12,488 results match your criteria legal age

Ultrasound in legal medicine-a missed opportunity or simply too late? A narrative review of ultrasonic applications in forensic contexts.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Objectives: Conventional autopsies remain the gold standard of postmortem healthcare quality assurance and help gathering extended knowledge on diseases. In answer to constantly declining autopsy rates non- or minimally invasive autopsy methods were introduced. Ultrasound is a well-established tool for imaging commonly used in clinical practice. Read More

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Perceptions on acceptability and reported consumption of marijuana by blood donors prior to donation in the recreational use state of Colorado, USA.

Vox Sang 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pathology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Background And Objectives: Blood donor opinions and behaviours regarding marijuana use are not well known nor is the potential impact to the blood supply. We sought to assess opinions and frequency of marijuana use in proximity to blood donation via a survey of blood donors at a hospital-based blood collection site in a state where recreational marijuana use has been legal since 2012.

Materials And Methods: Blood donors at least 18 years of age who donated between 2014 and 2019 were surveyed electronically, with all responses kept anonymous to encourage engagement and accurate reporting. Read More

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The impact of age mimicry bias on the accuracy of methods for age estimation based on Kvaal's pulp/tooth ratios: a bootstrap study.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Undergraduate Student, Student Research Committee, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: Methods based on pulp/tooth ratios proposed by Kvaal et al. (1995) have been widely used for age estimation in adults. The tendency of age estimates to mimic the age structure of the reference population, i. Read More

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Genetic Variants in and Genes Increase the Risk of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Case-Control Study.

Front Pharmacol 2021 5;12:671835. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Drugs and Medicines, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Araraquara, Brazil.

To assess the association between and variant alleles and the risk to develop upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) secondary to complicated peptic disease. A case-control study was conducted in a Brazilian complex hospital from July 2016 to March 2020. Patients with UGIB diagnosis. Read More

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward Corona virus Infection Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Public Hospitals in Three Wollega Zones, Ethiopia.

Int J Gen Med 2021 15;14:3563-3573. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Departments of Pediatrics and Neonatology Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Background: Pregnancy is an immune-suppressed state which makes pregnant women generally more susceptible to COVID-19 infection and severe illness. Extensive precautions have been recommended to avoid exposure to the virus. Knowledge and attitude toward the disease play an integral role in readiness to accept public health measures. Read More

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Who are less likely to return to work after getting injured on duty? A 12-month epidemiological evaluation in an orthopedic and traumatology center in Hong Kong.

J Occup Health 2021 Jan;63(1):e12255

Department Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Yan Chai Hospital, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong.

Objectives: Cases of injury on duty (IOD) are common in Hong Kong, but literature on this group of patients is limited. This study aims to describe local IOD cases' epidemiological characteristics and identify factors affecting return to work (RTW) outcomes.

Methods: This is a retrospective epidemiological study of IOD patients in the orthopedic and traumatology center of Yan Chai Hospital in 2016, using the hospital's electronic clinical record analysis and reporting system; 323 out of the 10 730 patients (M:F = 206:117; mean age 46. Read More

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January 2021

Pediatric Firearm-Related Injuries: Taking Kids Out of Harm's Way Begins with Targeted Prevention.

J Surg Res 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Trauma and Burn Surgery, Cook County Health, Rush University, Midwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Firearm-related injury is a public health crisis and remains the 3rd most common cause of death from ages 1 15 years. By evaluating events surrounding such injuries, evidence-based intervention strategies efforts may be targeted to maximize impact.

Material And Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for firearm-related injuries in patients 15 years-old and under at an urban Pediatric Level 1 Trauma Center between January 2016 and December 2020. Read More

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Atmospheric circulation and mortality by unintentional drowning in Spain: from 1999 to 2018.

Perspect Public Health 2021 Jul 20:17579139211007181. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Unit of Legal Medicine, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Cantabria, C/ Cardenal Herrera Oria s/n, 39011 Santander, Spain.

Aims: Drowning deaths are a leading cause of unintentional deaths worldwide. Few studies have analysed the role of meteorology in drowning, and with inconclusive results. The aim of this work is to analyse the temporal and geographical distribution of deaths by accidental drowning and submersion in Spain over 20 years, and to assess the relationship between accidental drowning and main atmospheric circulation patterns. Read More

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Temperature-related effects on respiratory medical prescriptions in Spain.

Environ Res 2021 Jul 17;202:111695. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain; Department of Statistics and Operational Research, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Background: The increased risk of mortality during periods of high and low temperatures has been well established. However, most of the studies used daily counts of deaths or hospitalisations as health outcomes, although they are the ones at the top of the health impact pyramid reflecting only a limited proportion of patients with the most severe cases.

Objectives: This study evaluates the relationship between short-term exposure to the daily mean temperature and medication prescribed for the respiratory system in five Spanish cities. Read More

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Compliance of children with removable functional appliance with microchip integrated during covid-19 pandemic: a systematic review.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2021 Mar-Apr;35(2 Suppl. 1):365-377

Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, University of Medicine Aldo Moro Bari, Italy.

