19,239 results match your criteria labor induction


Proteinuria may be an indicator of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with preeclampsia: a retrospective study.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2021 May 14;19(1):71. Epub 2021 May 14.

The Center of Experimental Teaching Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Proteinuria is one of the common manifestations of patients with preeclampsia (PE), but whether the severity of proteinuria is related to the pregnancy outcome of patients with preeclampsia remains controversial. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between 24-h proteinuria and adverse outcomes in patients with preeclampsia.

Methods: The present retrospective study included 329 pregnant women in Chongqing, China. Read More

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Review of Evidence-Based Methods for Successful Labor Induction.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Induction of labor is increasingly a common component of the intrapartum care. Knowledge of the current evidence on methods of labor induction is an essential component of shared decision-making to determine which induction method meets an individual's health needs and personal preferences. This article provides a review of the current research evidence on labor induction methods, including cervical ripening techniques, and contraction stimulation techniques. Read More

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Comparison of Insulin, Metformin, and Glyburide on Perinatal Complications of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 May 12:1-13. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Endocrinology, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.

Aim: This systematic and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of insulin, metformin, and glyburide on perinatal complications for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: Medline (PubMed), EMBASE, The Cochrane Library (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [CENTRAL], and Cochrane Methodology Register), Web of Science (Science and Social Science Citation Index), and ClinicalTrials (Clinicaltrials.gov) were searched, as well as manual searching. Read More

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[Significance and case analysis of FMR1 mutation screening during early and middle pregnancy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2021 May;38(5):450-453

The Fourth Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050011, China.

Objective: To screen for mutations of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene during early and middle pregnancy and provide prenatal diagnosis for those carrying high-risk CGG trinucleotide expansions.

Methods: Peripheral blood samples of 2316 pregnant women at 12 to 21(+6) gestational weeks were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. CGG repeats of the FMR1 gene were detected by fluorescence PCR and capillary electrophoresis. Read More

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Comprehensive analysis of carbon emissions, economic growth, and employment from the perspective of industrial restructuring: a case study of China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Key Laboratory of Ocean Energy Utilization and Energy Conservation of Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, No.2 Linggong Road, High-Tech Pack, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning, China.

Industrial restructuring is a significant measure for low-carbon transition. In principle, carbon emissions can be effectively reduced by limiting the output of high-emission sectors; however, the socio-economic effects of the sectors should also be considered. Moreover, owing to the limitations of the method or data, the interactions between households and production sectors have been neglected in the study of industrial restructuring, resulting in an incomplete and potentially biased understanding of the role of households. Read More

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Cesarean delivery at term for non-reassuring fetal heart rate tracing: risk factors and predictability.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 May 9:1-7. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: To delineate risk factors for adverse outcomes among those who underwent cesarean delivery (CD) for non-reassuring fetal heart rate tracing (NRFHT) and ascertain whether neonatal or maternal morbidity can be predicted accurately.

Methods: The Consortium on Safe Labor Database was utilized for this secondary analysis. Inclusion criteria were non-anomalous, singleton gestations between 37. Read More

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The degree of cervical length shortening as a predictor of successful or failed labor induction.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May;60(3):503-508

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate whether the degree of cervical length change was associated with successful cervical dilatation during labor induction.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of a prospective observational study of term singleton pregnant women who underwent labor inductions. Cases of Cesarean section due to fetal distress or maternal request during the first stage of labor were excluded. Read More

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Hyperemesis gravidarum induced refeeding syndrome causes blood cell destruction: a case report and literature review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 9;21(1):366. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Shandong, 250012, Jinan, China.

Background: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a common complication during pregnancy, however, HG associated simultaneous onset of blood cell destruction due to electrolyte abnormalities is rare. In this case, a woman with refeeding syndrome (RFS) secondary to electrolyte abnormalities caused by severe HG was diagnosed and managed in our hospital.

Case Presentation: A 29-year old woman was sent to the local hospitals because of severe HG with appetite loss, weight reduction, general fatigue, and she was identified to have severe electrolyte abnormalities. Read More

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The COVID-19 puzzle: deciphering pathophysiology and phenotypes of a new disease entity.

Lancet Respir Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Children and Adults, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

The zoonotic SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 continues to spread worldwide, with devastating consequences. While the medical community has gained insight into the epidemiology of COVID-19, important questions remain about the clinical complexities and underlying mechanisms of disease phenotypes. Severe COVID-19 most commonly involves respiratory manifestations, although other systems are also affected, and acute disease is often followed by protracted complications. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness analysis of a quality improvement program to reduce caesarean sections in Brazilian private hospitals: a case study.

Reprod Health 2021 May 8;18(1):93. Epub 2021 May 8.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: In 2015, a quality improvement project of childbirth care called Adequate Childbirth Project ("Projeto Parto Adequado"- PPA) was implemented in Brazilian public and private hospitals, aiming to improve the quality of childbirth care and to reduce caesarean sections without clinical indications. The objective of this study is to conduct an economic analysis of two models of care existing in a private Brazilian hospital-the model following the recommendations of the PPA and the standard of care model-in reducing the proportion of caesarean sections.

Methods: We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis using data from one of the private hospitals included in the PPA project. Read More

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Dinoprostone pessary for labor induction in Chinese patients with premature rupture of membranes at term: A retrospective cohort.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Obstetrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Aim: Whether the use of dinoprostone pessary increased the vaginal delivery rate of labor induction in Chinese nulliparous women with term premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and unfavorable cervices?

Methods: PROM women at term with singleton pregnancies and Bishop scores ≤4 who needed labor induction were enrolled in this retrospective study. They received either the dinoprostone pessary followed by oxytocin infusion if necessary (n = 102, PGE2 group) or oxytocin infusion alone (n = 103, oxytocin group).

Results: Compared with oxytocin infusion alone, vaginal delivery within 12 h and total vaginal delivery were higher in the PGE2 group (28. Read More

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Association of chorioamnionitis with failed conversion of epidural labor analgesia to cesarean delivery anesthesia: A retrospective cohort study.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250596. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anesthesiology, Juntendo University Hospital, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: This study aimed to examine the association between clinically diagnosed chorioamnionitis and failed conversion of epidural labor analgesia to cesarean delivery anesthesia.

Methods: This retrospective, single-center cohort study, conducted in a university hospital, enrolled term parturients undergoing emergency cesarean section after induction of epidural labor analgesia between September 2015 and May 2019. For the purpose of this study, all cases were re-examined to ensure that they fulfilled the criteria of chorioamnionitis, regardless of the actual indication for cesarean section proposed by obstetricians at the time of application. Read More

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Induction of labor in late-FGR.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Centre for Fetal Care and High-risk Pregnancy, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy -

Late-onset FGR is a peculiar condition characterized by the inability for the fetus to reach its growth potential diagnosed from 32 weeks of gestation. Placental insufficiency is among the leading causes of late FGR and is commonly due to a primary maternal cardiovascular non-adaptation potentially leading to fetal decompensation during labor especially once exposed to uterine hyperstimulation. Abnormalities that usually characterize late FGR include reduced fetal growth, decreased amniotic fluid index, and loss of fetal heart rate variability at CTG. Read More

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Women's expectations and experiences of labor induction - a questionnaire-based analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 4;21(1):355. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Clinical Science and Education Karolinska Institute, Sodersjukhuset, 118 83, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Although labor induction is a commonly used procedure in obstetrical care, there are limited data on its psycho-emotional effects on the woman. This study analysed the expectations and experiences of women in different routes of labor induction. The study's primary aim was to compare women's delivery experience if induced by orally administrated misoprostol (OMS) compared with misoprostol vaginal insert (MVI). Read More

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Single Fetal Demise in Twin Pregnancy-A Great Concern but Still a Favorable Outcome.

Diseases 2021 Apr 29;9(2). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Morphological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University "Dunarea de Jos" Galati, 800008 Galati, Romania.

The incidence of multiple pregnancies has increased in the last decades, mostly explained by the more frequent use of ovulation induction drugs and assisted reproduction techniques. Although single fetal death in the first trimester of twin pregnancy is not an uncommon event nor does it have serious consequences on the survival fetus, the death of one fetus in the second or third trimester of pregnancy is associated with a serious increase in morbidity and mortality for the surviving co-twin. Preterm labor, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), neurological complications or even the death of the surviving twin have been associated with single fetal demise after mid gestation. Read More

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The effect of yoga on the delivery and neonatal outcomes in nulliparous pregnant women in Iran: a clinical trial study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 3;21(1):351. Epub 2021 May 3.

Clinical Research Development Unit, Kowsar Hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin, Iran.

Background: Yoga can reduce the risk of preterm delivery, cesarean section (CS), and fetal death. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Yoga on pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes.

Methods: This was a clinical trial study and using the random sampling without replacement 70 pregnant women entered Hatha Yoga and control groups according to the color of the ball they took from a bag containing two balls (blue or red). Read More

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The effect of parity on obstetric and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies at the age of 40 and above: a retrospective study.

Croat Med J 2021 Apr;62(2):130-136

Simten Genc, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul 34384, Turkey,

Aim: To examine the characteristics of pregnancies at a very advanced maternal age and the effect of parity on adverse obstetric outcomes.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of women who gave birth at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital between January 2012 and December 2019. Overall, 22 448 of women were younger than 40 and 593 were aged 40 and older. Read More

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Labor induction in pregnancy complicated by myelodysplastic syndrome: A case report.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Apr 14;9(4):2032-2035. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics West China Second University Hospital Sichuan University Chengdu China.

Pregnancy may aggravate myelodysplastic syndrome. Cross-matched platelets can be used in cases of refractory thrombocytopenia. Vaginal delivery can be attempted if the platelet count is at least 20 × 10/L. Read More

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Circadian rhythm-associated Rev-erbα modulates polarization of decidual acrophage via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2021 May 2:e13436. Epub 2021 May 2.

NHC Key Lab of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, 200090, China.

Problem: Circadian rhythms are involved not only in the repair and regeneration of the immune system, but may also be associated with regulation of inflammation and immune responses. Rev-erbα could constitute a link between immunity and circadian rhythms since it is a transcription factor that regulates circadian rhythms and has functions in multiple physiological and pathological processes. Decidual macrophages (dMφs) play crucial roles in immune balance at the maternal-fetal interface, and abnormal macrophage polarization is related to adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as infertility, recurrent spontaneous abortion and preterm labor. Read More

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Is Exposure to Intrapartum Prostaglandins for Labor Induction Associated with a Lower Incidence of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Am J Perinatol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah Health, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objective:  Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is implicated in 30% of neonatal deaths. Since prostaglandins promote surfactant secretion and labor is associated with a lower risk of RDS in term neonates, it is plausible that synthetic prostaglandin (sPG) exposure is associated with a lower risk of RDS. Thus, we evaluated the association between sPG exposure and RDS in neonates born after the induction of labor (IOL). Read More

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Robsons Ten Group Classification of Cesarean Section at a Tertiary Center in Nepal.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2021 Apr 23;19(1):91-96. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Paropakar Maternity and Women's Hospital, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Increasing trend in Ceasarean birth is the issue of both demand and supply side. One of the recommended tools to characterize every pregnancy admitted for childbirth is Robson ten-group classification system that may evaluate obstetric practice. The aim of the study was to assess the cesarean section pattern based on Robson's classification in a central referral hospital. Read More

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Application of ultrasound elastography in obstetrics and gynecology

Orv Hetil 2021 05 2;162(18):690-695. Epub 2021 May 2.

3 Eastern Virginia Medical School, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Norfolk, VA, United States of America.

Összefoglaló. Az ultrahang-elasztográfia az elmúlt évek során egyre növekvő figyelmet kapott a lágyszövetek elaszticitásának vizsgálatában. A módszer használatát az teszi szükségessé, hogy egyes, a mechanikai tulajdonságaikban különböző szövetek hasonló echogenitásúak lehetnek, valamint hogy egy adott szövet megváltozott struktúrája vagy mechanikai tulajdonsága nem minden esetben jár együtt a szövet hagyományos ultrahangképének megváltozásával. Read More

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Induction of labor using Foley catheter with weight attached vs without weight attached: A randomized control trial.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objective: To assess the effectiveness in preventing Caesarean section for failed induction by using Foley catheter for cervical ripening in comparison to Foley catheter with a weight attached to it.

