992 results match your criteria job insecurity

Psychological First Aid Well-Being Support Rounds for Frontline Healthcare Workers During COVID-19.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:669009. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Frontline healthcare workers face unprecedented stress from the current SARS COV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. Hospital systems need to develop support programs to help frontline staff deal with this stress. The purpose of this article is to describe a support program for front line healthcare workers. Read More

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Sleep disorders reveal distress among children and adolescents during the Covid-19 first wave: results of a large web-based Italian survey.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jun 4;47(1):130. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Pediatric Emergency Unit, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Measures to contain the Covid-19 pandemic led to significant lifestyle changes for children and adolescents mainly related to the closure of schools and recreational activities, reduced social interaction, and increased family concerns.

Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of 78 questions investigating social determinants of health, mood changes, symptoms of anxiety, increase in sleep disorders and unusual repetitive movements was offered to parents living in Italy with children ≤18 years; including families of children with disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, chronic diseases, and specific learning disabilities. The survey was conducted on the Qualtrics platform 6 months after the beginning of the pandemic and distributed in hospitals and paediatricians' waiting rooms as well as through social networks. Read More

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Predictors of medical mistrust among urban youth of color during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Transl Behav Med 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately impacted communities of color and highlighted longstanding racial health inequities. Communities of color also report higher rates of medical mistrust driven by histories of medical mistreatment and continued experiences of discrimination and systemic racism. Medical mistrust may exacerbate COVID-19 disparities. Read More

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Food insecurity in the households of children with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities in the United States: Analysis of the National Survey of Children's Health Data 2016-2018.

Autism 2021 Jun 2:13623613211019159. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Autism Speaks, Inc., USA.

Lay Abstract: Families of children with autism spectrum disorder are more likely to experience financial strain and resulting food insecurity due to additional cost of care, disparate access to needed services, and loss of income resulting from parental job loss. Utilizing nationally representative data, this analysis indicates that the families of children with autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring intellectual disabilities are twice as likely to experience food insecurity than families of children without disabilities after adjusting for various factors. Several factors, ranging from state-level policies such as Medicaid expansion to individual-level factors such as higher utilization of emergency room services, were associated with the higher prevalence of food insecurity in families of children with autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring intellectual disabilities. Read More

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The Effect of Job Insecurity and Life Uncertainty on Everyday Consumptions and Broader Life Projects during COVID-19 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 18;18(10). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Contemporary society is characterized by a high level of uncertainty in many domains of everyday life. The COVID-19 pandemic has generated a deep economic crisis, exacerbating worldwide feelings of uncertainty and precarity. Individuals with insecure jobs have (and will) probably suffered the most from this situation. Read More

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Rapid Review on COVID-19, Work-Related Aspects, and Age Differences.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 13;18(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Management, Technology, and Economics, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland.

The COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted the labor market and multiple aspects of work and workers' life. The present rapid review analyzes this impact considering the effects that COVID-19 pandemic had on employment and work-related aspects across different age groups. A comprehensive literature search was performed on scientific contributions published between 2019 and March 2021, resulting in 36 papers pertinent to the scope of this review. Read More

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Analysis of Facilitators and Barriers to the Delivery of Routine Care during the COVID-19 Global Pandemic: A Systematic Review.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 1;9(5). Epub 2021 May 1.

School of Health Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA.

The delivery of routine health care during the COVID-19 global pandemic continues to be challenged as public health guidelines and other local/regional/state and other policies are enforced to help prevent the spread of the virus. The objective of this systematic review is to identify the facilitators and barriers affecting the delivery of routine health care services during the pandemic to provide a framework for future research. In total, 32 articles were identified for common themes surrounding facilitators of routine care during COVID-19. Read More

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'Distant socializing,' not 'social distancing' as a public health strategy for COVID-19.

Pathog Glob Health 2021 May 30:1-8. Epub 2021 May 30.

Centre for Depression and Suicide Studies, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Social distancing, also referred to as physical distancing, means creating a safe distance of at least two meters (six feet) between yourself and others. This is a term popularized during the COVID-19 pandemic, as it is one of the most important measures to prevent the spread of this virus. However, the term 'social distancing' can be misleading, as it may imply that individuals should stop socializing. Read More

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Job characteristics, marital intentions, and partner-seeking actions: Longitudinal evidence from Japan.

Demogr Res 2020 Jul-Dec;43:1509-1544. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

University of Maryland, College Park.

Background: Most research linking jobs to marriage formation focuses on how job contexts and prospects affect singles' paces of entering marriage. Direct evidence on whether job traits shape singles' desire for marriage and actions toward forming a union remains scarce.

Objective: We examine how changes in a range of job characteristics correspond to alterations in never-married people's intention to marry and actions taken to meet romantic partners in Japan, a country with increasing inequality in job quality and declining marriage rates. Read More

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December 2020

Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Preexisting Racial and Ethnic Disparities, and Results of an Integrated Safety Net Response in Arlington County, Virginia.

