88 results match your criteria kbs metabolism

Comparative analysis of ketone body metabolism in BALB/c mice infected with Trypanosoma evansi and Toxoplasma gondii.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Dec 20;143:134-141. Epub 2021 Dec 20.

Key Laboratory of Livestock Infectious Diseases, Ministry of Education, China; College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China. Electronic address:

KBs (ketone bodies), i.e., acetoacetate, acetone, and (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoate, constitute the intermediate products of the incomplete oxidative degradation of fatty acids. Read More

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December 2021

Endothelial Heme Dynamics Drive Cancer Cell Metabolism by Shaping the Tumor Microenvironment.

Biomedicines 2021 Oct 28;9(11). Epub 2021 Oct 28.

Molecular Biotechnology Center (MBC), Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Health Sciences, University of Torino, 10126 Torino, Italy.

The crosstalk among cancer cells (CCs) and stromal cells within the tumor microenvironment (TME) has a prominent role in cancer progression. The significance of endothelial cells (ECs) in this scenario relies on multiple vascular functions. By forming new blood vessels, ECs support tumor growth. Read More

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October 2021

Association of Circulating Ketone Bodies With Functional Outcomes After ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 10;78(14):1421-1432

Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Circulating ketone bodies (KBs) are increased in patients with heart failure (HF), corresponding with increased cardiac KB metabolism and HF severity. However, the role of circulating KBs in ischemia/reperfusion remains unknown.

Objectives: This study sought to investigate longitudinal changes of KBs and their associations with functional outcomes in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Read More

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October 2021

The Value of Ketone Bodies in the Evaluation of Kidney Function in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

J Diabetes Res 2021 10;2021:5596125. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 20 Cha Zhong Road, Fuzhou, Fujian 350005, China.

Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the slightly elevated circulating levels of ketone bodies (KBs) played a significant role in the treatment of various diseases. This study is aimed at investigating the association between different levels of KBs and kidney function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: A retrospective study of 955 patients with T2DM (426 women and 529 men) admitted to our hospital from December 2017 to September 2019 was conducted. Read More

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December 2021

20E-mediated regulation of BmKr-h1 by BmKRP promotes oocyte maturation.

BMC Biol 2021 02 25;19(1):39. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental Biology and Applied Technology, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Insect Development Regulation and Application Research, Institute of Insect Science and Technology & School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China.

Background: Krüppel homolog 1 (Kr-h1) is a critical transcription factor for juvenile hormone (JH) signaling, known to play a key role in regulating metamorphosis and adult reproduction in insects. Kr-h1 can also be induced by molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), however, the underlying mechanism of 20E-induced Kr-h1 expression remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of Kr-h1 induction by 20E in the reproductive system of a model lepidopteran insect, Bombyx mori. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of the ketogenic diet in excitable tissues.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2021 04 27;320(4):C547-C553. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy.

In the past decade, ketogenic diet (KD) has gained some popularity as a potential treatment for a wide range of diseases, including neurological and metabolic disorders, thanks to a beneficial role mainly related to its anti-inflammatory properties. The high-fat and carbohydrate-restricted regimen causes changes in the metabolism, leading, through the β-oxidation of fatty acids, to the hepatic production of ketone bodies (KBs), which are used by many extrahepatic tissues as energy fuels. Once synthetized, KBs are delivered through the systemic circulation to all the tissues of the organism, where they play pleiotropic roles acting directly and indirectly on various targets, and among them ion channels and neurotransmitters. Read More

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In vitro ketone-supported mitochondrial respiration is minimal when other substrates are readily available in cardiac and skeletal muscle.

J Physiol 2020 11 19;598(21):4869-4885. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Department of Human Health and Nutritional Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Key Points: Ketone bodies are proposed to represent an alternative fuel source driving energy production, particularly during exercise. Biologically, the extent to which mitochondria utilize ketone bodies compared to other substrates remains unknown. We demonstrate in vitro that maximal mitochondrial respiration supported by ketone bodies is low when compared to carbohydrate-derived substrates in the left ventricle and red gastrocnemius muscle from rodents, and in human skeletal muscle. Read More

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November 2020

SGLT2 Inhibition Mediates Protection from Diabetic Kidney Disease by Promoting Ketone Body-Induced mTORC1 Inhibition.

Cell Metab 2020 09 28;32(3):404-419.e6. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga 520-2192, Japan. Electronic address:

SGLT2 inhibitors offer strong renoprotection in subjects with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). But the mechanism for such protection is not clear. Here, we report that in damaged proximal tubules of high-fat diet-fed ApoE-knockout mice, a model of non-proteinuric DKD, ATP production shifted from lipolysis to ketolysis dependent due to hyperactivation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). Read More

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September 2020

Nutritional Ketosis with Ketogenic Diets or Exogenous Ketones: Features, Convergence, and Divergence.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2020 Jul;19(7):251-259

Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Physiology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

Athletes, clinicians, and practitioners are increasingly interested in the proposed performance and therapeutic benefits of nutritional ketosis (NK). NK is best operationally defined as a nutritionally induced metabolic state resulting in blood β-hydroxybutyrate concentrations of ≥0.5 mM. Read More

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Brain Fuel Utilization in the Developing Brain.

Pascal Steiner

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75 Suppl 1:8-18. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Société des Produits Nestlé SA, Nestlé Research, Brain Health Department, Lausanne, Switzerland,

During pregnancy and infancy, the human brain is growing extremely fast; the brain volume increases significantly, reaching 36, 72, and 83% of the volume of adults at 2-4 weeks, 1 year, and 2 years of age, respectively, which is essential to establish the neuronal networks and capacity for the development of cognitive, motor, social, and emotional skills that will be continually refined throughout childhood and adulthood. Such dramatic changes in brain structure and function are associated with very large energetic demands exceeding by far those of other organs of the body. It has been estimated that during childhood the brain may account for up to 60% of the body basal energetic requirements. Read More

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A Conformational Switch in the Zinc Finger Protein Kaiso Mediates Differential Readout of Specific and Methylated DNA Sequences.

Biochemistry 2020 05 12;59(20):1909-1926. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, United States.

Recognition of the epigenetic mark 5-methylcytosine (mC) at CpG sites in DNA has emerged as a novel function of many eukaryotic transcription factors (TFs). It remains unclear why the sequence specificity of these TFs differs for CpG-methylated motifs and consensus motifs. Here, we dissect the structural and dynamic basis for this differential DNA binding specificity in the human zinc finger TF Kaiso, which exhibits high affinity for two consecutive mCpG sites in variable contexts and also for a longer, sequence-specific Kaiso binding site (KBS). Read More

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Seizure-induced impairment in neuronal ketogenesis: Role of zinc-α2-glycoprotein in mitochondria.

J Cell Mol Med 2020 06 27;24(12):6833-6845. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Ketone bodies (KBs) were known to suppress seizure. Untraditionally, neurons were recently reported to utilize fatty acids and produce KBs, but the effect of seizure on neuronal ketogenesis has not been researched. Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) was reported to suppress seizure via unclear mechanism. Read More

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KNAT7 regulates xylan biosynthesis in Arabidopsis seed-coat mucilage.

J Exp Bot 2020 07;71(14):4125-4139

Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, PR China.

As a major hemicellulose component of plant cell walls, xylans play a determining role in maintaining the wall structure. However, the mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of xylan biosynthesis remain largely unknown. Arabidopsis seed mucilage represents an ideal system for studying polysaccharide biosynthesis and modifications of plant cell walls. Read More

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Modulation of Cellular Biochemistry, Epigenetics and Metabolomics by Ketone Bodies. Implications of the Ketogenic Diet in the Physiology of the Organism and Pathological States.

Nutrients 2020 Mar 17;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Molecular Biophysics, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Pomorska 141/143, 90-236 Lodz, Poland.

Ketone bodies (KBs), comprising β-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate and acetone, are a set of fuel molecules serving as an alternative energy source to glucose. KBs are mainly produced by the liver from fatty acids during periods of fasting, and prolonged or intense physical activity. In diabetes, mainly type-1, ketoacidosis is the pathological response to glucose malabsorption. Read More

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Titrating a modified ketogenic diet for patients with McArdle disease: A pilot study.

J Inherit Metab Dis 2020 07 24;43(4):778-786. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Copenhagen Neuromuscular Center, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Glycogen storage disease type V (GSDV) is a rare inborn error of carbohydrate metabolism. Patients present with exercise intolerance due to blocked glycogen breakdown in skeletal muscle. Introducing alternative fuel substrates, such as ketone bodies (KBs), could potentially alleviate muscle symptoms. Read More

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Ketone Bodies Promote Amyloid-β Clearance in a Human in Vitro Blood-Brain Barrier Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jan 31;21(3). Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Laboratoire de la Barrière Hémato-Encéphalique (LBHE), UR 2465, Université d'Artois, F-62300 Lens, France.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the abnormal accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides in the brain. The pathological process has not yet been clarified, although dysfunctional transport of Aβ across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) appears to be integral to disease development. At present, no effective therapeutic treatment against AD exists, and the adoption of a ketogenic diet (KD) or ketone body (KB) supplements have been investigated as potential new therapeutic approaches. Read More

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January 2020

Exogenous Ketone Supplementation and Keto-Adaptation for Endurance Performance: Disentangling the Effects of Two Distinct Metabolic States.

Sports Med 2020 04;50(4):641-656

Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Ketone bodies (KB) provide an alternative energy source and uniquely modulate substrate metabolism during endurance exercise. Nutritional ketosis (blood KBs > 0.5 mM) can be achieved within minutes via exogenous ketone supplementation or days-to-weeks via conforming to a very low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet (KD). Read More

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Representing glycophenotypes: semantic unification of glycobiology resources for disease discovery.

Database (Oxford) 2019 01;2019

Oregon Clinical & Translational Research Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA.

While abnormalities related to carbohydrates (glycans) are frequent for patients with rare and undiagnosed diseases as well as in many common diseases, these glycan-related phenotypes (glycophenotypes) are not well represented in knowledge bases (KBs). If glycan-related diseases were more robustly represented and curated with glycophenotypes, these could be used for molecular phenotyping to help to realize the goals of precision medicine. Diagnosis of rare diseases by computational cross-species comparison of genotype-phenotype data has been facilitated by leveraging ontological representations of clinical phenotypes, using Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO), and model organism ontologies such as Mammalian Phenotype Ontology (MP) in the context of the Monarch Initiative. Read More

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January 2019

Lithium and Not Acetoacetate Influences the Growth of Cells Treated with Lithium Acetoacetate.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jun 25;20(12). Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Research Program for Receptor Biochemistry and Tumor Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Paracelsus Medical University, 5020 Salzburg, Austria.

The ketogenic diet (KD), a high-fat/low-carbohydrate/adequate-protein diet, has been proposed as a treatment for a variety of diseases, including cancer. KD leads to generation of ketone bodies (KBs), predominantly acetoacetate (AcAc) and 3-hydroxy-butyrate, as a result of fatty acid oxidation. Several studies investigated the antiproliferative effects of lithium acetoacetate (LiAcAc) and sodium 3-hydroxybutyrate on cancer cells in vitro. Read More

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Knowledge-aware attention network for protein-protein interaction extraction.

J Biomed Inform 2019 08 13;96:103234. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China. Electronic address:

Protein-protein interaction (PPI) extraction from published scientific literature provides additional support for precision medicine efforts. However, many of the current PPI extraction methods need extensive feature engineering and cannot make full use of the prior knowledge in knowledge bases (KBs). KBs contain huge amounts of structured information about entities and relationships, therefore play a pivotal role in PPI extraction. Read More

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Potential Protective Mechanisms of Ketone Bodies in Migraine Prevention.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 10;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Paediatric Neurology, University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.

An increasing amount of evidence suggests that migraines are a response to a cerebral energy deficiency or oxidative stress levels that exceed antioxidant capacity. The ketogenic diet (KD), a diet mimicking fasting that leads to the elevation of ketone bodies (KBs), is a therapeutic intervention targeting cerebral metabolism that has recently shown great promise in the prevention of migraines. KBs are an alternative fuel source for the brain, and are thus likely able to circumvent some of the abnormalities in glucose metabolism and transport found in migraines. Read More

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Overview of the BioCreative VI Precision Medicine Track: mining protein interactions and mutations for precision medicine.

Database (Oxford) 2019 01 1;2019. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

The Precision Medicine Initiative is a multicenter effort aiming at formulating personalized treatments leveraging on individual patient data (clinical, genome sequence and functional genomic data) together with the information in large knowledge bases (KBs) that integrate genome annotation, disease association studies, electronic health records and other data types. The biomedical literature provides a rich foundation for populating these KBs, reporting genetic and molecular interactions that provide the scaffold for the cellular regulatory systems and detailing the influence of genetic variants in these interactions. The goal of BioCreative VI Precision Medicine Track was to extract this particular type of information and was organized in two tasks: (i) document triage task, focused on identifying scientific literature containing experimentally verified protein-protein interactions (PPIs) affected by genetic mutations and (ii) relation extraction task, focused on extracting the affected interactions (protein pairs). Read More

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January 2019

Klüver & Bucy syndrome: an investigation of social and affective cognition.

