4,651 results match your criteria lifetime trauma

Resilience to traumatic stress in U.S. military veterans: Application of a novel classification approach in a nationally representative sample.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 7;140:301-307. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 George St Ste 901, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA; National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA.

Resilience has been of particular interest to researchers and clinicians focused on response to trauma. In the current study, we employed a novel, discrepancy-based psychiatric resilience (DBPR) analytic approach to operationalizing resilience and examined its relation to potentially protective psychosocial factors in a nationally representative sample of U.S. Read More

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Chronic Disease, Allergies, and Increased Years of Running Are Risk Factors Predicting Gradual Onset Running-Related Injuries in Ultramarathon Runners-SAFER XIX Study in 29 585 Race Entrants.

Clin J Sport Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Sport Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Institute (SEMLI) and Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; Sport Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Institute (SEMLI), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; Emeritus Professor of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre, Cape Town, South Africa; Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa; Department of Human Movement Science, CPUT, Cape Town, South Africa; and Statistics and Population Studies Department, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Objectives: To identify risk factors that predict gradual onset running-related injuries (GORRIs) in ultramarathon runners entering a mass community-based event.

Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.

Setting: Two Oceans 56 km ultramarathon 2012 to 2015. Read More

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Factors Associated with Incarceration in Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Study.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: In the US, the median age of adults experiencing homelessness and incarceration is increasing. Little is known about risk factors for incarceration among older adults experiencing homelessness. To develop targeted interventions, there is a need to understand their risk factors for incarceration. Read More

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Course, Moderators, and Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndrome-Induced Post-traumatic Stress: A Secondary Analysis From the Myocardial Infarction-Stress Prevention Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Psychiatry 2021 14;12:621284. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) induce post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in one out of eight patients. Effects of preventive interventions, the course and potential moderators of ACS-induced PTSS are vastly understudied. This study explored whether a preventive behavioral intervention leads to a decrease in myocardial infarction (MI)-induced PTSS between two follow-up assessments. Read More

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Asthma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): emerging links, potential models and mechanisms.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Dept. of Pharmacology & Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH, 45220 USA; Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH, 45220 USA; VA Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 45220 USA. Electronic address:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent, debilitating mental health condition. A better understanding of contributory neurobiological mechanisms will lead to effective treatments, improving quality of life for patients. Given that not all trauma-exposed individuals develop PTSD, identification of pre-trauma susceptibility factors that can modulate posttraumatic outcomes is important. Read More

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Traumatic events and psychotic experiences: a nationally representative study in Thailand.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2021 Jun 8;30:e47. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

ESRC Centre for Society and Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Aims: Most research exploring the link between traumatic events and psychotic experiences has focused on either Australia, Europe or North America. In this study, we expand the existing knowledge to Thailand and investigate the impact of the type and the number of traumatic events on psychotic experiences in Thailand.

Methods: We used data from the nationally representative 2013 Thai National Mental Health Survey (TNMHS), including questions on traumatic events and psychotic experiences. Read More

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A Foot to Last a Lifetime-Is Hindfoot Fusion Ever Appropriate for Pediatric Orthopaedic Conditions?

Derek M Kelly

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 Jul;41(Suppl 1):S39-S46

Campbell Clinic Orthopaedics, Memphis, TN.

Introduction: Hindfoot deformities in the pediatric population can be painful and result in severe limitations. Although arthrodesis is known to relieve pain, there are concerns over its use because of the risk that adjacent joint degenerative disease could result, leading to a new source of pain, dysfunction, and additional surgical procedures later in life.

Methods: A literature review of hindfoot fusions in children focused on articles with the highest levels of evidence and those of particular historical significance. Read More

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Exploring Psychosocial Mediators of the Associations of Lifetime Trauma and Body Mass Index in African American Women.

Health Equity 2020 30;4(1):542-548. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Center for Research on People of Color, Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY, USA.

This study sought to examine the association between lifetime trauma (i.e., childhood, adulthood, and cumulative) and body mass index (BMI) and if this association was mediated by psychosocial factors (i. Read More

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December 2020

The roles of attachment and emotion dysregulation in the association between childhood maltreatment and PTSD in an inner-city sample.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jun 3;118:105139. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Most people will experience a traumatic event in their lifetime, but only a subset (<10%) will develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Objective: To facilitate prevention and intervention of PTSD, it is important to understand how risk and resilience factors interact with one another to explain individual differences in risk for PTSD, especially in underprivileged groups, who often experience greater burden of trauma and PTSD.

