8,372 results match your criteria leptin adiponectin


Impact of Low Frequency Electro-acupuncture on Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in Unmarried PCOS Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Chin J Integr Med 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Institute of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively. Read More

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Blood Biomarkers Reflect the Effects of Obesity and Inflammation on the Human Breast Transcriptome.

Carcinogenesis 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Retired, Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.

Obesity is a risk factor for the development of post-menopausal breast cancer. Breast white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation, which is commonly found in women with excess body fat, is also associated with increased breast cancer risk. Both local and systemic effects are likely to be important for explaining the link between excess body fat, adipose inflammation and breast cancer. Read More

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Biliopancreatic Limb Length of Small Intestinal Bypass in Non-obese Goto-Kakizaki (GK) Rats Correlates with Gastrointestinal Hormones, Adipokines, and Improvement in Type 2 Diabetes.

Obes Surg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, China.

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects on type 2 diabetes, gastrointestinal hormones, and adipokines after the small intestinal bypass of different biliopancreatic limb (BPL) lengths in non-obese type 2 diabetic rats.

Method: Small intestinal bypass with the BPL length at 10cm, 20cm, 30cm, and 40cm, respectively, and sham surgery were performed in non-obese GK rats. Fasting serum was collected at 2 days preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, and 9 weeks postoperatively. Read More

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Grape seed proanthocyanidins reduced the overweight of C57BL/6J mice through modulating adipose thermogenesis and gut microbiota.

Food Funct 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Shaanxi Engineering Laboratory for Food Green Processing and Safety Control, and Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Hazard Factors Assessment in Processing and Storage of Agricultural Products, College of Food Engineering and Nutritional Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China.

Activating the thermogenic function of adipocytes is an attractive therapeutic strategy against obesity and its associated metabolic complications. Proanthocyanidins are a class of polyphenols which are widely found in plants and daily foods. This aim of this study is to investigate the modulatory effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) on brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity, browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) and microbiome regulation in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice and its associated molecular mechanism. Read More

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The anti-diabetic effects of NAG-1/GDF15 on HFD/STZ-induced mice.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):15027. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Laboratory of Signal Transduction, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) plays a role in various diseases. Here, the anti-diabetic effects of NAG-1 were evaluated using a high-fat diet/streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model. NAG-1-overexpressing transgenic (NAG-1 Tg) mice exhibited lower body weight, fasting blood glucose levels, and serum insulin levels than wild-type (WT) mice. Read More

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Circulating leptin and adiponectin levels in patients with pancreatic cancer.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116011, China Department of Hepatobiliary and Laparoscopic Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, China Department of Critical Care Medicine, Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China Clinical Laboratory of Integrative Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116011, China.

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Activation of the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPAR-/) and the Fatty Acid Metabolizing Enzyme Protein CPT1A by Camel Milk Treatment Counteracts the High-Fat Diet-Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

PPAR Res 2021 9;2021:5558731. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Physiology Department (29), College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC), King Saud University, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Saudi Arabia.

Camel milk (CM) has a unique composition rich in antioxidants, trace elements, immunoglobulins, insulin, and insulin-like proteins. Treatment by CM demonstrated protective effects against nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) induced by a high-fat cholesterol-rich diet (HFD-C) in rats. CM dampened the steatosis, inflammation, and ballooning degeneration of the hepatocytes. Read More

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α-Mangostin Alleviated Inflammation in Rats With Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis by Disrupting Adipocytes-Mediated Metabolism-Immune Feedback.

Front Pharmacol 2021 7;12:692806. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (Yijishan Hospital), Wuhu, China.

A previously identified anti-rheumatic compound -mangostin (MAN) possesses notable metabolism regulatory properties. In this study, we investigated the immune implication of MAN-altered fat metabolism on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) in rats. Seven days after AIA induction, the rats received oral treatment of MAN at 50 mg/kg/day for 30 days. Read More

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Hydroethanolic Hance Ameliorates Hypertension and Causes Diuresis in Obesogenic Feed-Fed Rat Model.

Front Pharmacol 2021 9;12:670433. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Government College University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Hance () has been used widely in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicines. Its folkloric uses include relieving stomach ache, treating cold, improving the circulatory system, and reducing swelling. Its effectiveness and mechanism of antihypertension in obesity-induced hypertensive rats have not been studied yet as per our knowledge. Read More

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Chronic Isolation Stress Affects Central Neuroendocrine Signaling Leading to a Metabolically Active Microenvironment in a Mouse Model of Breast Cancer.

Front Behav Neurosci 2021 9;15:660738. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Center for Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Social isolation is a powerful stressor capable of affecting brain plasticity and function. In the case of breast cancer, previous data indicate that stressful experiences may contribute to a worse prognosis, activating neuroendocrine and metabolism pathways, although the mechanisms underlying these effects are still poorly understood. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic isolation stress (IS) may boost hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, leading to changes in the hypothalamic expression of genes modulating both mood and metabolism in an animal model of breast cancer. Read More

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Diabetes Mellitus and Its Metabolic Complications: The Role of Adipose Tissues.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 16;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Life Sciences, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA.

Many approaches have been used in the effective management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. A recent paradigm shift has focused on the role of adipose tissues in the development and treatment of the disease. Brown adipose tissues (BAT) and white adipose tissues (WAT) are the two main types of adipose tissues with beige subsets more recently identified. Read More

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Adiponectin and Leptin Exert Antagonizing Effects on HUVEC Tube Formation and Migration Modulating the Expression of CXCL1, VEGF, MMP-2 and MMP-9.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 13;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

CEINGE-Biotecnologie Avanzate Scarl, Via G. Salvatore 486, 80145 Napoli, Italy.

Adiponectin and leptin are two abundant adipokines with different properties but both described such as potent factors regulating angiogenesis. AdipoRon is a small-molecule that, binding to AdipoRs receptors, acts as an adiponectin agonist. Here, we investigated the effects of AdipoRon and leptin on viability, migration and tube formation on a human in vitro model, the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) focusing on the expression of the main endothelial angiogenic factors: hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP-2) and matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9). Read More

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Prolonged Chronic Consumption of a High Fat with Sucrose Diet Alters the Morphology of the Small Intestine.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 6;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Biotechnological and Applied Sciences, University of L'Aquila, 67100 L'Aquila, Italy.

(1) The high-fat diet (HFD) of western countries has dramatic effect on the health of several organs, including the digestive tract, leading to the accumulation of fats that can also trigger a chronic inflammatory process, such as that which occurs in non-alcohol steatohepatitis. The effects of a HFD on the small intestine, the organ involved in the absorption of this class of nutrients, are still poorly investigated. (2) To address this aspect, we administered a combined HFD with sucrose (HFD w/Suc, fat: 58% Kcal) regimen (18 months) to mice and investigated the morphological and molecular changes that occurred in the wall of proximal tract of the small intestine compared to the intestine of mice fed with a standard diet (SD) (fat: 18% Kcal). Read More

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Qing-Luo-Yin Alleviated Monocytes/Macrophages-Mediated Inflammation in Rats with Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis by Disrupting Their Interaction with (Pre)-Adipocytes Through PPAR-γ Signaling.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2021 16;15:3105-3118. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (Yijishan Hospital), Wuhu, 241000, People's Republic of China.

Background: The Chinese herbal formula Qing-Luo-Yin (QLY) has been successfully used in rheumatoid arthritis treatment for decades. It exhibits notable immune and metabolism regulatory properties. Thereby, we investigated its effects on the interplay between (pre)-adipocytes and monocytes/macrophages under adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) circumstances. Read More

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A recurrent familial partial lipodystrophy due to a monoallelic or biallelic LMNA founder variant highlights the multifaceted cardiac manifestations of metabolic laminopathies.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

E Nobécourt, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de La Reunion Sites Sud Saint-Pierre, Saint-Pierre, Réunion.

Aims: LMNA-linked Familial Partial Lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) leads to insulin resistance-associated metabolic complications and cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to characterise the disease phenotype in a cohort of patients carrying an LMNA founder variant.

Methods: We collected clinical and biological data from patients carrying the monoallelic or biallelic LMNA p. Read More

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Effect of whole-body resistance training at different load intensities on circulating inflammatory biomarkers, body fat, muscular strength, and physical performance in postmenopausal women.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2021 Jul 20:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Exercise Research Group, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The primary purpose of this study was to identify the impact of whole-body resistance training (RT) at different load intensities on adipokines, adhesion molecules, and extracellular heat shock proteins in postmenopausal women. As secondary purpose, we analyzed the impact of RT at different load intensities on body fat, muscular strength, and physical performance. Forty participants were randomized into lower-load intensity RT (LIRT, = 20, 30-35 repetition maximum in the first set of each exercise) or higher-load intensity RT (HIRT, = 20, 8-12 repetition maximum in the first set of each exercise). Read More

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Elevated S-adenosylhomocysteine induces adipocyte dysfunction to promote alcohol-associated liver steatosis.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 19;11(1):14693. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Research Service (151), Veterans Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, 4101 Woolworth Avenue, Omaha, NE, 68105, USA.

It has been previously shown that chronic ethanol administration-induced increase in adipose tissue lipolysis and reduction in the secretion of protective adipokines collectively contribute to alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) pathogenesis. Further studies have revealed that increased adipose S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) levels generate methylation defects that promote lipolysis. Here, we hypothesized that increased intracellular SAH alone causes additional related pathological changes in adipose tissue as seen with alcohol administration. Read More

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A predictive regression model of the obesity-related inflammatory status based on gut microbiota composition.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Center for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Background And Aim: Fecal microbiome disturbances are linked to different human diseases. In the case of obesity, gut microbiota seems to play a role in the development of low-grade inflammation. The purpose of the present study was to identify specific bacterial families and genera associated with an increased obesity-related inflammatory status, which would allow to build a regression model for the prediction of the inflammatory status of obese and overweight subjects based on fecal microorganisms. Read More

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Perivascular adipose tissue and microvascular endothelial dysfunction in obese mice: Beneficial effects of aerobic exercise in adiponectin receptor (AdipoR1) and peNOS.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Laboratory of Vascular Biology, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

In the present study, we aim to investigate the effects of aerobic physical training on perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-induced microvascular dysfunction of the femoral artery in obese mice. Microvascular reactivity was evaluated in control sedentary (c-SD), obese sedentary (o-SD) and obese trained (o-TR) male mice (C57BL6/JUnib), in the absence (PVAT-) or the presence (PVAT+) of femoral artery PVAT. We also analyzed protein expression, vascular nitric oxide (NO) production and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in PVAT. Read More

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Highly Sensitive and Single-Use Biosensing System Based on a GP Electrode for Analysis of Adiponectin, an Obesity Biomarker.

ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Faculty of Engineering, Bioengineering Department, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Çanakkale, Turkey.

This study presents a disposable, novel, and sensitive biosensing system to determine adiponectin, an obesity biomarker, in real human serum. The graphite paper (GP) working electrode is a new material for impedimetric biosensors. In the literature, there is no study in which this electrode is used in impedance-based biosensors for adiponectin detection. Read More

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Can biomarkers be used to improve diagnosis and prediction of metabolic syndrome in childhood cancer survivors? A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at increased risk to develop metabolic syndrome (MetS), diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Common criteria underestimate adiposity and possibly underdiagnose MetS, particularly after abdominal radiotherapy. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the diagnostic and predictive value of nine newer MetS related biomarkers (adiponectin, leptin, uric acid, hsCRP, TNF-alpha, IL-1, IL-6, apolipoprotein B (apoB), and lipoprotein(a) [lp(a)]) in survivors and adult non-cancer survivors was performed by searching PubMed and Embase. Read More

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Effect of Omega-3 or Omega-6 Dietary Supplementation on Testicular Steroidogenesis, Adipokine Network, Cytokines, and Oxidative Stress in Adult Male Rats.

Authors:
Amira Moustafa

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 28;2021:5570331. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, 44519 Zagazig, Egypt.

This study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of omega-3 and omega-6 supplementation on the levels of different adipokines and cytokines, as well as the antioxidant system, in relation to male reproductive hormones and testicular functions. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were daily gavaged with either physiological saline (control group), sunflower oil (omega 6 group; 1 mL/kg body weight), or fish oil (omega-3 group; 1000 mg/kg body weight) for 12 weeks. The administration of omega-3 or omega-6 resulted in decreased serum concentrations of kisspeptin 1, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and testosterone. Read More

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Resveratrol ameliorates the glucose uptake and lipid metabolism in gestational diabetes mellitus mice and insulin-resistant adipocytes via miR-23a-3p/NOV axis.

Mol Immunol 2021 Jul 10;137:163-173. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated To Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China. Electronic address:

Background: Resveratrol improves insulin-resistance (IR) of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) mice. Low-expressed miR-23a-3p in diabetes patients regulates IR of adipocytes. Hence, we speculated the effect of Res on GDM mice was realized through regulating miR-23a-3p. Read More

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Role of adiponectin in non-diabetic patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing anti-IL-6 therapy.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Research Group on Genetic Epidemiology and Atherosclerosis in Systemic Diseases and in Metabolic Bone Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System, IDIVAL, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla; School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.

Objectives: Adiponectin is an adipokine that plays a relevant role in the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a complication that increases the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Accordingly, we assessed for the first time the short-term effect of anti-IL-6 receptor tocilizumab (TCZ) administration on adiponectin serum levels in RA patients and explored the potential association of adiponectin levels with MetS features, other CV risk factors and demographic and clinical characteristics of these patients.

Methods: Adiponectin serum levels were evaluated in 50 non-diabetic RA patients, undergoing TCZ treatment, immediately prior to (pre-infusion) and 60 minutes after the end of a TCZ intravenous infusion (post-infusion). Read More

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Effect of Almond Consumption on Metabolic Risk Factors-Glucose Metabolism, Hyperinsulinemia, Selected Markers of Inflammation: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Adolescents and Young Adults.

Front Nutr 2021 24;8:668622. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Kasturba Health Society Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, India.

A large percentage of the Indian population has diabetes or is at risk of pre-diabetes. Almond consumption has shown benefits on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults. This study explored the effect of almond consumption on determinants of metabolic dysfunction-blood glucose, lipids, insulin and selected inflammatory markers in adolescents and young adults aged 16-25 years from Mumbai city. Read More

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Adiponectin, Leptin, and IGF-1 Are Useful Diagnostic and Stratification Biomarkers of NAFLD.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 23;8:683250. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease where liver biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis. Here we aimed to evaluate the role of circulating adiponectin, leptin, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels as non-invasive NAFLD biomarkers and assess their correlation with the metabolome. Leptin, adiponectin, and IGF-1 serum levels were measured by ELISA in two independent cohorts of biopsy-proven obese NAFLD patients and healthy-liver controls (discovery: 38 NAFLD, 13 controls; validation: 194 NAFLD, 31 controls) and correlated with clinical data, histology, genetic parameters, and serum metabolomics. Read More

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Drug-like sphingolipid SH-BC-893 opposes ceramide-induced mitochondrial fission and corrects diet-induced obesity.

EMBO Mol Med 2021 Jul 7:e13086. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.

Ceramide-induced mitochondrial fission drives high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. However, molecules targeting mitochondrial dynamics have shown limited benefits in murine obesity models. Here, we reveal that these compounds are either unable to block ceramide-induced mitochondrial fission or require extended incubation periods to be effective. Read More

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Association between post-treatment circulating biomarkers of inflammation and survival among stage II-III colorectal cancer patients.

Br J Cancer 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Biomarker studies on colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis are limited to pre-diagnostic or pre-operative measures. Post-treatment biomarkers are not well understood for their associations with CRC survival.

Methods: We included 306 eligible incident stage II-III CRC cases from the population-based Seattle Colon Cancer Family Registry. Read More

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Bee bread mitigates down-regulation of steroidogenic genes, decreased spermatogenesis, and epididymal oxidative stress in male rats fed with high-fat diet.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2021 07 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Background: The pituitary-gonadal axis plays an important role in steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis and by extension, fertility.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective role of bee bread, which is a natural bee product, against obesity-induced decreases in steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis.

Methods: Thirty-two adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 200-300 g were divided into four groups (n=8/group), namely: normal control (NC), high-fat diet (HFD), HFD plus bee bread administered concurrently for 12 weeks (HFD+B), HFD plus orlistat administered concurrently for 12 weeks (HFD+O) groups. Read More

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Effects of different lipid emulsions on serum adipokines, inflammatory markers and mortality in critically ill patients with sepsis: A prospective observational cohort study.

Clin Nutr 2021 Jun 12;40(7):4569-4578. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.

Background & Aims: Intravenous lipid emulsions in parenteral nutrition may cause different metabolic responses and immune effects in critically ill patients with sepsis. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of different lipid emulsions on changes in concentrations of adipokine and cytokine and their relationship with mortality in patients.

Methods: Patients enrolled in this prospective, single-center, observational cohort study, were estimated to require more than ten days of parenteral nutrition. Read More

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