1,337 results match your criteria javanica

Tomato Divinyl Ether-Biosynthesis Pathway Is Implicated in Modulating of Root-Knot Nematode 's Parasitic Ability.

Front Plant Sci 2021 25;12:670772. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry Units, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.

The role of the 9-lipoxygenase (9-LOX)-derived oxylipins in plant defense is mainly known in solanaceous plants. In this work, we identify the functional role of the tomato divinyl ether synthase (LeDES) branch, which exclusively converts 9-hydroperoxides to the 9-divinyl ethers (DVEs) colneleic acid (CA) and colnelenic acid (CnA), during infection by the root-knot nematode . Analysis of expression in roots indicated a concurrent response to nematode infection, demonstrating a sharp increase in expression during the molting of third/fourth-stage juveniles, 15 days after inoculation. Read More

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Minc00344 and Mj-NULG1a effectors interact with GmHub10 protein to promote the soybean parasitism by Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica.

Exp Parasitol 2021 Sep 9;229:108153. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Brasília-DF, 70297-400, Brazil; Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília-DF, 71966-700, Brazil; National Institute of Science and Technology-INCT PlantStress Biotech-EMBRAPA, Brazil. Electronic address:

Several economically important crops are susceptible to root-knot nematode (RKNs). Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica are the two most reported species from the RKN complex, causing damage to several crops worldwide. Read More

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September 2021

First report of southern root-knot nematode, , infecting Fortune in Anhui Province, China.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Shenyang Agricultural University, 98428, College of Plant Protection, Nematology Institute of Northern China, Shenyang, China;

Fortune, widely cultivated in China, is an important Chinese herbal medicine, mainly used to treat cold and fever. In October 2020, galls (Fig. 1), as many as 65 per root, were observed on the roots of in Taihe, Anhui Province, China (117°21'19. Read More

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September 2021

Molecular investigation of proteinase inhibitor (PI) gene in tomato plants induced by Meloidogyne species.

Refik Bozbuga

J Genet Eng Biotechnol 2021 Aug 30;19(1):129. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Biological Control Research Institute, Nematology Lab, 01321, Yuregir, Adana, Turkey.

Background: The plant parasitic nematode genus Meloidogyne parasitize almost all flowering crops. Plants respond with a variety of morphological and molecular mechanisms to reduce the effects of pathogens. Proteinase inhibitors (PI), a special group of plant proteins which are small proteins, involve in protective role in the plants attacked by microorganisms. Read More

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A New Green Model for the Bioremediation and Resource Utilization of Livestock Wastewater.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 16;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for the Research and Utilization of Plant Resources, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences (Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat-Sen), Nanjing 210014, China.

The rapid growth of the livestock and poultry industries has resulted in the production of a large amount of wastewater, and the treatment of this wastewater requires sustainable and environmentally friendly approaches such as phytoremediation. A substrate-free floating wetland planted with water dropwort (), a common vegetable in Southeast China, was constructed to purify a lagoon with anaerobically and aerobically treated swine wastewater in Suqian, China. The average removal rates of total nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, nitrite nitrogen, and chemical oxygen demand were 79. Read More

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Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of (Blume) Leaf Methanol Extracts through the Regulation of Nrf2 and TAK1.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Aug 16;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Laboratory of Molecular and Pharmacological Cell Biology, College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea.

(Blume) has been traditionally used to treat inflammatory diseases such as tonsillitis and ulcers throughout Asia, including China, Indonesia, and the Philippines: however, the molecular mechanisms by which exerts its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties remain largely unknown. In this study, we analyzed the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of methanol extracts of leaves (MBJ) in vitro and in vivo. MBJ decreased nitric oxide (NO) production and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α, in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264. Read More

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The influence of vermicomposting on photosynthetic activity and productivity of maize (Zea mays L.) crop under semi-arid climate.

PLoS One 2021 25;16(8):e0256450. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China.

Food production and waste recycling are the two major issues faced globally with rapidly increasing population. Recycling organic wastes to crop amendments could be a possible solution to these issues. Earthworms transfer organic waste to compost, which is used to grow crops and increase crop productivity. Read More

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Seed oil of Brucea javanica induces apoptosis through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in acute lymphocytic leukemia Jurkat cells.

Chin J Nat Med 2021 Aug;19(8):608-620

Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China. Electronic address:

Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) has been used to treat tumor in China for more than 40 years. However, its components and effectiveness in the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and its mechanism of anti-cancer activity remain unknown. In the current study, high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) was used to analyze the components of BJOE. Read More

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Body temperatures of Manis pentadactyla and Manis javanica.

Vet Med Sci 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China.

Body temperature is an important parameter for assessing animal health and physiological function. An iButton thermometer was used to measure the body temperatures of three Chinese pangolins (Manis pentadacyla) and three Sunda pangolins (M. javanica). Read More

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Brusatol-Enriched Brucea javanica Oil Ameliorated Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis in Mice: Involvement of NF-B and RhoA/ROCK Signaling Pathways.

Biomed Res Int 2021 9;2021:5561221. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510000, China.

Brucea javanica oil (BJO) is beneficial for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), and that quassinoids in particular brusatol are bioactive components. However, it is still uncertain whether or not other components in BJO, such as oleic acid and fatty acids, have an anti-UC effect. The present study is aimed at comparing the anti-UC effects between brusatol-enriched BJO (BE-BJO) and brusatol-free BJO (BF-BJO) and at exploring the effects and mechanisms of BE-BJO on colon inflammation and intestinal epithelial barrier function. Read More

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The effect of incorporating herbal () infusion on the phenolic, physicochemical, and sensorial properties of fruit wine.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Aug 25;9(8):4539-4549. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Food Science and Technology Chinhoyi University of Technology Chinhoyi Zimbabwe.

The use of medicinal herbs in food processing to improve food quality and human health is growing in sub-Saharan Africa. Herbal infusions have perceived medicinal benefits. This study investigated the effect of incorporating extract on the phenolic, physicochemical, and sensory properties of a fruit-based wine. Read More

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Survey of Zoonotic Bacterial Pathogens in Native Foxes in Central Chile: First Record of Exposure.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jul 2;11(7). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Departamento de Fomento de la Producción Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 8820808, Chile.

 , , and pathogenic are zoonotic pathogens that infect humans, as well as domestic and wild animals. In wild canids, they may affect their fertility and reproduction, threatening their conservation. Wild canids play a crucial role in the environment as meso- and top-predators and environmental sentinels for zoonotic pathogens. Read More

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Antiparasitic Effects of Potentially Toxic Beetles (Tenebrionidae and Meloidae) from Steppe Zones.

Toxins (Basel) 2021 07 14;13(7). Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, CSIC, Serrano 115-dpdo, 28006 Madrid, Spain.

Arthropods and specifically beetles can synthesize and/or sequester metabolites from dietary sources. In beetle families such as Tenebrionidae and Meloidae, a few studies have reported species with toxic defensive substances and antiparasitic properties that are consumed by birds. Here we have studied the antiparasitic activity of extracts from beetle species present in the habitat of the Great Bustard () against four pathogen models (, , , and ). Read More

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Endophytic pf185 Persists after Spraying and Controls (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and (Glomerellales: Glomerellaceae) in Pepper.

Insects 2021 Jul 12;12(7). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Planning and Coordination Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA, Wanju 565-851, Korea.

This study endeavored to sustainably control aphids and anthracnose after spraying endophytic pf185 under field conditions. Under two different tents; one batch of seedlings was sprayed with a 10 conidia/mL pf185 suspension; while another was sprayed with 0.05% Tween 80 in distilled water. Read More

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The Meloidogyne javanica effector Mj2G02 interferes with jasmonic acid signalling to suppress cell death and promote parasitism in Arabidopsis.

Mol Plant Pathol 2021 Oct 2;22(10):1288-1301. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Laboratory of Plant Nematology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Plant-parasitic nematodes can cause devastating damage to crops. These nematodes secrete effectors that suppress the host immune responses to enhance their survival. In this study, Mj2G02, an effector from Meloidogyne javanica, is described. Read More

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October 2021

Degree of resistance of cultivars to -virulent and avirulent isolates of , , and .

J Nematol 2021 30;53. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Root-knot nematodes (RKN) cause yield losses in eggplant-growing areas. There are no known varieties of eggplant ( L.) that are resistant to RKNs. Read More

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Isolation, screening and identification of key components having intense insect repellent activity against Plodia interpunctella from four different medicinal plant materials.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Global warming and the indiscriminate use of pesticides have increased the propagation of the stored-product insect pests, leading to enormous losses in the agriculture and food industries. The most used insect repellents are synthetic derivatives; however, these have an adverse effect on human health as well as on the environment. Therefore, we attempted to find materials with insect repellent activity in natural products. Read More

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First report of pathogenic on hybrid lavender ( ×) in the United States.

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Clemson University, 2545, Plant and Environmental Sciences, Clemson, South Carolina, United States;

Root-knot nematodes (RKNs), spp., are some of the most economically important pathogens of cultivated plants. is one of the most destructive RKN species and is well known for its broad host range and the severe damage it causes to plant roots (Perry et al. Read More

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Reproduction of race 2 on flue-cured tobacco with putative resistance derived from .

J Nematol 2021 19;53. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Virginia Tech, School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, 170 Drillfield Dr, Blacksburg, VA, 24060.

Chemical controls for root-knot nematodes are increasingly restricted due to environmental and human health concerns. Host resistance to these nematodes is key to flue-cured tobacco production in Virginia. Resistance to races 1 and 3, and race 1 of is imparted by the gene which is widely available in commercial flue-cured tobacco. Read More

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Indigenous knowledge to mitigate the challenges of ticks in goats: A systematic review.

Vet Anim Sci 2021 Sep 4;13:100190. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Animal and Poultry Science, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, P Bag X01 Scottsville 3209, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

The review collates the documented use of IK used in goats for controlling ticks and records the bioactivity testing that has been carried out on these plants. A literature survey was conducted on the use of IK whereby ethno-veterinary medicine (EVM) is used as well as on the investigations relating to the potential efficacy of the used plants. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), ticks rank the first amongst the ectoparasites that limit goat productivity. Read More

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September 2021

Shedding and Genetic Diversity of Leptospira spp. From Urban Stray Dogs in Klang Valley, Malaysia.

