10,377 results match your criteria left leg

Skin Necrosis, Diffuse Urticaria, and Cellulitis Due to Presumed Loxosceles Spider Bite.

Wilderness Environ Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey.

The clinical manifestations of a recluse spider bite range from local erythema to necrotic skin reactions; bites rarely lead to a systemic disease known as viscerocutaneous loxoscelism. A 29-y-old female patient was admitted to the emergency department with a wound, swelling, and pain on her left leg and a rash on her whole body as a result of a spider bite. On physical examination, a round, hard, black, irregularly shaped necrotic area was found in the bite zone on the lower posterior part of the left thigh, as were lesions in the form of erythematous papules around the area. Read More

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Cerebral Oxygenation Dynamics During Incremental Exercise: Comparison of Arm Cranking and Leg Cycling.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1269:125-130

Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan.

This study aimed to compare cerebral oxyhemoglobin (OHb) levels during incremental exercise by cycling vs. arm cranking in 12 healthy adult men aged 20.8 ± 0. Read More

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Persistent Dyspnea in a 74-Year-Old Man With Normal Spirometry and Lung Volumes.

Chest 2021 May;159(5):e303-e307

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Albany Medical Center, NY.

Case Presentation: A 74-year-old man was referred to a pulmonologist for evaluation of a 1-year history of nonproductive cough and progressive exertional dyspnea. He was initially evaluated by his primary care physician, where he had spirometry that was negative for any obstructive or restrictive lung disease. An echocardiogram showed a normal left ventricular ejection fraction, with no wall motion abnormality or valvular heart disease. Read More

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Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology of angiosarcoma of head and neck: a review of cytomorphologic features and discussion of diagnostic pitfall of aspiration cytology of vascular lesions.

Diagn Cytopathol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Clinic, Department of Pathology, Molecular and Cell Based Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, New York, New York, USA.

Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of vascular origin (<2% of sarcomas). It represents <1% of all head-neck malignancies. A cytological diagnosis on fine needle aspiration (FNA) is extremely difficult. Read More

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Endovascular abdominal aortic stenosis treatment alleviates renal failure after kidney transplantation.

Shigeyasu Tsuda

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 7;14(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Cardiology, Kitaharima Medical Center, Ono, Japan

A 79-year-old man developed bilateral intermittent claudication. Peritoneal dialysis had been initiated at 55 years of age to manage chronic renal failure. In addition, he underwent kidney transplantation at 61 years of age. Read More

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Simultaneous Cervical and Lumbar Spinal Cord Stimulation Induces Facilitation of Both Spinal and Corticospinal Circuitry in Humans.

Front Neurosci 2021 20;15:615103. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Coupling between cervical and lumbar spinal networks (cervico-lumbar coupling) is vital during human locomotion. Impaired cervico-lumbar coupling after neural injuries or diseases can be reengaged via simultaneous arm and leg cycling training. Sensorimotor circuitry including cervico-lumbar coupling may further be enhanced by non-invasive modulation of spinal circuity using transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (tSCS). Read More

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Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation on the psychomotor, cognitive, and motor performances of power athletes.

Sci Rep 2021 May 6;11(1):9731. Epub 2021 May 6.

Service de Psychiatrie de L'Adulte, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besançon, 25030, Besançon Cedex, France.

In sports science, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has many unknown effects on neuromuscular, psychomotor and cognitive aspects. Particularly, its impact on power performances remains poorly investigated. Eighteen healthy young males, all trained in a jumping sport (parkour) performed three experimental sessions: anodal tDCS applied either on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC, cathode in supraorbital area) or on the primary motor cortex (M1, cathode on contralateral shoulder), and a placebo condition (SHAM), each applied for 20 min at 2 mA. Read More

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Simultaneous acute myocardial infarction, stroke and critical limb ischaemia: an unusual presentation requiring multidisciplinary approach.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 6;14(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Foundation Programme, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK

We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented overnight to a district general hospital as a primary percutaneous coronary intervention alert for an inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction. On presentation to cardiac catheterisation lab, he had ongoing chest pain but began to complain of left-sided limb weakness and pain in his right leg. He was found to have dense hemiparesis on examination with an National Institute of Health Stroke Scale of 8 and an absent right femoral pulse. Read More

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The error-prone operational steps and key sites of self-contamination during donning and doffing of personal protective equipment by health care workers.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 May 6:1-21. Epub 2021 May 6.

Jianping You Degree: Master's Degree, Department of Infectious Diseases, Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University).

Objective: To identify error-prone operational steps and key sites of self-contamination during donning and doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE).

Methods: A total of 56 health care workers including 37 nurses and 19 physicians, were recruited to don and doff the PPE recommended by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Operational errors and sites of self-contamination were recorded using UV-fluorescent labeling and video surveillance. Read More

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Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture Repair in Athletically Active Patients: Results on 188 Tendons.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Rosalind Franklin University, Scholl College, Chicago IL.

We report on the outcome of acute Achilles tendon ruptures by a single surgeon using open and percutaneous techniques was performed. This prospective study included 186 patients with 188 ruptured Achilles tendons. A traditional open technique was primarily performed on patients from January 2001 to December 2011. Read More

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Spinal cord injury by direct damage during trigger point injection: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211012367

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Republic of Korea.

