9,613 results match your criteria lifestyle surgical


Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2021 Jul 29;7(1):55. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder in adults and children. The global prevalence of GERD is high and increasing. Non-erosive reflux disease is the most common phenotype of GERD. Read More

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Breast and Prostate Cancer Risks for Male BRCA1 and BRCA2 Pathogenic Variant Carriers Using Polygenic Risk Scores.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Molecular Medicine, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Background: Recent population-based female breast cancer and prostate cancer polygenic risk scores (PRS) have been developed. We assessed the associations of these PRS with breast and prostate cancer risks for male BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers.

Methods: 483 BRCA1 and 1,318 BRCA2 European ancestry male carriers were available from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA). Read More

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Doctority: Plastic Surgery-An Informative Podcast for Applicants to Learn about Plastic Surgery Training Programs.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Jul 22;9(7):e3717. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill.

The COVID-19 pandemic limited the ability of medical students to participate in plastic surgery sub-internships and to attend residency interviews in person during the 2020-2021 match cycle. A podcast and accompanying online directory were created to introduce integrated plastic surgery residency programs to medical students from the perspective of current residents. Since July 2020, a total of 49 plastic surgery residents representing 42 programs have participated in the podcast. Read More

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Recent advances, novel targets and treatments for cholelithiasis; a narrative review.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Jul 22:174376. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research, Mysuru, 570 015, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:

Cholelithiasis is a common and frequent condition all over the world with a high prevalence rate in western countries. Individuals with cholesterol gallstone disease experience intense gastrointestinal symptoms and have a high risk of developing comorbidities like cholecystitis, Gall bladder (GB) cancer and pancreatitis. Multiple risk factors associated with cholesterol gallstones include but not limited to genetics, dietary habits, lifestyle changes, comorbid conditions and various drugs. Read More

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Surgical Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Pain in Arthroplasty Surgeons.

J Arthroplasty 2021 Jun 26. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ.

Background: One occupational hazard inherent to total joint replacement surgeons is procedural-related musculoskeletal pain (MSP). The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of work-related MSP among arthroplasty surgeons and analyze associated behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs toward surgical ergonomics.

Methods: A survey was sent to members of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons. Read More

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Cariogenic Risk and COVID-19 Lockdown in a Paediatric Population.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 15;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomics, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy.

The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 disease COVID-19 pandemic caused several lifestyle changes, especially among younger people. The study aimed to describe the impact of eating habits, lifestyle, and home oral hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic, on the cariogenic risk in the Italian paediatric population, by using an online survey. The survey was conducted through a virtual questionnaire divided into four parts: child personal and anthropometric data; oral health; child dietary habits (KIDMED test); and child lifestyle, before and during COVID-19 lockdown. Read More

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Structured Lifestyle Modification Prior to Bariatric Surgery: How Much is Enough?

Obes Surg 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Bariatric Medicine Service, Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Galway University Hospitals, Saolta Health Care Group, Galway, Ireland.

Many healthcare systems require patients to participate in a structured lifestyle modification programme prior to bariatric surgery, even though bariatric consensus guidelines do not recommend this. While there is good evidence that such programmes improve health in other conditions such as metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, there is no evidence that they improve outcomes after bariatric surgery. The distinction needs to be drawn between the well-established need for individualised multidisciplinary dietetic and physical activity care for bariatric surgical patients and the potential harms from mandating participation in compulsory structured lifestyle programmes of fixed duration, frequency and intensity, which may delay surgery, reinforce obesity stigma, or both. Read More

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[Atherosclerosis of the intracranial arteries and of the extracranial carotid artery.]

Ther Umsch 2021 Aug;78(6):277-289

Department für Neurologie, Inselspital, Universitätsspital und Universität Bern.

Atherosclerosis of the intracranial arteries and of the extracranial carotid artery. Intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses are the most common cause of ischemic stroke worldwide. Nowadays, three therapeutic approaches are available for consideration for patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses: A conservative therapy (best medical treatment, management of vascular risk factors and healthy lifestyle), endovascular and surgical therapy. Read More

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Cardiovascular Issues in Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Treatments for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: A Review.

Front Physiol 2021 5;12:675811. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Health Promotion, Mother and Child Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, PROMISE, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm driven by a fusion gene, encoding for the chimeric protein BCR-ABL, with constitutive tyrosine kinase activity. The use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically improved survival, but there are significant concerns about cardiovascular toxicity. Cardiovascular risk can be lowered with appropriate baseline evaluation, accurate choice of TKI therapy, improvement of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors through lifestyle modifications, and prescription of drugs for primary or secondary prevention. Read More

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Polycystic ovary syndrome in pediatric obesity and diabetes.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Metabolic Disorders and Genetic Unit, Giovanni XXIII Children Hospital, Bari, Italy -

Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by anovulation (amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, irregular menstrual cycles) combined with symptoms of androgen excess (hirsutism, acne, alopecia). The clear definition and diagnosis in adolescents could be challenging considering that most of symptoms occur as part of the expected physiological hormonal imbalance of puberty. Therefore, different diagnostic criteria have been elaborated. Read More

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TREATMENT OF PEDIATRIC FEMORAL FRACTURES IN THE CITY OF ZAGREB.

Acta Clin Croat 2020 Dec;59(4):686-695

1Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Zagreb, Croatia; 2University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia; 3Zagreb Children's Hospital, Department of Surgery, Division of Traumatology, Zagreb, Croatia.

Femur fractures in children can be treated with a number of operative and conservative methods. Numerous factors determine which method is optimal for a specific fracture. The aim of this research was to analyze distribution of femur fractures in children living in the urban communities of Zagreb and Zagreb County by localization, type and frequency of treatment methods used according to age and fracture mechanism. Read More

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December 2020

The Impact of Surgical Site Infection on Health-related Quality of Life: A Systematic Review.

Wound Manag Prev 2021 Jun;67(6):10-19

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dublin, Ireland; Skin Wounds and Trauma Research Centre, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common postoperative concern.

Purpose: To provide an in-depth understanding of the lived experience and quality of life (QoL) of individuals with SSI.

Methods: A systematic search for published studies that explored the impact of SSI on QoL among adult patients (older than 18 years) who had undergone any type of surgery was performed in June 2020. Read More

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Nurse Managers' Perceptions and Experiences during the COVID-19 Crisis: A Qualitative Study.

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2021 May-Jun;26(3):238-244. Epub 2021 May 17.

Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemics are an international threat to global health and health systems and then healthcare providers. Nurses' managers who are responsible for organizing the nurses and their activities grapple with even more challenges, which are overlooked. This study was conducted to elaborate on the nurse managers' experiences facing the Coronavirus pandemic. Read More

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Intensive group-based cognitive therapy in patients with cardiac disease and psychological distress-a randomized controlled trial protocol.

Trials 2021 Jul 16;22(1):455. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Cardiology, Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, bygning 67, 2400, Copenhagen, NV, Denmark.

Background: Many patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and valvular heart disease (VHD) suffer from psychological distress. Such stress is associated with increased morbidity, reduced quality of life and delayed return to work. European guidelines emphasize recognition and intervention, but evidence-based treatment options are limited and perceived as costly. Read More

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Antibiotics and fecundability among female pregnancy planners: a prospective cohort study.

Hum Reprod 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Study Question: To what extent is female preconception antibiotic use associated with fecundability?

Summary Answer: Preconception antibiotic use overall was not appreciably associated with fecundability.

What Is Known Already: Antibiotics are commonly used by women and are generally thought to be safe for use during pregnancy. However, little is known about possible effects of antibiotic use on fecundability, the per-cycle probability of conception. Read More

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Dietary Factors Affecting the Prevalence and Impact of Periodontal Disease.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2021 9;13:283-292. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

In the last few decades, growing evidence have shown a possible impact of diet and nutrients on oral health. This review aims to describe, in the light of current knowledge, the role of diet, nutrients, and micronutrients in periodontal health and periodontal diseases. A variety of macronutrients and micronutrients could have an impact on periodontal health. Read More

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Specific features of the oldest old from the Longevity Blue Zones in Ikaria and Sardinia.

Mech Ageing Dev 2021 Jul 12:111543. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

University of Sassari, Department of Medical, Surgical and Experimental Sciences, Sassari, Italy.

Human longevity may be found in single individuals as well as in the population as a whole ("population longevity"). Longevity Blue Zones (LBZs), which are areas with an unusually high number of oldest old, have been identified in Sardinia and the Greek island of Ikaria. We compared the lifestyle, health status and some genetic markers of the LBZ populations with those of reference populations from Italy and Greece; the data were extracted from the GEHA database. Read More

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Plasma concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and pancreatic cancer risk.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Cancer Registry and Histopathology Department, "Civic-M.P. Arezzo" Hospital, ASP Ragusa, Ragusa, Italy.

Background: Findings and limitations of previous studies on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and pancreatic cancer risk support conducting further research in prospective cohorts.

Methods: We conducted a prospective case-control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Participants were 513 pancreatic cancer cases and 1020 matched controls. Read More

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Severe male factor in fertilization: definition, prevalence, and treatment. An update.

Asian J Androl 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Clinica Valle Giulia, GeneraLife IVF Centers, Via G. De Notaris, Rome 2B 00197, Italy.

Infertility affects 10%-15% of couples worldwide. Of all infertility cases, 20%-70% are due to male factors. In the past, men with severe male factor (SMF) were considered sterile. Read More

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Basic principles of biobanking: from biological samples to precision medicine for patients.

Virchows Arch 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Candiolo Cancer Institute, FPO-IRCCS, Candiolo, Italy.

