28,201 results match your criteria life predictors

Predicting Biologic Therapy Outcome of Patients With Spondyloarthritis: Joint Models for Longitudinal and Survival Analysis.

JMIR Med Inform 2021 Jul 30;9(7):e26823. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: Rheumatic diseases are one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Among them, spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of highly debilitating diseases, with an early onset age, which significantly impacts patients' quality of life, health care systems, and society in general. Recent treatment options consist of using biologic therapies, and establishing the most beneficial option according to the patients' characteristics is a challenge that needs to be overcome. Read More

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Predictors of community mental health nursing services use in Switzerland: Results from a representative national survey.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Centre for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Bern University Hospital for Mental Health, Bern, Switzerland.

Community mental health services are the service of choice in the mental health field. In recent years, demand for these services has increased significantly. Nurses play a central role in community mental health services. Read More

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Predicting Life Expectancy to Target Cancer Screening Using Electronic Health Record Clinical Data.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Division of Geriatrics, University of California, 4150 Clement St, VA181G, San Francisco, CA, 94121, USA.

Background: Guidelines recommend breast and colorectal cancer screening for older adults with a life expectancy >10 years. Most mortality indexes require clinician data entry, presenting a barrier for routine use in care. Electronic health records (EHR) are a rich clinical data source that could be used to create individualized life expectancy predictions to identify patients for cancer screening without data entry. Read More

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Perceptions of Spiritual Dryness in Iran During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

This study addresses perceptions of spiritual dryness (a specific form of spiritual struggle) during the COVID-19 pandemic among Iranian Muslims (n = 362), and how these perceptions can be predicted. Spiritual dryness was perceived often to regularly by 27% and occasionally by 35%. Regression models revealed that the best predictors of spiritual dryness (SDS-7) were usage of mood-enhancing medications, loneliness/social isolation and praying as positive predictors, and being restricted in daily life concerns as negative predictor. Read More

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Lipid-lowering therapy for primary prevention of premature atherosclerotic coronary artery disease: Eligibility, utilization, target achievement, and predictors of initiation.

Am J Prev Cardiol 2020 Jun 17;2:100036. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Objectives: Despite advances in screening and prevention, rates of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) have been stagnant. The goals of this study were to investigate the barriers to early risk detection and preventive treatment in patients with premature CAD. In particular, we: 1) assessed the performance of the latest versions of major international guidelines in detection of risk of premature CAD and eligibility for preventive treatment; and, 2) investigated real-life utilization of primary prevention with lipid-lowering therapies in these patients. Read More

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Perceived Ageism During the Covid-19-Crisis Is Longitudinally Related to Subjective Perceptions of Aging.

Front Public Health 2021 13;9:679711. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.

Ageism in media and society has increased sharply during the Covid-19-crisis, with expected negative consequences for the health and well-being of older adults. The current study investigates whether perceived ageism during the crisis longitudinally affects how people perceive their own aging. In June 2020, = 611 older adults from Luxembourg [aged 60-98 years, () = 69. Read More

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Sociocultural context and autistics' quality of life: A comparison between Québec and France.

Autism 2021 Jul 30:13623613211035229. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada.

Lay Abstract: Quality of life refers to how people perceive aspects of their life such as physical health, material security, and interpersonal relationships. Studies have reported lower quality of life among autistic individuals than in the general population. This article contributes to a better understanding of quality of life and its measures from the point of view of autistic adults. Read More

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Predicting pain among female survivors of recent interpersonal violence: A proof-of-concept machine-learning approach.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0255277. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, United States of America.

Interpersonal violence (IPV) is highly prevalent in the United States and is a major public health problem. The emergence and/or worsening of chronic pain are known sequelae of IPV; however, not all those who experience IPV develop chronic pain. To mitigate its development, it is critical to identify the factors that are associated with increased risk of pain after IPV. Read More

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Health worries, life satisfaction, and social well-being concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic: Insights from Lebanon.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0254989. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Information Technology and Operations Management, Adnan Kassar School of Business, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.

