9,557 results match your criteria knowledge covid-19


Developing Telemedicine Curriculum Competencies for Graduate Medical Education: Outcomes of a Modified Delphi Process.

Acad Med 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

A. Hart is director of research, Disaster Medicine Fellowship, Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; and emergency physician, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0910-2316. D. Romney is director of education, Disaster Medicine Fellowship, Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and instructor of emergency medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. R. Sarin is affiliated faculty, Disaster Medicine Fellowship, Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. O. Mechanic is director of telehealth, Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. A.J. Hertelendy is assistant professor, Department of Information Systems and Business Analytics, College of Business, Florida International University, Miami, Florida; and director of innovation and technology, Disaster Medicine Fellowship, Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6174-0289. D. Larson is senior vice president, Avera Health, and chief executive officer, Avera eCare, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. K. Rhone is medical director of outreach and innovation, Avera eCare, Sioux Falls, South Dakota; and assistant professor, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Vermillion, South Dakota. K. Sidel is director of telemedicine education, American Board of Telehealth, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. A. Voskanyan is co-director, Disaster Medicine Fellowship, Department of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians, Boston, Massachusetts. G.R. Ciottone is director, Disaster Medicine Fellowship, Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; and associate professor of emergency medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Purpose: Telemedical applications have only recently begun to coalesce into the field of telemedicine due to varying definitions of telemedicine and issues around reimbursement. This process has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing expansion of telemedicine delivery. This article demonstrates the development of a set of proposed competencies for a telemedicine curriculum in graduate medical education. Read More

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October 2021

Clinical progression of COVID-19 coinfection in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus: scoping review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 18;75(2):e20201380. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Universidade Luterana do Brazil. Cachoeira do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Objectives: to map the production of scientific knowledge on the clinical progression of COVID-19 coinfection in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Methods: scoping review, with search strategies in MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, and LILACS. Dual independent data extraction and analysis of the material with similarity compilation and narrative synthesis. Read More

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October 2021

The Brazilian LGBT+ Health Survey: methodology and descriptive results.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 15;37(9):e00069521. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

The understanding of health care demands and possible access barriers may support policymaking and best practices targeting the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and related identities (LGBT+) population. The aims of the Brazilian LGBT+ Health Survey were to characterize the LGBT+ population during the COVID-19 pandemic and to specify the characteristics of the COVID-19 pandemic in this population. This is a cross-sectional online study, with a convenience sample of 976 individuals identified as LGBT+, aged 18 years or older from Brazil. Read More

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October 2021

What influences attitudes about artificial intelligence adoption: Evidence from U.S. local officials.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(10):e0257732. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Council on Foreign Relations, Washington, D.C., United States of America.

Rapid advances in machine learning and related techniques have increased optimism about self-driving cars, autonomous surgery, and other uses of artificial intelligence (AI). But adoption of these technologies is not simply a matter of breakthroughs in the design and training of algorithms. Regulators around the world will have to make a litany of choices about law and policy surrounding AI. Read More

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October 2021

Adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures and associated factors in Oromia regional state of Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(10):e0257373. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Adherence to preventive measures of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was among the means to tackle the transmission of the virus. However, reluctance to implement the recommended preventive measures has been reported to be a major problem everywhere including Oromia Regional State.

Purpose: This research was aimed to assess the level of adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures and associated factors in the study area. Read More

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October 2021

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to COVID-19 among patients at Hospital Universitario de Caracas triage tent: A cross-sectional study.

Biomedica 2021 10 15;41(Sp. 2):48-61. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Instituto de Investigación Biomédica y Vacunas Terapéuticas, Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela; Departamento de Enfermedades Infecciosas del Adulto, Hospital Universitario de Caracas, Caracas, Distrito Capital, Venezuela.

Introduction: The studies on knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding COVID-19 help to identify erroneous concepts and inadequate practices related to the disease. This baseline information is essential to design effective strategies and improve adherence to prevention measures.

Objective: To identify the COVID-19-related KAP in Venezuelan patients screened at the Hospital Universitario de Caracas triage tent. Read More

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October 2021

Spanish Society of Hematology and Hemotherapy expert consensus opinion for SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in onco-hematological patients.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 Oct 20:1-13. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Hematology Department, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, different vaccines in front of SARS-CoV-2 have been approved and administered in different vulnerable populations. As patients with cancer were excluded from pivotal trials of vaccination, little is known on their immunogenic response to these vaccines, particularly in patients with severely impaired immune system. In response to that uncertainty, the Spanish Society of Hematology and Hemotherapy launched an initiative aimed to provide recommendations for vaccination of the main hematological conditions. Read More

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October 2021

The very low risk of myocarditis and pericarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination should not discourage vaccination.