Method: The current study utilized multiple and moderated regression to examine the relation between childhood maltreatment and adulthood PTSD risk in the context of various attachment patterns and emotion dysregulation in a sample (n = 856) of mostly low-income, African American participants. Read More

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Correlates of self-reported history of mental health help-seeking: a cross-sectional study among individuals with symptoms of a mental or substance use disorder initiating care for HIV in Cameroon.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Jun 5;21(1):293. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Mental health and substance use disorders (MSDs) increase the risk of poor human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH). Receipt of mental health care may improve these adverse outcomes. We aimed to identify correlates of prior mental health help-seeking among PLWH with symptoms of an MSD in Cameroon. Read More

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Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in a large community sample of Chinese adults.

J Affect Disord 2021 Aug 26;291:368-374. Epub 2021 May 26.

Shenzhen Mental Health Center, Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Background: This study investigated the prevalence and related factors of trauma exposure and probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults from a Chinese community sample.

Methods: Participants were 7218 adults recruited from Jiangxi and Hunan provinces in China. Life Events Checklist and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5 were used to screen lifetime trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms, respectively. Read More

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Psychological trauma and the genetic overlap between posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder.

Psychol Med 2021 Jun 4:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre; Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are commonly reported co-occurring mental health consequences of psychological trauma exposure. The disorders have high genetic overlap. Trauma is a complex phenotype but research suggests that trauma sensitivity has a heritable basis. Read More

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Addressing violence against women in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

East Mediterr Health J 2021 May 27;27(5):431-432. Epub 2021 May 27.

Regional Advisor, Violence, Injuries and Disabilities, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.

New estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that about 1 in 3 women globally will face gender-based violence in their lifetime. The WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region has the third-highest prevalence of violence against women worldwide, with 31% of everpartnered women experiencing physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence at some point in their lives. Specific groups of women and girls, such as migrants and undocumented workers, women with disabilities, and women affected by armed conflict or in emergency settings are more vulnerable and may experience multiple forms of violence. Read More

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Health Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence and Help-seeking Among Unauthorized Immigrant Women.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 2:8862605211020981. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) research on immigrant women who are unauthorized is particularly scarce, despite unique vulnerabilities associated with their documentation status that may impact help-seeking and health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to document the frequency of lifetime IPV and related help-seeking behaviors, and examine the relationship between IPV, major depressive disorder (MDD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among a community health center-based sample of unauthorized, Spanish-speaking immigrant women in Philadelphia. A clinic-based sample of unauthorized Spanish-speaking women ( = 200, ages 18-65) completed an anonymous, cross-sectional survey on IPV experiences, help-seeking behaviors, and self-reported health in 2013-2014. Read More

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Prevalence of meditation-related adverse effects in a population-based sample in the United States.

Psychother Res 2021 Jun 2:1-15. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Center for Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Objective: Meditation practice and meditation-based psychotherapies have become increasingly popular. Although psychological benefits associated with meditation are well-documented, potential risks are unclear.

Method: We conducted a population-based survey to evaluate the occurrence of a broad range of meditation-related adverse effects (MRAE). Read More

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Sexual and gender minority individuals report higher rates of lifetime traumas and current PTSD than cisgender heterosexual individuals admitted to residential eating disorder treatment.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Monte Nido and Affiliates, Miami, FL, USA.

Objective: Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with eating disorders (EDs), which occur across all sexual orientations and gender identities. Prior traumas and PTSD also are reported to occur significantly more frequently in individuals identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, non-binary, or other (LGBTQ+), but little is known about rates of PTSD in LGBTQ+ individuals with EDs admitted to residential treatment (RT).

Method: Our sample included 542 adults with DSM-5 EDs admitted to RT at seven sites in the U. Read More

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The Impact of Stress Within and Across Generations: Neuroscientific and Epigenetic Considerations.

Harv Rev Psychiatry 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

From the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Abstract: The impact of stress and trauma on biological systems in humans can be substantial. They can result in epigenetic changes, accelerated brain development and sexual maturation, and predisposition to psychopathology. Such modifications may be accompanied by behavioral, emotional, and cognitive overtones during one's lifetime. Read More

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Conflict-related violence and mental health among self-settled Democratic Republic of Congo female refugees in Kampala, Uganda - a respondent driven sampling survey.

Confl Health 2021 May 26;15(1):42. Epub 2021 May 26.

Division of Global HIV and TB, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E-30, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA-30333, USA.

Background: Violence and traumatic events are highly prevalent among refugees, but less is known about the impact of these experiences among self-settled refugees in the country of asylum. We evaluated the association between traumatic experiences and PTSD and depression symptoms among female Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) refugees living in Kampala, Uganda.

Methods: Participants were recruited using respondent driven sampling in one refugee service center in Kampala, Uganda. Read More

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Trauma Exposure and Mental Health Needs Among Adolescents Involved With the Juvenile Justice System.

J Interpers Violence 2021 May 26:8862605211016358. Epub 2021 May 26.

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA.

Justice-involved adolescents typically report high levels of lifetime trauma exposure, although research on juvenile justice system-wide screenings is limited. Further, there is little evidence from research on the psychological and substance abuse treatment related needs of youth relative to the trauma levels or types of trauma experienced by justice-involved adolescents. We documented lifetime exposure to traumatic events and its relation to psychological and substance use concerns in a sample of adolescents admitted to custody in the New Jersey Juvenile Justice Commission. Read More

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Risk of de novo severe carpal tunnel syndrome after bilateral oophorectomy: a population-based cohort study.

Menopause 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Department of Orthopedics and Trauma-Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine, Rochester, MN Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Women's Health Research Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Objective: The incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is higher in women, and peaks around the age of menopause. Therefore, we investigated whether bilateral oophorectomy is associated with an increased risk of severe CTS.

Methods: We included all of the 1,653 premenopausal women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy for a nonmalignant indication between 1988 and 2007, and a random sample of 1,653 age-matched referent women who did not undergo bilateral oophorectomy in Olmsted County, MN. Read More

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Wavelength-Tunable, Long Lifetime, and Biocompatible Luminescent Nanoparticles Based on a Vitamin E-Derived Material for Inflammation and Tumor Imaging.

Small 2021 May 24:e2100045. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China.

Luminescence imaging is one of the most effective noninvasive strategies for detection and stratification of inflammation and oxidative stress that are closely related to the pathogenesis of numerous acute and chronic diseases. Herein biocompatible nanoparticles based on a peroxalate ester derived from vitamin E (defined as OVE) are developed. In combination with different fluorophores, OVE can generate luminescence systems with emission wavelengths varying from blue to the near-infrared light in its native and nanoparticle forms, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H O ). Read More

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Age of First Exposure to Football Is Not Associated With Later-in-Life Cognitive or Mental Health Problems.

Front Neurol 2021 5;12:647314. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

The purpose of this study was to determine if earlier age of first exposure to football is associated with worse brain health in middle-aged and older adult men who played high school football. Men from the United States, aged 35 and older, who reported playing high school football, completed a customized, online health survey via the Amazon Mechanical Turk (mTurk) platform. Survey items included physical, psychological, and cognitive symptoms over the past week and over the past year, sports participation history (including age of first exposure to football), medical history, and concussion history. Read More

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Describing Frequencies of Lower-Limb Apophyseal Injuries in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review.

Clin J Sport Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science Central Clinical School, Monash University, Frankston, VIC, Australia; Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Frankston, VIC, Australia; and Department of Paramedicine, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Frankston, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To describe the frequency with which children are affected by lower-limb apophyseal injuries, and subgroups at greater risk.

Design: Systematic review.

Setting: N/A. Read More

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"This Is Not the Original Timeline": A Case Report of an Extended Dissociative Episode in a Healthy Young Male Accompanied with Severe Decline in Mental State.

Case Rep Psychiatry 2021 3;2021:6619579. Epub 2021 May 3.

Holt Ward, The Elgar Unit, Newtown Hospital, Worcestershire Health and Care Trust, Newtown Road, Worcester, Worcestershire WR5 1JG, UK.

Dissociation is a disconnection between a person's thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of who he or she is. Dissociative disorders can be described and understood using the combination of five core symptoms: amnesia, depersonalisation, derealisation, identity confusion, or identity alteration. They are frequently associated with previous experience of trauma. Read More

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Blast mild traumatic brain injury is associated with increased myopia and chronic convergence insufficiency.

Vision Res 2021 May 14;186:1-12. Epub 2021 May 14.

Translational Research Center for TBI and Stress Disorders (TRACTS) & Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (GRECC), VA Boston Healthcare System, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, USA.

While chronic visual symptom complaints are common among Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), research is still ongoing to characterize the pattern of visual deficits that is most strongly associated with mTBI and specifically, the impact of blast-related mTBI on visual functioning. One area that has not been well explored is the potential impact of blast mTBI on refractive error. While myopic shifts have been documented following head injuries in civilian populations, posttraumatic myopic shifts have not been explored in participants with military mTBI. Read More

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The impact of the consensus statement on abusive head trauma in infants and young children.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 05 17;51(6):1076-1078. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), 4301 W. Markham St., Slot 556, Little Rock, AR, 72205, USA.

It seems paradoxical that facts, data and science are still considered controversial despite the harrowing death of a multitude of people from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), an unparalleled health care crisis of our lifetime. In addition, while scientists are desperately attempting to produce a vaccine for COVID-19, a large segment of the populace still believes in conspiracies related to vaccines. Therefore, it is not surprising that the diagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) faces similar challenges - the difference being that AHT challenges are mostly in the realms of law courts rather than actual clinical management of these infants. Read More

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