1,070 results match your criteria lentinus edodes

Recent advances in polysaccharides from Lentinus edodes (Berk.): Isolation, structures and bioactivities.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 20;358:129883. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

College of Food Science & Engineering, Northwest University, No. 229 Taibai North Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China. Electronic address:

Lentinus edodes, an important edible mushroom cultivated in East Asia for thousands of years, has been widely used as food and medicinal ingredient worldwide. Modern phytochemistry studies have demonstrated that L. edodes is very rich in bioactive polysaccharides, especially the β-glucans. Read More

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Ultraviolet B-irradiated mushroom supplementation increased the Ca uptake and ameliorated the LPS-induced inflammatory responses in zebrafish larvae.

J Food Biochem 2021 Apr 30:e13742. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Biotechnology, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea.

The harmful effects of excessive ultraviolet (UV) exposure are well known. However, moderate exposure to UV radiation is beneficial and required for active vitamin D synthesis in our body. People living in the coldest regions on the earth are unable to expose their skin to the solar UV radiation and, therefore, additional supplementation of Vitamin D2 is recommended. Read More

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The Health-Promoting Properties and Clinical Applications of Rice Bran Arabinoxylan Modified with Shiitake Mushroom Enzyme-A Narrative Review.

Molecules 2021 Apr 27;26(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

EROM R&D Center, EROM Co., Ltd., Chuncheon-si 24427, Gangwon-do, Korea.

Rice bran arabinoxylan compound (RBAC) is derived from defatted rice bran hydrolyzed with mycelial enzyme. It has been marketed as a functional food and a nutraceutical with health-promoting properties. Some research has demonstrated this rice bran derivative to be a potent immunomodulator, which also possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-angiogenic properties. Read More

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Study on the Rehydration Quality Improvement of Mushroom by Combined Drying Methods.

Foods 2021 Apr 3;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Food Biobased Research, Wageningen University & Research, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG Wageningen, The Netherlands.

The aim of study is to improve the rehydration quality of dried mushrooms for their instant food manufacturers and fast restaurants. Serial combined drying methods were investigated to achieve this objective: either instant controlled pressure drop drying (DIC) or freeze drying (FD) was used as the treatments for microstructure improvement, and they were applied either before or after an additional drying step at low (35 °C) or high (65 °C) temperatures. Dried mushrooms were assessed for quality indicators like relative volume, rehydration rate, dry matter loss and sensory scores. Read More

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Effects of enzymatic reaction on the generation of key aroma volatiles in shiitake mushroom at different cultivation substrates.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Apr 26;9(4):2247-2256. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Institute of Edible Fungi Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences National Engineering Research Center of Edible Fungi Key Laboratory of Edible Fungi Resources and Utilization (South) Ministry of Agriculture Shanghai China.

Aroma is an important factor affecting mushroom character and quality. According to the different reaction pathway, the key aroma metabolites (sulfur and eight-carbon volatiles) formation can be classified into enzymatic reactions and nonenzymatic reactions. Aroma volatiles are generated from precursors via the biocatalytic activities of various synthases during the growth stages of shiitake mushrooms. Read More

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Lentinan protects against pancreatic β-cell failure in chronic ethanol consumption-induced diabetic mice via enhancing β-cell antioxidant capacity.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Chronic ethanol consumption is a well-established independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recently, increasing studies have confirmed that excessive heavy ethanol exerts direct harmful effect on pancreatic β-cell mass and function, which may be a mechanism of pancreatic β-cell failure in T2DM. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Lentinan (LNT), an active ingredient purified from the bodies of Lentinus edodes, on pancreatic β-cell apoptosis and dysfunction caused by ethanol and the possible mechanisms implicated. Read More

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An Insight by Molecular Sensory Science Approaches to Contributions and Variations of the Key Odorants in Shiitake Mushrooms.

Foods 2021 Mar 15;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

School of Food Science and Technology, National Engineering Research Center of Seafood, Collaborative, Innovation Center of Seafood Deep Processing, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034, China.

An insight using molecular sensory science approaches to the contributions and variations of the key odorants in shiitake mushrooms is revealed in this study. Odorants were extracted by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and direct solvent extraction combined with solvent-assisted flavor evaporation (DSE-SAFE) in fresh and hot-air-dried shiitake mushrooms. Among them, 18 and 22 predominant odorants were determined by detection frequency analysis (DFA) and aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) combined with gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) in the fresh and dried samples, respectively. Read More

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Impact of post-harvest processing or thermal dehydration on physiochemical, nutritional and sensory quality of shiitake mushrooms.

Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Shanghai Food Safety and Engineering Technology Research Center, Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Bor S. Luh Food Safety Research Centre, School of Agriculture & Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Shiitake mushrooms are one of the most popular and highly consumed mushrooms worldwide both in fresh and dry forms. However, it rapidly starts losing its quality immediately after harvest which necessitates processing and/or proper storage before being distributed. However, the processes used for preserving other mushrooms (e. Read More

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Nematicidal Effect of Shiitake () Extracts Against .

J Med Food 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Area of Helminthology, CENID-Animal Health and Safety, INIFAP, Jiutepec, Mexico.

During the previous decades, the indiscriminate use of anthelmintics for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes has generated anthelmintic resistance in different parts of the world. It is necessary to search for new sustainable control alternatives, such as the use of extracts from plants and edible mushrooms. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the nematicidal activity of extracts and fractions of the edible mushroom against eggs and infective larvae. Read More

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Coating shiitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes) with a polysaccharide from Oudemansiella radicata improves product quality and flavor during postharvest storage.

Food Chem 2021 Aug 23;352:129357. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.

In this work, we investigated whether coating fresh shiitake mushrooms with a polysaccharide isolated from Oudemansiella radicata (ORWP) would impact key quality characteristics after 18 d of storage at 4 °C. We found that ORWP-coated mushrooms had significant improvements in many qualities during storage, including reduced weight loss, improved firmness, reduced browning, decreased malondialdehyde content, and an improved physical microstructure. Further, ORWP-coated mushrooms had higher contents of nutritional and cell wall compounds compared to control samples. Read More

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Determining the amount of potentially bioavailable phenolic compounds and bioelements in edible mushroom mycelia of Agaricus bisporus, Cantharellus cibarius, and Lentinula edodes.

Food Chem 2021 Aug 3;352:129456. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Kraków, Poland. Electronic address:

Release of bioelements and phenolic compounds from edible mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus, Cantharellus cibarius, and Lentinula edodes) enriched with zinc, selenium, l-phenylalanine, alone and as a mixture was examined using a simulated human gastrointestinal digestion method. Due to the extensive amount of data obtained, in order to interpret them more precisely in the work, the methods of chemometric analysis (Cluster Analysis-CA and Principal Compenent Analysis-PCA) were additionally applied. The results showed mycelium of L. Read More

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Intensive pulsed light pretreatment combined with controlled temperature and humidity for convection drying to reduce browning and improve quality of dried shiitake mushrooms.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China.

Background: The change of surface color caused by browning during the drying process of shiitake mushrooms seriously affects its market circulation. Intensive pulsed light (IPL) as a non-heat-treatment method can reduce enzyme activity by changing the enzyme structure. Therefore, in this study, the use of IPL pretreatment before drying was aimed to reduce the adverse reactions caused by the browning reaction during the drying processing of shiitake mushrooms. Read More

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Screening candidate genes related to volatile synthesis in shiitake mushrooms and construction of regulatory networks to effectively improve mushroom aroma.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, National Engineering Research Center of Edible Fungi, Key Laboratory of Edible Fungi Resources and Utilization (South), Ministry of Agriculture, People's Republic of China, Shanghai Guosen Bio-tech Co. Ltd, 1000 Jinqi Road, Shanghai, China.

Background: Metabolite formation is a physiological stress response during the growth and development of shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes). The characteristic flavor metabolites are important quality components in shiitake mushrooms. To investigate the formation mechanisms of characteristic flavor metabolites, transcriptome analyses were performed on shiitake mushrooms harvested at different growth stages. Read More

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Proteomics reveals the function reverse of MPSSS-treated prostate cancer-associated fibroblasts to suppress PC-3 cell viability via the FoxO pathway.

Cancer Med 2021 Apr 11;10(7):2509-2522. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Key Laboratory of Protein and Peptide Pharmaceuticals & Laboratory of Proteomics, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Prostate cancer-associated fibroblasts (prostate CAFs) are essential components of the tumor microenvironment and can promote tumor progression through their immunosuppressive functions. MPSSS, a novel polysaccharide purified from Lentinus edodes, has been reported to have anti-tumor activity. MPSSS could also inhibit the immunosuppressive function of prostate CAFs, which has been demonstrated through that the secretome of MPSSS-treated prostate CAFs could inhibit the proliferation of T cells. Read More

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A novel phase change coolant promoted quality attributes and glutamate accumulation in postharvest shiitake mushrooms involved in energy metabolism.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 9;351:129227. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Zhejiang University, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Key Laboratory of Agro-Products Postharvest Handling of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agri-Food Processing, National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Intelligent Food Technology and Equipment, Hangzhou 310058, People's Republic of China; Zhejiang University, Ningbo Research Institute, Ningbo 315100, People's Republic of China; Fuli Institute of Food Science, Hangzhou 310058, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Cold chain transportation is an important link in postharvest logistics of agricultural products. In current study, we developed a novel water-based phase change coolant (PCC), which showed longer effectiveness in maintaining low temperature condition compared with ice, and applied in preserving the postharvest mushrooms. The results showed that the novel PCC effectively inhibited water loss, as well as maintained quality attributes including firmness, color, phenolics, flavonoids, and thus prolonged the shelf-life of mushrooms. Read More

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Polysaccharides From Lentinus Edodes Inhibits Lymphangiogenesis the Toll-Like Receptor 4/JNK Pathway of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts.

Front Oncol 2020 12;10:547683. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Polysaccharides from () have been successfully used as adjuvant chemotherapy drug to treat lymphatic metastasis in some malignancies, such as colorectal cancer (CRC), lung cancer and gastric cancer. The CRC could metastasize lymphatic vessels. Lymphatic metastasis is commonly thought to be the cause of poor prognosis of CRC. Read More

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February 2021

Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Effects of Acidic-Hydrolysis Residue Polysaccharides from Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom Lentinus edodes (Agaricomycetes) in Mice.

Int J Med Mushrooms 2021 ;23(2):85-96

College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, People's Republic of China.

The present work was designed to investigate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of acidic-hydrolysis Lentinus edodes residue polysaccharides (Ac-LRP) on lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury in mice. Hepatoprotective effects were observed in liver treated with Ac-LRP at doses of 200, 400, and 600 mg/kg body weight, respectively. Activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxide, catalase, total antioxidant capacity, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase and levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, malondialdehyde, and lipid peroxidation in liver or serum samples were analyzed. Read More

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January 2021

An understanding of the changes in water holding capacity of rehydrated shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) from cell wall, cell membrane and protein.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 5;351:129230. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Institute of Food Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) / Key, Laboratory of Agro-Products Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100193, China.

Water holding capacity (WHC) is an important factor for the evaluation of rehydrated shiitake mushroom as WHC largely affects sensory attributes. Here, WHC of the rehydrated shiitake mushroom as affected by different hot-air drying temperature was investigated from aspects of cell membrane integrity, status of cell wall fibrous material and protein denaturation. Among the three factors, protein denaturation played the most important role to affect the WHC of rehydrated mushroom as protein denaturation was closely related to the maintenance of porous structure after rehydration. Read More

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Effect of simulated transport vibration on the quality of shiitake mushroom () during storage.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Feb 28;9(2):1152-1159. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Key Laboratory of Marine Food Quality and Hazard Controlling Technology of Zhejiang Province China Jiliang University Hangzhou China.

The quality and shelf life of mushrooms are critical to their commercial viability. In this study, the effects of simulated transport vibration on postharvest quality of shiitake mushrooms () were assessed over 12 days of storage. Furthermore, the protective performance of foam cushion material used in packaging during simulated transport was evaluated. Read More

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February 2021

Severely Pruritic, Whip-like Dermatitis.

Am Fam Physician 2021 02;103(4):243-244

Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA, USA.

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February 2021

Modulation of human intestinal microbiota in a clinical trial by consumption of a β-D-glucan-enriched extract obtained from Lentinula edodes.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Feb 12. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Production and Characterization of Novel Foods, Institute of Food Science Research - CIAL (UAM+CSIC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, C/ Nicolas Cabrera 9, Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypocholesterolemic, immune- and microbiota-modulatory effect of a mushroom extract in hypercholesterolemic subjects.

Methods: A randomized, controlled, double-blind, and parallel clinical trial was carried out with subjects from 18 to 65 years old (n = 52) with untreated mild hypercholesterolemia. Volunteers consumed a β-D-glucan-enriched (BGE) mixture (10. Read More

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February 2021

An origin identification model for labeling of shiitake (Lentinula edodes).

NPJ Sci Food 2021 Feb 2;5(1). Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Crop Science, College of Sanghuh Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea.

With the increasing globalization of the food trade across countries and continents, reliable identification of the geographical origin of products is critical. In this study, we describe the limitations of the current origin labeling system for non-soil-based agricultural products and suggest alternative strategies for the identification of the geographical origin of such products. An origin identification model based on stable isotope ratio analysis combined with discriminant analysis is used to evaluate the similarities and dissimilarities between domestic and foreign shiitake mushrooms, including Chinese inoculated sawdust blocks and Chinese origin. Read More

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February 2021

Angiotensin-I converting enzyme inhibitory peptide derived from the shiitake mushroom ().

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Jan 15;58(1):85-97. Epub 2020 May 15.

Research Unit in Bioconversion/Bioseparation for Value-Added Chemical Production, Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Road, Wangmai, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330 Thailand.

