22,315 results match your criteria jugular vein


Life-Threatening Mediastinal Hematoma Formation After Removal of the Hemodialysis Catheter in a Boxer: A Case Report.

Front Vet Sci 2021 5;8:691472. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Small Animal Clinic, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

A 4-year-old female Boxer was referred for renal replacement therapy 2 days after observed grape ingestion. An 11-French dual-lumen dialysis catheter was placed into the right jugular vein and continuous renal replacement therapy was initiated for 66 h. Afterwards the patient received enoxaparin subcutaneously as a thromboprophylaxis. Read More

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Ultrasound-Guided Central Venous Access With Different Anesthesia Methods in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Cureus 2021 Jun 19;13(6):e15753. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Yeni Yüzyıl University, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

Background: Ultrasound (US)-guided internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization in newborns is usually performed in the operating room with general anesthesia. This study aimed to show that US-guided IJV catheterization can be successfully performed with local anesthesia and sedation in newborns.

Methods: The files of newborn patients who underwent US-guided IJV catheterization between May 2017 and May 2020 were examined. Read More

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Analysis of infection rates and duration of short and long-term hemodialysis catheters in a teaching hospital.

J Vasc Bras 2020 14;19:e20190142. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Associação de Integração Social de Itajubá - AISI, Hospital de Clínicas de Itajubá - HCI, Departamento de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular, Itajubá, MG, Brasil.

Background: Short-term (ST) and long-term tunneled (LTT) central venous catheters for hemodialysis (CVCH) are critical for hemodialysis therapy. However, few studies have been conducted in Brazil to investigate the incidence of complications with these two types of catheters.

Objectives: To analyze complications and duration of CVCH in a hemodialysis center at a teaching hospital. Read More

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September 2020

Transverse Sinus Thrombosis Secondary to Internal Jugular Vein Abnormalities.

Cureus 2021 Jun 18;13(6):e15747. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Grand Strand Medical Center, Myrtle Beach, USA.

Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare disorder that presents with highly variable neurological manifestations ranging from headache, confusion, seizures, coma to stroke-like symptoms. It predominantly affects young adults and children, with female predilection. We are presenting a case of 59-year-old female with left-sided transverse and sigmoid sinus thrombosis most likely secondary to dehydration on top of chronically diminutive left transverse sinus and internal jugular vein. Read More

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COVID-19 complicated by immune thrombocytopaenic purpura and internal jugular vein thrombosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 20;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Haemato-Oncology, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.

A 61-year-old woman who had tested positive for COVID-19 in the community 5 days prior to admission presented with new onset severe headache and mild shortness of breath. She had an acute reduction in her platelet counts from 153×10⁹/L to 5×10⁹/L. She was diagnosed with immune thrombocytopenia purpura and after treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin, her platelet count increased to 15×10⁹/L. Read More

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Pulmonary Vein Isolation and Pacemaker Implantation in a Patient with Dextrocardia Situs Inversus.

Int Heart J 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center.

A 70-year-old female with dextrocardia with situs inversus (DSI) totalis and inferior vena cava occlusion underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation because she had symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Careful preoperative examination made successful pulmonary vein isolation through the left jugular vein approach. One-year later, however, AF recurred, and symptomatic sinus bradycardia or junctional bradycardia often occurred. Read More

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Minimal invasive temporary percutaneous right ventricular circulatory support after left ventricular assist device implantation.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Cardiothoracic, Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Objectives: Cardiogenic shock is a life-threatening situation with high mortality rates. Mechanical unloading of the left ventricle may be achieved via left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Postoperative right ventricular (RV) failure, however, has very limited therapeutic options and is associated with increased postoperative mortality. Read More

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Trans-jugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in patients with hepatic cellular carcinoma: A preliminary study.

J Cancer Res Ther 2021 Jul;17(3):784-789

Interventional Oncology Institute, Shandong University; Department of Sterilization and Supply, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.

Purpose: To analyze the effects of trans-jugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on portal hypertension and liver function in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Materials And Methods: Thirteen patients with hemorrhage caused by portal hypertension and HCC who received TIPS and antitumor treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Trans-arterial chemoembolization, microwave ablation, target therapy, and immunetherapy or combined therapy were performed to treat HCC. Read More

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Utility and futility of central venous catheterization.

Ann Card Anaesth 2021 Jul-Sep;24(3):378-380

Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Care and Critical Care Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Central venous access is useful for monitoring central venous pressure, inserting pulmonary artery catheter and administering vasoactive drugs in hemodynamically unstable patients. Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion through internal jugular vein may cause major vessel injury, inadvertent arterial catheterization, brachial plexus injury, phrenic nerve injury, pneumothorax, and haemothorax. We describe unusual presentation of hemothorax following CVC placement in a patient undergoing vestibular schwannoma excision. Read More

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A very rare case of bilateral capillary hemangioma of lower lip and face: A case report.

Indian J Dent Res 2021 Jan-Feb;32(1):131-133

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vananchal Dental College and Hospital, Garhwa, Jharkhand, India.

Hemangioma is a relatively common benign proliferation of blood vessel that primarily develops during childhood. It is a most common benign tumor of vascular origin is the region of head and neck. The common sites are lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate in oral cavity. Read More

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Radiofrequency ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in a patient with dextrocardia and interruption of the inferior vena cava: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 May 19;5(5):ytab191. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No.241 West Huaihai Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai 200030, China.

Background: Dextrocardia with interruption of the inferior vena cava (I-IVC) is a very rare anatomical variant. Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with this anatomical variant is challenging for electrophysiologists. This case report presents a safe, effective, and radiation-free approach for high-power ablation of AF via a superior transseptal approach in patients with dextrocardia and I-IVC. Read More

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Internal jugular vein duplication: clinical significance for head and neck cancer ablative and reconstructive surgery.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 10;2021(7):rjab300. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

School of Medicine, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.

We present the case of a 75-year-old patient with a T2N0Mo oral cancer, who underwent surgery for cancer ablation and reconstruction. Intraoperatively, a duplicate internal jugular vein (IJV) was identified. Both segments were preserved. Read More

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Prevalence and characteristics of vagus nerve variations on neck ultrasonography.

Ultrasonography 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the true prevalence and characteristics of vagus nerve (VN) variations using the carotid artery (CA) and the internal jugular vein (C-I axis).

Methods: We examined patients who underwent neck ultrasonography (US) conducted by a single operator. A VN variation was defined as a VN located anterior or medial to the C-I axis. Read More

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The right supraclavicular fossa ultrasound view for correct catheter tip positioning in right subclavian vein catheterisation: a prospective observational study.

Anaesthesia 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Central venous catheter misplacement is common (approximately 7%) after right subclavian vein catheterisation. To avoid it, ultrasound-guided tip navigation may be used during the catheterisation procedure to help direct the guidewire towards the lower superior vena cava. We aimed to determine the number of central venous catheter misplacements when using the right supraclavicular fossa ultrasound view to aid guidewire positioning in right infraclavicular subclavian vein catheterisation. Read More

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Endotoxin-induced cytokine, chemokine and white blood cell profiles of variable stress-responding sheep.

Stress 2021 Jul 14:1-27. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.

Individual variation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response to stress could contribute to variable stress resiliency of livestock. During stress events, the innate immune system can also become activated and work in concert with the neuroendocrine system to restore homeostasis, while minimizing tissue damage. The purpose of this study was to assess immune function in variable stress-responding sheep in response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) endotoxin immune-challenge. Read More

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Thrombosed external jugular vein aneurysm mimics to a branchial cyst: A novel case from Iraq and review of the literature.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Jul 29;67:102533. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Rania Teaching Hospital, Rania, Sulaimani, Kurdistan-region, Iraq.

Introduction And Importance: Venous aneurysms are rare diseases, and according to their locations, history will change. They will be diagnosed based on the clinical history and imaging modalities. The exact incidence of external jugular vein aneurysm remains controversial. Read More

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Trendelenburg position for internal jugular vein catheterization: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Vasc Access 2021 Jul 13:11297298211031339. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Human Anatomy Department, School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Mexico.

To determine the effect of Trendelenburg position on the diameter or cross-section area of the internal jugular vein (IJV) a systematic review and metanalysis was performed. Studies that evaluated the cross-sectional area (CSA) and anteroposterior (AP) diameter of the right internal jugular vein (RIJV) with ultrasonography in supine and any degree of head-down tilt (Trendelenburg position) were analyzed. A total of 22 articles (613 study subjects) were included. Read More

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Lemierre syndrome leading to an ischaemic stroke and malignant cerebral oedema.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 12;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Neurosurgery, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico.

Lemierre syndrome is an often misdiagnosed disease caused by an anaerobic bacterial infection that produces thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and septic metastasis to distal organs, especially the lungs. Carotid stenosis or thrombosis is a rare complication. We present a patient with Lemierre syndrome who developed malignant cerebral oedema secondary to an ischaemic stroke which required a decompressive craniectomy. Read More

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Atypical Case of Minoxidil-Induced Generalized Anasarca and Pleuropericardial Effusion.

Cureus 2021 Jun 3;13(6):e15424. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Internal Medicine, Coliseum Medical Centers, Macon, USA.

Minoxidil is an antihypertensive medication used to control blood pressure that is resistant to three or more antihypertensive medications including diuretics. There have only been a few reported cases of minoxidil-induced pleuropericardial effusion with anasarca. Here, we discuss the case of a 70-year-old male with a history of uncontrolled hypertension who presented to the hospital with swelling of the extremities. Read More

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Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections and Catheter Colonization among Haemodialysis Patients: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes.

Int J Nephrol 2021 19;2021:5562690. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia.

Introduction: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) and catheter colonization (CC) are two complications among haemodialysis (HD) patients that lead to increased morbidity and mortality. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of CRBSI and CC among HD patients registered at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre and to identify the factors involved by focusing on the demographic profile of the patients as well as their clinical characteristics and outcomes.

Method: This is a retrospective study of end-stage renal disease patients with suspected CRBSI during the period from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2018. Read More

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Sutureless venous microanastomosis using thermosensitive poloxamer and cyanoacrylate: experimental study on a rat model.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Armand-Trousseau, 26 avenue du Dr Arnold Netter, 75012 Paris, France; Faculty of Medicine, Sorbonne University, 91 boulevard de l'hôpital, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Sutureless microvascular anastomoses could simplify the microvascular field, shortening operative time and improving the final outcome. The use of thermosensitive poloxamers (TP407) together with the application of cyanoacrylate as an alternative method for conventional sutures was well-documented for arteries, but not for veins. The purpose of our study was to prove the feasibility of this technique for venous anastomoses and compare it with the traditional hand-sewn technique on a rat model. Read More

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A Novel Method for Ultrasound-Guided Central Catheter Placement-Supraclavicular Brachiocephalic Vein Catheterization Versus Jugular Catheterization: A Prospective Randomized Study.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Medical Services and Techniques, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Vocational School of Health Services, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Objectives: To assess the superiority of a novel ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization technique, supraclavicular brachiocephalic catheterization, compared to jugular vein catheterization.

Design: Prospective randomized trial.

Setting: Operating rooms and intensive care unit. Read More

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Ultrasound Probe Positions for Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation: A Prospective Study of Different Techniques.

Clin Ter 2021 Jul;172(4):278-283

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Sungai Long, 43200, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Objective: We compared sonoanatomy of the internal jugular vein (IJV) the high (HA), conventional (CA) and the medial oblique approach (MA) to identify the best approach and head position for IJV cannulation.

Materials & Methods: Total of 45 volunteers aged 18-65 years were included in this study. The degree of overlap in percentage, depth of IJV from skin, antero-posterior (AP) and transverse diameters (TD) of IJV were measured in real time with ultrasound (US). Read More

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Reactive oxygen species play a modulatory role in the hyperventilatory response to poikilocapnic hyperoxia in humans.