Neurocase 2018 08 24;24(4):180-187. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

b Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) , Belo Horizonte , Brazil.

Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) leads to important behavioral symptoms and social maladaptation. Rarely described, no previous study has investigated its social and affective cognitive profile. We report the case of ASP, a patient who developed a complete KBS at 9 years that evolved into an incomplete KBS. Read More

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VE-cadherin promotes vasculogenic mimicry by modulating kaiso-dependent gene expression.

Cell Death Differ 2019 01 21;26(2):348-361. Epub 2018 May 21.

Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina López Neyra, CSIC, Granada, Spain.

Aberrant extra-vascular expression of VE-cadherin (VEC) has been observed in metastasis associated with vasculogenic mimicry (VM); however, the ultimate reason why non-endothelial VEC favors the acquisition of this phenotype is not established. In this study, we show that human malignant melanoma cells have a constitutively high expression of phoshoVEC (pVEC) at Y658; pVEC is a target of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and forms a complex with p120-catenin and the transcriptional repressor kaiso in the nucleus. FAK inhibition enabled kaiso to suppress the expression of its target genes and enhanced kaiso recruitment to KBS-containing promoters. Read More

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January 2019

How Can a Ketogenic Diet Improve Motor Function?

Front Mol Neurosci 2018 26;11:15. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

INSERM 1083, CNRS, Equipe Mitolab, Institut MITOVASC, UMR 6015, Université d'Angers, Angers, France.

A ketogenic diet (KD) is a normocaloric diet composed by high fat (80-90%), low carbohydrate, and low protein consumption that induces fasting-like effects. KD increases ketone body (KBs) production and its concentration in the blood, providing the brain an alternative energy supply that enhances oxidative mitochondrial metabolism. In addition to its profound impact on neuro-metabolism and bioenergetics, the neuroprotective effect of specific polyunsaturated fatty acids and KBs involves pleiotropic mechanisms, such as the modulation of neuronal membrane excitability, inflammation, or reactive oxygen species production. Read More

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January 2018

Effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate therapy on perioperative glucose metabolism during oral- maxillofacial surgery: randomised clinical trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(1):137-143

Department of Dental Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Preoperative oral carbohydrate therapy has been suggested to attenuate postoperative insulin resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a carbohydrate-rich beverage given preoperatively on intraoperative glucose metabolism.

Methods And Study Design: This study was a randomised, open-label, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

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September 2019

Kaiso protects human umbilical vein endothelial cells against apoptosis by differentially regulating the expression of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 family members.

Sci Rep 2017 08 2;7(1):7116. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command, No.83, Wenhua Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang City, Liaoning, 110016, China.

Endothelial cell injury can promote the development of various cardiovascular diseases, thus, fully understanding the mechanisms underlying the maintenance of vascular endothelial cell homoeostasis may help prevent and treat cardiovascular disease. Kaiso, a zinc finger and BTB domain containing transcription factor, is key to embryonic development and cancer, but how Kaiso interacts with vascular endothelium is not fully understood. We report that Kaiso has an anti-apoptotic function in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1s). Read More

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Metabolism and acetylation contribute to leucine-mediated inhibition of cardiac glucose uptake.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2017 Aug 23;313(2):H432-H445. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Pole of Cardiovascular Research, Brussels, Belgium;

High plasma leucine levels strongly correlate with type 2 diabetes. Studies of muscle cells have suggested that leucine alters the insulin response for glucose transport by activating an insulin-negative feedback loop driven by the mammalian target of rapamycin/p70 ribosomal S6 kinase (mTOR/p70S6K) pathway. Here, we examined the molecular mechanism involved in leucine's action on cardiac glucose uptake. Read More

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Genome-wide Regulatory Roles of the C2H2-type Zinc Finger Protein ZNF764 on the Glucocorticoid Receptor.

Sci Rep 2017 01 31;7:41598. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Division of Translational Medicine, Sidra Medical and Research Center, Doha 26999, Qatar.

The C2H2-type zinc finger protein ZNF764 acts as an enhancer for several steroid hormone receptors, and haploinsufficiency of this gene may be responsible for tissue resistance to multiple steroid hormones including glucocorticoids observed in a patient with 16p11.2 microdeletion. We examined genome-wide regulatory actions of ZNF764 on the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in HeLa cells as a model system. Read More

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January 2017