8,514 results match your criteria length encodes

Improved Whole-Genome Sequence of Fusarium meridionale, the Fungal Pathogen Causing Fusarium Head Blight in Rice.

Mol Plant Microbe Interact 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Institute of Food Safey and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing, China;

Members of the Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC) cause extensive yield losses in cereal production worldwide and food safety concerns due to the accumulation of Fusarium toxins in infected grains. Among these pathogens, F. meridionale is responsible for Fusarium head blight of wheat and rice, ear and stalk rot of maize, and pod blight of soybean. Read More

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September 2021

Pri smORF Peptides Are Wide Mediators of Ecdysone Signaling, Contributing to Shape Spatiotemporal Responses.

Front Genet 2021 30;12:714152. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology Department (MCD), Centre de Biologie Intégrative (CBI), CNRS, UPS, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.

There is growing evidence that peptides encoded by small open-reading frames (sORF or smORF) can fulfill various cellular functions and define a novel class regulatory molecules. To which extend transcripts encoding only smORF peptides compare with canonical protein-coding genes, yet remain poorly understood. In particular, little is known on whether and how smORF-encoding RNAs might need tightly regulated expression within a given tissue, at a given time during development. Read More

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Molecular characterization of a novel mycovirus isolated from Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA strain 9-11.

Arch Virol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

State Key Laboratory for Protection and Utilization of Bio-Resources in Yunnan, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, Yunnan, China.

The complete genome sequence of a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) virus, Rhizoctonia solani dsRNA virus 11 (RsRV11), isolated from Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA strain 9-11 was determined. The RsRV11 genome is 9,555 bp in length and contains three conserved domains: structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) superfamily, phosphoribulokinase (PRK), and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). The RsRV11 genome has two non-overlapping open reading frames (ORFs). Read More

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September 2021

Functional Characterization of the   Gene under Drought Stress Conditions.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Sep 4;22(17). Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Plant Germplasm and Genomics Center, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China.

Free proline has multiple functions in plant cells, such as regulating osmotic potential and protecting both proteins and cell membranes. The expression of Δ1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS), a key enzyme in the proline biosynthetic pathway, increases under drought, salt and cold stress conditions, causing plant cells to accumulate large amounts of proline. In this study, we cloned and identified the gene from , which has a full-length of 2196 bp and encodes 731 amino acids. Read More

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September 2021

Seeing and speaking: How verbal "description length" encodes visual complexity.

J Exp Psychol Gen 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.

What is the relationship between complexity in the world and complexity in the mind? Intuitively, increasingly complex objects and events should give rise to increasingly complex mental representations (or perhaps a plateau in complexity after a certain point). However, a counterintuitive possibility with roots in information theory is an inverted-U-shaped relationship between the "objective" complexity of some stimulus and the complexity of its mental representation, because excessively complex patterns might be characterized by surprisingly short computational descriptions (e.g. Read More

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September 2021

Complete genome sequence of a novel mitovirus from the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium oxysporum.

Arch Virol 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Key Laboratory for Green Preservation and Control of Tobacco Diseases and Pest in Huanghuai Growing Area, Institute of Tobacco, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 116, Garden road, Jingshui District, Zhengzhou, 450002, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.

Fusarium oxysporum is a cosmopolitan plant pathogen that causes fusarium wilt and fusarium root rot in many economically important crops. There is still limited information about mycoviruses that infect F. oxysporum. Read More

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September 2021

BnaC7.ROT3, the causal gene of cqSL-C7, mediates silique length by affecting cell elongation in Brassica napus.

J Exp Bot 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China.

Siliques are a major carbohydrate source of energy for later seed development in rapeseed (Brassica napus). Thus, silique length (SL) has received great attention from breeders. We previously detected a novel quantitative trait locus cqSL-C7 that controls SL in B. Read More

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September 2021

The complete chloroplast genome of (L.) Goldblatt & J. C. Manning (Leguminosae), an important medicinal plant species from Southern Africa.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 25;6(9):2767-2769. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.

(L.) Goldblatt & J. C. Read More

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Mitochondrial genome of Theileria uilenbergi endemic in sheep and goats in China.

Parasitol Res 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, 730046, People's Republic of China.

Mitochondrial genomes provide new insights that help elucidating biological features, genetic evolution, and classification of protozoans. Theileria uilenbergi (T. uilenbergi), transmitted by Haemaphysalis qinghaiensis and H. Read More

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September 2021

Genome-wide identification, gene cloning, subcellular location and expression analysis of SPL gene family in P. granatum L.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Aug 28;21(1):400. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China.

Backgrounds: Pomegranate is an excellent tree species with nutritional, medicinal, ornamental and ecological values. Studies have confirmed that SPL factors play an important role in floral transition and flower development.

Results: Used bioinformatics methods, 15 SPL (SQUAMOSA promoter-binding protein-like) genes were identified and analyzed from the 'Taishanhong' pomegranate (P. Read More

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Characterization of the complete chloroplast genome of (Franch.) Hao 1936.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 24;6(9):2764-2766. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Southern Modern Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China.

We characterized the complete chloroplast genome of a perennial woody plant species, , based on high-throughput sequencing and assembly technology for the first time. The complete chloroplast genome of is 155,564 bp in length, comprising one large single-copy region (LSC, 84,460 bp), one small single-copy region (SSC, 16,182 bp), and two inverted repeat regions (IRA and IRB, 27,461 bp). The GC content of the whole chloroplast genome was 36. Read More

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The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Levl. (Buxaceae Dumort.).

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 22;6(9):2695-2696. Epub 2021 Aug 22.

College of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei, China.

Levl. is one of the most common green horticultural plants in the city presently. Here, we assembled and annotated the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of . Read More

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A ras-related nuclear protein Ran participates in the 20E signaling pathway and is essential for the growth and development of Locusta migratoria.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 Oct 4;178:104945. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Research Institute of Applied Biology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006, China. Electronic address:

The small GTPase Ran is a member of the Ras superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins, which plays a key role in the translocation of RNA and proteins through the nuclear pore complex. In this study, the full-length cDNA sequence of LmRan gene was obtained, which consists of 648-nucleotides open reading frame (ORF) and encodes 215 amino acids. RT-qPCR results revealed that LmRan was expressed in all developmental days and tissues investigated. Read More

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October 2021

Glycosphingolipids with Very Long-Chain Fatty Acids Accumulate in Fibroblasts from Adrenoleukodystrophy Patients.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Aug 11;22(16). Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Faculty of Pharma-Science, Teikyo University, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8605, Japan.

Adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an X-linked genetic disorder caused by mutation of the ATP-binding cassette subfamily D member 1 gene, which encodes the peroxisomal membrane protein, adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ALDP). ALDP is associated with the transport of very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs; carbon chain length ≥ 24) into peroxisomes. Defective ALDP leads to the accumulation of saturated VLCFAs in plasma and tissues, which results in damage to myelin and the adrenal glands. Read More

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Molecular Cloning and Functional Identification of the Antimicrobial Peptide Gene Ctri9594 from the Venom of the Scorpion .

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Jul 23;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Cell Homeostasis, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China.

Scorpion venom is a mixture of bioactive peptides, among which neurotoxins and antimicrobial peptides serve especially vital functions. Scorpion venom peptides in Buthidae species have been well described, but toxic peptides from non-Buthidae species have been under-investigated. Here, an antimicrobial peptide gene, Ctri9594, was cloned and functionally identified from the venom of the scorpion The precursor nucleotide sequence of Ctri9594 is 199 nt in length, including a 43 nt 5' UTR, 115 nt 3' UTR and 210 nt ORF. Read More

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() Gene Cloning and Gonad-Specific Expression Pattern in Starry Flounder ().

