Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2001 Mar;363(3):307-21
Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Health Sciences Centre, St John's, Canada.
The effects of two vasoactive agents (adenosine A2A agonist, CGS 21680, and adrenoceptor agonist, noradrenaline) were examined on cardiac output (CO), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), mean circulatory filling pressure (Pmcf), resistance to venous return, arterial resistance, dP/dt, plasma levels of NO2-/NO3-, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity in lungs ex vivo, following treatment with tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha; 30 microg/kg) in anaesthetized rats. Treatment with TNF-alpha produced significant reduction in CO (41+/-2%), dP/dt (26+/-3%), BP (26+/-2%) and Pmcf (27+/-4%; n=6; mean+/-SEM), but increased arterial resistance. There were no significant changes in the plasma levels of NO2-/NO3-levels over time following treatment with TNF-alpha, but there was a significant increase (approximately twofold) in the activity of the iNOS in the lungs of animals treated with TNF-alpha. Read More