87,000 results match your criteria lifestyle intervention

The advice given by physiotherapists to people with back pain in primary care.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2021 May 29;55:102403. Epub 2021 May 29.

University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton, UK; School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Back pain guidelines endorse giving advice to enable people to self-manage and continue normal activities. Little is known however, about the content of advice that clinicians give and this project aimed to identify the advice given by clinicians to patients with back pain at their initial consultation.

Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted with 25 audio-recordings and transcriptions of consultations between patients with back pain and physiotherapists in a primary care outpatients department. Read More

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The effect of oral omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on muscle maintenance and quality of life in patients with cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 27;40(6):3815-3826. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Bond University Nutrition and Dietetics Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; Dietetics and Foodservices, Mater Health, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Mater Research Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background & Aims: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation has been proposed as a potential therapy for cancer-related malnutrition, which affects up to 70% of patients with cancer. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of oral omega-3 PUFA supplementation on muscle maintenance, quality of life, body weight and treatment-related toxicities in patients with cancer.

Methods: Randomised controlled trials in patients with cancer aged ≥18 years were retrieved from 5 electronic databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL (via EBSCOhost), and Web of Science, from database inception until 31st of December 2019. Read More

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Associations between dietary amino acid intakes and blood concentration levels.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 27;40(6):3772-3779. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, Nutrition and Metabolism Section, 69372, Lyon CEDEX 08, France.

Background And Aims: Emerging evidence suggests a role of amino acids (AAs) in the development of various diseases including renal failure, liver cirrhosis, diabetes and cancer. However, mechanistic pathways and the effects of dietary AA intakes on circulating levels and disease outcomes are unclear. We aimed to compare protein and AA intakes, with their respective blood concentrations in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Read More

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Development and Validation of a Nomogram to Predict Frailty Progression in Nonfrail Chinese Community-Living Older Adults.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of General Practice, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Frailty state progression is common among older adults, so it is necessary to identify predictors to implement individualized interventions. We aimed to develop and validate a nomogram to predict frailty progression in community-living older adults.

Design: Prospective cohort study. Read More

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Implementation of welfare technology: a systematic review of barriers and facilitators.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 Jun 15:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.

Purpose: Although studies addressing barriers to and facilitators of implementation of welfare technology have been published, no systematic review synthesising evidence on such factors has been found. The purpose of this study was therefore to identify and synthesise existing primary research on facilitators and barriers that influence the implementation of welfare technology for older people, people with disabilities and informal caregivers.

Materials And Methods: A systematic search in 11 databases was performed using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria to identify empirical studies that assess the implementation of welfare technology for older people, people with disabilities or informal caregivers. Read More

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Sperm parameters and mitochondrial DNA sequence variants among patients at a fertility clinic in Ghana.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(6):e0252923. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Purpose: The present study sought to investigate the common abnormalities and mtDNA mutations in the sperm of Ghanaian men attending the fertility Clinic at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH). The study therefore provides a baseline data mtDNA mutations in a cross-section of Ghanaian men on referral to the fertility clinic at the KBTH.

Materials And Methods: The semen of 55 men attending the fertility clinic were collected from the Urology and the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Departments of the KBTH. Read More

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Development and psychometric properties of the Nursing Student Academic Resilience Inventory (NSARI): A mixed-method study.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(6):e0252473. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Nursing Care Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Introduction: Resilience has been proposed as a suitable solution to better deal with nursing students in cases of challenges but the complex and multidimensional nature of resilience has made its measurement challenging. This study aimed to develop and validate a new inventory theory-driven labeled Nursing Student Academic Resilience Inventory.

Methods: This study was performed with an exploratory sequential mixed-method design. Read More

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Effectiveness of interventions to maintain physical activity behavior (device-measured): Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Obes Rev 2021 Jun 15:e13304. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

The School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, The Centre for Lifestyle Medicine and Behaviour (CLiMB), Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.

Physical activity has many physical, mental, and social health benefits. Interventions can be successful at helping people initiate participation, but there is a lack of evidence about the ability of these interventions to help adults maintain their physical activity. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to address this evidence gap. Read More

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Mobile Health in Chronic Disease Management and Patient Empowerment: Exploratory Qualitative Investigation Into Patient-Physician Consultations.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 15;23(6):e26991. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Management, School of Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus V, Denmark.

Background: Chronic diseases often present severe consequences for those affected. The management and treatment of chronic diseases largely depend on patients' lifestyle choices and how they cope with the disease in their everyday lives. Accordingly, the ability of patients to self-manage diseases is a highly relevant topic. Read More

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The Experiences of Health Care Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea: a Qualitative Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jun 14;36(23):e170. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Background: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, health care workers (HCWs) have faced multiple physical and psychological challenges while carrying out their duties. In this study, we examined the experiences of specific groups of HCWs during the pandemic.

Methods: From 18 November to 30 December 2020, we conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with four groups of 14 HCWs in three cities (Seoul, Daegu, and Gwangju) in South Korea. Read More

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Participant Experiences of a Quit Smoking Attempt Through Either Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) Methods or the Use of an E-cigarette.

J Addict Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Academy for Sport and Physical Activity, Health and Wellbeing Department, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK (GJ), Lifestyle Exercise and Nutrition Improvement (LENI) Research Group, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health, Wellbeing and Life Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK (GJ, EM, MK), Addictions, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK and SPECTRUM Research Consortium, UK (LSB).

Objectives: There is a lack of evidence exploring experiences of using e-cigarettes for smoking cessation. The study's main aim was to explore participant experiences of e-cigarettes compared to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) delivered through stop smoking services.

Methods: Semi-structured, face-to-face, and telephone interviews at 3-month post-quit follow-up in a randomized controlled trial comparing nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, nicotine-free e-cigarettes, and NRT for smoking cessation. Read More

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Lifestyle interventions can reduce the risk of Barrett's esophagus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 62 studies involving 250,157 participants.

Cancer Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of General Surgery, the Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a well-established risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on BE risk.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science up to 30 September 2020. Read More

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Alcohol abuse associated with poor response to systemic therapies for psoriasis: findings from a prospective multicentre cohort study.

Br J Dermatol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, Division of Pharmacy and Optometry, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: Factors that might influence response to systemic treatment for moderate-to-severe psoriasis are varied, and generally, are poorly understood, aside from high body weight, suggesting that other unidentified factors may be relevant in determining response to treatment. The impact of alcohol abuse on treatment response has not been previously investigated.

Objective: To investigate whether alcohol abuse is associated with poor response to treatment for psoriasis. Read More

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Development of a supervised exercise programme for immigrant women: Feasibility study of a practical intervention in a physiotherapy setting.

J Rehabil Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Fysio Danmark Odense, Privat clinic, Odense, Denmark. E-mail:

Background: While Denmark is facing growing inequality between Danish women and immigrant women in relation to exercise and health, research on interventions and targeted exercise programmes is limited. This study aimed to test the feasibility of a physiotherapeutic supervised exercise programme for immigrant women.

Methods: Inspired by improvement research a programme was developed in cooperation with the immigrant women. Read More

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Evaluating the Feasibility and Acceptability of the Lifestyle Enhancement for ADHD Program.

J Pediatr Psychol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Seattle Children's Research Institute, USA.

Objective : To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Lifestyle Enhancement for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Program (LEAP), a novel parent behavior management training program that promotes physical activity (PA) and positive health behaviors and is enhanced with mobile health technology (Garmin) and a social media (Facebook) curriculum for parents of children with ADHD.

Methods : The study included parents of children ages 5-10 years diagnosed with ADHD who did not engage in the recommended >60 min/day of moderate to vigorous PA based on parent report at baseline. Parents participated in the 8-week LEAP group and joined a private Facebook group. Read More

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Embedding supervised exercise training for men on androgen deprivation therapy into standard prostate cancer care: a feasibility and acceptability study (the STAMINA trial).

Sci Rep 2021 06 14;11(1):12470. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Allied Health Professionals, Radiotherapy and Oncology, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK.

Lifestyle interventions involving exercise training offset the adverse effects of androgen deprivation therapy in men with prostate cancer. Yet provision of integrated exercise pathways in cancer care is sparse. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of an embedded supervised exercise training intervention into standard prostate cancer care in a single-arm, multicentre prospective cohort study. Read More

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Long-term prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction and newly detected glucose abnormalities: predictive value of oral glucose tolerance test and HbA1c.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2021 Jun 14;20(1):122. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Disturbances of glucose metabolism can be diagnosed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between newly detected disturbances of glucose metabolism and long-term prognosis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to compare the predictive value of an OGTT and HbA1c.

Methods: Patients under the age of 80 years with no known history of diabetes admitted for AMI at the Department of Cardiology, Danderyd University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, from January 1st, 2006 until December 31st, 2013, were investigated with an OGTT and a HbA1c before discharge and were classified as having normal glucose tolerance (NGT), prediabetes or diabetes according to American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria. Read More

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Dietary, physical exercises and mental stress in a Chinese population: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 14;21(1):1138. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Health Management, School of Public Health, Center for Global Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, China.

Background: Mental health is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. However, previous studies have showed conflict findings about the role of lifestyle and little is known about the situation of the Chinese population. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the frequency of food consumption, physical exercise condition and mental health, as well as factors related to mental stress in Chinese. Read More

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Systematic review and meta analysis of differential attrition between active and control arms in randomized controlled trials of lifestyle interventions in chronic disease.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2021 Jun 14;21(1):122. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Attrition is a major obstacle for lifestyle interventions sustained for the medium-to-long term and can have significant consequences on the internal validity of a trial. When the degree of attrition differs between active and control arms this is termed differential attrition and is an important consideration during initial stages of trial planning.

Objectives: The primary research question of this study was: what is the differential attrition between treatment arms in lifestyle interventions for prevalent chronic diseases?

Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of 23 studies involving a lifestyle intervention component in cohorts with chronic diseases. Read More

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[Cross sectional study of familial hypercholesterolemia in dyslipidemia patients receiving lipid-lowering therapy: DYSIS-China subgroup analysis].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Jun;49(6):564-571

Department of Cardiology, the Tenth People's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai 200040, China.

To analyze the incidence, blood lipid levels and cardiovascular disease of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) in dyslipidemia patients receiving lipid-lowing therapy from the DYSIS-China. Dyslipidemia International Study-China (DYSIS-China) database was re-analyzed according to the criteria of "Chinese guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in adults-2016 version". DYSIS-China database included 25 317 dyslipidemia out-patients who received at least one lipid-lowering drug for at least three months. Read More

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Longitudinal Change in Myocardial Function and Clinical Parameters in Middle-Aged Subjects: A 3-Year Follow-up Study.

Diabetes Metab J 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is closely associated with the aging process. However, changes in metabolic conditions and cardiac function that occur in middle aged population remain unclear. We evaluated longitudinal changes in metabolic parameters and cardiac function during a 3-year period in subjects with suspected MetS. Read More

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Online Tool (Brain Assessment) for the Detection of Cognitive Function Changes during Aging.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2021 Jun 14:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Research Institute of Brain Activation, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: It is well-known that cognitive function declines with age. In order to detect changes in cognitive function, cognitive tests should be performed repeatedly. Currently existing cognitive tests come in only a single version, so the subject is likely to remember the contents with repeated testing. Read More

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Nursing degree students' clinical placement experiences in Australia: A survey design.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 4;54:103112. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

School of Nursing Midwifery and Social Sciences, Central Queensland University, Noosaville, QLD, Australia.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate Australian nursing students' views of placements at seven tertiary education institutions with the use of the Placement Evaluation Tool (PET).

Background: Clinical placements are a core element of healthcare education programs around the world (Chuan and Barnett, 2012) with undergraduate nursing students required to complete a prescribed number of hours as part of their degree. The quality of nursing clinical placements varies with a range of positive and negative learning experiences. Read More

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Sarcopenic obesity as a determinant of cardiovascular disease risk in older people-a systematic review.

Postgrad Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Rotherham General Hospital, Moorgate Road, Rotherham S60 2UD, UK.

Background: Ageing is associated with body composition changes that include a reduction of muscle mass or sarcopenia and an increase in visceral obesity. Thus, ageing involves a muscle-fat imbalance with a shift towards more fat and less muscle. Therefore, sarcopenic obesity, defined as a combination of sarcopenia and obesity, is a global health phenomenon due to the increased ageing of the population combined with the increased epidemic of obesity. Read More

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The Relationship Between Diet and Sleep in Older Adults: a Narrative Review.

Curr Nutr Rep 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Physical Activity Research Group, Central Queensland University, 160 Ann St, Brisbane, QLD, 4000, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: Older adults more frequently experience reduced sleep quality and quantity compared to younger adults. Diet is one modifiable lifestyle factor that may influence sleep outcomes in older adults. The purpose of this review is to synthesise the current literature investigating the impact of diet, including foods and nutrients, on the sleep quality and quantity of older adults. Read More

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Motivation and Problem Solving Versus Mobile 360° Videos to Promote Enrollment in the National Diabetes Prevention Program's Lifestyle Change Program Among People With Prediabetes: Protocol for a Randomized Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jun 14;10(6):e28884. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Center for Health Outcomes and Population Equity, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.

Background: More than 88 million Americans are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The National Diabetes Prevention Program's Lifestyle Change Program (DPP LCP) has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of progressing from prediabetes to T2DM. However, most individuals who could benefit from the program do not enroll. Read More

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Co-designing a Lifestyle-Focused Text Message Intervention for Women After Breast Cancer Treatment: Mixed Methods Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 14;23(6):e27076. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Consumer Engagement and Codesign Research Hub, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women globally. Recovery from breast cancer treatment can be mentally and physically challenging. SMS text message programs offer a novel way to provide health information and support, but few programs are co-designed with consumer representatives. Read More

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High antibody levels against human herpesvirus-6A interact with lifestyle factors in multiple sclerosis development.

Mult Scler 2021 Jun 14:13524585211022011. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Infection with human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) has been suggested to increase multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. However, potential interactions between HHV-6A and environmental/lifestyle risk factors for MS have not previously been studied.

Methods: We used two Swedish population-based case-control studies comprising 5993 cases and 5995 controls. Read More

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Effect of COVID-19 on control of T1DM patients in Aseer region of Saudi Arabia.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Apr 29;10(4):1737-1740. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Pediatric Endocrinologist, King Faisal Medical City, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The novel corona virus disease, also known as COVID-19, has emerged as a major health concern globally. Its association with comorbid condition has increased its mortality. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased risk of infection in comparison to general population. Read More

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Development and validation of the Domestic Violence during Quarantine Scale (DVQS).

Z Gesundh Wiss 2021 Jun 8:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Management, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Domestic violence is a common health problem that often affects women's mental health. Although domestic violence may not be reported during quarantine, it may increase due to increased restrictions. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to develop and validate the Domestic Violence during Quarantine Scale (DVQS) on a sample from Iran. Read More

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