380,396 results match your criteria levels reduced

Effects of Ultrashort Wave Therapy on Inflammation and Macrophage Polarization after Acute Lung Injury in Rats.

Bioelectromagnetics 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Rehabilitation Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, People's Republic of China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) features dysregulated pulmonary inflammation. Ultrashort waves (USWs) exert anti-inflammatory effects but no studies have evaluated their activity in ALI. Herein, we used an in vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI model to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory activity of USWs is mediated by altering the polarization of M1 to M2 macrophages. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Human Neutrophil Elastase Mediates MUC5AC Hypersecretion via the Tumour Necrosis Factor-α Converting Enzyme-Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signalling Pathway in vivo.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the role of the tumour necrosis factor-α converting enzyme-epidermal growth factor receptor (TACE-EGFR) pathway in human neutrophil elastase (HNE)-induced MUC5AC mucin expression in mice.

Method: Four groups of mice, treated with HNE alone (HNE group), HNE plus TACE inhibitor (HNE + TAPI-2 group), HNE plus EGFR inhibitor (HNE + AG1478 group), and untreated (control group), were used in the experiment. Histopathological changes were monitored by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of lycopene in intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury via intestinal immunoglobulin A.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 12;267:63-70. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Abant İzzet Baysal University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, Bolu, Turkey.

Background: Intestinal ischemia causes an inflammatory response that may become intense by reperfusion and result in bacterial translocation. Intestinal immunoglobulin A is known to be a barrier against bacterial translocation. Lycopene is a compound with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Isoflavones alter male and female fertility in different development windows.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 12;140:111448. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pharmacy, State University of Centro-Oeste, Parana, Brazil; Program in Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health - (PPGBiotec), State University of Ceará, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address:

Isoflavones are a group of secondary metabolites found in plants belonging to the class of phytoestrogens. These, because they have a chemical structure similar to the endogenous hormone 17β-estradiol, act as endocrine disruptors over the different development window periods. This study aimed to evaluate male and female reproductive systems' responses when exposed to isoflavones during the development window. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of nerol on paracetamol-induced liver damage in Wistar albino rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 12;140:111732. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Phytochemistry Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Nerol, a monoterpene is evident to possess diverse biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-spasmodic, anthelmintic, and anti-arrhythmias. This study aims to evaluate its hepatoprotective effect against paracetamol-induced liver toxicity in a rat model. Five groups of rats (n = 7) were orally treated (once daily) with 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Treatment breaks in first line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer: An individual patient data meta-analysis.

Cancer Treat Rev 2021 May 19;99:102226. Epub 2021 May 19.

MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Intermittent systemic anti-cancer therapy in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (aCRC) may improve quality of life without compromising overall survival (OS). We aimed to use individual patient data meta-analysis (IPDMA) from multiple randomised controlled trials evaluating intermittent strategies to inform clinical practice. We also aimed to validate whether thrombocytosis as a predictive biomarker identified patients with significantly reduced OS receiving a complete treatment break. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase RIPK regulates broad-spectrum ROS signaling in multiple layers of plant immune system.

Mol Plant 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Institute of Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via the activity of respiratory burst oxidase homologs (RBOHs) plays a vital role in multiple layers of the plant immune system, including pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity (PTI), damage-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity (DTI), effector-triggered immunity (ETI) and systemic acquired resistance (SAR). It is generally established that RBOHD was activated by different receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases (RLCKs) in responses to different immune elicitors. In this study, we found that RPM1-INDUCED PROTEIN KINASE (RIPK), an RLCK VII subfamily member, contributes to ROS production in multiple layers of the plant immune system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Niujiaodihuang Detoxify Decoction inhibits ferroptosis by enhancing glutathione synthesis in acute liver failure models.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 12:114305. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Pharmacy,Guangdong Medical University,Dongguan 524023,China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Niujiaodihuang Detoxify Decoction (NDD) is an integrated traditional Chinese medicine prescription that has been used as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of acute liver failure (ALF). However, the mechanisms underlying its action remain unclear.

Aim Of The Study: To determine the protective effect of NDD on D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS)-induced ALF and explore the underlying mechanisms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Possible involvement of agmatine in neuropharmacological actions of metformin in diabetic mice.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Jun 12:174255. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Neuroscience, Department of Pharmacology, Shrimati Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, New Kamptee, Nagpur, M.S, India, 441 002. Electronic address:

The risk of psychiatric and neurological disorders is significantly higher in patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetic patients are more susceptible to depression, anxiety and memory impairment as compared with non-diabetic individuals. Metformin, a biguanide used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), promotes neurogenesis, enhances spatial memory function and protects the brain against oxidative imbalance beyond its effect on glucose metabolism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Role of amylopectin synthesis in and its implication in vaccine development against toxoplasmosis.

Open Biol 2021 Jun 16;11(6):200384. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China.

is a ubiquitous pathogen infecting one-third of the global population. A significant fraction of toxoplasmosis cases is caused by reactivation of existing chronic infections. The encysted bradyzoites during chronic infection accumulate high levels of amylopectin that is barely present in fast-replicating tachyzoites. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Serum Proteome and Ursodeoxycholic Acid Response in Primary Biliary Cholangitis.

Hepatology 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Translational and Clinical Research Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

Background And Aims: Stratified therapy has entered clinical practice in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), with routine use of second-line therapy in non-responders to first-line therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). The mechanism for non-response to UDCA remains, however, unclear and we lack mechanistic serum markers. The UK-PBC study was established to explore the biological basis of UDCA non-response in PBC and to identify markers to enhance treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acute Radiation-Induced Hematopoietic Depletion Does Not Alter the Onset or Severity of Pneumonitis in Mice.

Radiat Res 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Physics, IK Barber Faculty of Science, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada V1V 1V7.

Survival from partial-body irradiation (PBI) may be limited by the development of the late lung injury response of pneumonitis. Herein we investigated the hypothesis that acute hematopoietic depletion alters the onset and severity of lung disease in a mouse model. To establish depletion, C3H/HeJ mice received 8 Gy PBI with shielding of only the tibiae, ankles and feet. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Outcomes of Management of Proximal Humeral Fractures with Patient-Specific, Evidence-Based Treatment Algorithms.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Background: Previous studies have identified risk factors for different types of treatment of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) and allowed the development of a patient-specific, evidence-based treatment algorithm with the potential of improving overall outcomes and reducing complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results and complications of treating PHF using this algorithmic approach.

Methods: All patients with isolated PHF between 2014 and 2017 were included and prospectively followed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Maize mycorrhizas increase the susceptibility of the foliar insect herbivore Spodoptera frugiperda to its homologous nucleopolyhedrovirus.

Pest Manag Sci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Instituto de investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Km 9.5 carretera Morelia- Zinapécuaro, CP 58880, Tarímbaro, Michoacán, Mexico.

Background: The multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus of Spodoptera frugiperda (SfMNPV) plays an important role in regulating its natural host and has a high potential to be used as a bioinsecticide. However, information about how agricultural practice such as fertilization and plant biotic interactions affect the biocontrol efficacy of SfMNPV is limited. In this study, we examined how multitrophic maize-mycorrhiza-insect herbivore interactions affect the biocontrol efficacy of SfMNPV against S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vitamin C Inhibits the Metabolic Changes Induced by Tet1 Insufficiency Under High Fat Diet Stress.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Jun 15:e2100417. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Y. Yuan, X. Chen, Y. Sun, Y. Fan, L. Zheng, Hubei Key Laboratory of Cell Homeostasis, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China.

Scope: DNA methylation contributes to obesity, but the role of the DNA demethylase ten-eleven translocation protein 1 (Tet1) in obesity remains unclear. Vitamin C is a cofactor for the Tet family of proteins, but whether vitamin C can be used to treat obesity via Tet1 awaits clarification.

Methods And Results: Tet1 and Tet1 mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Systemic administration of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4)-Ig abrogates alveolar bone resorption in induced periodontitis through inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and activation: An experimental investigation.

J Periodontal Res 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Periodontology, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan.

Background/objectives: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a critical immunoregulatory molecule expressed on T cells. CTLA-4 also binds to the surfaces of monocytes and macrophages, precursors of osteoclasts. Research on rheumatoid arthritis demonstrated that CTLA-4 suppresses inflammation and bone resorption. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Protective Effect of Lutein/Zeaxanthin Isomers in Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice.

Neurotox Res 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

Previous studies revealed that oxidative stress and inflammation are the main contributors to secondary injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In an earlier study, we reported that lutein/zeaxanthin isomers (L/Zi) exert antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects by activating the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathways. However, its precise role and underlying mechanisms were largely unknown after TBI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can Autologous Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation Improve Sexual Function in People with Sexual Functional Deficiency?

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Vinmec Research Institute of Stem Cell and Gene Technology (VRISG), Vinmec Health Care System, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: Sexual functional deficiency occurs at some point in life and becomes a problematic issue in middle-aged adulthood. Regenerative medicine, especially mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation, has developed extensively, with preclinical and clinical trials emphasizing the benefits of stem cell therapy for restoration of sexual deficiency. This study was designed to develop a new therapeutic stem cell treatment for people with sexual functional deficiency. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

HBI Transcription Factor-Mediated ROS Homeostasis Regulates Nitrate Signal Transduction.

Plant Cell 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

The Key Laboratory of Plant Development and Environmental Adaptation Biology, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Shandong University, Qingdao, 266237, China.

Nitrate is both an important nutrient and a critical signaling molecule that regulates plant metabolism, growth, and development. Although several components of the nitrate signaling pathway have been identified, the molecular mechanism of nitrate signaling remains unclear. Here, we showed that the growth-related transcription factors HOMOLOG OF BRASSINOSTEROID ENHANCED EXPRESSION2 INTERACTING WITH IBH1 (HBI1) and its three closest homologs (HBIs) positively regulate nitrate signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cissus quadrangularis extract attenuates diabetic nephropathy by altering SIRT1/DNMT1 axis.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Pharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India.

Objectives: Hyperglycemia-induced SIRT1, DNMT1, SODs, as well as oxidative stress, play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Cissus quadrangularis, holds antioxidant and hypoglycemic activity; however, a direct link between its activity and prevention of diabetic nephropathy has not been ascertained yet. Accordingly, we aimed to delineate the protective effect of ethanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (EECQ) against high-fat diet/streptozotocin (HFD/STZ) induced diabetic nephropathy rats. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The discrepancy of aromatase expression in epicardial adipose tissue between CHD and non-CHD patients.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 Jun 7;32:1-4. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shanxi Cardiovascular Hospital, Taiyuan, PR of China. Email:

Objectives: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) aromatase converts androstenedione and other adrenal androgens into oestrogens. The locally produced oestradiol (E) may have cardiovascular protective effects. Little is known about the relationship between EAT aromatase level and coronary heart disease (CHD). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The use of cisplatin in patients after kidney transplantation with chronic renal insufficiency: Is the benefit higher than potential risks in therapy of non-seminomatous germ cell tumors?

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26381

Department of Comprehensive Cancer Care, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute.

Rationale: The use of cisplatin in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is risky and depends on a number of factors. The optimal procedure in stage I of a non seminomatous germ cell tumor without proven lymphangioinvasion after orchiectomy is controversial and is the subject of a number of discussions due to the lack of randomized studies assessing individual treatment options. The adjuvant method of choice is surveillance or application of cisplatin-based chemotherapy with the risk of treatment related nephrotoxicity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Low social affiliation predicts increases in callous-unemotional behaviors in early childhood.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors predict risk for aggression and rule-breaking. Low social affiliation (i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differential response of diurnal and nocturnal mammals to prolonged altered light-dark cycle: a possible role of mood associated endocrine, inflammatory and antioxidant system.

Chronobiol Int 2021 Jun 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Chronobiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The circadian system maintains internal 24 h oscillation of behavior and physiology, and its misalignment with external light-dark (LD) cycle results in negative health outcomes. In order to elucidate the effect of prolonged constant condition and the differences in the response between nocturnal and diurnal species, we studied the effects of constant light (LL) and constant darkness (DD) on a diurnal (squirrel) and a nocturnal (mouse) rodent species, focusing on the endocrine, inflammatory and antioxidant systems associated with depression-like behavior. Squirrels and mice (n = 10/group) were placed in chronocubicle under 12:12 h LD cycle, LL and DD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Schaftoside Suppresses Pentylenetetrazol-Induced Seizures in Zebrafish via Suppressing Apoptosis, Modulating Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Biology Institute, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), 28789 East Jingshi Road, Ji'nan 250103, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

The lack of disease-modifying therapeutic strategies against epileptic seizures has caused a surge in preclinical research focused on exploring and developing novel therapeutic candidates for epilepsy. Compounds from traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have gained much attention for a plethora of neurological diseases, including epilepsy. Herein, for the first time, we evaluated the anticonvulsive effects of schaftoside (SS), a TCM, on pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced epileptic seizures in zebrafish and examined the underlying mechanisms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Enhanced NRF2 expression mitigates the decline in neural stem cell function during aging.

Aging Cell 2021 Jun 15;20(6):e13385. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Although it is known that aging affects neural stem progenitor cell (NSPC) biology in fundamental ways, the underlying dynamics of this process are not fully understood. Our previous work identified a specific critical period (CP) of decline in NSPC activity and function during middle age (13-15 months), and revealed the reduced expression of the redox-sensitive transcription factor, NRF2, as a key mediator of this process. Here, we investigated whether augmenting NRF2 expression could potentially mitigate the NSPC decline across the identified CP. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Two-Week Cervical Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Chronic Pancreatitis Patients Induces Functional Connectivity Changes of Limbic Structures.

Neuromodulation 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Mech-Sense, Department of Radiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: Noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) has not only shown antinociceptive effects, but also demonstrated anti-inflammatory and antidepressant effects. These effects could be beneficial in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients suffering from chronic abdominal pain, even though the underlying central mechanisms remain unclear. The aim was to investigate the effect of cervical nVNS in patients with painful CP on brain functional connectivity and cerebral metabolites. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Distribution of Fluoride in Plasma, Brain, and Bones and Associated Oxidative Damage After Induced Chronic Fluorosis in Wistar Rats.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Veterinary Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, SKUAST-J, Ranbir Singh Pura, 181102, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

The study was aimed to determine fluoride levels in plasma, brain, and bones of Wistar rats following chronic administration of fluoride at different dose levels and the consequent oxidative damage inflicted in these tissues. Brain histomorphology and bone radiographs were also evaluated to assess the extent of damage in these organs. Eighteen rats were randomly divided into three groups with six animals in each group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cross-talk between Fusarium verticillioides and Aspergillus flavus in vitro and in planta.

Mycotoxin Res 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Plants and Crops, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Driven by increasing temperatures and the higher incidences of heat waves during summer, an increased incidence of Aspergillus flavus next to Fusarium verticillioides in European maize can be expected. In the current study, we investigated the interaction between both species. Colonies of A. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Pilot Clinical study of an add on Ayurvedic formulation containing and in mild to moderate Covid - 19.

J Ayurveda Integr Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Medanta, The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

After declaration of Covid - 19 as pandemic by WHO, countries adopted several measures to contain the spread as well as test and treat the patients. Further, as no effective management protocols to address this pandemic were available, a need was felt to explore the integration of modern and traditional medicines to treat Covid 19 cases. In view of this an exploratory nonrandomized prospective study has been undertaken for comparing the outcomes of traditional Ayurvedic classical formulation of () and () as an add on to standard of care (SOC) using modern medicine with SOC alone. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF