106,249 results match your criteria kidney injury


Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):125-132

Tbilisi State Medical University, Departments of Pharmaceutical Technology and Medical Pharmacology, Georgia.

In the present article is considered antihypertensive and cardioprotective action of epoxieicosatrienoic acids (EETs) analogues and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors. Being epoxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism EETs provide a wide spectrum of biological activity in different organs implicated in the regulation of arterial pressure, including vascular endothelium (VE), heart and kidney. EETs are acting as autocrine or paracrine agents producing vasodilation, reduction in salt and fluid retention. Read More

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Alpelisib in combination with everolimus ± exemestane in solid tumours: Phase Ib randomised, open-label, multicentre study.

Eur J Cancer 2021 May 5;151:49-62. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Background And Purpose: Combined mTORC1 inhibition with everolimus (EVE) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit p110α blockade with alpelisib (ALP) has demonstrated synergistic efficacy in preclinical models and supports testing the combination of ALP and EVE in the clinical setting. The primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended dose for expansion (RDE) of ALP in combination with EVE and in combination with EVE and exemestane (EXE) and subsequently assess safety, preliminary efficacy and effect of ALP on the pharmacokinetics of EVE and determine the magnitude of the drug-drug interaction.

Patients And Methods: Dose escalation phases were conducted in patients with advanced solid tumours and in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC). Read More

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Identification of distinct clinical subphenotypes in critically ill patients with COVID-19.

Chest 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Subphenotypes have been identified in patients with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and are associated with different outcomes and response to therapies.

Research Question: Can unique subphenotypes be identified among critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Study Design: & Methods: Using data from a multicenter cohort study that enrolled critically ill patients with COVID-19 from 67 hospitals across the United States, we randomly divided centers into Discovery and Replication cohorts. We utilized latent class analysis independently in each cohort to identify subphenotypes based on clinical and laboratory variables. Read More

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ACE-2 down-regulation may act as a transient molecular disease causing RAAS dysregulation and tissue damage in the microcirculatory environment among COVID-19 patients.

Am J Pathol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Fluminense Federal University, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), the etiological agent of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) and the cause of the current pandemic, produces multiform manifestations throughout the body, causing indiscriminate damage to multiple organ systems, particularly the lungs, heart, brain, kidney, and vasculature. The aim of this review is to provide a new look at the data already available for COVID-19, exploring it as a transient molecular disease that causes negative regulation of ACE-2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) and, consequently, deregulates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), promoting important changes in the microcirculatory environment. In addition, the authors seek to demonstrate how these microcirculatory changes may be responsible for the wide variety of injury mechanisms observed in different organs in this disease. Read More

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Depression in patients on haemodialysis.

Karen Nagalingam

J Ren Care 2021 Jun;47(2):72

Acute Kidney Injury Nurse Specialist, Lister Hospital, The University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.

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Post-Liver Transplant Acute Kidney Injury.

Liver Transpl 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Gastroenterology (Liver Unit), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common condition following liver transplantation (LT). It negatively impacts patient outcomes by increasing the chances of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) and reducing graft and patient survival. Multiple definitions of AKI have been proposed and utilized throughout the years with the International Club of Ascites (ICA) definition being the most widely used now for cirrhosis patients. Read More

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Impact of bioprosthetic valve type on peri-procedural myocardial injury and mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Heart Vessels 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

DICATOV-Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, San Martino Hospital, IRCCS for Oncology and Neurosciences, Genoa, Italy.

Peri-procedural myocardial injury (PPMI) is a common complication after transcatheter valve replacement (TAVR), often remaining clinically silent. The role of valve type on PPMI and the association between PPMI and mortality are still unclear. We sought to evaluate predictors and outcome of PPMI after TAVR, and the impact of self-expandable valve (SEV) vs. Read More

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Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ ameliorates ischaemia-reperfusion injury in kidney transplantation models.

Br J Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Surgery, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury makes a major contribution to graft damage during kidney transplantation. Oxidative damage to mitochondria is an early event in IR injury. Therefore, the uptake, safety, and efficacy of the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ were investigated in models of transplant IR injury. Read More

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Endothelial glycocalyx degradation and disease severity in Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium knowlesi malaria.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9741. Epub 2021 May 7.

Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia.

Degradation of the endothelial glycocalyx is associated with mortality in adult falciparum malaria. However, its role in the pathogenesis of non-falciparum malaria is unknown. In Malaysian patients with knowlesi (n = 200) and vivax (n = 61) malaria, and in healthy controls (n = 50), we measured glycocalyx breakdown products plasma syndecan-1 and urinary glycosaminoglycans, and evaluated correlations with biomarkers of disease severity. Read More

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Rhabdomyolysis Following Recovery from Severe COVID-19: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 8;22:e931616. Epub 2021 May 8.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

BACKGROUND Rhabdomyolysis occurs when muscle injury leads to the release of muscle cell constituents into circulation, often leading to significant systemic complications. There are many causes of rhabdomyolysis, and the etiology is often multifactorial or unclear. Current data suggest that acute COVID-19 may cause muscle injury that can lead to rhabdomyolysis, particularly in cases of severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization; however, data on the long-term effects of COVID-19 on the musculoskeletal system are lacking. Read More

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Heme oxygenase-1 induction mitigates burn-associated early acute kidney injury via the TLR4 signaling pathway.

Burns 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Burns, The Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Early acute kidney injury (AKI) after burn contributes to disastrous prognoses for severely burned patients. Burn-induced renal oxidative stress and secondary proinflammatory mediator release contribute to early AKI development, and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 regulates inflammation. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-responsive enzyme that plays a vital role in protecting against ischemia-induced organ injury via its antioxidant properties and regulation of inflammation. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Machine Perfusion for Brain Death Marginal Donor Kidney Transplantation: A Report of 2 Cases.

Transplant Proc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Nephrology Center, Toranomon Hospital Kajigaya, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: After the revised organ transplant law came into effect in Japan, donations of organs under brain death have been increasing; however, because of the expansion of donor indications, donations from expanded criteria donors and cardiac arrest donors (donation after cardiac death) have also increased. In kidney transplantation, ischemia-reperfusion injury results in a high rate of delayed graft function, which adversely affects patients' long-term prognoses. Hypothermic machine perfusion preservation results in superior postoperative function and survival rates compared with cold storage preservation. Read More

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Early Transplant Arteriopathy in Kidney Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address:

Background: Early dysfunction of renal allografts may be associated with vascular injury, which raises the specter of active rejection processes that require medical intervention. In our practice, we have encountered patients who present with delayed graft function and demonstrate a unique pattern of endothelial cell injury that raises concern for rejection in their biopsy. Therefore, we sought to systematically determine the biopsy characteristics and outcome of these patients. Read More

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Cytomegalovirus in urinary sediment in patients with acute kidney injury.

BMC Nephrol 2021 May 8;22(1):169. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Internal Medicine III, Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Immunosuppression in solid organ transplantation is associated with frequent infections. Renal allograft recipients are susceptible to opportunistic infections and can acquire human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections even within the allograft. There, HCMV can be found in both the glomerulus and tubular cells, but is mostly restricted to specific and circumscribed sites. Read More

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Nasal-associated lymphoid tissue is the major induction site for nephritogenic IgA in murine IgA nephropathy.

Kidney Int 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nephrology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Dysregulation of mucosal immunity may play a role in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). However, it is unclear whether the nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) or gut-associated lymphatic tissue is the major induction site of nephritogenic IgA synthesis. To examine whether exogenous mucosal antigens exacerbate the pathogenesis of IgAN, we assessed the disease phenotypes of IgAN-onset ddY mice housed germ-free. Read More

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Central and Peripheral Arterial Diseases in Chronic Kidney Disease: Conclusions from a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference.

Kidney Int 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Cardiology I: Coronary and Peripheral Vascular Disease, Heart Failure, Münster University Hospital, Münster, Germany. Electronic address:

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects about 10% of all populations worldwide, with about 2 million people requiring dialysis. Although patients with CKD are at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and events, they are often underrepresented or excluded in clinical trials, leading to important knowledge gaps about how to treat these patients. KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) convened the fourth Clinical Controversies Conference on the Heart, Kidney and Vasculature in Dublin, Ireland, in February 2020, entitled "Central and Peripheral Arterial Diseases in Chronic Kidney Disease. Read More

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Nephrotoxic antisense oligonucleotide SPC5001 induces kidney injury biomarkers in a proximal tubule-on-a-chip.

Arch Toxicol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

CVRM Safety, Clinical Pharmacology and Safety Sciences, R&D, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Pepparedsleden 1, 43150, Mölndal, Sweden.

Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) are a promising therapeutic modality. However, failure to predict acute kidney injury induced by SPC5001 ASO observed in a clinical trial suggests the need for additional preclinical models to complement the preceding animal toxicity studies. To explore the utility of in vitro systems in this space, we evaluated the induction of nephrotoxicity and kidney injury biomarkers by SPC5001 in human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (HRPTEC), cultured in 2D, and in a recently developed kidney proximal tubule-on-a-chip. Read More

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Restrictive fluid management versus usual care in acute kidney injury (REVERSE-AKI): a pilot randomized controlled feasibility trial.

Intensive Care Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Purpose: We compared a restrictive fluid management strategy to usual care among critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) who had received initial fluid resuscitation.

Methods: This multicenter feasibility trial randomized 100 AKI patients 1:1 in seven ICUs in Europe and Australia. Restrictive fluid management included targeting negative or neutral daily fluid balance by minimizing fluid input and/or enhancing urine output with diuretics administered at the discretion of the clinician. Read More

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AQP2 as a target of lycopene protects against atrazine-induced renal ionic homeostasis disturbance.

Food Funct 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, P. R. China. and Key Laboratory of the Provincial Education Department of Heilongjiang for Common Animal Disease Prevention and Treatment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, P. R. China and Heilongjiang Key Laboratory for Laboratory Animals and Comparative Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, P. R. China.

Atrazine (ATR), a ubiquitous environmental contaminant in water and soil, causes environmental nephrosis. To reveal the toxic effect of ATR on the kidney and the potential chemical nephroprotective effect of lycopene (LYC), Kun-Ming mice of specific pathogen-free (SPF) grade were treated with LYC (5 mg kg-1) and/or ATR (50 mg kg-1 or 200 mg kg-1) for 21 days. The degree of renal injury was evaluated by measuring the ion concentration, ATPase activities and the mRNA expressions/levels of associated ATPase subunits. Read More

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Clinical effects and factors associated with adverse clinical outcomes of hymenopteran stings treated in a Thai Poison Centre: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2021 May 7:1-7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To describe clinical effects and outcomes of hymenopteran stings and to explore the non-laboratory factors associated with adverse clinical outcomes, a composite outcome including death, respiratory failure requiring intubation, acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis and hypotension requiring vasopressor use.

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed at the Ramathibodi Poison Center, a poison centre of a tertiary care hospital in Thailand. All cases of hymenopteran sting consultations from January 2015 to June 2019 were consecutively enrolled, and charts were reviewed. Read More

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Incomplete Recovery from COVID-19 associated Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in Kidney Transplant Recipients: Prior Graft Injury Matters The Most.

Umberto Maggiore

Transpl Int 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Parma, UO Nefrologia, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria Parma, Parma, Italy.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently in the course of COVID-19 in the general population, its incidence ranging from 7% in hospitalized patients to above 20% in patients admitted to ICU. The definitive pathogenesis is still unclear. However, because in most cases the pattern of injury is acute tubular necrosis and endothelial injury, it is likely that most cases of AKI are the result of hemodynamic instability, cytokine-related injury, and dysfunction of the coagulation cascade. Read More

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Surgical treatment and outcome of sterile prostatic cysts in dogs.

Vet Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Objective: To describe the surgical treatment and outcome of a large cohort of dogs with sterile prostatic cysts (PCs).

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Animals: Forty-four client-owned dogs. Read More

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Principles responsible for trace element concentrations in chronic kidney disease.

Clin Nephrol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Derangements of trace elements often occur in patients with renal failure and play a crucial role in chronic kidney disease. The natural history of trace element deposition with worsening chronic kidney disease has been poorly described. Some essential trace elements may get wasted (e. Read More

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[Acute kidney injury in the pathogenesis of coronavirus infection].

Urologiia 2021 May(2):116-119

FSBEI HE Bashkir State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Ufa, Russia.

COVID-19 is an acute respiratory viral disease that primarily affects the lungs, but can also affect other organs, including the kidneys. Damage to the kidneys can be caused by direct effects arising from the invasion of the virus into kidney cells, or it occurs secondarily due to immunological, hemocoagulation and ischemic disorders. Given the importance of preserving kidney function during illness and after recovery, this review aims to investigate the impact of novel coronavirus infection on the kidney and its role in the development of acute kidney injury. Read More

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Fluid balance -adjusted creatinine in diagnosing Acute Kidney Injury in the critically ill.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Intensive Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is often diagnosed based on plasma creatinine (Cr) only. Adjustment of Cr for cumulative fluid balance due to potential dilution of Cr and subsequently missed Cr-based diagnosis of AKI has been suggested, albeit the physiological rationale for these adjustments is questionable. Furthermore, whether these adjustments lead to a different incidence of AKI when used in conjunction with urine output criteria is unknown. Read More

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Urinary Markers of Podocyte Dysfunction in Chronic Glomerulonephritis.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1306:81-99

Tareev Clinic, Department of Nephrology, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) is a disease with a steady progressive course that involves the development of nephrosclerosis, which is especially evident in clinical courses with incidences of high proteinuria (PU). Currently, proteinuria is considered the main laboratory feature (sign) of CGN activity and progression because proteinuria is closely related to the process of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, which is correlated with the grade of renal insufficiency. The injury to podocytes, which are key components of the filtration barrier, plays a central role in proteinuria development. Read More

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January 2021

Kidney Diseases: The Age of Molecular Markers.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1306:13-27

Division of Clinical Analysis, Centro Universitário Saúde ABC, Santo André, Brazil.

Kidney diseases are conditions that increase the morbidity and mortality of those afflicted. Diagnosis of these conditions is based on parameters such as the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), measurement of serum and urinary creatinine levels and equations derived from these measurements (Wasung, Chawla, Madero. Clin Chim Acta 438:350-357, 2015). Read More

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January 2021

Effects of IV Fluids in Dogs and Cats With Kidney Failure.

Front Vet Sci 2021 20;8:659960. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbus, OH, United States.

Intravenous fluid therapy has long been the mainstay of treatment of kidney disease, including acute kidney injury and uremic crisis associated with chronic kidney disease. Careful management of fluid dose is critical, as animals with kidney disease may have marked derangements in their ability to regulate fluid homeostasis and acid-base status. Understanding of the physiology of renal fluid handling is necessary, along with repeated attention to parameters of fluid status, electrolytes, and acid-base balance, to achieve optimal hydration status and avoid further damage or decrease in function from dehydration or overhydration. Read More

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Commentary: Heparin Attenuates Histone-Mediated Cytotoxicity in Septic Acute Kidney Injury.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:647741. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Nephrology of West China Hospital, Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

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Fluid Balance in the Critically Ill Child Section: "How Bad Is Fluid in Neonates?"

Front Pediatr 2021 20;9:651458. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics (Nephrology), University of Iowa Health Care, Iowa City, IA, United States.

Fluid overload (FO) in neonates is understudied, and its management requires nuanced care and an understanding of the complexity of neonatal fluid dynamics. Recent studies suggest neonates are susceptible to developing FO, and neonatal fluid balance is impacted by multiple factors including functional renal immaturity in the newborn period, physiologic postnatal diuresis and weight loss, and pathologies that require fluid administration. FO also has a deleterious impact on other organ systems, particularly the lung, and appears to impact survival. Read More

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