1,968 results match your criteria kits vitro


Circ-RBMS1 Knockdown Alleviates CSE-Induced Apoptosis, Inflammation and Oxidative Stress via Up-Regulating FBXO11 Through miR-197-3p in 16HBE Cells.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2021 16;16:2105-2118. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chinese People's Liberation Army Joint Service Support Unit 920 Hospital, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Emerging evidence has reported that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are aberrantly expressed and act as significant regulators in pathological processes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, the purpose of this article was to evaluate and clarify the biological functions and mechanism of circRNA single stranded interacting protein 1 (circ-RBMS1) in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced COPD.

Methods: Human bronchial epithelial cells 16HBE treated with or without cigarette smoke extract (CSE) were used in the experimental group in vitro. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Qing-Luo-Yin Alleviated Monocytes/Macrophages-Mediated Inflammation in Rats with Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis by Disrupting Their Interaction with (Pre)-Adipocytes Through PPAR-γ Signaling.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2021 16;15:3105-3118. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (Yijishan Hospital), Wuhu, 241000, People's Republic of China.

Background: The Chinese herbal formula Qing-Luo-Yin (QLY) has been successfully used in rheumatoid arthritis treatment for decades. It exhibits notable immune and metabolism regulatory properties. Thereby, we investigated its effects on the interplay between (pre)-adipocytes and monocytes/macrophages under adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) circumstances. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Delphinidin-3-sambubioside from Hibiscus sabdariffa. L attenuates hyperlipidemia in high fat diet-induced obese rats and oleic acid-induced steatosis in HepG2 cells.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):3837-3849

Department of Neurology, Yanan Hospital of Kunming, Kunming, China.

. L is folk medicine that is often used for its hypolipidemic and antihypertensive effects; however, the active compound responsible for its anti-obesity effect is presently unknown. Delphinidin-3-sambubioside (Dp3-Sam) is an anthocyanin, was extracted from L. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Evaluation of the in vitro stability of direct oral anticoagulants in blood samples under different storage conditions.

Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2021 Jul 18:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Clinical Pathology, Hospital of Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy.

In this study, we evaluated the stability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in blood samples of 57 patients under different storage conditions using functional coagulation assays. We determined the analyte concentrations (1) immediately after blood collection (baseline); (2) after storage of citrated whole blood (agitated) at room temperature and citrated plasma at room temperature and at 4 °C for 4, 8, and 24 h, respectively; and (3) after storage of citrated plasma at -20 °C for 30, 60, and 90 days. According to the concept of acceptable change limits (ACL), analytes were considered stable if the mean relative analyte recovery at a given time was >78%. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CircPRKCI alleviates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced HK-2 cell injury by regulating miR-106b-5p/GAB1 axis.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan, China. Department of Ultrasound, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan, China.

Abstract: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) act as vital regulators in diverse diseases. However, the investigation of circRNAs in sepsis-engendered acute kidney injury (AKI) remains dismal. We aimed to explore the effects of circPRKCI in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated HK2 cell injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Characterizing and Improving Reaction Times for Based Cell-Free Protein Synthesis.

ACS Synth Biol 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, California Polytechnic State University, 1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, California 93407, United States.

Cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS) is a platform biotechnology that has enabled the on-demand synthesis of proteins for a variety of applications. Numerous advances have improved the productivity of the CFPS platform to result in high-yielding reactions; however, many applications remain limited due to long reaction times. To overcome this limitation, we first established the benchmarks reaction times for CFPS across in-house extracts and commercial kits. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sesamol promotes browning of white adipocytes to ameliorate obesity by inducing mitochondrial biogenesis and inhibition mitophagy via β3-AR/PKA signaling pathway.

Food Nutr Res 2021 10;65. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Nutrition Science and Food Hygiene, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background: Obesity is defined as an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, and it is a serious risk factor of non-communicable diseases. Recently many studies have shown that promoting browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) to increase energy consumption has a great therapeutic potential for obesity. Sesamol, a lignan from sesame oil, had shown potential beneficial functions on obesity treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Panchvalkala, a traditional Ayurvedic formulation, exhibits antineoplastic and immunomodulatory activity in cervical cancer cells and C57BL/6 mouse papilloma model.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jul 11:114405. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Cancer Research Lab, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Katraj-Dhankawadi, Pune-Satara Road, Pune, 411043, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Panchvalkala, an Ayurvedic traditional formulation has references in Charak Samhita and Bhavaprakasha Nighantu for the treatment of women with endometriosis-related problems, leucorrhea and vaginal ailments. The formulation comprises of equal ratios of barks from Ficus glomerata, Ficus virens, Ficus religiosa, Ficus benghalensis, and Thespesia populnea.