Health Secur 2021 Jun 21;19(S1):S62-S71. Epub 2021 May 21.

Michael-dharma Irwin, MA, is a Quality Assurance Manager, Director's Office; Yordanose Amanuel, MA, is a Management Specialist, Area Agency on Aging; Brian Bickers, MPA, MEd, is a Quality and Compliance Management Analyst, Director's Office; M. Annie Nguyen is a Management Intern, Behavioral Health Division; and Oliver W. Russell, MA, is Assistant Division Chief, Behavioral Health Division; all in the Department of Human Services, Arlington County Government, Arlington, VA.

This paper presents research conducted by the Arlington County Department of Human Services to understand the use of safety net services during the pandemic, identify disparities, and reduce or eliminate them. Arlington County's levels of health and economic wellbeing are generally high; however, residents of color experience significant disparities compared with White residents, with lower median incomes, lower rates of college completion, lower life expectancies, and higher rates of chronic illness. During the COVID-19 pandemic, these disparities were amplified as Black and Latinx residents experienced disproportionately high rates of COVID-19 infection, hospitalization, and death, as well as disproportionately high rates of job loss. Read More

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The COVID-19 pandemic and new hire engagement: Relationships with unemployment rates, state restrictions, and organizational tenure.

J Appl Psychol 2021 Apr;106(4):518-529

Darla Moore School of Business.

The purpose of this article is to simultaneously advance theory and practice by understanding how the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic relates to new hire engagement. Prior research suggests starting a new job is an uncertain experience; we theorize that the COVID-19 pandemic creates additional environmental stressors that affect new hire engagement. First, we hypothesize that the occurrence of COVID-19 and unemployment rates relate negatively to engagement. Read More

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Dormant tie reactivation as an affiliative coping response to stressors during the COVID-19 crisis.

J Appl Psychol 2021 Apr;106(4):489-500

Department of Management.

This study takes an affiliative coping theory perspective to examine whether working adults reactivated dormant ties with individuals they had not contacted for at least 3 years to cope with stressors experienced due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Stressors originating in the workplace (job insecurity and remote work) and in the family (stressful familial social ties) were examined in a sample of 232 working adults in the southeastern United States. Individuals were more likely to reactivate their dormant ties when their job was insecure, and the magnitude of the reactivations was greater among individuals experiencing stressful social ties with family members than those not experiencing those stressors. Read More

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Home food procurement impacts food security and diet quality during COVID-19.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 19;21(1):945. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences and Food Systems Program, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, 05405, USA.

Background: Home food procurement (HFP) (i.e. gardening, fishing, foraging, hunting, backyard livestock and canning) have historically been important ways that people obtain food. Read More

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Health Status and Occupational Health and Safety Access among Informal Workers in the Rural Community, Southern Thailand.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211015884

Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

Purpose: Thailands' informal workers are faced with job insecurity and poor working conditions. Good health status can promote lifelong working and increase quality of life. This study analyzed factors associated with the health status of the community informal workers. Read More

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Postdocs' advice on pursuing a research career in academia: A qualitative analysis of free-text survey responses.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0250662. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY, United States of America.

Background: The decision of whether to pursue a tenure-track faculty position has become increasingly difficult for undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral trainees considering a career in research. Trainees express concerns over job availability, financial insecurity, and other perceived challenges associated with pursuing an academic position.

Methods: To help further elucidate the benefits, challenges, and strategies for pursuing an academic career, a diverse sample of postdoctoral scholars ("postdocs") from across the United States were asked to provide advice on pursuing a research career in academia in response to an open-ended survey question. Read More

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Job Stress and Cardiometabolic Lifestyle Modification Behaviors Among Workers in High-risk and Low-risk Workplaces.

J Occup Environ Med 2021 Jun;63(6):e346-e351

College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea (Dr Jung, Dr Choo, Dr Park, Dr Moon, and Dr Noh); Transdisciplinary Major in Learning Health Systems, Graduate School, Korea University, South Korea (Dr Choo).

Objective: There is scarce evidence revealing an association between job stress and cardiometabolic lifestyle modification behaviors among workers.

Methods: A cross-sectional, correlation study was conducted among workers in high-risk and low-risk workplaces by work characteristics.

Results: Workers in high-risk workplaces had significantly higher job stress levels than low-risk workplaces. Read More

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Effectiveness of community interventions for protecting and promoting the mental health of working-age adults experiencing financial uncertainty: a systematic review.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a period of global economic uncertainty. Financial strain, personal debt, recent job loss and housing insecurity are important risk factors for the mental health of working-age adults. Community interventions have the potential to attenuate the mental health impact of these stressors. Read More

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Gratitude at Work Prospectively Predicts Lower Workplace Materialism: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study in Chile.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 5;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Escuela de Negocios, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago 7941169, Chile.

Materialism at work refers to a higher importance attached to extrinsic (e.g., money, fame, image) versus intrinsic (self-development, affiliation, community participation) employees' 'aspirations'. Read More

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Evaluating perceptions of social determinants of health and Part D star performance of Medicare Advantage-contracted primary care providers serving a South Texas market.

J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2021 May;27(5):544-553

University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Houston, TX.

Socioeconomic factors can have a significant impact on a patient's health status and could be responsible for as much as 70%-80% of a patient's overall health. These factors, called the social determinants of health (SDoH), define a patient's day-to-day experiences. While the influence of such factors is well recognized, who ultimately is responsible for addressing SDoH in health care remains unclear. Read More

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Searching for a new normal-Hospital-employed researchers' experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Int J Nurs Pract 2021 Apr 27:e12931. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Research Unit, Zealand University Hospital, Køge, Denmark.

Background: This study focuses on hospital-employed researchers, a relatively new staff group. Their job descriptions vary, which may lead to lack of clarity or preparedness regarding their roles and core tasks during a crisis such as COVID-19.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore hospital-employed healthcare researchers' experiences of work during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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"": A qualitative study of the dynamics of treatment adherence among adults with tuberculosis in the United Kingdom.

J Clin Tuberc Other Mycobact Dis 2021 May 29;23:100233. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Institute for Global Health and Development, Queen Margaret University, Queen Margaret University Way, Musselburgh, Edinburgh EH21 6UU, United Kingdom.

Maintaining adherence to treatment for tuberculosis (TB) is essential if the disease is to be eliminated. As part of formative research to develop an intervention to improve adherence, we documented the lived experiences of adults receiving anti-TB treatment (ATT) in three UK cities and examined how personal, social, and structural circumstances interacted to impact on individuals' adherence to treatment. Using a topic guide that explored social circumstances and experiences of TB care, we conducted in-depth interviews with 18 adults (six women) who were being or had been treated for TB () and four adults (all women) who were caring for a friend, relative, or partner being treated for TB (). Read More

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Assessing the mental health condition of home-confined university level students of Bangladesh due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Z Gesundh Wiss 2021 Apr 17:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Statistics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, 1342 Bangladesh.

Aim: The COVID-19 pandemic drove the Government of Bangladesh to shut down educational institutions, which had an enormous effect on the psychological health of students. This study aimed to assess the mental health status of Bangladeshi university students during the lockdown period.

Subject And Methods: Through an online-based questionnaire, information was collected from 509 university students of Bangladesh from June 19, 2020, to June 28, 2020, using convenient sampling. Read More

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Dealing with distress from the COVID-19 pandemic: Mental health stressors and coping strategies in vulnerable latinx communities.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Center for Research to Advance Community Health (ReACH), University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Distress secondary to the COVID-19 pandemic has been substantial, especially in vulnerable Latinx communities who are carrying an undue share of the pandemic-related social, health and economic burden in the United States. In collaboration with 43 community health workers (CHWs) and Promotor/as serving the needs of underserved Latinx communities in South Texas and guided by principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR), the purpose of this study was to identify relevant mental health stressors and related consequences, and to identify strategies for coping with distress among underserved Latinx communities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected on July 2020 using mixed methods to obtain more in-depth information. Read More

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Happiness in marginalized populations: a community-based study in South Central Iran.

BMC Psychol 2021 Apr 23;9(1):58. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, 7134845794, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Background: Happiness has multiple levels and determinants in different communities, cultures, and social groups. The current study aimed to investigate happiness and its main determinants in slums in south central Iran.

Methods: This community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with the participation of adults at least 18 years of age living in the biggest slum area in Shiraz, south central Iran. Read More

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On Thin Ice: Bureaucratic Processes of Monetary Sanctions and Job Insecurity.

RSF 2020 Mar;6(1):113-131

Northwestern University.

Research on court-imposed monetary sanctions has not yet fully examined the impact that processes used to manage court debt have on individuals' lives. Drawing from both interviews and ethnographic data in Illinois and Washington State, we examine how the court's management of justice-related debt affect labor market experiences. We conceptualize these managerial practices as procedural pressure points or mechanisms embedded within these processes that strain individuals' ability to access and maintain stable employment. Read More

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Job Insecurity and Employees' Extra-Role Behavior: Moderated Mediation Model of Negative Emotion and Workplace Friendship.

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:631062. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China.

Based on the affective events theory, this paper discusses the influence of job insecurity on employees' extra-role behavior. The mediating effect of negative emotion and the moderating effect of workplace friendship are also tested. The results of an empirical analysis, based on the data of 327 employees, show that job insecurity has a significant negative impact on employees' extra-role behavior. Read More

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Early career perspectives of young Dutch cardiologists.

Neth Heart J 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: There are nationwide concerns about the unemployment rate among young Dutch cardiologists and the increase in temporary positions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the unemployment rate in this subgroup as well as the length of time between the end of their training and the acquisition of a permanent position.

Methods: All cardiologists who completed their training between January 2015 and December 2018 were invited to fill in an online questionnaire about their demographic characteristics, professional profile and employment status. Read More

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