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Pathways linking census tract typologies with subjective neighborhood disorder and depressive symptoms in the Black Women's Experiences Living with Lupus (BeWELL) Study.

Health Place 2021 Jun 8;70:102587. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal St, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.

Depression is a common comorbidity among Black women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an understudied autoimmune disease characterized by major racial and gender inequities. Research is needed that examines how area-level factors influence risk of depression in this population. Latent profile analysis revealed four neighborhood typologies among metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia census tracts that participants (n=438) in the Black Women's Experiences Living with Lupus (BeWELL) Study were living in: Integrated/High-SES, Moderately Segregated/Mid-SES, Highly Segregated/Mid-SES, and Highly Segregated/Low-SES. Read More

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Residential Street Block Disorder and Biological Markers of Aging in Older Adults: The National Health and Aging Trends Study.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

John Hopkins School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Background: Residential environments are associated with older adult health, but underlying physiologic causal mechanisms are not well understood. As adults age, street blocks are likely more relevant to their health than the larger neighborhood environment. This study examined the effects of adverse street block conditions on aging biomarkers among older adults. Read More

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Community health perceptions and human environmental exposure to chromium contamination in a small New Jersey City.

Prev Med Community Health 2019 Apr 19;2(1). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, USA.

Following a 1983 chromic acid (hexavalent chromium [CrVI]) spill from a Garfield, NJ electroplating plant, CrVI-contaminated water was found in a local firehouse basement in 1993. An ATSDR public health advisory was issued for the plant site in 2010, and from 2008-2015, fourteen residential properties have required remediation to address CrVI-contaminated dust in the basements. As part of the Community Outreach and Engagement Core of the NYU NIEHS Center, seventytwo Garfield residents aged 18-65 years, participated in a community survey with the goal of identifying concerns related to environmental and community health. Read More

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Effect of Social Determinants of Health on Cognition and Risk of Alzheimer Disease and Related Dementias.

Clin Ther 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York; James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bronx, New York.

Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, work, live, and age and the wider set of forces and systems that shape the conditions of daily life. They affect every area of life, particularly health and health care. There is increasing focus on modifiable factors that affect cognition and risk of Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRDs). Read More

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Hands across Care: Art and social practice in health and elder care contexts.

Public Health 2021 Jun 5;195:135-141. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Design & Creative Practice ECP, Digital Ethnography Research Centre, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: The convergence of socially engaged art and innovative health care was a key focus of Space and Place in End-of-Life Care, a Swedish transdisciplinary research project (2017-2020). For this project, researchers created, facilitated, and documented a range of socially engaged art and innovative healthcare practices during their exploration of the end of life in the context of Stockholm elder care residential settings.

Study Design: Formulated as a year-long transdisciplinary research residency, two or more art, design, and/or innovative healthcare researchers met in a Stockholm residential elder care home on a weekly basis to observe and encounter people and place and interact, converse, produce, and exchange knowledge in collaboration with the residents, carers, management, friends, family members, and other researchers. Read More

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Cycling: how can we activate care-dependent older adults with a mild cognitive impairment?

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 Jun 8:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

REVAL - Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Purpose: In residential care, 50% of older adults are sedentary in most of their time, regardless of the positive impact of physical exercise on health. This study analysed whether television images positively impact the motivation and exercise intensity of cycling exercises of older adults in residential care.

Methods: In this randomised controlled cross-over study, 10 residential older adults (mean age 85. Read More

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An assessment of groundwater quality in Zimbabwe's urban areas: case of Mkoba 19 suburb, Gweru.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Jun 8;193(7):391. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe.

Groundwater quality assessment in urban areas is one of significant endeavours to ensure safety of urban residents who use groundwater especially in areas with erratic tap water supply. The study assessed groundwater quality and vulnerability of residents to water contamination-related diseases in Mkoba 19 suburb in Gweru, Zimbabwe. The research employed a mixed methods research design using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. Read More

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Evaluation of Low-Cost Phage-Based Microbial Source Tracking Tools for Elucidating Human Fecal Contamination Pathways in Kolkata, India.