Treatments with removable appliances are widely used in Europe to correct dento-skeletal dysgnatia in the growth phase that is a period of poor cooperation of the patients. Adherence to the wear-time prescription is often not achieved and it represent the main argument against the use of removable devices. Suspected non-compliant behavior with the wear time prescription is often the subject of medico-legal disputes, which can deteriorate doctor-patient relationship. Read More

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Legal, medical and epidemiological characteristics of persons exempt from criminal liability in the National Prison Institute of Peru, 2014-2019.

A Sindeev

Rev Esp Sanid Penit 2021 May-Aug;23(2):49-59

Norbert Wiener Private University. National Prison Institute of Peru. Lima. Peru.

Objectives: To describe and correlate the epidemiological, clinical and legal characteristics of persons exempt from criminal liability registered in the National Prison Institute of Peru in the period 2014-2019.

Material And Method: Retrospective, cross-sectional descriptive study with correlational components and secondary sources. The sample consisted of all the persons exempt from criminal liability who formed part of the prison population of Peru during the study period. Read More

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Regional and residential disparities in knowledge of abortion legality and availability of facility-based abortion services in Ethiopia.

Contracept X 2021 22;3:100066. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Population Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Objectives: To generate regional, residential, and nationally representative estimates of knowledge of abortion legality and availability among women of reproductive age in Ethiopia, and examine how knowledge varies across regions and by urban/rural residence.

Study Design: Our study draws on data from a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey implemented in 2019 in each of Ethiopia's regional and administrative states, yielding a sample of 8,837 women aged 15 to 49. We compare weighted estimates and regional distributions of 3 outcomes: (1) general awareness and (2) correct knowledge of the abortion law, and (3) knowledge of facility-based abortion service availability. Read More

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MAID ready for primetime?: A survey of SGO members regarding medical aid in dying (MAID).

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 Aug 5;37:100829. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

University of Colorado Health, Department of OB/GYN, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Denver, CO, USA.

Objectives: To assess SGO members' knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns regarding Medical Aid In Dying (MAID).

Methods: SGO members were surveyed via online survey. The survey included questions regarding demographics, knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns relating to MAID. Read More

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Explaining Caregivers' Perceptions of Palliative Care Unmet Needs in Iranian Alzheimer's Patients: A Qualitative Study.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:707913. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

The needs of Alzheimer's patients are very complex and diverse and many of them are considered unmet needs. Understanding and responding to the unmet and complex needs of Alzheimer's patients can affect the quality of care. Therefore, the present study aimed to explain the perception of formal and informal caregivers of the unmet needs of Iranian Alzheimer's patients. Read More

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[Individualization of diabetes treatment by automated insulin delivery].

Monatsschr Kinderheilkd 2021 Jul 13:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Kinderendokrinologe und Diabetologe, MEDIAN Kinderklinik "Am Nicolausholz" Bad Kösen, Naumburg, Deutschland.

Insulin pumps and glucose sensors have been shown to be effective in improving diabetes treatment and reducing acute complications according to data from registries. Therefore, in pediatric diabetology the use of at least one technical device is standard. Both devices can also be combined to form automated insulin delivery (AID) systems. Read More

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Exploring the potential of cranial non-metric traits as a tool for personal identification: the never-ending dilemma.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

LAFAS, Laboratorio di Anatomia Funzionale dell'Apparato Stomatognatico, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via L. Mangiagalli 31, 20133, Milan, Italy.

Forensic anthropologists tasked with identification of skeletal remains often have to set up new strategies to overcome the limitations of conventional individualizing markers. A sound acquaintance with non-metric traits is essential for a reliable distinction between normal variations and pathological or traumatic conditions, yet the role of cranial variants in the identification process is still somehow ill-defined. One hundred crania (50 males and 50 females) of known sex and age were selected from the Collezione Antropologica LABANOF (a documented contemporary skeletal collection) and non-metric traits were scored as present or absent and by side. Read More

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Analysis of the performance of machine learning and deep learning methods for sex estimation of infant individuals from the analysis of 2D images of the ilium.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Andalusian Research Institute in Data Science and Computational Intelligence, Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain.

Reducing the subjectivity of the methods used for biological profile estimation is, at present, a priority research line in forensic anthropology. To achieve this, artificial intelligence (AI) techniques can be a valuable tool yet to be exploited in this discipline. The goal of this study is to compare the effectiveness of different machine learning (ML) methods with the visual assessment of an expert to estimate the sex of infant skeletons from images of the ilium. Read More

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Patient characteristics predicting attendance for elective in-patient treatment of substance use disorder.

Australas Psychiatry 2021 Jul 15:10398562211025034. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Drug and Alcohol Services, Central Coast Local Health District, Australia.

Objective: Consumption of alcohol and other drugs constitutes a significant health burden. Treatment access is poor, and a number of barriers are recognised. The objective of this retrospective cohort study is to examine patient characteristics of those attending/not attending for elective in-patient withdrawal management (IWM). Read More

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Perceptions of Oncology Nurses Regarding Fertility Preservation and Providing Oncofertility Services for Men of Childbearing Age with Cancer.