Swiss Med Wkly 2021 Oct 19;151:w30087. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

on behalf of the Swiss Society of Cardiology.

The benefits of vaccination - regarding COVID-19 infection and transmission, as well as COVID-associated complications - clearly outweigh the potential risk of vaccine-associated inflammation of the heart and other adverse events. Given the current state of knowledge, the outcome of myocarditis and pericarditis following vaccination is generally good. This review aims to guide physicians in the early diagnosis and management of suspected myocarditis following mRNA COVID vaccination. Read More

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October 2021

Helpful or Harmful? The Role of Personality Traits in Student Experiences of the COVID-19 Crisis and School Closure.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2021 Oct 20:1461672211050515. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

KU Leuven, Belgium.

Little is known about the individual differences in student experiences and expectations of the COVID-19 crisis and the resulting school closures. Yet, as the crisis may have uniquely impacted students, knowledge about their personalities is highly relevant. In a sample of 347 Flemish students, this study explored the association between personality traits and differences in responses to the crisis. Read More

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October 2021

ACE2: A key modulator of RAS and pregnancy.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle Australia, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a membrane-bound protein containing 805-amino acids. ACE2 shows approximately 42% sequence similarity to somatic ACE but has different biochemical activities. The key role of ACE2 is to catalyse the vasoconstrictor peptide Angiotensin (Ang) II to Ang-(1-7), thus regulating the two major counterbalancing pathways of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Read More

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October 2021

Positive airway pressure therapy adherence for obstructive sleep apnea during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sleep Breath 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, 1873 Rama IV Road, Pathum Wan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand.

Purpose: Positive airway pressure (PAP) adherence is a significant issue among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the data are limited regarding PAP adherence during the current COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between February and October 2020 at the Excellence Center for Sleep Disorders, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Read More

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October 2021

ATS Core Curriculum 2021. Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine: Pulmonary Infections.

ATS Sch 2021 Sep 8;2(3):452-467. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

The following is a concise review of the Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine Core reviewing pediatric pulmonary infections, diagnostic assays, and imaging techniques presented at the 2021 American Thoracic Society Core Curriculum. Molecular methods have revolutionized microbiology. We highlight the need to collect appropriate samples for detection of specific pathogens or for panels and understand the limitations of the assays. Read More

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September 2021

Teaching Ultrasound at the Point of Care in Times of Social Distancing.

ATS Sch 2021 Sep 8;2(3):341-352. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Medicine and.

Point-of-care ultrasound has become an integral aspect of critical care training. The Bedside Assessment by Sonography In Critical Care Medicine Curriculum was established at the University of Toronto to train critical care trainees in basic echocardiography and general critical care ultrasound. During the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, our program needed to adapt quickly to ensure staff safety and adherence to infection-control protocols. Read More

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September 2021

Coronavirus disease 2019 morbid pulmonary pathology: What did we learn from autopsy examinations?

J Clin Transl Res 2021 Aug 4;7(4):479-484. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Department of Medicine and HIV Metabolic Clinic, Milton Keynes University Hospital NHS, Foundation Trust, Eagelstone, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, UK.

Background: Despite the rapidly expanding data on clinical, epidemiological and radiological aspects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), little is known about the disease's pathological aspects. The scarcity of pathological data on COVID-19 can be explained by the limited autopsy procedures performed on deceased patients.

Aim: This work aims to review and summarize the pulmonary pathological findings observed in COIVD-19 deceased individuals based on recent case series reports published in English up to September 2020. Read More

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A roadmap to operationalize and evaluate impact in a learning health system.

Learn Health Syst 2021 Oct 24;5(4):e10258. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute Seattle Washington USA.

Background: Many health systems invest in initiatives to accelerate translation of knowledge into practice. However, organizations lack guidance on how to develop and operationalize such Learning Health System (LHS) programs and evaluate their impact. Kaiser Permanente Washington (KPWA) launched our LHS program in June 2017 and developed a logic model as a foundation to evaluate the program's impact. Read More

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October 2021

Integration of mobile sensors in a telemedicine hospital system: remote-monitoring in COVID-19 patients.

Z Gesundh Wiss 2021 Oct 15:1-5. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Clinic for Cardiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675 Munich, Germany.

Aim: The goal is to design and, in a next step, establish a scalable, multi-center telemonitoring platform based on existing systems for monitoring COVID-19 patients in home quarantine. In particular, the focus will be on raw data acquisition, integration of sensor data into the hospital system, structured data storage, and interoperability.

Subject And Methods: Data necessary for monitoring, otherwise provided in various portals, will be continuously queried and integrated into the hospital system via a new interface in this proof-of-concept work. Read More

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October 2021

High COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among Healthcare Workers: Should Such a Trend Require Closer Attention by Policymakers?

Cureus 2021 Sep 15;13(9):e17990. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Bridgetown, BRB.

Background The newly developed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are considered to be a powerful tool to contain the devastating pandemic. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at the highest risk of exposure to COVID-19 and, therefore, they are the priority group for vaccination. Objectives The study aimed to examine the perceptions, attitudes, and acceptability of the COVID-19 vaccination among HCWs in India. Read More

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September 2021

Adenoviral vector-based platforms for developing effective vaccines to combat respiratory viral infections.

Clin Transl Immunology 2021 12;10(10):e1345. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Comparative Pathobiology Purdue Institute for Inflammation, Immunology and Infectious Disease, and Purdue University Center for Cancer Research College of Veterinary Medicine Purdue University West Lafayette IN USA.

Since the development of the first vaccine against smallpox over two centuries ago, vaccination strategies have been at the forefront of significantly impacting the incidences of infectious diseases globally. However, the increase in the human population, deforestation and climate change, and the rise in worldwide travel have favored the emergence of new viruses with the potential to cause pandemics. The ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is a cruel reminder of the impact of novel pathogens and the suboptimal capabilities of conventional vaccines. Read More

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October 2021

Knowledge hiding in organizational crisis: The moderating role of leadership.

J Bus Res 2022 Feb 29;139:161-172. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Aston Business School, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused organizational crises leading to shutdowns, mergers, downsizing or restructuring to minimize survival costs. In such organizational crises, employees tend to experience a loss or lack of resources, and they are more likely to engage in knowledge hiding to maintain their resources and competitive advantage. Knowledge hiding has often caused significant adverse consequences, and the research on knowledge hiding is limited. Read More

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February 2022

Molecular Modeling of the HR2 and Transmembrane Domains of the SARS-CoV-2 S Protein in the Prefusion State.

Moscow Univ Biol Sci Bull 2021 15;76(3):130-136. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Biology Department, Moscow State University, 119234 Moscow, Russia.

SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19, remains the focus of research worldwide. SARS-CoV-2 entry into the cell starts with its S protein binding to the angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expressed on the cell surface. The knowledge of the S protein's spatial structure is indispensable for understanding the molecular principles of its work. Read More

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October 2021

An Orthopaedic Virtual Clinical Clerkship for Visiting Medical Students: Early Successes and Future Implications.

J Surg Educ 2021 Oct 16. Epub 2021 Oct 16.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Objective: The visiting orthopaedic clerkship is viewed by both students and program directors as an important part of the orthopaedic surgery residency application process, despite being criticized as costly and inefficient. Restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic prevented students from participating in in-person clerkships at institutions other than at their home programs, necessitating a virtual replacement for the in-person orthopaedics clerkship experience. It remains unclear how the virtual clerkships will affect the application process this year, and moving forward. Read More

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October 2021

The Tōhoku Theater Project in Postdisaster Japan: An Exemplar for Addressing Community Mental Health in the Context of Disaster.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 Oct 20:appips202000520. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Columbia-WHO Center for Global Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York City (Pike, Rebello, Magill);Engeki Design Guild, Tokyo (Hanasaki);Tōhoku Project, Tōhoku, Japan (Narita-Ohtaki, Suzuki);Massachusetts General Hospital Psychiatry Academy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (Kaufman);Clay Center for Young Healthy Minds, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (Kaufman);Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo University, Tokyo (Akiyama);Theater of War Productions, New York City (Doerries);Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, New York University School of Global Public Health, New York City (Yang);Department of Public Health, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Fukushima, Japan (Yasumura). Dr. Pike, Matías Irarrázaval, M.D., M.P.H., and Lola Kola, Ph.D., are editors of this column.

The Tōhoku Theater Project was completed 2 years after the natural and nuclear disasters in Tōhoku, Japan, on March 11, 2011. It employed the dramatic arts to support the healing process, promote resilience, and increase dialogue and understanding about mental health among individuals who were directly affected by the disasters. The four performances fostered important discussions regarding the psychological impact of the Tōhoku disasters. Read More

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October 2021

Unhealthy alcohol use is an independent risk factor for increased COVID-19 disease severity: observational cross-sectional study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Center for Circadian Rhythm and Alcohol-Induced Tissue Injury, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 W. Harrison St., Chicago, US.

Background: Unhealthy alcohol use (UAU) is known to disrupt pulmonary immune mechanisms and increase the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with pneumonia; however, little is known about the effects of UAU on outcomes in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. To our knowledge, this is the first observational cross-sectional study that aims to understand the effect of UAU on the severity of COVID-19 disease.

Objective: We aim to determine if UAU is associated with more severe clinical presentation and worse health outcomes related to COVID-19 and if socioeconomic status, smoking, age, body mass index (BMI), race/ethnicity, and pattern of alcohol use modify the risk. Read More

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October 2021

[The psychological characteristics of food behavior of the youth in conditions of self-isolation].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Sep;29(5):1071-1076

The Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "The Russian State Social University" of Minobrnauka of The Russia, 129226, Moscow, Russia.

The article presents the results of psychological study of characteristics of food behavior in young people in the conditions of forced self-isolation and COVID-19 coronavirus infection pandemic. The common research methods were applied to establish actual food disorders and intensification of their symptoms during isolation. The food behavior of each individual can be considered as network of interactions between various natural factors (physiological, psychological, economic, sociocultural ones). Read More

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September 2021

Online teaching in radiology as a pilot model for modernizing medical education: results of an international study in cooperation with the ESR.

Insights Imaging 2021 Oct 19;12(1):141. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Langenbeckst. 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Due to the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it proved necessary to rapidly change medical education from on-site to online teaching. Thus, medical educators were forced to rethink the purpose of teaching and the best form of transmission of knowledge. In cooperation with the European Society of Radiology (ESR), we investigated the attitudes of radiologists in Europe and North America toward innovative online teaching concepts. Read More

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October 2021

Development and Validation of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Method for the Quantification of Remdesivir in Intravenous Dosage Form.

Assay Drug Dev Technol 2021 Oct 18. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has posed a mounting threat to public health with worldwide outbreak caused by a novel virus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Recently, remdesivir (RDV) has been approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating COVID-19 patients ≥12 years old requiring hospitalization. To the best of our knowledge, a simple method to estimate RDV in the pharmaceutical formulations using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is still unexplored, highlighting the need for a precise analytical method for its quantification. Read More

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October 2021

[Risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection among health professionals in Spain].

An Sist Sanit Navar 2021 Oct 18;0(0). Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Servicio de Neumología. Hospital Universitari Son Espases. Palma de Mallorca. España.

Background: Occupational infection rates for SARS-CoV-2 among health professionals in Spain are high in comparison to other countries. The objective of the study was to describe and analyze the risk factors associated with this transmission.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with non-probabilistic snowball sampling of health professionals (medicine, nursing, physiotherapy, auxiliary care) of different levels of care (primary care, hospital, nursing homes, etc. Read More

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October 2021

COVID19 Disease Map, a computational knowledge repository of virus-host interaction mechanisms.

Mol Syst Biol 2021 Oct;17(10):e10387

Computational Systems Biology of Infections and Antimicrobial-Resistant Pathogens, Institute for Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics (IBMI), University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

We need to effectively combine the knowledge from surging literature with complex datasets to propose mechanistic models of SARS-CoV-2 infection, improving data interpretation and predicting key targets of intervention. Here, we describe a large-scale community effort to build an open access, interoperable and computable repository of COVID-19 molecular mechanisms. The COVID-19 Disease Map (C19DMap) is a graphical, interactive representation of disease-relevant molecular mechanisms linking many knowledge sources. Read More

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October 2021

Improving hospital-based point-of-care ultrasound cleaning practices using targeted interventions: a pre-post study.

Ultrasound J 2021 Oct 18;13(1):43. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine, 986430 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198-6430, USA.

Background: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) devices are becoming more widely used in healthcare and have the potential to act as fomites. The objective of this project was to study the thoroughness of cleaning of POCUS machines before and after a quality improvement initiative. We designed a mixed-methods, pre/post study which took place over the course of one year at a university-affiliated health center. Read More

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October 2021

Confidence in Government and Rumors Amongst Migrant Worker Men Involved in Dormitory Outbreaks of COVID-19: A Cross-sectional Survey.

J Migr Health 2021 Oct 14:100069. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Division of Social Sciences, Yale-NUS College, Singapore.

Background: : In the COVID-19 pandemic, confidence in the government and access to accurate information have been critical to the control of outbreaks. Although outbreaks have emerged amongst communities of international migrant workers worldwide, little is known about how they perceive the government's response or their exposure to rumors.

Methods: : Between 22 June to 11 October 2020, we surveyed 1011 low-waged migrant workers involved in dormitory outbreaks within Singapore. Read More

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October 2021