8 results match your criteria levels child-initiated

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The Interpersonal Neurobiology of Child Maltreatment: Parasympathetic Substrates of Interactive Repair in Maltreating and Nonmaltreating Mother-Child Dyads.

Child Maltreat 2019 11 23;24(4):353-363. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.

Children's repair of conflict with parents may be particularly challenging in maltreating families, and early, stressful parent-child interactions may contribute to children's altered neurobiological regulatory systems. To explore neurobiological signatures of repair processes, we examined whether mother and child individual and dyadic respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) covaried with interactive repair differently in maltreating versus nonmaltreating mother-preschooler dyads ( = 101), accounting for whether repair was mother or child initiated. Mother-initiated repair was equally frequent and protective across groups, associated with no change in mother or child RSA at higher levels of repair. Read More

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November 2019

Effect of Pet Dogs on Children's Perceived Stress and Cortisol Stress Response.

Soc Dev 2017 May 28;26(2):382-401. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

University of Florida.

The present study tested whether pet dogs have stress-buffering effects for children during a validated laboratory-based protocol, the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C). Participants were 101 children aged 7-12 years with their primary caregivers and pet dogs. Children were randomly assigned in the TSST-C to a pet present condition or one of two comparison conditions: parent present or no support figure present. Read More

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Improving social initiations in young children with autism using reinforcers with embedded social interactions.

J Autism Dev Disord 2009 Sep 9;39(9):1240-51. Epub 2009 Apr 9.

Department of Counseling, Clinical, School Psychology, Gevirtz Graduate School of Education, Koegel Autism Center, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9490, USA.

Children with autism often exhibit low levels of social engagement, decreased levels of eye contact, and low social affect. However, both the literature and our direct clinical observations suggest that some components of intervention procedures may result in improvement in child-initiated social areas. Using an ABAB research design with three children with autism, this study systematically assessed whether embedding social interactions into reinforcers, delivered during language intervention, would lead to increased levels of child-initiated social behaviors. Read More

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September 2009

Treatment effectiveness of Parent Management Training in Norway: a randomized controlled trial of children with conduct problems.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2008 Aug;76(4):607-621

Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development.

This study was a randomized control trial (RCT) of Parent Management Training--The Oregon Model (PMTO) in Norway. A sample representing all health regions of Norway and consisting of 112 children with conduct problems and their families participated in the study. Families were randomly assigned to either PMTO or a regular services comparison group. Read More

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Genomic imprinting and the expression of affect in Angelman syndrome: what's in the smile?

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2007 Jun;48(6):571-9

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, UK.

Background: Kinship theory (or the genomic conflict hypothesis) proposes that the phenotypic effects of genomic imprinting arise from conflict between paternally and maternally inherited alleles. A prediction arising for social behaviour from this theory is that imbalance in this conflict resulting from a deletion of a maternally imprinted gene, as in Angelman syndrome (AS), will result in a behavioural phenotype that should evidence behaviours that increase access to maternally provided social resources (adult contact).

Method: Observation of the social behaviour of children with AS (n = 13), caused by a deletion at 15q11-q13, and a matched comparison group (n = 10) was undertaken for four hours in a socially competitive setting and the effect of adult attention on child behaviours and the effect of child smiling on adult behaviours evaluated using group comparisons and observational lag sequential analyses. Read More

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Joint attention and symbolic play in young children with autism: a randomized controlled intervention study.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2006 Jun;47(6):611-20

UCLA, CA 90095, USA.

Background: Delays and deficits in joint attention and symbolic play constitute two important developmental problems in young children with autism. These areas of deficit have been well studied in autism but have rarely been the focus of treatment efforts (see Kasari, Freeman, & Paparella, 2001). In this study, we examine the efficacy of targeted interventions of joint attention and symbolic play. Read More

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The effects of incidental teaching on vocabulary acquisition by young children.

Child Dev 1988 Dec;59(6):1451-9

State University of New York, Stony Brook.

The effects on vocabulary acquisition of child-initiated versus adult-initiated instances of adult labeling were studied. 16 monolingual, English-speaking preschool children were exposed to a Spanish-speaking adult. In order to have access to toys placed out of their reach, children had to request the toys in Spanish. Read More

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December 1988

Mother-child interaction in preverbal children with Down syndrome.

M A Fischer

J Speech Hear Disord 1987 May;52(2):179-90

The social-communicative transactions between 5 preverbal children with Down syndrome and their mothers were compared with those of 5 developmentally matched nonretarded child-mother dyads. Although overall similarities were evidenced, between-group differences were observed in the percentage of child-initiated social-communicative signals used and in the levels of contingent maternal responsiveness. Read More

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