Top Companion Anim Med 2021 Jul 13;45:100562. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Leptospirosis is an endemic zoonoses of global proportions. Stray dogs have been postulated to play a role in disease transmission; however, supporting information are still limited. Roaming behavior may not only predispose the dogs to infection, but could also contribute to disease spread. Read More

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New insights on the utilization of ultrasonicated mustard seed cake: chemical composition and antagonistic potential for root-knot nematode, .

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2021 Jul;22(7):563-574

Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh- 202002, U.P., India.

This study focused, for the first time, on the effect of ultrasonic features on the extraction efficiency of secondary metabolites in mustard seed cake (MSC). The nematostatic potential of sonicated seed cake was examined against the second-stage juveniles (J2s) of root-knot nematode, . The results show that a 35 ppm (parts per million) concentration of a sonicated extract (SE) sample of MSC caused 65% J2s mortality at 18 h exposure period in vitro. Read More

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Occurrence and Seasonal Changes in the Population of Root-knot Nematodes on Honeybush ( Sp.).

Helminthologia 2021 Jun 8;58(2):202-212. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, Faculty of AgriSciences, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Root-knot nematodes in the genus are an important group of plant-parasitic nematodes causing severe damage on agricultural crops worldwide. A study was conducted to identify the species of root-knot nematodes causing damage on honeybush monocultures and to assess the seasonal variations in the nematode population. Soil samples were collected from six experimental sites in Genadendal, Western Cape province of South Africa from 2016 to 2017. Read More

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Green Synthesis of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Using Leaf Extract and Their Characterization and Investigation of Antimicrobial Potential and Cytotoxic Activities.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 18;2021:5589703. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Natural Products and Alternative Medicines, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

The development of green technology is creating great interest for researchers towards low-cost and environmentally friendly methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) attracted many researchers due to their electric, catalytic, optical, textile, photonic, monofluid, and pharmacological activities that depend on the shape and size of the nanoparticles. This investigation aims copper oxide nanoparticles synthesis using plant leaf extract. Read More

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Effect of Salt Stress on Growth, Physiological Parameters, and Ionic Concentration of Water Dropwort () Cultivars.

Front Plant Sci 2021 21;12:660409. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

The State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, The Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China.

Salt stress is an important environmental limiting factor. Water dropwort () is an important vegetable in East Asia; however, its phenotypic and physiological response is poorly explored. For this purpose, 48 cultivars of water dropwort were grown hydroponically and treated with 0, 50, 100, and 200 mm NaCl for 14 days. Read More

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Uncovering phylogenetic relationships and genetic diversity of water dropwort using phenotypic traits and SNP markers.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(7):e0249825. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Institute of Vegetables, Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

The water dropworts Oenanthe linearis Wall. ex DC. and O. Read More

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Lippia javanica (Zumbani) herbal tea infusion attenuates allergic airway inflammation via inhibition of Th2 cell activation and suppression of oxidative stress.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Jul 5;21(1):192. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Walter Sisulu University PBX1, 5117, Mthatha, South Africa.

Background: Lippia javanica (lemon bush) is commonly used in the treatment of respiratory ailments, including asthma in southern African countries but there is no scientific evidence to support this claim. This study investigated the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-asthmatic effects of L. javanica using a rat model of asthma. Read More

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Evaluation of the effect of different concentrations of organic amendments and botanical extracts on the mortality and hatching of Meloidogyne javanica.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jul 18;28(7):3759-3767. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Organic amendments and botanical extracts are considered as some of the eco-friendly alternatives to chemical pesticide in suppressing plant pathogenic nematodes (PPN). Root-knot nematode (RKN) is the most important group of PPN distributed globally causing both qualitative and quantitative damage to many crops. Vermicompost and biogas digestate (BD) are two forms of organic amendments reported to have potential to limit RKN infestation. Read More

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Mycorrhizal fungi and application reduces root-knot nematode () infestation in eggplant.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jul 1;28(7):3685-3691. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Biology, College of Science and Humanities, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj 11942, Saudi Arabia.

Eggplant cultivation is subjected to attacks by numbers of pests and diseases from the nursery stage until harvest. Root-knot nematode () is one of the most significant restrictions in the successful cultivation of eggplant as it damages the crop year-round. One of the most essential classes of plant symbionts is arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB), which significantly impact plant development, feeding, disease tolerance, and resistance to . Read More

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Molecular Detection of Novel Species, , in Ticks from Pangolins.

Pathogens 2021 Jun 9;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Terrestrial Wildlife Medical-aid and Monitoring Epidemic Diseases Research Center, Nanning 530028, China.

A novel species, , was found in ectoparasite ticks, , from pangolins seized in anti-smuggling operations in southern China. Overall, 12 tick samples in 227 (overall prevalence 5.3%) were positive for , 9 (5. Read More

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