J Physiol 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Laboratory of Exercise Sciences, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil.

Key Points: The proposed mechanism for the increased ventilation in response to hyperoxia includes a reduced brain CO -[H ] washout-induced central chemoreceptor stimulation that results from a decrease in cerebral perfusion and the weakening of the CO affinity for haemoglobin. Nonetheless, hyperoxia also results in excessive brain reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation/accumulation, which hypothetically increases central respiratory drive and causes hyperventilation. We then quantified ventilation, cerebral perfusion/metabolism, arterial/internal jugular vein blood gases, oxidant/antioxidant biomarkers in response to hyperoxia during intravenous infusion of saline or ascorbic acid (AA) to determine whether excessive ROS production/accumulation contributes to the hyperoxia-induced hyperventilation in humans. Read More

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Two New Methods of Supine Venographically Guided Popliteal Vein Puncture: A Retrospective Study.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Hebei Key Laboratory of Colorectal Cancer Precision Diagnosis and Treatment, the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: Presently, the prone position is necessary for popliteal vein puncture access, but it makes the patients uncomfortable and does not allow traditional femoral or jugular access. To address these deficiencies, this study introduces two new methods, anterior and medial access carried out in the supine position.

Methods: Venous interventions with punctures in the popliteal vein of 120 limbs in 97 patients were performed during the period from February 2017 to April 2019. Read More

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Pharyngeal abscess complicated by Lemierre's syndrome: Identification of an atypical germ.

IDCases 2021 18;25:e01180. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Desgenettes, Lyon, France.

Introduction: Lemierre's syndrome is a rare but serious complication of an oral infection mostly related to . This condition combines jugular vein thrombosis and septic emboli to the lungs or other organs.

Case Presentation: We report here an original case of a pharyngeal abscess complicated by Lemierre's syndrome in a young healthy male patient. Read More

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Qin's seven steps for endoscopic selective lateral neck dissection via the chest approach in patients with papillary thyroid cancer: experience of 35 cases.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (Guangdong Provincial Hospital of TCM), Guangzhou, 510120, People's Republic of China.

Background: Endoscopic thyroidectomy is widely performed as it does not result in neck scar. However, there is a paucity of reports pertaining to completely endoscopic lateral neck dissection (LND). In this study, we introduce our step-wise approach for performing endoscopic selective LND via the chest-breast approach. Read More

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Mechanism of injury and in-hospital mortality in penetrating jugular vein injuries: a National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) study.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Jun;25(12):4351-4360

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah City, Al-Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Timely intervention is the key to the successful management of penetrating injuries to jugular veins; however, the optimal clinical management of these perforations and associated risk factors for mortality are not fully established. This study examined the trauma characteristics, vital signs, and in-hospital mortality in penetrating external and internal jugular vein injuries (PEJVI and PIJVI, respectively).

Patients And Methods: In this National Trauma Data Bank database study on patients with penetrating jugular vein injuries (PJVIs), details pertaining to demographics, comorbidities, type of injury, mechanism and intent of injury, Injury Severity Score (ISS), vital signs, treatment, and outcome, were abstracted. Read More

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An unusual case of Lemierre syndrome - One pathogen or two?

IDCases 2021 21;25:e01203. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, 185 S Orange Ave, Newark, NJ, 07103, United States.

Lemierre syndrome, or septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, is a rare disease that affects healthy young adults following an episode of pharyngitis or other upper respiratory disease. It most commonly involves the anaerobe , a component of normal oral flora. In this report, we present an unusual case of polymicrobial Lemierre syndrome involving both and Group C streptococcus following an episode of pharyngitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Read More

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Absent right superior vena cava.

J Gen Fam Med 2021 Jul 25;22(4):223-224. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Cardiology Shonan Kamakura General Hospital Kamakura Japan.

A patient planned to be performed catheter ablation. However, three-dimensional contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography revealed isolated persistent left superior vena cava. We should know such an anatomical abnormality especially when central venous catheter or peripherally inserted central catheter is inserted from right jugular vein or right subclavian vein. Read More

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