Aim Of The Study: The present study aimed to evaluate the anticancer and immunomodulatory activity of aqueous extract of Panchvalkala (PVaq) against cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dok3 is involved in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury via regulation of inflammation and apoptosis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Jul 7;569:132-138. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

College of Pharmacy, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, Henan, 453003, China; Henan International Joint Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Drug Intervention, Xinxiang, 453003, China; Xinxiang Key Laboratory of Vascular Remodeling Intervention and Molecular Targeted Therapy Drug Development, Xinxiang, 453003, China. Electronic address:

Cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Downstream-of-kinase 3 (Dok3), a member of the Dok family of adaptor proteins plays a critical role in inflammatory response and immune regulation; however, the role of Dok3 in cisplatin-induced AKI remains unclear. This study explored the effect and potential molecular mechanisms of Dok3 in cisplatin-induced AKI using Dok3 knockout (Dok3) and control mice (129S) with or without administration of a single intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploration of the Effect and Mechanism of , and in the Treatment of AMD Based on Network Pharmacology and in vitro Experimental Verification.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2021 28;15:2831-2842. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

First College of Clinical Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210029, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to observe the mechanism of (FL), (RRP) and (PL) in treating age-related macular degeneration (AMD) based on network pharmacology and biological experiments.

Methods: Bioactive compounds, potential targets of FL, RRP and PL, and genes related to AMD, were acquired from public databases. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses of the core targets were conducted by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Influences Gasdermin-D-Dependent Pyroptosis of the Lung via Regulating Toll-Like Receptor 2-Mediated Regulatory T Cell Differentiation.

J Immunol Res 2021 14;2021:5538612. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Purpose: , as an opportunistic fungus, has developed a series of escape mechanisms under the host's immune response to obtain nutrients and promote fungal growth in the hostile environment. The immune escape of pathogens may be through suppressing the inflammatory response mediated by regulatory T cells (Tregs). The aim of this study was to explore whether influences Gasdermin-D-dependent pyroptosis of the lung by regulating Toll-like receptor 2-mediated regulatory T cell differentiation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Neurogenic Compound P7C3 Regulates the Aerobic Glycolysis by Targeting Phosphoglycerate Kinase 1 in Glioma.

Front Oncol 2021 18;11:644492. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

The Second School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: P7C3 is a neurogenic compound that exhibits neuroprotective properties in neural cells. However, its target proteins and effects in glioma are unknown.

Methods: The candidate P7C3 target proteins were analyzed using a human protein microarray containing 23136 human proteins. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CircRNA circ-ITCH improves renal inflammation and fibrosis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice by regulating the miR-33a-5p/SIRT6 axis.

Inflamm Res 2021 Jul 3;70(7):835-846. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Nephrology, Jiangsu Province Geriatric Hospital, Geriatric Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Official Hospital, 65 Jiangsu road, Nanjing, 210024, Jiangsu province, China.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) seriously affects the people's life and health in China. This study aimed to investigate the effect of circRNA circ-ITCH on improving DN by regulating the miR-33a-5p/SIRT6 axis and the possible mechanism of action. High glucose (HG)-induced rat mesangial cells (RMCs) were used to simulate the DN in vitro. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Protective effects of the knockdown of lncRNA AK139328 against oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-induced injury in PC12 cells.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 2;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225002, P.R. China.

Cerebral ischemic stroke is a major cause of adult morbidity and mortality worldwide. Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to participate in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). However, to the best of our knowledge, the role of lncRNA AK139328 in cerebral ischemic stroke remains poorly understood. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Promoting Nrf2/Sirt3-Dependent Mitophagy Suppresses Apoptosis in Nucleus Pulposus Cells and Protects against Intervertebral Disc Degeneration.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 9;2021:6694964. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

One of the causes of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is nucleus pulposus cell (NPC) death, possibly apoptosis. In this study, we explored the role of the Nrf2/Sirt3 pathway and tert-butylhydroquinone (t-BHQ) in IVDD and elucidated the potential working mechanism. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay kits and malondialdehyde (MDA) assay kits were used to assess oxidative stress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Characterization of Selected Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria and Their Non-Host Growth Promotion Effects.

Microbiol Spectr 2021 Jun 30:e0027921. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Plant Science, McGill University, Macdonald Campus, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada.

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a functionally diverse group of microbes having immense potential as biostimulants and biopesticides. We isolated four PGPR (designated n, L, K, and Y) that confer growth-promoting effects on Arabidopsis thaliana. The present study describes the detailed polyphasic characterization of these PGPR. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Resveratrol Ameliorates Cardiac Remodeling in a Murine Model of Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Front Pharmacol 2021 10;12:646240. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiology, The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Accumulating evidence suggested that resveratrol (RES) could protect against adverse cardiac remodeling induced by several cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of RES in the setting of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and the underlying mechanisms of its action remain understood. This study was to determine whether RES could ameliorate HFpEF-induced cardiac remodeling and its mechanisms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

MicroRNA-9-3p Aggravates Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Targeting Fibroblast Growth Factor 19 (FGF19) to Inactivate GSK-3β/Nrf2/ARE Signaling.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 18;17:1989-2002. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Emergency, Jinan Central Hospital, Jinan City, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as essential regulators in the development of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study aimed to explore the regulation of miR-9-3p on FGF19-GSK-3β/Nrf2/ARE signaling in cerebral I/R injury.

Materials And Methods: A mouse model with I/R injury was constructed by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and an HT22 cell model was established by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The 2-(2-benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline provides neuroprotection against focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in diabetic rats: Influence of microglia and possible mechanisms of action.

Brain Res Bull 2021 Jun 24;174:230-239. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150001, China. Electronic address:

Increased microglial NADPH oxidase (NOX) production may make an important contribution to the increased incidence and severity of ischemic stroke associated with diabetes. Imidazoline receptors are closely associated with neuroprotection, but the neuroprotective effects of the selective I-imidazoline receptor ligand 2-(2-benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline (2BFI) in diabetes has not been established. The effect of 2BFI on microglial NOX production was investigated using a co-culture of neurons and microglia, and the effect on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury was determined in diabetic rats. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Isolation of exosomes from serum of patients with lung cancer: a comparison of the ultra-high speed centrifugation and precipitation methods.

Ann Transl Med 2021 May;9(10):882

Department of Instrument Science & Engineering, School of Electronic Information & Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Engineering Research Center for Intelligent Diagnosis & Treatment Instrument, Institute of Nano Biomedicine & Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) is a group of heterogeneous cell-derived membrane structures, which is composed of a large number of exosomes released by cells, microbubbles (MVs) and apoptotic bodies. The formation of exocrine body is a process of fine regulation, which includes four stages: initiation, endocytosis, polycystic body formation and exocrine body secretion. Ultracentrifugation is currently the gold standard for external body separation; it includes a series of centrifugation steps at a rotation speed of 100,000 rpm or more to purify exocrine bodies from protein contaminants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessment of the Diagnostic Ability of Four Detection Methods Using Three Sample Types of COVID-19 Patients.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 7;11:685640. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Viral nucleic acid detection is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, unsuitable sample types and laboratory detection kits/methods lead to misdiagnosis, which delays the prevention and control of the pandemic.

Methods: We compared four nucleic acid detection methods [two kinds of reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR A: ORF1ab and N testing; RT-PCRB: only ORF1ab testing), reverse transcription recombinase aided amplification (RT-RAA) and droplet digital RT-PCR (dd-RT-PCR)] using 404 samples of 72 hospitalized COVID-19 patients, including oropharyngeal swab (OPS), nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) and saliva after deep cough, to evaluate the best sample type and method for SARS-CoV-2 detection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Salvianolic acid A attenuates steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome through suPAR/uPAR-αvβ3 signaling Inhibition.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 19;279:114351. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

School of Pharmacy, Key Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Evaluation (Yantai University), Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Drug Delivery System and Biotech Drugs in Universities of Shandong, Yantai University, Yantai, 264005, PR China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Salvianolic acid A (SAA) is extracted from traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza and is the main water-soluble and the biologically active ingredient. SAA possesses a variety of pharmacological activities and has an excellent protective effect on kidney disease, especially steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS), and has advantages in improving the efficacy of glucocorticoids, but its mechanism needs to be further explored.

Purpose: The study was designed to explore the effect of suPAR and uPAR in SRNS patients and evaluate the potential effect of SAA in improving podocyte steroid resistance and explore its mechanism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The protective effect of small peptides from Periplaneta americana on hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis of granular cells.

In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 2021 Jun 21;57(6):610-619. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

School of Public Health, Dali University, Dali, Yunnan Province, 671000, People's Republic of China.

This study investigates the protective effect of small peptides from Periplaneta americana (SPPA) on hydrogen peroxide (HO)-induced apoptosis of ovarian granular cells. HO was applied to human ovarian granular cells (KGN cell strains). Cell viability was tested by cell counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Celecoxib ameliorates diabetic neuropathy by decreasing apoptosis and oxidative stress in dorsal root ganglion neurons via the miR-155/COX-2 axis.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Aug 2;22(2):825. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan 650101, P.R. China.

Celecoxib (CXB) is the only clinical cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. Oral administration of CXB in experimental diabetic mice effectively relieved the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy (DN); however, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the potential molecular mechanisms of CXB in the treatment of DN. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of antidiabetic activity of dietary phenolic compound chlorogenic acid in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats: Molecular docking, molecular dynamics, in silico toxicity, in vitro and in vivo studies.

Comput Biol Med 2021 07 2;134:104462. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, 211002, India. Electronic address:

Background: Chlorogenic acid is amongst the well-known polyphenolic compounds being used in human food and beverages. Its presence has been reported in tea leaves, roasted green beans, coffee, cocoa, berry fruits, apples, citrus fruits, and pears.

Objective: The present study aims to elucidate the effectiveness of chlorogenic acid on in silico and in vitro inhibition of glucose metabolising enzymes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) and on blood-based markers associated with diabetic complications in vivo. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Circ_0006768 upregulation attenuates oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cell injuries by upregulating VEZF1 via miR-222-3p inhibition.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Internal Medicine-Neurology, Hengshui People's Hospital, No. 180, Renmin East Road, Hengshui, 053000, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been widely implicated in multiple diseases, including ischemic stroke. This study aimed to explore the function and functional mechanism of circ_0006768 in oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced brain injury models of ischemic stroke. Human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) were induced by OGD/R to mimic ischemic stroke models in vitro. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Galangin attenuates oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in high glucose-induced renal tubular epithelial cells through modulating renin-angiotensin system and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.

Toxicol Res (Camb) 2021 May 17;10(3):551-560. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan Province, P.R. China.

This study was to evaluate the regulatory network among Galangin (Gal), oxidative stress, and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in diabetic nephropathy (DN) . A cell model of DN was set up by exposing HK-2 cells to high glucose (HG, 30 mM) for 48 h and Gal was applied at 10 μM when needed. mRNA expression was analyzed by qPCR and protein level was detected by western blot. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Participation of Mind Bomb-2 in Sevoflurane Anesthesia Induces Cognitive Impairment in Aged Mice via Modulating Ferroptosis.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 Jul 13;12(13):2399-2408. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province 330006, China.

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a complication of the central nervous system (CNS) often occurred after surgery or anesthesia in the elder patients. Mind bomb-2 (MIB2) has been reported to modulate neuronal functions. Here, we aimed to study whether MIB2 exerts roles in the effects of sevoflurane anesthesia on mice hippocampal neurons and function, and how. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Paired dCas9 design as a nucleic acid detection platform for pathogenic strains.

Methods 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Center for Quantitative Biology and Peking-Tsinghua Joint Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address:

The wide application of molecular beacon probes in specific DNA detection, especially in the fast prototyping of pathogen DNA detection kits in point-of-care diagnostics, has been hindered by the nonflexible choice of target sequences and the unstable fluorophore output. We developed an in vitro DNA detection system consisting of a pair of dCas9 proteins linked to split halves of luciferase, named the Paired dCas9 (PC) reporter. Co-localization of the reporter pair to a ~46 bp target sequence defined by two single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) activated luciferase which subsequently generated highly intensified luminescent signals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of five Legionella urinary antigen detection kits including new Ribotest Legionella for simultaneous detection of ribosomal protein L7/L12.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Care, Tenri Health Care University, Tenri, Japan.

Urinary antigen tests are a widely used rapid diagnostic method for Legionella pneumonia. However, conventional urinary antigen tests are unable to detect anything other than Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1. The Ribotest Legionella (Ribotest) can detect all serogroups by using antibodies recognizing L. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF