neck of the pancreas: a case report and literature review.

Gland Surg 2021 Apr;10(4):1523-1531

Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Paraganglioma (PGL) is an uncommon tumor located in the head, neck and abdomen. The majority of the tumor is benign and the patient has no obvious clinical symptoms. However, PGL located in the pancreas is rather rare and tends to mimic Castleman's disease, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and pancreatic primary tumor. Read More

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Actionable secondary findings in arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy genes: impact and challenge of genetic counseling.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):637-649

Medical Genetics Center, Munich, Germany.

Background: Comprehensive genetic analysis yields in a higher diagnostic rate but also in a higher number of secondary findings (SF). American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) published a list of 59 actionable genes for which disease causing sequence variants are recommended to be reported as SF including 27 genes linked to inherited cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as arrhythmia syndromes, cardiomyopathies and vascular and connective tissue disorders. One of the selected conditions represented in the actionable gene list is the arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy (ARVC), an inherited heart muscle disease with a particularly high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Read More

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evaluation of the anti-diabetic potential of Hilliard & B.L. Burtt using HepG2 (C3A) and L6 cell lines.

F1000Res 2020 15;9:1240. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Medicinal Plant and Economic Development (MPED) Research Centre, University of Fort Hare, Alice, Eastern Cape, 5700, South Africa.

Hilliard & B.L. Burtt has been listed in a survey of plants used in traditional medicine for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Read More

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October 2020

Potential prebiotic substrates modulate composition, metabolism, virulence and inflammatory potential of an in vitro multi-species oral biofilm.

J Oral Microbiol 2021 Apr 20;13(1):1910462. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Oral Health Sciences, University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Leuven, Belgium.

: Modulation of the commensal oral microbiota constitutes a promising preventive/therapeutic approach in oral healthcare. The use of prebiotics for maintaining/restoring the health-associated homeostasis of the oral microbiota has become an important research topic. : This study hypothesised that in vitro 14-species oral biofilms can be modulated by (in)direct stimulation of beneficial/commensal bacteria with new potential prebiotic substrates tested at 1 M and 1%, resulting in more host-compatible biofilms with fewer pathogens, decreased virulence and less inflammatory potential. Read More

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Safety and efficacy of an additive consisting of synthetic vitamin K (phytomenadione) for horses (JARAZ Enterprises GmbH & Co. KG).

EFSA J 2021 Apr 30;19(4):e06538. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of a feed additive consisting of vitamin K (phytomenadione) produced by chemical synthesis when used as a nutritional additive in complementary feed of horses at a maximum supplemental level of 14 mg vitamin K/horse per day. The use of vitamin K1 is safe when used as a feed additive for horses under the proposed conditions of use. The use of vitamin K1 in nutrition of horses under the proposed conditions of use is considered safe for the consumer and the environment. Read More

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Maximum Entropy Modeling to Predict the Impact of Climate Change on Pine Wilt Disease in China.

Front Plant Sci 2021 23;12:652500. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Restoration, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China.

Pine wilt disease is a devastating forest disease caused by the pinewood nematode , which has been listed as the object of quarantine in China. Climate change influences species and may exacerbate the risk of forest diseases, such as the pine wilt disease. The maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model was used in this study to identify the current and potential distribution and habitat suitability of three pine species and in China. Read More

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Temporary mechanical circulatory support: insights and evolving strategies.

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 9;37(3):265-273. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Anaesthesia, Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Purpose: The goal of this study is to evaluate the utilization and outcomes of temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) among patients listed for cardiac transplantation (CT). There is a constant threat of sudden clinical deterioration in these patients that could necessitate emergent MCS. All advanced heart failure and transplant centers in India are plagued by issues of late referrals, low organ donation rates, and financial constraints. Read More

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Over-the-counter sale of antibiotics - Using Net-Map to identify and segment stakeholders as the first step towards the development of smart regulation.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2021 Apr 16;39(2):184-187. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Amity Institute of Public Health, Amity Institute, NOIDA, Uttar Pradesh, India; Center for Disease Dynamics & Economic Policy, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex public health problem requiring coordinated efforts by a multitude of public and private sector stakeholders. Over-the-counter (OTC) antibiotics sale is contributing to rising AMR. We applied NetMap, a research tool to identify, prioritize and assess relationships among stakeholders, also to identify the stakeholders that must be engaged for regulating antibiotic OTC sale for humans in India. Read More

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RNA therapeutics for mood disorders: current evidence towards clinical trials.

Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Inst Neurosci Timone, Marseille, France.

Introduction: Mood disorders are severe yet frequent psychiatric disorders worldwide, comprising major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorders (BD). Their treatment remains poorly effective. For the past decades, various pathophysiological processes have been explored and growing evidence for epigenetic mechanisms has emerged. Read More

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Enhanced Primary Health Care Intervention: Perceived Sustainability and Challenges Among Implementers.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211014096

Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Purpose: This study aimed to assess and explore perceived sustainability and challenges of the intervention among Health Care Providers (HCPs) who were involved.

Methods: The study applied mixed-method embedded design to analyze both quantitative and qualitative data. Quantitative approach was used to evaluate sustainability perception from 20 intervention clinics via self-reported assessment form whereas qualitative data were obtained through in-depth interview (IDI) and focus group discussions (FGDs) 14 health care professionals participated in IDI session and were either care coordinators, liaison officers (LOs)/clinic managers, or medical officers-in-charge for the clinic's intervention. Read More

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Analysis of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) used in elderly outpatients in departments of internal medicine by using the Screening Tool of Older Persons' Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr;10(4):4678-4686

Pharmacy, Affiliated Xiaoshan Hospital, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are associated with increased adverse drug reactions (ADRs), admission rate, and mortality rate in elderly patients. Here, we assessed PIM use in elderly outpatients in the departments of internal medicine in our center by using the Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria.

Methods: The clinical data of 13,221 outpatients aged ≥65 years in the departments of respiratory medicine, endocrinology, neurology, and cardiovascular medicine of a tertiary hospital from January 2016 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Development of a Cryopreservation Protocol for Vanilla Siamensis: An Endangered Orchid Species in Thailand.

Cryo Letters 2019 Sep-Oct;40(5):305-311

Department of Botany, Providence Women's College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

Background: Vanilla siamensis is listed in Appendix-II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) as an endangered species in Thailand.

Objective: To develop an optimum cryopreservation protocol for V. siamensis. Read More

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Top health research funders' guidance on selecting journals for funded research.

F1000Res 2021 11;10:100. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1G 5Z3, Canada.

Funded health research is being published in journals that many regard as "predatory", deceptive, and non-credible. We do not currently know whether funders provide guidance on how to select a journal in which to publish funded health research. We identified the largest 46 philanthropic, public, development assistance, public-private partnership, and multilateral funders of health research by expenditure, globally as well as four public funders from lower-middle income countries, from the list at https://healthresearchfunders. Read More

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February 2021

In vitro and in vivo assessments of inspired Ag/80S bioactive nanocomposites against carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jun 1;125:112093. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan; Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Drug Development and Value Creation Research Center, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

In 2017 the World Health Organization listed carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae as a critical priority for developing a novel antimicrobial agent. Here we report on our investigation of the antibacterial efficacy of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), confined to a mesostructured material and designated as an Ag/80S bioactive nanocomposite, against carbapenem-resistant K. Read More

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Introducing intense rainfall and snowmelt variables to implement a process-related non-stationary shallow landslide susceptibility analysis.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 27;786:147360. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra "A. Desio", Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

The study objective was to derive a susceptibility model for shallow landslides that could include process-related non-stationary variables, to be adaptable to climate changes. We selected the territory of the Mont-Emilius and Mont-Cervin Mountain Communities (northern Italy) as the study area. To define summary variables related to landslide predisposing and triggering processes, we investigated the relationships between landslide occurrences and intense rainfall and snowmelt events (period 1991-2020). Read More

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Structural determination of the sheath-forming polysaccharide of Sphaerotilus montanus using thiopeptidoglycan lyase which recognizes the 1,4 linkage between α-d-GalN and β-d-GlcA.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan. Electronic address:

Sphaerotilus natans is a filamentous sheath-forming bacterium commonly found in activated sludge. Its sheath is assembled from a thiolic glycoconjugate called thiopeptidoglycan. S. Read More

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