Methods: Randomized control trial conducted between November 2018 and July 2020 which looked at induction of labor with 30 ml Foley catheter in one arm and the Foley placed with a 500 ml weight attached to it in the other arm. Primary outcome was the Caesarean section rate. Read More

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Pseudocyesis Leading to Folie-à-Deux.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021 Apr 24;12(2):419-423. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

Pseudocyesis or false belief of pregnancy is the emergence of classical manifestations of pregnancy-nausea, breast enlargement and pigmentation, abdominal distention, amenorrhea, and labor pains-in a nonpregnant woman. It is a multifactorial disease and its development is influenced by many different elements such as neuroendocrine, social, psychodynamic, and cultural issues. "Folie-à-deux," is shared psychotic disorder, describes a syndrome in which delusion is transferred to another person who is more susceptible. Read More

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Is Misoprostol Vaginal Insert Safe for the Induction of Labor in High-Risk Pregnancy Obese Women?

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Food Safety, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 6 Traian Vuia Street, 020945 Bucharest, Romania.

Induction of labor (IOL) is an event that occurs in up to 25% of pregnancies. In Europe, the misoprostol vaginal insert (MVI-Misodel) was approved for labor induction in 2013. Studies on the outcomes and safety of IOL in obese pregnant women are scarce; no data are available on MVI IOL in high-risk pregnancy obese women (HRPO-late-term, hypertension, diabetes). Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 on Healthcare Labor Market in the United States: Lower Paid Workers Experienced Higher Vulnerability and Slower Recovery.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 8;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Healthcare Administration and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89119, USA.

The resilience of the healthcare industry, often considered recession-proof, is being tested by the COVID-19 induced reductions in physical mobility and restrictions on elective and non-emergent medical procedures. We assess early COVID-19 effects on the dynamics of decline and recovery in healthcare labor markets in the United States. Descriptive analyses with monthly cross-sectional data on unemployment rates, employment, labor market entry/exit, and weekly work hours among healthcare workers in each healthcare industry and occupation, using the Current Population Survey from July 2019-2020 were performed. Read More

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Evaluating the association between maternal vitamin D deficiency and preeclampsia among Indian gravidas.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Apr 15;261:103-109. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Science, Rohtak, Haryana, 124001, India.

Objective: The association between vitamin D deficiency and devastating preeclampsia is still debated. In this present study, our aim is to evaluate whether a statistically significant association exists between vitamin D deficiency and preeclampsia in Indian gravidas. As to the best of our knowledge, no study of this context with such a large sample size is done in the Indian population till now. Read More

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The effect of evening primrose oil on labor induction and cervical ripening: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Phytother Res 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Nursing, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

The evening primrose oil has prostaglandin effects and is applied to soften the cervix. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to establish the results of clinical trials performed on the effect of evening primrose oil on labor induction and cervical ripening in pregnant women. Research studies were searched from 1990 to September 2019 in Pubmed, Science Direct, Embase, and Cochrane Library using the keywords: cervical ripening, Bishop score, labor induction, post-term pregnancy, evening primrose, and any possible combination of these keywords (Farsi, English). Read More

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Prolonged exposure to meconium in cases of spontaneous premature rupture of membranes at term and pregnancy outcome.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr 28:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Lis Hospital for Women, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of prolonged exposure to meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF), in women with term pre-labor spontaneous rupture of membranes (PROM), on pregnancy outcome.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of women who gave birth in a single university-affiliated tertiary medical center (2011-2019). Eligibility was limited to singleton pregnancies at term who presented with PROM. Read More

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Magnitude and factors associated with surgical site infection among mothers underwent cesarean delivery in Nekemte town public hospitals, western Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(4):e0250736. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Public Health, Institutes of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a serious public health problem due to its impacts on maternal morbidity and mortality and it can have a significant effect on quality of life for the patient. However, little has been studied regarding the magnitude and factors associated with SSI among women underwent cesarean delivery (CD) in study area. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude and factors associated with SSI among women underwent cesarean delivery in Nekemte Town Public Hospitals 2020. Read More

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