Trigger point injection (TPI) is commonly administered for myofascial pain syndrome management, but occasionally leads to complications, including bleeding, muscle hematoma, vasovagal syncope, skin infections, and pneumothorax. This report presents a case of TPI-induced iatrogenic spinal cord injury (SCI). A 59-year-old woman received TPI for myofascial pain on both thoracolumbar paraspinal muscles. Read More

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Does ischemic preconditioning really improve performance or it is just a placebo effect?

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0250572. Epub 2021 May 3.

Physiology and Human Performance Research Group, Department of Physiology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

This study examined the effects of a simultaneous ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and SHAM intervention to reduce the placebo effect due to a priori expectation on the performance of knee extension resistance exercise. Nine moderately trained men were tested in three different occasions. Following the baseline tests, subjects performed a first set of leg extension tests after the IPC (3 X 5 min 50 mmHg above systolic blood pressure) on right thigh and the SHAM (same as IPC, but 20 mmHg) on left thigh. Read More

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"Accelerated aging" of the heart as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction-analysis using leg-positive pressure stress echocardiography.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.

The aging process is a significant risk factor for heart failure. The incidence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) dramatically increases with age. Although HFpEF occurs along a continuum of aging of the cardiovascular system, the pathophysiology that differentiates overt HFpEF from physiological aging is not fully understood. Read More

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Angiomatous Meningioma in the Craniocervical Junction.

Case Rep Orthop 2021 10;2021:6651160. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22, Showa, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.

Introduction: Spinal angiomatous meningioma arising in the craniocervical junction has not been reported. . A 68-year-old man presented to our hospital with pain in the back and left leg. Read More

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Easy-to-use preload stress echocardiography by using combined dynamic postural stress can identify high-risk patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.

Aims: Haemodynamic assessment during stress testing is not commonly performed in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) because of its invasiveness, lower feasibility, and safety concerns. This study aimed to assess the haemodynamic characteristics of patients with HFrEF in response to non-invasive preload stress during dynamic postural alterations achieved by combining both semi-sitting position and passive leg-lifting and to evaluate whether combined postural stress could be used for risk stratification in these patients.

Methods And Results: For this study, 101 patients with HFrEF and 35 age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls were prospectively recruited. Read More

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The ins and outs of dynamic balance during 90-degree turns in people with a unilateral transtibial amputation.

J Biomech 2021 Apr 20;122:110438. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address:

The ability to maintain balance when turning is essential to functional and independent living. Due to the lack of neuromuscular ankle control on the prosthetic side in people with a transtibial amputation (TTA), turning is likely more challenging. The purpose of this study was to quantify how people with TTA maintain dynamic balance during 90-degree turns made with the prosthesis on the inside and outside of the turn compared to people without amputation. Read More

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Homeopathic Treatment of a Lower Leg Edema-A Case Report.

Homeopathy 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Homöopathie-Pannek, Basel, Switzerland.

Background:  Homeopathy is frequently and successfully used in daily clinical practice, so there is a need for well-documented case reports that illustrate its effectiveness. For this reason, we present a case in which homeopathy was used to treat an ankle and lower leg for spontaneous acute swelling and redness.

Case Report:  A 54-year-old man presented with recurrence of a swollen left ankle and lower leg, which had previously been treated by conventional medicine. Read More

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Predictors of indirect neural decompression in minimally invasive transpsoas lateral lumbar interbody fusion.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 Apr 30:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Departments of1Neurosurgery and.

Objective: An advantage of lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) surgery is the indirect decompression of the neural elements that occurs because of the resulting disc height restoration, spinal realignment, and ligamentotaxis. The degree to which indirect decompression occurs varies; no method exists for effectively predicting which patients will respond. In this study, the authors identify preoperative predictive factors of indirect decompression of the central canal. Read More

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Legal Tattoo Complicated by Sepsis and Necrotizing Fasciitis Requiring Acute Surgery.

Cureus 2021 Mar 27;13(3):e14139. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Radiodiagnostic Department, Mirandola Hospital, Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale di Modena, Mirandola, ITA.

A previously healthy 26-year-old male was referred to our hospital for fever occurring after getting a tattoo on the left leg. At the emergency department, he was promptly diagnosed with sepsis and necrotizing fasciitis of the left leg. The patient was empirically treated with vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam. Read More

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Effects of Twelve Sessions of High-Temperature Sauna Baths on Body Composition in Healthy Young Men.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 22;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Physiology, School of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

The health benefits of sauna baths are attracting ever-increasing interest. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 12 high-temperature (100 °C) sauna baths on body composition of 23 healthy young men, divided into a control group (CG) and a sauna group (SG). Both groups were initially evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), after which the SG experienced 12 sessions of sauna baths at high temperatures (100 °C). Read More

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Immune-Related Erythema Nodosum Mimicking in Transit Melanoma Metastasis on [18F]-FDG PET/CT.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Apr 22;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Institut Curie, 92210 Saint-Cloud, France.

