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The Store-and-Forward Telemedicine Service User-satisfaction Questionnaire: Development and validation of a questionnaire to monitor and assess health care providers' experiences.

J Telemed Telecare 2021 Jul 30:1357633X211032409. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Medical Informatics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, 26066Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Introduction: With wider adoption of store-and-forward telemedicine accelerating, particularly post-coronavirus disease 2019, it is essential to understand health care providers' (HCPs) satisfaction with digital solutions offered by telemedicine organizations to (continuously) guarantee service quality. We developed the Store-and-Forward Telemedicine Service User-satisfaction Questionnaire to monitor and assess HCPs' experiences with contracted telemedicine organizations.

Methods: Questionnaire construction (phase 1) consisted of exploratory literature search on validated telemedicine satisfaction questionnaires, a telemedicine domain and human factors expert focus group, stakeholder focus group (customer service employee and telemedicine account managers), and two pre-testing rounds among 18 HCPs. Read More

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Diverse experts' perspectives on ethical issues of using machine learning to predict HIV/AIDS risk in sub-Saharan Africa: a modified Delphi study.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 28;11(7):e052287. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

Objective: To better understand diverse experts' views about the ethical implications of ongoing research funded by the National Institutes of Health that uses machine learning to predict HIV/AIDS risk in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) based on publicly available Demographic and Health Surveys data.

Design: Three rounds of semi-structured surveys in an online expert panel using a modified Delphi approach.

Participants: Experts in informatics, African public health and HIV/AIDS and bioethics were invited to participate. Read More

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Prioritizing financial knowledge and skills within the doctor of pharmacy curriculum.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Aug 19;13(8):953-957. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

PGY-1 Pharmacy Practice Resident, Cleveland Clinic Akron General, 1 Akron General Ave, Akron, OH 44307, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Over the past decade, pharmacy school tuition and the subsequent amount of student debt has risen significantly. Additionally, the debt-to-income ratio for pharmacy school graduates increases, making it extremely important to manage personal finance during pharmacy school and beyond. To assess a personal finance elective's effect on students' financial literacy and confidence, a course evaluation study was pursued at Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOMED). Read More

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 guidelines among students in Bangladesh.

Soc Sci Humanit Open 2021 17;4(1):100194. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

BK School of Research, Shahjadpur, Sirajganj, 6770, Bangladesh.

This paper explores the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 guidelines among the students in Bangladesh. In achieving this objective, this paper used primary data collected from 1822 students wherein three different Likert scales and a one-way ANOVA test were used to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) scores as well as mean differences with respect to different variables. This research reveals that the majority of students had a higher level of knowledge and a positive attitudes towards the COVID-19 guidelines. Read More

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Health Related Quality of Life Post Labour Induction with Misoprostol Versus Dinoprostone At Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania: A cross Sectional Study.

East Afr Health Res J 2020 26;4(1):58-64. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Behavioral Sciences, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Background: Labour induction using Misoprostol or Dinoprostone results to similar maternal and foetal clinical outcomes. However, the clinical outcome measures have rarely been combined with effects of interventions on patients' health related quality of life. This study aimed to assess postpartum health related quality of life of parturient after labour induction with vaginal administration of misoprostol versus dinoprostone. Read More

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Health economic evidence in clinical guidelines in South Africa: a mixed-methods study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 26;21(1):738. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Evidence-informed clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are useful tools to inform transparent healthcare decision-making. Consideration of health economic evidence (HEE) during CPG development in a structured manner remains a challenge globally and locally. This study explored the views, current practice, training needs and challenges faced by CPG developers in the production and use of HEE for CPGs in South Africa. Read More

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A clinimetric analysis of the euthymia, resilience, and positive mental health scales.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 9;294:71-76. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy; Department of Psychiatry & Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Euthymia has been described as a transdiagnostic construct characterized by the absence of mood disturbances and the presence of an integration of psychic forces, such as coping strategy and well-being. A multidimensional measure, the Euthymia Scale (ES), has been proposed to assess it. We investigated construct and concurrent validity of the ES. Read More

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Randomized clinical trial comparing helmet continuous positive airway pressure (hCPAP) to facemask continuous positive airway pressure (fCPAP) for the treatment of acute respiratory failure in the emergency department.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jun 22;49:385-392. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Malaysia Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To determine whether non-invasive ventilation (NIV) delivered by helmet continuous positive airway pressure (hCPAP) is non-inferior to facemask continuous positive airway pressure (fCPAP) in patients with acute respiratory failure in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: Non-inferiority randomized, clinical trial involving patients presenting with acute respiratory failure conducted in the ED of a local hospital. Participants were randomly allocated to receive either hCPAP or fCPAP as per the trial protocol. Read More

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Assessing Interobserver Variability of Cosmetic Outcome Assessment in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Breast-Conservation Surgery.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: Inter-rater reliability between breast surgical oncologists and reconstructive surgeons using cosmesis scales, and the correlation between their observations and patients' own subjective assessments, is poorly understood.

Methods: Patients undergoing BCS in a prospective trial rated their cosmetic outcome on a Likert scale (poor/fair/good/excellent) at the postoperative and 1-year time points; photographs were also taken. Three breast surgical oncologists (not involved in these cases) and two reconstructive surgeons were asked to independently rate cosmesis using the Harvard/NSABP/RTOG scale. Read More

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Breaking Bad News: A Randomized Trial Assessing Resident Performance After Novel Video Instruction.

Cureus 2021 Jun 5;13(6):e15461. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

Introduction Delivering bad news to patients is an essential skill for physicians, which is often developed through patient encounters. Residents in our program participate in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) on an annual basis to evaluate their skills in these scenarios. Our objectives were to develop an educational video and determine if an educational video provided to residents prior to OSCEs would improve performance. Read More

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Variation in Perception of Safety Culture in Out-of-hours Family Medicine Service in Croatia.

Zdr Varst 2021 Sep 28;60(3):152-157. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

University of Bergen, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Bergen, Norway.

Introduction: The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is among the most frequently cited tools for measuring safety culture in healthcare settings. Its ambulatory version was used in this study. The aim was to assess safety culture in out-of-hours (OOH) family medicine service and its variation across job positions, regions, and respondents' demographic characteristic. Read More

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September 2021

Statistical process control charts for better analysis of sequential data in psychology: The case of illusion of control experiments.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2600, Porto Alegre, RS, 90520-080, Brazil.

Illusion of control (IOC) is a bias in the judgment of personal success with implications to learning theories and health policies; some important questions in the investigation of IOC may be related to traditional measures in the field, namely self-assessment using Likert scales about the sense of control. Statistical process control (SPC) and Shewhart charts are methods developed to monitor and control industrial processes, never applied in psychological studies before. The present two studies investigated the use of the technique of Shewhart charts in the analysis of IOC. Read More

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The impact of perceived regulatory support on social entrepreneurial intention: A survey dataset in Vietnam.

Data Brief 2021 Aug 17;37:107233. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Hanoi University of Business and Technology.

This paper presents the data that estimate the linkages between perceived regulatory support, empathy, moral obligation, social entrepreneurial self-efficacy, perceived social support, and social entrepreneurial intention among Vietnamese students. The scales were adopted from previous studies to develop the questionnaires utilizing a five-Likert scale. The sample collected from 685 undergraduate students from universities in Vietnam. Read More

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Validation and Polish Adaptation of the Authorized Bratman Orthorexia Self-Test (ABOST): Comparison of Dichotomous and Continuous Likert-Type Response Scales.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2021 29;14:921-931. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology, Katowice, Poland.

Purpose: Although research on orthorexia nervosa (ON) has developed in recent years, there exists a continuous need to develop valid tools to assess ON risk, according to strict diagnostic criteria. The present study aims to conduct Polish adaptation and validation of the Authorized Bratman Orthorexia Self-Test (ABOST), through a comparison of dichotomous and continuous Likert response scales.

Participants And Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 472 people with mean age of 27 years (ranging between 18 and 78 years, = 26. Read More

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Too Many Appointments: Assessing Provider and Nursing Perception of Barriers to Referral for Outpatient Palliative Care.

Palliat Med Rep 2021 17;2(1):137-145. Epub 2021 May 17.

Division of Medical Oncology, The Ohio State University James Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Integration of early outpatient palliative care for patients with advanced cancer requires overcoming logistical constraints as well as attitudinal barriers of referring providers. This pilot study assessed provider perception of logistical and attitudinal barriers to outpatient palliative care referral as well as provider acceptability of an embedded onco-palliative clinic model. This was a cross-sectional survey-based study of medical oncologists, palliative care physicians, advanced practice providers (APP), and oncology nurses at a large U. Read More

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Physicians in Myanmar Provide Palliative Care Despite Limited Training and Low Confidence in Their Abilities.

Palliat Med Rep 2020 11;1(1):314-320. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Patients in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) have limited access to palliative care providers. In Myanmar, little is known about physician knowledge of or perceptions about palliative care. An assessment of physician practice and capacity to provide palliative care is needed. Read More

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December 2020

Tradition, cultural contact and English for tourism: the case of Mentawai, Indonesia.

Heliyon 2021 Jun 21;7(6):e07322. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Bung Hatta, Indonesia.

Foreign tourists' cultural contact with tradition and the use of English (tourism English) mediates visitor engagement and revisit intention. Developing cultural tourism in Mentawai requires a study on the relationship among traditions, tourism English, cultural contacts, and visitor engagement. Literature reviews show that there has not been a study examining this in Mentawai. Read More

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Pandemic Worry and Preventive Health Behaviors During the COVID-19 Outbreak.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 17;8:700072. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, Fudan University School of Pharmacy, Shanghai, China.

As schools are preparing for onsite learning, it is urgently needed to characterize the extent of pandemic worry and to examine predictors of adopting preventive health behaviors of hand washing, face mask wearing, and maintaining social distance among student pharmacists. An online survey was sent to 326 student pharmacists in the United States. Pandemic worry was measured using a seven-point Likert scale ranging from extremely not afraid of, to extremely afraid of getting COVID-19. Read More

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A mixed-methods study describing behavioral factors that influenced general practitioners' experiences using triage during the COVID-19 pandemic.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 07 3;22(1):146. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

University of Warwick, Business School, Coventry, England.

Background: Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, general practices were asked to expand triage and to reduce unnecessary face-to-face contact by prioritizing other consultation modes, e.g., online messaging, video, or telephone. Read More

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Patient satisfaction and acceptability with telehealth at specialist medical outpatient clinics during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia.

Intern Med J 2021 07 2;51(7):1028-1037. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Outpatient clinics were shifted rapidly to telehealth in Australia during the Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, drastically altering patient care and experience.

Aims: To investigate patient satisfaction and acceptability of telehealth consultations during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Prospective observation study conducted in two hospital rheumatology outpatient departments (OPD) undertaking telehealth consultations during COVID-19. Read More

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The Implications of COVID-19 on Chinese Consumer Preferences for Lamb Meat.

Foods 2021 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

AgResearch Limited, Te Ohu Rangahau Kai, Massey University Campus, Grasslands, Tennent Drive, Palmerston North 4474, New Zealand.

This study assessed if Chinese consumer attitudes towards a range of lamb attributes (such as origin, food safety, appearance, taste, price), and their opinions of New Zealand lamb (9- and 7-point Likert scales, respectively), had changed since the outbreak COVID-19. The same survey was carried out in Shanghai and Beijing pre (December 2018) and post COVID-19 (November 2020), ~9 months after China's initial outbreak, with 500 and 523 consumers, respectively. From December 2018 to November 2020, there was an increase in the proportion of Chinese consumers purchasing red meat online or from a butcher, and cooking their lamb well-done. Read More

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A Comparison of Vaccine Hesitancy of COVID-19 Vaccination in China and the United States.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Jun 14;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China.

Objectives: To investigate the differences in vaccine hesitancy and preference of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines between two countries, namely, China and the United States (U.S.). Read More

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Communication during the COVID-19 pandemic: evaluation study on self-perceived competences and views of health care professionals.

Eur Geriatr Med 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Gerontology, Centre Hospitalier de Saint-Quentin, Saint-Quentin, France.

Purpose: The aims of this study were to describe communication experiences while wearing a mask during COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, to identify possible mask-related barriers to COVID-19-adapted communications and to investigate whether the ABC mnemonic (A: attend mindfully; B: behave calmly; C: communicate clearly) might address these.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional, voluntary, web-based survey between January and February 2021. A 22-item survey was developed using the Surveymonkey platform and question styles were varied to include single choice and Likert scales. Read More

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Combatting a "Twin-demic": A quantitative assessment of COVID-19 and influenza vaccine hesitancy in primary care patients.

Health Promot Perspect 2021 19;11(2):179-185. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1542 Tulane Ave Suite 436 New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.

Public health officials anticipate severe health outcomes amidst the circulation of two major viruses, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and influenza. This study investigated intent to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and influenza, and sought to identify attitudes towards vaccines and barriers for vaccine acceptance. This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in the Louisiana State University Medicine Clinic from September 2020 to December 2020. Read More

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Using a Scenario-Based Approach to Teaching Professionalism to Medical Students: Course Description and Evaluation.

JMIR Med Educ 2021 Jun 24;7(2):e26667. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: Doctors play a key role in individuals' lives undergoing a holistic integration into local communities. To maintain public trust, it is essential that professional values are upheld by both doctors and medical students. We aimed to ensure that students appreciated these professional obligations during the 3-year science-based, preclinical course with limited patient contact. Read More

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Exploring the Potential of Personalized Dietary Advice for Health Improvement in Motivated Individuals With Premetabolic Syndrome: Pretest-Posttest Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jun 24;5(6):e25043. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Wageningen Food & Biobased Research, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Background: Dietary quality plays an essential role in the prevention and management of metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Objective: The aim of this pilot study is to organize personalized dietary advice in a real-life setting and to explore the effects on dietary intake, metabolic health, and perceived health.

Methods: We followed a one-group pretest-posttest design and included 37 individuals at risk of MetS, who indicated motivation to change dietary behavior. Read More

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The Role of Safety Silence Motives to Safety Communication and Safety Participation in Different Sectors of Small and Medium Enterprises: Investigation Results on Two Kinds of Industries in Indonesia.

Saf Health Work 2021 Jun 13;12(2):192-200. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Industrial Engineering and Management, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia.

Background: A number of accidents have occurred in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Efforts in reducing accidents have been undertaken through the implementation of safety behaviors. Unfortunately, few studies have examined motives behind unsafe behaviors, such as safety silence motives. Read More

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Multi-shot Diffusion-Weighted MRI With Multiplexed Sensitivity Encoding (MUSE) in the Assessment of Active Inflammation in Crohn's Disease.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2021 Jun 25. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Background: Single-shot diffusion-weighted imaging (ssDWI) has been shown useful for detecting active bowel inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD) without MRI contrast. However, ssDWI suffers from geometric distortion and low spatial resolution.

Purpose: To compare conventional ssDWI with higher-resolution ssDWI (HR-ssDWI) and multi-shot DWI based on multiplexed sensitivity encoding (MUSE-DWI) for evaluating bowel inflammation in CD, using contrast-enhanced MR imaging (CE-MRI) as the reference standard. Read More

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Development of the Experienced Communication in Dementia Questionnaire: A Qualitative Study.

Inquiry 2021 Jan-Dec;58:469580211028181

Radboud university medical center, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Department of Rehabilitation, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Communication problems with their caregivers are common in people with dementia. Although interventions for improvement of communication are being developed, a tool to measure how participants experience their communication is lacking. The objective of this article is to describe the development of a questionnaire that measures the "experienced communication" of persons with dementia (ECD-P) as well as of their caregivers (ECD-C). Read More

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Current situation of complications related to reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse: a multicenter study.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, National Clinical Research Center for Obstetirc & Gynecologic Diseases, Beijing, China.

Introduction And Hypothesis: This study aimed to investigate the evaluation and management of complications after pelvic floor reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in China.

Methods: Complications of pelvic floor reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapses from 27 institutions were reported from November 2017 to October 2019. All complications were coded according to the category-time-site system proposed by the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS). Read More

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