Abstract: Angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are widely used to control hypertension. In this study, protein hydrolysates from shiitake mushroom were hydrolyzed to prepare ACE-inhibitory peptides. Optimum process conditions for the hydrolysis of shiitake mushrooms using Alcalase were optimized using response surface methodology. Read More

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January 2021

Evaluation of the chemical qualities and microstructural changes of Lentinula edodes caused by airborne ultrasonic treatment combined with microwave vacuum drying.

J Food Sci 2021 Mar 26;86(3):667-676. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China.

This study analyzed a new drying method using airborne ultrasound combined with microwave vacuum to study its effect on the quality characteristics and microstructure of dehydrated L. edodes. Ultrasonic treatment resulted in many micropores in the product, forming the sponge effect caused by ultrasonic waves, which can promote the rapid evaporation of water in the product. Read More

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Enhancing the Extraction Yield from Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Lentinus edodes (Agaricomycetes), by Pulsed Electric Fields Treatment.

Int J Med Mushrooms 2020 ;22(12):1225-1235

Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Biology, University of Greifswald, Institute of Pharmacy, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn Str. 17, D-17489 Greifswald, Germany.

Medicinal mushrooms contain highly valuable substances with proven positive effects on human health. To extract these components, different methods are available. Most of them suffer from individual disadvantages, therefore making them economically unviable. Read More

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January 2020

An unattended HS-SPME-GC-MS/MS combined with a novel sample preparation strategy for the reliable quantitation of C8 volatiles in mushrooms: A sample preparation strategy to fully control the volatile emission.

Food Chem 2021 Jun 7;347:128998. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Crop Science, College of Sanghuh Life Science, Kunkuk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Eight carbon (C8) compounds are the key characteristic flavors of mushrooms. The quantitative analysis of the volatiles in mushrooms is challenging especially with the unattended HS-SPME-GC-MS. An unattended HS-SPME-GC-MS/MS in combination with novel sample preparation of the complete control of volatile emissions was developed for the quantitation of the C8 volatiles in mushrooms. Read More

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Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Lentinus edodes (Agaricomycetes): Absence of Changes in Maternal Reproductive Performance and Embryofetal Development In Vivo.

Int J Med Mushrooms 2020 ;22(8):781-791

University of Sorocaba (UNISO), Rodovia Raposo Tavares Km 92.5, CEP. 18023-000, Sorocaba, Brazil SP, Brazil.

The shiitake culinary-medicinal mushroom Lentinus edodes (=Lentinula edodes) has been used as a nutritional complement. This study evaluated, through reprotox tests, the consumption of L. edodes in pregnant rats, considering it as a functional food. Read More

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January 2020

Quantification of Mushroom-Derived Soluble β-1,6-Glucan Using the Function-Modified Recombinant β-1,6-Glucanase.

Int J Med Mushrooms 2020 ;22(9):855-868

Laboratory for Immunopharmacology of Microbial Products, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan.

Mushroom is one of the major sources of β-glucan used in medical applications and traditional therapies. Thus, structure analysis and quantification of β-glucan content is crucial to evaluate medicinal mushrooms. Most studies concerning mushroom-derived β-glucan have been focused on β-1,3-glucans. Read More

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January 2020

Influence of Roasting Temperatures on the Antioxidant Properties, β-Glucan Content, and Volatile Flavor Profiles of Shiitake Mushroom.

Foods 2020 Dec 28;10(1). Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition and Fermented Food Research Center, Jeonbuk National University, 567 Baekjedaero, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju-si 54896, Jeonbuk , Korea.

The objective of this study was to determine the influence of roasting conditions on the volatile flavor profiles and functional properties of shiitake mushrooms. Six different roasting temperatures between 80 °C and 180 °C with 20 °C increments were selected, and mushrooms were roasted for 60 min in a conventional oven. Roasting shiitake mushroom at 140 °C showed the highest levels of antioxidant activities including 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhidrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities, total phenols and polyphenol contents. Read More

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December 2020

Metabolic degradation of lentinan in liver mediated by CYP450 enzymes and epoxide hydrolase.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Feb 18;253:117255. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Nature Medicinal Chemistry and Resource Evaluation, Tongji Medical College of Pharmacy, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430030 Wuhan, PR China. Electronic address:

Lentinan (LNT), a typical triple helix β-glucan, has been widely used as drug and biomaterial. However, its pharmacokinetics in vivo is rarely reported, which severely limits its further development and application. The aim of this study is to establish a sensitive method for detecting LNT in biosamples and to evaluate the plasma level, tissue distribution and metabolic degradation of LNT in rats. Read More

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February 2021