Early detection of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is crucial, particularly when these are likely to mimic tumor progression, as well as sarcoid-like reactions. Here, we report the case of a 68-year woman, with a history of four primary cutaneous melanomas (thickest lesion with BRAF mutation removed from the left axilla 2 years before), who was diagnosed with BRAF V600E-mutant metastatic melanoma and treated by ICI targeting the PD-1 receptor. Follow-up whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]-FDG) was performed at 15 months, and FDG-avid subcutaneous nodules on her legs were detected. Read More

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Assessments of Ground Reaction Force and Range of Motion in Terms of Fatigue during the Body Weight Squat.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 11;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Coaching Education Department, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ege University, 35050 Izmir, Turkey.

The purpose of this study was to analyse in detail body weight squat (BWS)' fatigue effect on the range of motions (ROM) of the hip, knee, ankle and ground reaction forces (GRF). Twenty male recreational athletes (24.0 ± 3. Read More

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A bizarre case of fatal main renal artery partial laceration without primary kidney injury due to a single stab wound in the chest.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Apr 20;51:101892. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Dipartimento di Area Medica, Medicina Legale, Università degli Studi di Udine, p.le S. Maria della Misericordia 15, 33100 Udine, Italy. Electronic address:

Reno-vascular injuries are a rare type of renal injury, and their second most frequent cause is penetrating wounds. The majority of the reports and of the studies are present in the urological and radiological literature and they focus on the clinical approach to such injuries. In the case here presented, an 18-year-old male died after being stabbed in the left hemithorax. Read More

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New arietellid copepods (Calanoida, Arietellidae) from anchialine caves in the Eastern Adriatic Sea.

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 1;4951(1):zootaxa.4951.1.4. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries Split, Ivana Meštrovića 63, HRV-21001, Split, Croatia..

Two new species of calanoid copepods are described; Metacalanus adriaticus sp. nov. from an anchialine cave on Vis Island, and Paramisophria tvrtkovici sp. Read More

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Thigh phlegmon as a first sign of a ruptured pelvic presacral abscess caused by ileal diverticulum fistula: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 26;81:105836. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Klaipeda University Hospital, 41 Liepojos Str., LT-92288, Klaipeda, Lithuania; Institute of Clinical Medicine, Medical Faculty, Vilnius University, 2 Santariskiu Str., LT-08410, Vilnius, Lithuania; Health Research and Innovation Science Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Klaipeda University, 84 Herkaus Manto Str., LT-92294, Klaipeda, Lithuania. Electronic address:

Introduction: Ileal diverticula usually remain asymptomatic. If complicated, they may present as intra-abdominal or pelvic abscess. Abscess formation in the presacral space is very rare. Read More

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Warfarin-induced skin necrosis: a rare condition.

Ghana Med J 2020 Dec;54(4):269-273

National Reconstructive Plastic Surgery and Burns Centre, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Warfarin induced skin necrosis is a rare debilitating and, in some cases, life-threatening complication. A 47-year-old male on life-long anticoagulation omits his medication and develops extensive skin necrosis of the left leg complicated by acute renal failure three days after restarting warfarin. Investigations reveal possible Protein S deficiency which is known to be a predisposing condition. Read More

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December 2020

Middle cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy attributable to lumbar disc herniation.

Surg Neurol Int 2021 30;12:132. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kushiro Rosai Hospital, Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Middle cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy (MCN-EN) is a known cause of low back pain (LBP). Here, we succeeded in treating a patient with a lumbar disc herniation who actually had MCN-EN with a nerve block and neurolysis.

Case Description: A 52-year-old female presented with severe left lower back and lateral thigh pain making it difficult to walk. Read More

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Evaluation of the Accuracy of a Video and AI Solution to Measure Lower Leg and Foot Volume.

Med Devices (Auckl) 2021 13;14:105-118. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Heartfelt Technologies Ltd, Cambridge, UK.

Background And Objectives: Peripheral edema, change in foot volume, is a marker of congestion which is regularly assessed in routine clinical care. A novel video and Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based solution used to measure anatomical parameters, including volume and foot length, Heartfelt HF-1, is compared to the laboratory gold standard (water displacement) and a medical disposable measuring tape.

Design Setting Participants And Measurements: 58 healthy volunteers were measured with the Heartfelt device; 22 were also measured with the water displacement method and 19 with the medical tape. Read More

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The contralateral knee is a good predictor for determining normal knee stability: a cadaveric study.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

Purpose: The goal is to evaluate contralateral knee joint laxity and ascertain whether or not contralateral symmetry is observable. Secondary, a validation of a knee laxity testing rig is provided.

Methods: Seven pairs of cadaveric knee specimens have been tested under passive conditions with and without external loads, involving a varus/valgus and an external/internal rotational torque and an anteroposterior shear force. Read More

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Contemporary treatment of May-Thurner Syndrome.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, USA -

Compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right common iliac artery is a benign anatomic abnormality in most individuals. However, in patients with significant vein compression, outflow obstruction and chronic intraluminal venous damage may lead to May-Thurner Syndrome. This syndrome commonly manifests as unilateral left leg swelling or acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis. Read More

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