J Cancer Educ 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Gerontological and Oncology Nursing, Division of Nursing Science, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

This study investigated the knowledge, thoughts, and attitudes of oncology nurses in China regarding fertility preservation for male cancer patients of childbearing age, and for offering counseling or oncofertility services for the men in their care. Data was collected from 18 oncology nurses in Southwest China through voluntary self-report and in-depth interviews. The qualitative interview data were analyzed using a descriptive phenomenology method based on the lived experience of the nurses. Read More

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Accuracy of telemedicine for pediatric burn patients admitted to an emergency service.

J Telemed Telecare 2021 Jul 14:1357633X211023344. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of General Surgery, Burn Center, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Turkey.

Introduction: Telemedicine when properly implemented can be used to facilitate consultations from physicians with little or no burn experience by providing access to qualified physicians in burn care to reduce the workload in emergency departments or elsewhere. In this study, the role of telemedicine in the management and triage of pediatric burn patients admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital is investigated.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 1 January 2019 and 31 December 2020 and a total of 210 patients were enrolled in the study. Read More

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Aged Persons Living with HIV and Nutritional Wellness: Analysis of 2013 South Africa-SAGE Well-Being of Older People Study (WOPS) Wave 2.

J Aging Res 2021 23;2021:6635814. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Population and Health, College of Humanities and Legal Studies, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Introduction: This study sought to examine the nutritional wellness among aged persons living with HIV in Somkhele, South Africa.

Methods: Data were extracted from the 2013 South Africa-SAGE Well-Being of Older People Study (WOPS) Wave 2. The study sampled 440 aged persons (50 years and above). Read More

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Why do Americans use marijuana?

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Jun 29;226:108880. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA, 94612, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States; yet, little is known about why adults use it. We examined the prevalence of past-month marijuana use by users' reasons for use-medical, recreational, and both-and identified correlates of each group.

Methods: Data from 20 states, which participated in the 2017-2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and fielded the marijuana use module, and multinomial logistic regression analysis were used to identify risk factors for past-month marijuana use by reason for use. Read More

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[Ethical implications in the development of functional training in mixed and augmented reality environments to treat hypertension in old age: A qualitative content analysis].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Klinik für Geriatrie und Altersmedizin, Berlin, Deutschland.

Background: E-Health is of increasing importance in ensuring demand-oriented health care. In addition to technical feasibility, issues concerning the normative requirements for their use are growing. This paper discusses the ethical, legal and social implications of the use of mixed reality (MR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies in the therapy of elderly people with hypertension. Read More

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Implementation strategies for the first licensed dengue vaccine: A meeting report.

Vaccine 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany; Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Dengue vaccination would enhance the control of dengue, one of the most frequent vector-borne viral diseases globally. CYD-TDV is the first dengue vaccine to be licensed, but global uptake has been hampered due to its use being limited to seropositive persons aged 9 years and above, and the need for a 3-dose schedule. The Partnership for Dengue Control (PDC) organized a meeting with key opinion leaders and stakeholders to deliberate on implementation strategies for the use of CYD-TDV. Read More

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Older immigrants perceived health after migration to the United States: Influence of age and level of acculturation.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Objectives: To determine the age-related differences in the association between level of acculturation and perceptions about change in health status after migration in mid- to late-life immigrants.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Nationally representative cohort of legal U. Read More

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Diversity and Inclusion in the American Legal Profession: Discrimination and Bias Reported by Lawyers with Disabilities and Lawyers Who Identify as LGBTQ.

Am J Law Med 2021 03;47(1):9-61

Purpose: This article is part of an ongoing body of investigation examining the experiences of lawyers with diverse and multiple minority identities, with particular focus on lawyers with disabilities; lawyers who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer ("LGBTQ+" as an overarching term); and lawyers with minority identities associated with race and ethnicity, gender, and age. The focus of this article is on discrimination and bias in their workplaces as reported by the lawyers experiencing it.

Methods: We employ survey data from the first phase of this investigation, gathered from the survey responses of 3590 lawyers located across all states in the United States and working in most types and sizes of legal venues. Read More

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Reflections on a New Study that Examines Discrimination and Bias Reported by Lawyers: Comment on Blanck, Hyseni, and Altunkol Wise's National Study of the Legal Profession.

Am J Law Med 2021 03;47(1):91-99

Haley Moss was diagnosed with autism at age three. At the time, her parents were told that achievements such as obtaining a driver's license, graduating from high school, or even making friends were unlikely. Even after she proved the experts wrong and gained acceptance to law school, Moss saw continued challenges for students with disabilities. Read More

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DNA methylation of decedent blood samples to estimate the chronological age of human remains.

Int J Legal Med 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Human Genomics Unit, Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner, 1104 N Mission Road, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, USA.

Chronological age estimation may offer valuable investigative leads in human identification cases. Bisulfite pyrosequencing analysis of single CpG sites on five genes (KLF14, ELOVL2, C1orf132, TRIM59, and FHL2) was performed on 264 postmortem blood samples from individuals aged 3 months to 93 years. The goals were to develop age prediction models based on the correlation between the methylation profile and chronological age and to assess the accuracy of the prediction. Read More

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