Front Microbiol 2021 20;12:673604. Epub 2021 May 20.

Center for Global Safe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Phages, such as those infecting spp., have been proven to be reliable indicators of human fecal contamination in microbial source tracking (MST) studies, and the efficacy of these MST markers found to vary geographically. This study reports the application and evaluation of candidate MST methods (phages infecting previously isolated strain GB-124, newly isolated strains (K10, K29, and K33) and recently isolated strain ASH-08), along with non-source specific somatic coliphages (SOMCPH infecting strain WG-5) and indicator bacteria () for identifying fecal contamination pathways in Kolkata, India. Read More

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Isha Yoga Practices and Participation in Samyama Program are Associated with Reduced HbA1C and Systemic Inflammation, Improved Lipid Profile, and Short-Term and Sustained Improvement in Mental Health: A Prospective Observational Study of Meditators.

Front Psychol 2021 19;12:659667. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Sadhguru Center for a Conscious Planet, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States.

Meditation is gaining recognition as a tool to impact health and well-being. Samyama is an 8-day intensive residential meditation experience conducted by Isha Foundation requiring several months of extensive preparation and vegan diet. The health effects of Samyama have not been previously studied. Read More

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Radon Knowledge and Practices Among Family Physicians in a High Radon State.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 May-Jun;34(3):602-607

From the Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of North Dakota School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Grand Forks (DS); Department of Population Health, University of North Dakota School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Grand Forks (MGK, GGS).

Background: Exposure to radon at home is the largest cause of lung cancer after smoking, and the combination of smoking and radon increases lung cancer risk several-fold. North Dakota has some of the highest residential radon levels in the United States. Although family physicians in North Dakota commonly counsel patients about smoking cessation, little is known about their knowledge and practices concerning radon. Read More

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October 2020

Long-term exposure to low-level air pollution and incidence of asthma: the ELAPSE project.

Eur Respir J 2021 Jun 4;57(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Dept of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark.

Background: Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been linked to childhood-onset asthma, although evidence is still insufficient. Within the multicentre project Effects of Low-Level Air Pollution: A Study in Europe (ELAPSE), we examined the associations of long-term exposures to particulate matter with a diameter <2.5 µm (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO) and black carbon (BC) with asthma incidence in adults. Read More

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From landscape perspective to determine joint effect of land use, soil, and topography on seasonal stream water quality in subtropical agricultural catchments.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 18;783:147047. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Changsha Research Station for Agricultural & Environmental Monitoring, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China; Key Laboratory for Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Regions, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China.

Understanding the relationship between integrated landscape patterns (coupled land use, soil properties, and topography) and stream water quality in different seasons promotes appropriate landscape planning. However, this relationship is unclear. Here, water quality nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) levels and the integrated landscape patterns were investigated in ten Chinese subtropical catchments during 2010-2017, using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regressions method and redundancy analysis (RDA). Read More

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Exposure to drinking water trihalomethanes and nitrate and the risk of brain tumours in young people.

Environ Res 2021 Jun 1:111392. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain; Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain; IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain.

Brain tumours (BTs) are one of the most frequent tumour types in young people. We explored the association between tap water, exposure to trihalomethanes (THM) and nitrate and neuroepithelial BT risk in young people. Analysis of tap water consumption were based on 321 cases and 919 appendicitis controls (10-24 years old) from 6 of the 14 participating countries in the international MOBI-Kids case-control study (2010-2016). Read More

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A longitudinal study of perceived stress and cortisol responses in an undergraduate student population from India.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252579. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Azim Premji University, Bengaluru, India.