The term "biobanking" is often misapplied to any collection of human biological materials (biospecimens) regardless of requirements related to ethical and legal issues or the standardization of different processes involved in tissue collection. A proper definition of biobanks is large collections of biospecimens linked to relevant personal and health information (health records, family history, lifestyle, genetic information) that are held predominantly for use in health and medical research. In addition, the International Organization for Standardization, in illustrating the requirements for biobanking (ISO 20387:2018), stresses the concept of biobanks being legal entities driving the process of acquisition and storage together with some or all of the activities related to collection, preparation, preservation, testing, analysing and distributing defined biological material as well as related information and data. Read More

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Development of overuse musculoskeletal conditions after combat-related upper limb amputation: a retrospective cohort study.

J Hand Ther 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

Extremity Trauma and Amputation Center of Excellence, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA; Axiom Resource Management, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study INTRODUCTION: Service members who have sustained traumatic amputations are typically young and otherwise healthy. Beyond standard care, these individuals desire long, highly active, and relatively pain-free lifestyle, whether that is returning to active duty or transitioning to civilian life. Development of overuse musculoskeletal conditions could have a significant influence on quality of life for Service members with traumatic upper limb amputation. Read More

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Mechanisms of Lower Extremity Vein Dysfunction in Chronic Venous Disease and Implications in Management of Varicose Veins.

Vessel Plus 2021 29;5. Epub 2021 May 29.

Vascular Surgery Research Laboratories, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a common venous disorder of the lower extremities. CVD can be manifested as varicose veins (VVs), with dilated and tortuous veins, dysfunctional valves and venous reflux. If not adequately treated, VVs could progress to chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and lead to venous leg ulcer (VLU). Read More

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The Impact of Uric Acid and Hyperuricemia on Cardiovascular and Renal Systems.

Cardiol Clin 2021 Aug;39(3):365-376

Medical and Surgical Sciences Department, University of Bologna, Via Albertoni 15, Bologna 40138, Italy. Electronic address:

The description of gout dates back almost 5000 years, and scientific interest in uric acid increased when it was found to be involved in the pathogenesis of gout. Since then, many basic and clinical studies have assessed the implications of uric acid for the oxidative system, inflammation, and cardiovascular and renal outcomes. Uric acid-lowering therapy failed to improve clinical hard outcomes in asymptomatic hyperuricemia, and it is retained in symptomatic hyperuricemia. Read More

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Management of Obesity and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Literature Review.

Semin Liver Dis 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Precision Medicine for Obesity Program, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

With the recent urbanization and globalization, the adult obesity rate has been increasing, which was paralleled with a dramatic surge in the incidence and prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD poses a growing threat to human health as it represents the most common cause of chronic liver disease in developed countries. It encompasses a wide spectrum of conditions starting from a build-up of fat in hepatocytes (steatosis), to developing inflammation (steatohepatitis), and reaching up to cirrhosis. Read More

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Obesity is associated with increased risk of Crohn's disease, but not ulcerative colitis: A pooled analysis of five prospective cohort studies.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Clinical and Translational Epidemiology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Gastroenterology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge MA, USA.

Background And Aims: It is unclear whether obesity is associated with the development of inflammatory bowel disease despite compelling data from basic science studies. We therefore examined the association between obesity and risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).

Methods: We conducted pooled analyses of 5 prospective cohorts with validated anthropometric measurements for body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) and other life-style factors. Read More

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Impact of achievement and change in achievement of lifestyle recommendations in middle-age on risk of the most common potentially preventable cancers.

Prev Med 2021 Jul 6:106712. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

The Primary Care Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 113 Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK; MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. Electronic address:

This study aimed to assess the association between achievement, and within-person change in achievement, of lifestyle recommendations in middle-age and incidence of the most common potentially preventable cancers. We used data from 44,572 participants from the Swedish Västerbotten Intervention Programme who had attended at least two health checks 9-11 years apart. We assessed the association between the mean number of healthy lifestyle recommendations achieved (lifestyle score), and change in lifestyle score between the health checks, and risk of one or more of the eight most common potentially preventable cancers using Cox regression. Read More

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Attracting the Best Students to a Surgical Career.

Surg Clin North Am 2021 Aug;101(4):653-665

Department of Surgical Education, 400 West Pueblo Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, USA. Electronic address:

The predicted shortage of surgeons in the future workforce is already occurring in rural areas and is expected to worsen. US allopathic medical school graduates have been losing interest in surgery for the past 40 years. The residency match remains unaffected because of foreign and osteopathic applicants. Read More

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Translation and validation of caring behaviors inventory among nurses in Iran.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(7):e0254317. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Center for Health Outcome Research, School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Background And Objectives: Nurses' caring behaviors, professional activities, and behaviors for the benefit of patients, influence patients' perception of care and satisfaction with the quality of care provided. Caring behaviors of nurses are contextual and various factors such as patients' social structure, lifestyle, culture, and interests, as well as their biographical, social, and physiological characteristics, can influence perceptions of caring behaviors of nurses, as caring behaviors are an interactive and mental process between patients and nurses. This study was conducted to provide a transcultural translation and psychometric analysis of Caring Behaviors Inventory (CBI) among nurses in Iran. Read More

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