9,163 results match your criteria lesion length


Neuropathological and motor impairments after incomplete cervical spinal cord injury in pigs.

J Neurotrauma 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, Neural Repair and Biomaterials Laboratory, Toledo, Toledo, Spain;

Humans, primates, and rodents with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) show permanent sensorimotor dysfunction of the upper/fore limb as consequence of axonal damage and local neuronal death. This work aimed at characterizing a model of cervical SCI in domestic pigs in which hemisection with excision of one centimeter of spinal cord was performed to reproduce the loss of neural tissue observed in human neuropathology. Posture and motor control were assessed over 3 months by scales and kinematics of treadmill locomotion. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of image-guided core needle biopsy of non-central nervous system tumors in children.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Jun 14:e29179. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background And Aims: Core needle biopsies (CNB) are less invasive, cause less morbidity, and have lower costs than open biopsies (OB). However, the number of studies reporting CNB accuracy in pediatric tumors is limited and series are small. The aim of this study is to investigate if CNB diagnosis is concordant with the final diagnosis in pediatric solid non-central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Read More

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Optimal Method for Reporting Prostate Cancer Grade in MRI-targeted Biopsies.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Departments of Pathology Urology Population Health, New York University Langone School of Medicine, New York, NY.

When multiple cores are biopsied from a single magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted lesion, Gleason grade may be assigned for each core separately or for all cores of the lesion in aggregate. Because of the potential for disparate grades, an optimal method for pathology reporting MRI lesion grade awaits validation. We examined our institutional experience on the concordance of biopsy grade with subsequent radical prostatectomy (RP) grade of targeted lesions when grade is determined on individual versus aggregate core basis. Read More

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[A five-year experience for treating patients with chronic apical periodontitis with root canal treatment: a retrospective cohort study].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2021 Apr;30(2):124-128

Hefei Stomatology Hospital. Hefei 230001, Anhui Province, China.

Purpose: To investigate the clinical outcomes, including survival and periapical healing rates and failure causes, of root canal treatment for patients with periapical lesion.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted which enrolled patients admitted for the evaluation and management of periapical lesion with root canal treatment. The primary predictor variables were difficulty assessment of root canal therapy (DARCT),which was divided into lower(DARCT =3-4), medium (DARCT =5-7) and higher (DARCT =8-9) difficulty root canal, in terms of canal length, curvature and calcification. Read More

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Variation in Methyl Jasmonate-Induced Defense Among Norway Spruce Clones and Trade-Offs in Resistance Against a Fungal and an Insect Pest.

Front Plant Sci 2021 24;12:678959. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden.

An essential component of plant defense is the change that occurs from a constitutive to an induced state following damage or infection. Exogenous application of the plant hormone methyl jasmonate (MeJA) has shown great potential to be used as a defense inducer prior to pest exposure, and could be used as a plant protection measure. Here, we examined (1) the importance of MeJA-mediated induction for Norway spruce () resistance against damage by the pine weevil , which poses a threat to seedling survival, and infection by the spruce bark beetle-associated blue-stain fungus , (2) genotypic variation in MeJA-induced defense (terpene chemistry), and (3) correlations among resistance to each pest. Read More

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Endoscopic coblation treatment for congenital pyriform sinus fistula in children.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25942

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract: Congenital pyriform sinus fistula (CPSF) is a very rare branchial apparatus malformation. Traditional open surgery for fistulectomy might fail to excise the lesion completely, leading to continual recurrence. Herein, we report our experience of endoscopic coblation technique for treatment of CPSF in children. Read More

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CT-guided biopsy of lung nodules with pleural contact: Comparison of two puncture routes.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Radiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho kita-ku, 700-8558 Okayama, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare two puncture routes (transpleural vs. transpulmonary) for computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided cutting needle biopsy of lung nodules with pleural contact.

Patients And Methods: A total of 102 patients (72 men; mean age, 71. Read More

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Efficacy of dental pulp-derived stem cells conditioned medium loaded in collagen hydrogel in spinal cord injury in rats: Stereological evidence.

J Chem Neuroanat 2021 Jun 4:101978. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Histomorphometry and Stereology Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes histological alterations which in turn affects functional activity. Studies have demonstrated that dental pulp-derived stem cells conditioned medium has beneficial effects on the nervous system. Besides, collagen hydrogel acts as a drug releasing system in SCI investigations. Read More

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First report of Alternaria longipes causing leaf spot on tea in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Guizhou University, 71206, Key Laboratory of Green Pesticide and Agricultural Bioengineering, Ministry of Education, Huaxi street, Guiyang City, Guizhou Province, Guiyang, China, 550025;

Tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze)] have been widely planted in Guizhou Province in recent years, and the cultivation area in the region ranks first among all the provinces or cities in China. Leaf spot disease was an important disease of tea in Kaiyang county, Guizhou Province, which mainly damaged young leaves and shoot of tea and led to a huge loss of the production of tea. Read More

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Cadaveric Analysis of Exposure of the Talar Articular Surface Through the Posteromedial Approach.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Director, FASCO Reconstructive Foot & Ankle Surgery Fellowship, Columbus, OH; Member, Ohio Innovation Group, Columbus, OH; Vice-Chairman, Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Grant Medical Center, Columbus, OH.

The purpose of this cadaveric study is to assess the talar articular surface visible through a modified posterior medial approach to the ankle joint for talar osteochondral defects. Ten fresh frozen cadaveric specimens were included. The talar surface area was outlined utilizing a marker. Read More

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Rupture of a Vulnerable Plaque in a Hazy Angiographic Culprit Lesion During Acute Coronary Syndrome.

J Invasive Cardiol 2021 Jun;33(6):E487-E488

Cardiovascular Department, ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano, Italy.

In the presence of an equivocal culprit lesion in the context of an acute coronary syndrome, the optical coherence tomography (OCT) scan defines the severity and composition of the plaque, elucidating (as in this pathognomonic case) the mechanism related to plaque rupture. Furthermore, OCT analysis allowed stent implantation with adequate sizing and length, and subsequent final optimization of the result. In the presence of non-unequivocal lesions, in the context of acute coronary syndrome, the use of OCT imaging defined the etiology and mechanism of plaque instability, reducing cardiovascular events. Read More

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Effect of an 810 nm Diode Laser on the Healing of a Periapical Abscess.

J Lasers Med Sci 2021 14;12:e3. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Dental Student, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The golden standard of the treatment of radicular cysts is mainly root canal therapy or surgical excision with apicectomy. The root canals are usually disinfected by the mechanical and chemical actions of instruments and chemical irrigating solutions respectively. To improve the efficacy of the root canal disinfection process, many techniques have been used and many researchers are still trying to reach the quickest and most convenient way to achieve this goal. Read More

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February 2021

Quantitative analysis of in-vivo microbubble distribution in the human brain.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 3;11(1):11797. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Microbubbles (MB) are widely used as contrast agents to perform contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging and as acoustic amplifiers of mechanical bioeffects incited by therapeutic-level ultrasound. The distribution of MBs in the brain is not yet fully understood, thereby limiting intra-operative CEUS guidance or MB-based FUS treatments. In this paper we describe a robust platform for quantification of MB distribution in the human brain, allowing to quantitatively discriminate between tumoral and normal brain tissues and we provide new information regarding real-time cerebral MBs distribution. Read More

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Directional atherectomy before paclitaxel coated balloon angioplasty in complex femoropopliteal disease: The VIVA REALITY study.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Angiology, University Heart Center Freiburg-Bad Krozingen, Bad Krozingen, Germany.

Background: Drug coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty significantly reduces reintervention rates in patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, stand-alone DCB use in long, severely calcified lesions is frequently associated with vessel recoil and/or high-grade dissections necessitating provisional stent implantation.

Objectives: Assess the safety and effectiveness of a vessel preparation strategy with directional atherectomy (DA) prior to DCB angioplasty in patients with symptomatic severely calcified femoropopliteal PAD. Read More

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Diagnostic performance of corrected FFR metrics to predict hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis.

Eur Radiol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 127# Changle West Road, Xi'an, 710032, China.

Objectives: To determine the diagnostic performance of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) (FFR) difference across the lesion (ΔFFR) or the vessel (ΔFFR) and the gradient of FFR for the identification of hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis.

Methods: From June 2016 to December 2018, 73 patients suspected of having coronary artery disease who underwent CCTA followed invasive coronary angiography (ICA) within 1 month were retrospectively included. ΔFFR, ΔFFR, and FFR gradient were calculated. Read More

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Clinical prediction models of fractional flow reserve: an exploration of the current evidence and appraisal of model performance.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021 Jun;11(6):2642-2657

Department of Cardiology, Zhongda Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a standard indicator of coronary stenoses' hemodynamic severity. Clinical prediction models (CPMs) may help differentiate ischemic from non-ischemic lesions without using a pressure wire but by integrating related variables. This approach differs from that of physics-based models. Read More

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International Multi-Site Initiative to Develop an MRI-Inclusive Nomogram for Side-Specific Prediction of Extraprostatic Extension of Prostate Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 27;13(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Clínica Girona, Institute Catalan of Health-IDI, University of Girona, 17004 Girona, Spain.

Background: To develop an international, multi-site nomogram for side-specific prediction of extraprostatic extension (EPE) of prostate cancer based on clinical, biopsy, and magnetic resonance imaging- (MRI) derived data.

Methods: Ten institutions from the USA and Europe contributed clinical and side-specific biopsy and MRI variables of consecutive patients who underwent prostatectomy. A logistic regression model was used to develop a nomogram for predicting side-specific EPE on prostatectomy specimens. Read More

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CT Guided Needle Biopsy of Peripheral Lesions-Lesion Characteristics That May Increase the Diagnostic Yield and Reduce the Complication Rate.

J Clin Med 2021 May 9;10(9). Epub 2021 May 9.

Division of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine & Graduate School of Medicine, 3-1-3, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8431, Japan.

Computed tomography-guided needle biopsy (CT-GNB) has a high diagnostic yield for lung cancer but higher complication rates compared to those of other biopsy modalities. We sought to clarify in which thoracic lesions we could achieve a quick pathological diagnosis using CT-GNB, considering the risks and benefits. We retrospectively enrolled 110 patients who underwent CT-GNB and 547 patients who underwent transbronchial biopsy (TBB) for parenchymal lung lesions in clinical practice. Read More

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Genomic Characterisation of a Novel Avipoxvirus Isolated from an Endangered Northern Royal Albatross ().

Pathogens 2021 May 9;10(5). Epub 2021 May 9.

CSIRO Livestock Industries, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia.

Marine bird populations have been declining globally with the factors driving this decline not fully understood. Viral diseases, including those caused by poxviruses, are a concern for endangered seabird species. In this study we have characterised a novel avipoxvirus, tentatively designated albatrosspox virus (ALPV), isolated from a skin lesion of an endangered New Zealand northern royal albatross (). Read More

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Recognition and Repair of Oxidatively Generated DNA Lesions in Plasmid DNA by a Facilitated Diffusion Mechanism.

Biochem J 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

New York University, NEW YORK, New York, United States.

The oxidatively generated genotoxic spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) lesions are well-known substrates of base excision repair (BER) pathway initiated by the bifunctional DNA glycosylase NEIL1. In this work we reported that the excision kinetics of the single Sp lesions site-specifically embedded in the covalently closed circular DNA plasmids (contour length 2686 base pairs) by NEIL1 are biphasic under single-turnover conditions ([NEIL1]>[SpDNApl]) in contrast to monophasic excision kinetics of the same lesions embedded in147-mer Sp-modified DNA duplexes. Under conditions of a large excess of plasmid DNA base pairs over NEIL1 molecules, the kinetics of excision of Sp lesions are biphasic in nature, exhibiting an initial burst phase, followed by a slower rate of formation of excision products The burst phase is associated with  NEIL1-DNA plasmid complexes, while the slow kinetic phase is attributed to the dissociation of non-specific NEIL1-DNA complexes. Read More

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Clinical, pathologic, and epidemiologic features of nocardioform placentitis in the mare.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 25;171:155-161. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. Electronic address:

Placentitis is the leading cause of infectious abortion in the horse and contributes to roughly 19% of all abortions in the United States. A type of placental infection, nocardioform placentitis (NP) is associated with gram-positive branching actinomycetes localized within the ventral body of the feto-maternal interface to create a lymphoplasmacytic mucoid lesion. While the etiology of this disease is poorly described, this placental infection continues to cause episodic abortions in addition to weak and/or growth retarded neonates. Read More

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September 2021

Identification of glutathione transferase gene associated with partial resistance to Sclerotinia stem rot of soybean using genome-wide association and linkage mapping.

Theor Appl Genet 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology in Chinese Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology and Breeding/Genetics of Chinese Agriculture Ministry, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China.

Key Message: Association and linkage mapping techniques were used to identify and verify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum resistance. A novel resistant gene, GmGST , was cloned and shown to be involved in soybean resistance to SSR. Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR), caused by the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, is one of the most devastating diseases in soybean (Glycine max (Linn. Read More

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Two-year single centre results with covered endovascular reconstruction of aortic bifurcation (CERAB) in the treatment of extensive aorto-iliac occlusive disease.

Vascular 2021 May 29:17085381211018336. Epub 2021 May 29.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit, Addolorata Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Objective: To report the results of a single-centre in the treatment of extensive aorto-iliac occlusive disease (AIOD) by the covered endovascular reconstruction of aortic bifurcation (CERAB) technique.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on data obtained from the review of medical charts of all consecutive patients treated with CERAB technique for AIOD between January 2016 and December 2019 in San Giovanni-Addolorata Hospital (Rome, Italy). Clinical examination, duplex ultrasound with ankle-brachial index measurement and contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography were performed preoperatively. Read More

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Physician initiated, prospective, non-randomized Multi-center trial, Investigating the safety and Efficacy of the TReatment with the LuminorTM Drug Coated Balloon and the AngioliteTM Drug Eluting Stent of IVascular in TASC C and D Tibial Occlusive disease iN patients with critical limb ischemia: 12-month results.

Int Angiol 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of General Surgery, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore.

Background: The aim of MERLION (NCT04073121) was to evaluate the outcomes of the mono or combination therapy of the iVascular LuminorTM drug coated balloon (DCB) and AngioliteTM drug eluting stent for treatment of TASC II C/D tibial occlusive lesions in Asian patients presenting with chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) from Singapore.

Methods: MERLION was a prospective, non-randomized, single arm, observational, multicenter clinical study. Complication-free survival at one month was the safety endpoint. Read More

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Safety and efficacy of Everolimus-Eluting bioabsorbable Polymer-Coated stent in patients with long coronary lesions: The EVOLVE 48 study.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Boston Scientific Corporation, Marlborough, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: The EVOLVE 48 study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the SYNERGY 48 mm stent for the treatment of long lesions.

Background: Clinical evidence supporting the use of very long stents during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is limited. The bioabsorbable polymer SYNERGY stent has shown good long-term data in a broad population of patients undergoing PCI. Read More

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Relation between the size of patent foramen ovale and the volume of acute cerebral ischemic lesion in young patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

NEUROFARBA Department, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Background: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure is superior to medical therapy alone to prevent stroke recurrence in selected patients. Small cortical infarcts and large right to left shunts seem to identify patients who will benefit most from closure. We aimed to study the correlation between the size of the PFO and the volume of cerebral ischemic lesions in young patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke. Read More

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Frequency, predictors, and effect of the slow-flow phenomenon after drug-coated balloon angioplasty for femoropopliteal lesions.

Heart Vessels 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Saiseikai Yokohama City Eastern Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi Ward, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture, 230-8765, Japan.

Drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty for femoropopliteal (FP) lesions has been available in Japan since 2018. In daily practice, we encountered cases of the slow-flow phenomenon after DCB angioplasty. However, no data regarding the slow-flow phenomenon after DCB angioplasty for FP lesions are available. Read More

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Pattern classification for breast lesion on FFDM by integration of radiomics and deep features.

Comput Med Imaging Graph 2021 Jun 14;90:101922. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital, Huizhou, Guangdong, 516001, China. Electronic address:

The radiomics model can be used in breast cancer detection via calculating quantitative image features. However, these features are explicitly designed, or handcrafted in advance, and this would limit their ability to characterize the lesion properly. This paper aims to build an integrated-features-based classification framework which cooperate the radiomics features and the deep features to classify benign and malignant breast lesions on full-filed digital mammography (FFDM). Read More

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Effectiveness of adjunctive corticosteroid therapy in patients with severe COVID-19: A retrospective cohort study.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(15):3546-3558

Department of Critical Care Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.

Background: The effectiveness of adjunctive corticosteroid use in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains inconclusive.

Aim: To investigate the effectiveness of adjunctive corticosteroid therapy in patients with severe COVID-19.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the difference in several outcomes between patients with severe COVID-19 who received corticosteroid therapy (the corticosteroid group) and patients with severe COVID-19 who did not receive corticosteroid therapy (the non-corticosteroid group). Read More

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Balloon Deflection Technique to Facilitate Stent Delivery in Impassable Situations During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Cardiol Res 2021 Jun 14;12(3):201-207. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Cardiology, LPS Institute of Cardiology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208002, India.

Background: Long and multiple lesions especially in the background of tortuous coronary artery often require multiple stents. The entry and passage of another stent through an already deployed stent becomes challenging because of poorly expanded stent struts, calcified tissue, underlying tortuosity, highly angulated takeoff of the vessel, and lack of coaxiality. It can be facilitated by balloon deflection technique (BDT) where balloon at proximal edge of main vessel stent over a buddy wire helps to deflect second stent either distally or into side branch by blocking potential dead. Read More

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