Young adults entering college experience immense shifts in personal and professional environments. Such a potentially stressful event may trigger multiple psychological and physiological effects. In a repeated-measures longitudinal survey (N = 6 time-points) of first year cohort of residential undergraduate students in India, this study evaluates multiple psychological parameters: PSS14 (Perceived Stress Scale), K10 (distress scale) and positive mood measures, along with salivary cortisol levels. Read More

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Fine-Scale Air Pollution Models for Epidemiologic Research: Insights From Approaches Developed in the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution (MESA Air).

Curr Environ Health Rep 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Departments of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Epidemiology, and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Epidemiological studies of short- and long-term health impacts of ambient air pollutants require accurate exposure estimates. We describe the evolution in exposure assessment and assignment in air pollution epidemiology, with a focus on spatiotemporal techniques first developed to meet the needs of the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution (MESA Air). Initially designed to capture the substantial variation in pollutant levels and potential health impacts that can occur over small spatial and temporal scales in metropolitan areas, these methods have now matured to permit fine-scale exposure characterization across the contiguous USA and can be used for understanding long- and short-term health effects of exposure across the lifespan. Read More

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Neighborhood environmental attributes and walking mobility decline: A longitudinal ecological study of mid-to-older aged Australian adults.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(6):e0252017. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Centre for Research and Action in Public Health, Health Research Institute, University of Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Objectives: Cross-sectional studies have found some built environmental attributes to be associated with residents' lower levels of mobility (functional capacity to walk outside the home). However, less is known about what environmental attributes are related to mobility decline. This longitudinal study examined area-level associations of specific environmental attributes with mid-to-older aged adults' changes in walking mobility. Read More

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Metal Bioaccumulation, Cytogenetic and Clinico-Biochemical Alterations in Rattus norvegicus Exposed In Situ to a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill in Lagos, Nigeria.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

This study aimed at determining in animal model the health effects of in situ exposure to landfill chemicals. We evaluated metal concentrations in tissues and cytogenetic and clinico-biochemical effects in Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) exposed in situ at Olusosun landfill in Lagos, Nigeria. Male rats (n = 30/point) were exposed at three different points to ambient air and underground water (via drinking) at the landfill for 4-, 8-, 12-, 16-, 20- and 24-week periods. Read More

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Burnout among direct support workers of adults with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Center of Resources in Autism and Center of Excellence in Autism and Neurodevelopmental disorders, University and CHU of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Background: Direct support workers (DSWs) accompany adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) in residential care homes. Such DSWs, without specialised ASD training, are exposed to chronic stress linked to supporting ASD-ID clients and must adjust by coping strategies adapted to the needs of the residents. Nevertheless, difficulties adjusting constitute a burnout risk for DSWs, characterised by high levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and loss of a sense of personal accomplishment. Read More

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Mental Health of Young Australians during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Roles of Employment Precarity, Screen Time, and Contact with Nature.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 25;18(11). Epub 2021 May 25.

Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, School of Public Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is widely understood to have contributed to mental health problems. In Australia, young people (18-24 years) have been disproportionately affected. To date, research has predominantly focused on the presence or absence of mental illness symptoms, while aspects of mental well-being have been overlooked. Read More

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An Appliance Scheduling System for Residential Energy Management.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 10;21(9). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Eskisehir Technical University, Eskisehir 26555, Turkey.

In this work, an Appliance Scheduling-based Residential Energy Management System (AS-REMS) for reducing electricity cost and avoiding peak demand while keeping user comfort is presented. In AS-REMS, based on the effects of starting times of appliances on user comfort and the user attendance during their operations, appliances are divided into two classes in terms of controllability: MC-controllable (allowed to be scheduled by the Main Controller) and user-controllable (allowed to be scheduled only by a user). Use of all appliances are monitored in the considered home for a while for recording users' appliance usage preferences and habits on each day of the week. Read More

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Increased Risk of Sub-Clinical Blood Lead Levels in the 20-County Metro Atlanta, Georgia Area-A Laboratory Surveillance-Based Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 13;18(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

Lead (Pb) is a naturally occurring, highly toxic metal that has adverse effects on children across a range of exposure levels. Limited screening programs leave many children at risk for chronic low-level lead exposure and there is little understanding of what factors may be used to identify children at risk. We characterize the distribution of blood lead levels (BLLs) in children aged 0-72 months and their associations with sociodemographic and area-level variables. Read More

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Air Pollution, Neonatal Immune Responses, and Potential Joint Effects of Maternal Depression.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 11;18(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Prenatal maternal exposure to air pollution may cause adverse health effects in offspring, potentially through altered immune responses. Maternal psychosocial distress can also alter immune function and may increase gestational vulnerability to air pollution exposure. We investigated whether prenatal exposure to air pollution is associated with altered immune responses in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) and potential modification by maternal depression in 463 women recruited in early pregnancy (1999-2001) into the Project Viva longitudinal cohort. Read More

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Age-Related Changes in Bone-Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Cells 2021 May 21;10(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow, Russia.

The use of stem cells is part of a strategy for the treatment of a large number of diseases. However, the source of the original stem cells for use is extremely important and determines their therapeutic potential. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have proven their therapeutic effectiveness when used in a number of pathological models. Read More

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Assessment of internal exposure to methylsiloxanes in children and associated non-dietary exposure risk.

Environ Int 2021 May 29;154:106672. Epub 2021 May 29.

State Key Joint Laboratory for Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address:

Methylsiloxanes (MSs) are a significant source of indoor environmental pollution due to their high production level and widespread application, and pose a potential health risk. Given the special vulnerability of children to environmental contaminants, assessment of indoor MSs exposure in children is quite essential. In this study, we assessed internal exposure doses and external exposure levels of MSs in children from industrial and residential areas in southwestern China. Read More

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Occurrence and risk assessment of anthelmintics in Tuojiang River in Sichuan, China.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 28;220:112360. Epub 2021 May 28.

College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

Recently, emerging pollutants, such as anthelmintics have attracted an increasing attention worldwide due to their extensive use and notable stability. However, the information on anthelmintics in the environment of southwest China is scarce. Thus, the occurrence, ecological risk and exposure evaluation of nineteen anthelmintics in Tuojiang River, which is one of the largest tributaries of Yangtze River, and drinking water source of Sichuan, southwest China, were investigated. Read More

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Effectiveness and Utility of Mobile Device Assessment of Subjective Craving during Residential Opioid Dependence Treatment.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 May 30:1-11. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA.

Craving is a dynamic state that is both theoretically and empirically linked to relapse in addiction. Static measures cannot adequately capture the dynamic nature of craving, and research has shown that these measures are limited in their capacity to link craving to treatment outcomes. The current study reports on assessments of craving collected 4x-day across 12 days from 73 patients in residential treatment for opioid dependence. Read More

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Metal/metalloid levels in hair of Shenzhen residents and the associated influencing factors.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 26;220:112375. Epub 2021 May 26.

College of Geography and Environmental Science, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China. Electronic address:

129 Shenzhen residents' hair samples were collected and the metal/metalloid concentrations of Hg, As, Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Zn, Fe and Ni were detected. Meanwhile, the relationships between metal/metalloid contents in human hair and gender, age, seafood diet habit, smoking habit, as well as the housing type (dwelling environment) were analyzed. Results showed that the average content of Hg, As, Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Zn, Fe and Ni in human hair of Shenzhen residents was 0. Read More

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Measurement invariance of the short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale and latent mean differences (SWEMWBS) in young people by current care status.

Qual Life Res 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

College of Medicine and Health, South Cloisters, University of Exeter, St Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK.

Purpose: Studying mental wellbeing requires the use of reliable, valid, and practical assessment tools, such as the Short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (SWEMWBS). Research on the mental wellbeing of children in care is sparse. The current study aims to: (1) examine the unidimensionality of SWEMWBS; (2) assess measurement invariance of SWEMWBS across children and young people in care compared to their peers not in care; and (3) investigate the latent factor mean differences between care status groups. Read More

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