The COVID-19 outbreak has struck Lebanon in its worst period of instability, not only impacting physical health, but also increasing psychological distress. Using an online survey enhanced by response time measurement, this study describes the overall patterns in mental well-being outcomes and examines their association with sociodemographic characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, it identifies significant predictors for COVID-19 good practices. Read More

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Predictive value of sagittal craniocervical roentgenographic parameters for HRQOL after craniocervical fusion.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Orthopedic Department, General Hospital "Agios Andreas", Patras, Greece.

Purpose: Loss of "physiological" sagittal alignment following craniocervical fusion (CCF) for degenerative disease may be associated with loss of horizontal gaze, dysphagia and poor HRQOL. This study reports on sagittal craniocervical roentgenographic predictors of HRQOL (SF-36) in patients following uncomplicated CCF for fresh upper cervical traumatic (UCT) injuries.

Methods: Twenty-two consecutive adult patients (group P) aged 50 ± 16 years, who had undergone CCF for fresh unstable C and CAO/type UCT injuries, were evaluated 39 ± 12 months postoperatively with upright lateral cervical roentgenograms and SF-36as HRQOL measure. Read More

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Progression-free survival in patients with Ga-PSMA-PET-directed SBRT for lymph node oligometastases.

Acta Oncol 2021 Jul 29:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Radiotherapy, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Prostate cancer oligometastatic disease can be treated using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in order to postpone start of systemic treatments such as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). 68Ga-PSMA-PET/CT imaging allows for diagnosis of oligometastases at lower PSA values. We analysed a cohort of patients with prostate cancer lymph node oligometastases detected on PSMA-PET/CT. Read More

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The effects of mood and cognition on daily functioning and quality of life in older people living with HIV and people with Parkinson's disease.

Neuropsychology 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Neuroscience Program.

Objective: In light of the increased longevity of people living with HIV infection (PLWH) undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), the present study aimed to determine the effects of mood disturbances alongside cognitive and motor symptoms on activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QOL) in older PLWH in comparison to an aging control sample without notable medical history (CTL) and individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD).

Method: Forty-one PLWH, 41 individuals with PD, and 37 CTL, aged 45-79 years, underwent neuropsychological, psychological, and neurological assessment including depressive and anxiety symptoms, physical (ADL-p) and instrumental (ADL-i) daily activities, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale motor ADLs (ADL-UPDRS-II), QOL, and cognitive and motor functions. Hierarchical regression analyses assessed the relative contribution of predictors including demographics, disease-related factors, comorbid conditions, and mood-related factors for ADL and QOL scales. Read More

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Role of laboratory biomarkers in assessing the severity of COVID-19 disease. A cross-sectional study.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Jun 2;10(6):2209-2215. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (Covid-19) has high infectivity and mortality rate. Covid-19 patients can suddenly deteriorate and develop life threatening complications. Hence, there is a need to identify laboratory biomarkers in order to categorize high risk patients. Read More

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An Assessment of the Risk Factors and Concerns of Postpartum Depression among Mothers Seeking Health Care in North Central Trinidad.

Indian J Community Med 2021 Apr-Jun;46(2):263-267. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a debilitating mental disorder which affects mainly females usually after giving birth.

Objectives: We aimed to study the risk factors and concerns of PPD among mothers seeking health care at regional health authority hospitals in Trinidad.

Materials And Methods: The cross-sectional study consisted of 360 mothers from the postnatal and neonatal clinics of the North Central Regional Health Authority, Trinidad. Read More

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Temporal rarity is a better predictor of local extinction risk than spatial rarity.

Ecology 2021 Jul 28:e03504. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Botany Department, University of Wyoming, Laramie, USA.

Spatial rarity is often used to predict extinction risk, but rarity can also occur temporally. Perhaps more relevant in the context of global change is whether a species is core to a community (persistent) or transient (intermittently present), with transient species often susceptible to human activities that reduce niche space. Using 5-12 years of data on 1,447 plant species from 49 grasslands on 5 continents, we show that local abundance and species persistence under ambient conditions are both effective predictors of local extinction risk following experimental exclusion of grazers or addition of nutrients; persistence was a more powerful predictor than local abundance. Read More

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Hospice Enrollment, Future Hospitalization, and Future Costs Among Racially and Ethnically Diverse Patients Who Received Palliative Care Consultation.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2021 Jul 28:10499091211034383. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

NewCourtland Center for Transitions and Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Palliative care consultation to discuss goals-of-care ("PCC") may mitigate end-of-life care disparities.

Objective: To compare hospitalization and cost outcomes by race and ethnicity among PCC patients; identify predictors of hospice discharge and post-discharge hospitalization utilization and costs.

Methods: This secondary analysis of a retrospective cohort study assessed hospice discharge, do-not-resuscitate status, 30-day readmissions, days hospitalized, ICU care, any hospitalization cost, and total costs for hospitalization with PCC and hospitalization(s) post-discharge among 1,306 Black/African American, Latinx, White, and Other race PCC patients at a United States academic hospital. Read More

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Efficacy and durability of two- vs. three-drug integrase inhibitor-based regimens in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients: Data from real-life ODOACRE cohort.

HIV Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

UOC Malattie Infettive, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Roma, Italy.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and durability of treatment switch to two-drug (2DR) vs. three-drug (3DR) integrase inhibitor (InSTI)-based regimens in a real-life setting.

Methods: Within the ODOACRE cohort, we selected adult patients with HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL switching to an InSTI-based 2DR or 3DR. Read More

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Sexuality of Female Spina Bifida Patients: Predictors of a Satisfactory Sexual Function.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Jun 27;43(6):467-473. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences: Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Brazil.

Objective:  To assess the sexual function of women with spina bifida (SB), and to verify the factors that influence their sexual function.

Methods:  A cross-sectional study in which a validated female-specific questionnaire was applied to 140 SB female patients from four different cities (Porto Alegre, Brazil; and Barcelona, Madrid, and Málaga, Spain) between 2019 and 2020. The questionnaires collected data on the clinical characteristics of SB, and female sexual function was assessed using the 6-item version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI-6) validated to Portuguese and Spanish. Read More

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Alarming levels of stigma toward generalized dystonia: A cross-cultural comparison.

Clin Park Relat Disord 2020 2;3:100059. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, United States of America.

Introduction: Although stigma has been linked to poor quality of life, studies examining its prevalence in dystonia are lacking. Our objective was to determine prevalence and predictors of stigma against generalized dystonia in diverse cultural settings.

Method: Participants were 273 (65. Read More

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Psychosocial aspects of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

World J Transplant 2021 Jul;11(7):263-276

Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Jahn Ferenc South Pest Hospital, Budapest 1204, Hungary.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has become a conventional and potentially curative treatment for various hematological diseases. As more sophisticated procedures have been developed and mortality rates have decreased, attention has shifted to the psychosocial challenges associated with transplantation. The psychosocial difficulties accompanying transplantation are addressed in the context of both quality of life (QOL) and psychopathological research. Read More

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Marital Duration, and Fertility-Related Stress as Predictors of Quality of life: Gender Differences among Primary Infertile Couples.

J Hum Reprod Sci 2021 Apr-Jun;14(2):184-190. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.

Context: Infertility is a global public health issue, and the current data suggest that the problem is growing. Various infertility-related issues are responsible for poorer mental health and well-being in couples with primary infertility.

Aim: The present study aimed to understand the gender differences of psychological factors related to infertility in couples with primary infertility. Read More

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Lack of recognition at the societal level heightens turnover considerations among Nordic eldercare workers: a quantitative analysis of survey data.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 27;21(1):747. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

NOVA, Centre of Welfare and Labour Research, Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O.Box 4, St. Olavs Plass, 0130, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Recruiting and retaining staff are standing challenges in eldercare. Low pay, difficult working conditions, and social relations at the workplace impact on turnover intentions. Few studies have used quantitative data for estimating the role of recognition by the wider society for staff instability. Read More

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Delivering an efficient and effective support group for patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs): patient perspectives of key concerns and predictors of inclination to attend.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 27;21(1):745. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Clinical Health Psychology and Neuropsychology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

Background: A subset of patients experience psychological distress following insertion of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and ICD support groups are recommended, however access to these groups is limited. This study aimed: to gauge a better understanding of patients' key ICD-related concerns; to determine patient interest in a support group and topics deemed helpful to address in a support group; and to examine factors which affect patient inclination to attend.

Methods: One hundred and thirty nine patients completed the ICD Patient Concerns Questionnaire - Brief (ICDC-B) and a semi-structured survey. Read More

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Develop a Clinical Prediction Model for Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction after Major Noncardiac Surgery in Elderly Patients: A Protocol for a Prospective Observational Study.

Gerontology 2021 Jul 27:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Anesthesia, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs) refer to cognitive decline identified in the preoperative or postoperative period. It has been reported that the incidence of postoperative neurocognitive impairment after noncardiac surgery in patients older than 65 at 1 week was 25.8∼41. Read More

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Evolution of physical activity and body weight changes in breast cancer survivors five years after diagnosis - VICAN 2 & 5 French national surveys.

Breast 2021 Jul 20;59:248-255. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Aix Marseille Univ, INSERM, IRD, SESSTIM, Economics & Social Sciences Applied to Health & Analysis of Medical Information, CANBIOS Team Labelled League Against Cancer, 232 Bd Sainte Marguerite, 13273, Marseille Cedex, 9, France; APHM, BIOSTIC, Hop Timone, 264 Rue Saint-Pierre, 13005, Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Background: Regular physical activity (PA) and healthy body weight have proven benefits on survival in breast cancer (BC) survivors. We aimed to define predictors of long-term PA and weight gain in a representative sample of BC survivors.

Methods: Data were analysed from 723 women with BC who participated in both the 2012 and 2015 French National VICAN surveys. Read More

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How secured and safe is the sanitation and hygiene services in a maximum-security correctional facility in Southwest Nigeria: a descriptive cross-sectional study.

Int J Environ Health Res 2021 Jul 27:1-18. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Poorly maintained living conditions and infrastructure are the banes of Nigerian prisons. The study investigated its environmental conditions and the prevalent diseases among inmates.The descriptive, cross-sectional study enrolled 420-inmates through a multistage sampling technique. Read More

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Effects of human footprint and biophysical factors on the body-size structure of fished marine species.

Conserv Biol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Western Australian Fisheries and Marine Research Laboratories, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Government of Western Australia, North Beach, Western Australia, Australia.

Marine fisheries in coastal ecosystems in many areas of the world have historically removed large-bodied individuals, potentially impairing ecosystem functioning and the long-term sustainability of fish populations. Reporting on size-based indicators that link to food-web structure can contribute to ecosystem-based management, but the application of these indicators over large (cross-ecosystem) geographical scales has been limited to either fisheries-dependent catch data or diver-based methods restricted to shallow waters (<20 m) that can misrepresent the abundance of large-bodied fished species. We obtained data on the body-size structure of 82 recreationally or commercially targeted marine demersal teleosts from 2904 deployments of baited remote underwater stereo-video (stereo-BRUV). Read More

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Low Quality of Life, Falls, and Pre-Frailty are Associated with Depressive Symptoms in Virologically Suppressed PLWHIV in Salvador, Brazil.

AIDS Behav 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

Depression is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide and PLWHIV present a higher risk of developing depressive symptoms. We aimed to evaluate depressive symptoms and their predictors in virologically suppressed PLWHIV. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 200 PLWHIV. Read More

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Social change and cohort differences in group-based arrest trajectories over the last quarter-century.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Aug;118(31)

Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.

This article draws on official criminal histories for multiple birth cohorts spanning a 17-y difference in birth year to study how social change can alter our understanding of influential theories and policies about criminal offender groups. Arrest histories are linked to comprehensive longitudinal measurement on over 1,000 individuals originally from Chicago. Using group-based trajectory modeling, we investigated the magnitude and type of cohort differences in trajectories of arrest over the period 1995 to 2020. Read More

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Variables affecting quality of life after Radical cystectomy and neobladder substitution: Egyptian National Cancer Institute experience.

Prog Urol 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Cairo University, National Cancer Institute, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Introduction: To evaluate the functional outcomes and quality of life beyond 1 year, in patients treated with radical cystectomy and orthotopic diversion for invasive bladder cancer. To investigate various potential contributing factors on patient's quality of life after radical cystectomy and urinary diversion via orthotopic neobladder.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo; including a total of 97 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic diversion. Read More

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