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jul 30;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Interdisciplinary Program of Biomedicine, Health & Life Convergence Science, Mokpo National University (MNU), Muan 58554, Korea.

is a germline-specific maternal RNA expressed in various vertebrate classes, which encodes an RNA-binding protein that is essential for PGC migration. The purpose of this study is fundamental research about starry flounder gene for germ cell marker development. In this study, we cloned and analyzed the expression levels of () in various tissues and embryonic stages. Read More

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The complete chloroplast genome sequence of .

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 18;6(9):2712-2713. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Science/State Key Laboratory of Plateau Ecology and Agriculture, Qinghai University, Xining, Qinghai Province, China.

is an alpine grass with significant ecological value. Here, the complete chloroplast genome sequence of using Illumina sequencing data was reported. The size of the whole cp genome was 137,696 bp in length, consisting of a pair of inverted repeats (IR 13,755 bp), a large single-copy region (LSC 81,613 bp), and a small single-copy region (SSC 28,568 bp). Read More

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The complete chloroplast genome of (Hampe ex Ochi) Z. Iwatsuki and T. J. Koponen.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 13;6(9):2632-2634. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, China.

(Bryophyta, Bryaceae) is one of the folk medicine resources in Southwest China, which has excellent potential for application in treating cardiovascular diseases. In this study, was sequenced by high-throughput sequencing technology. The complete chloroplast genome is 124,632 bp in length with a quadripartite structure. Read More

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Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of the complete chloroplast genome of (Amaranthaceae).

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 9;6(9):2610-2612. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Key Lab of Plant Stress Research, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Ji'nan, China.

is an important medicinal herb. In this study, the complete chloroplast genome (plastome) of was repotred. It was a circular molecular of 150,452 bp in length and consists of a large single-copy region (LSC, 83,832 bp), a small single-copy region (SSC, 17,914 bp), and two inverted repeats (IRs, 24,353 bp for each) regions. Read More

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Chloroplast genome of till & Vitek (Bromeliaceae), a hyperarid desert endangered species.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 8;6(9):2562-2564. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

Laboratorio de Biología Molecular de Plantas, Facultad de Ciencias Agronómicas, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica, Chile.

Till & Vitek (Bromeliaceae) is a rare plant native species that grows over sand, in the coastal desert from Perú and Chile and is considered an endangered species. In this study, we assembled its chloroplast genome. The draft chloroplast genome of is . Read More

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Characterization of the complete chloroplast genome of L. (Caprifoliaceae).

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 28;6(7):1871-1872. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

School of Life Sciences, Henan University, Kaifeng, China.

L. is an excellent landscaping shrub with high ornamental value. Here, we report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of . Read More

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Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of a mitogen-activated protein kinase gene in the Antarctic yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa AN5.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Aug 9;48(8):5847-5855. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

School of Marine Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, Weihai, 264209, China.

Background: The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play important roles in various signaling transduction networks of biotic and abiotic stress responses. However, MAPK signaling pathways in cold-active yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa have not been reported comprehensively.

Methods And Results: In the present study, MAPK gene (RmMAPK) was first cloned and characterized from Antarctic sea ice yeast R. Read More

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Sphingobacterium pedocola sp. nov. a novel halotolerant bacterium isolated from agricultural soil.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2021 Oct 6;114(10):1575-1584. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Research Group for Food Biotechnology, Institute of Food Science and Technology, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.

A Gram-reaction-negative halotolerant bacterial strain, designated Ka21, was isolated from agricultural soil and characterised using a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, highest similarity was found with Sphingobacterium alkalisoli Y3L14 (96.72%). Read More

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October 2021

Characterization and functional analysis of Cshsp19.0 encoding a small heat shock protein in Chilo suppressalis (Walker).

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Oct 2;188:924-931. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

College of Horticulture and Plant Protection & Institute of Applied Entomology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, the Ministry of Education, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) function as ATP-independent chaperones that preserve cellular proteostasis under stressful conditions. In this study, Cshsp19.0, which encodes a new small heat shock protein, was isolated and characterized from Chilo suppressalis (Walker) to better understand the contribution of sHSPs to insect development and stress tolerance. Read More

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October 2021

The complete chloroplast genome of an endangered species endemic to China.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 15;6(8):2398-2399. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Systematic & Evolutionary Botany and Biodiversity group, MOE Laboratory of Biosystem Homeostasis and Protection, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

is an endangered and national key protected species of China, with limited natural distribution in Guangdong and Guangxi, Southern China. Here we reported the first complete chloroplast genome of using genome skimming approach. The chloroplast genome is 157,300 bp in length, with a large single-copy region (LSC) of 86,021 bp and a small single-copy region (SSC) of 18,137 bp separated by a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,571 bp. Read More

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The complete chloroplast genome of L. subtype Krishna Tulsi and its phylogenetic analysis.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 15;6(8):2358-2360. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Center for DNA Barcoding, Department of Genetic Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

The complete chloroplast genome (cp) of L. subtype Krishna Tulsi was sequenced and assembled using Illumina paired-end sequencing data. The cp genome is 151,758 bp in length, including a large single copy (LSC) region of 82,794 bp, a small single-copy region (SSC) of 17,592 bp, and a pair of inverted repeated (IR) region of 25,686 bp. Read More

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Crystal structure of the TLDc domain of human NCOA7-AS.

Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun 2021 Aug 28;77(Pt 8):230-237. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

IRIM, CNRS, 34293 Montpellier, France.

The TLDc [Tre2/Bub2/Cdc16 (TBC), lysin motif (LysM), domain catalytic] domain is associated with oxidation-resistance related functions and is well conserved among eukaryotes. Seven proteins possess a TLDc domain in humans, notably proteins belonging to the oxidation resistance protein (OXR), nuclear receptor coactivator 7 (NCOA7) and TBC1 domain family member 24 (TBC1D24) families. Although the mechanism is unknown, a protective role of TLDc proteins against oxidative stress, notably in the brain, has been demonstrated. Read More

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Conformational flexibility determines the Nf2/merlin tumor suppressor functions.

Matrix Biol Plus 2021 Dec 1;12:100074. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter 33458, FL, United States.

The Neurofibromatosis type 2 gene encodes the Nf2/merlin tumor suppressor protein that is responsible for the regulation of cell proliferation. Once activated, Nf2/merlin modulates adhesive signaling pathways and thereby inhibits cell growth. Nf2/merlin controls oncogenic gene expression by modulating the Hippo pathway. Read More

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December 2021

Association of the Variant rs6984094, Which Lengthens Telomeres, with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Susceptibility in Chinese Populations.

J Immunol Res 2021 13;2021:7079359. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Nephrology Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou University, Henan 4500052, China.

A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Asian ancestry reported that single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in (telomerase reverse transcriptase) was associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). TERT has a critical role in maintaining the chromosomal stability and the length of telomere. Given that only a small portion of the genetic heritability of SLE has been explained so far, we aimed to identify novel loci in telomere-related genes responsible for SLE susceptibility in Chinese populations. Read More

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Paladin, a tyrosine phosphatase-like protein, is required for -mediated immunity in rice.

Plant Commun 2021 Jul 29;2(4):100215. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Plant Pathology and the Genome Center, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

encodes a rice immune receptor that confers robust resistance to most strains of the Gram-negative bacterium pv. ()-mediated immunity is triggered by recognition of a small protein called RaxX-sY (required for activation of -mediated immunity X, tyrosine-sulfated) secreted by To identify components regulating -mediated immunity, we generated and screened a mutant population of fast-neutron-mutagenized rice expressing for those susceptible to . Here, we report the characterization of one of these rice mutants, named (). Read More

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