7,438 results match your criteria japanese terms


Fatty acid compositions and quality of egg and performance in laying quails fed diet with hesperidin.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Oct 19;53(6):518. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Organic Farming Department, Bayburt University Applied Sciences Faculty, Bayburt, Bayburt Province, Turkey.

This study investigates the effects of hesperidin on eggs' internal and external quality parameters, the fatty acid in egg yolk, and the nutrient content adding different amounts of hesperidin to the quail diets. A total of 150 Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were divided into three groups (0% hesperidin group (n = 5 × 10) (control group; HES0), 0.1% hesperidin group (HES1), and 0. Read More

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October 2021

Injury pattern based on player positions in Japanese university handball: a cross-sectional study of 2056 players.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Background: Although it is evident that the risk of injury in handball varies according to player position, it is unclear whether the characteristics of these injuries also differ. The aim of this study was to characterise and compare the position-associated injury profiles of university handball players in Japan.

Methods: A total of 2056 participants who played in the 2018 and 2019 Japanese National University Handball Championships were included in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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October 2021

Cross-sectional assessment of sleep and fatigue in middle-aged Japanese women with primary Sjogren syndrome or rheumatoid arthritis using self-reports and wrist actigraphy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(37):e27233

Graduate School of Nursing, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract: To investigate fatigue, health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), and sleep quality in women with primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as compared with healthy controls using self-reports and wrist actigraphy.In this cross-sectional observational study, we evaluated a total of 25 patients (aged 40-75 years) with pSS, 10 with RA, and 17 healthy control subjects living in Japan. The HR-QOL was assessed using the Short Form-36. Read More

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September 2021

Survey about Intention to Engage in Specific Disaster Activities among Disaster Medical Assistance Team Members.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2021 Oct 18:1-7. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Department of Radiation Disaster Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.

Introduction: Different disaster activities should be performed smoothly. In relation to this, human resources for disaster activities must be secured. To achieve a stable supply of human resources, it is essential to improve the intentions of individuals responding to each type of disaster. Read More

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October 2021

Current status of drug repositioning in hematology.

Expert Rev Hematol 2021 Oct 16. Epub 2021 Oct 16.

Department of Hematology, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka 5418567, Japan.

Introduction: Drug repositioning (DR) is defined as determining new therapeutic applications for existing drugs. This approach is advantageous over drug discovery in accelerating clinical development, in terms of lower costs, a shortened development period, a well-known action mechanism, a feasible dosage, and an acceptable safety profile.

Areas Covered: This work was aimed at reviewing agents with successful DR in hematology. Read More

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October 2021

A randomized phase III study of short-course radiotherapy combined with Temozolomide in elderly patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma; Japan clinical oncology group study JCOG1910 (AgedGlio-PIII).

BMC Cancer 2021 Oct 15;21(1):1105. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neuro-Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The current standard treatment for elderly patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma is surgery followed by short-course radiotherapy with temozolomide. In recent studies, 40 Gy in 15 fractions vs. 60 Gy in 30 fractions, 34 Gy in 10 fractions vs. Read More

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October 2021

Accuracy of different navigation systems for femoral and tibial implantation in total knee arthroplasty: a randomised comparative study.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Oct 15. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa City, Ishikawa, 920-0934, Japan.

Purpose: It remains to be established whether optical computed tomography (CT)-free and acceleration-based navigation systems differ in terms of implantation accuracy and clinical outcomes for total knee arthroplasty. This randomised prospective study compared the implantation accuracy of these two navigation systems in total knee arthroplasty.

Methods: Optical CT-free navigation (ExactechGPS) or acceleration-based navigation (KneeAlign2) was randomly assigned to the left or right knee of 45 patients who underwent a single-stage bilateral total knee arthroplasty: the ExactechGPS (n = 45) and KneeAlign2 groups (n = 45) were compared. Read More

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October 2021

Electrical Resistivity of Cu and Au at High Pressure above 5 GPa: Implications for the Constant Electrical Resistivity Theory along the Melting Curve of the Simple Metals.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Sep 22;14(19). Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University, 827 Yamada Street, Misasa, Tottori 682-0193, Japan.

The electrical resistivity of solid and liquid Cu and Au were measured at high pressures from 6 up to 12 GPa and temperatures ∼150 K above melting. The resistivity of the metals was also measured as a function of pressure at room temperature. Their resistivity decreased and increased with increasing pressure and temperature, respectively. Read More

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September 2021

O-JMeSH: creating a bilingual English-Japanese controlled vocabulary of MeSH UIDs through machine translation and mutual information.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e26. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Graduate School of Integrative Science and Engineering, Tokyo City University, Tokyo 158-8557, Japan.

Previous approaches to create a controlled vocabulary for Japanese have resorted to existing bilingual dictionary and transformation rules to allow such mappings. However, given the possible new terms introduced due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the emphasis on respiratory and infection-related terms, coverage might not be guaranteed. We propose creating a Japanese bilingual controlled vocabulary based on MeSH terms assigned to COVID-19 related publications in this work. Read More

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September 2021

Constructing Japanese MeSH term dictionaries related to the COVID-19 literature.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e25. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Computer Science Department, The University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a flood of research papers and the information has been updated with considerable frequency. For society to derive benefits from this research, it is necessary to promote sharing up-to-date knowledge from these papers. However, because most research papers are written in English, it is difficult for people who are not familiar with English medical terms to obtain knowledge from them. Read More

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September 2021

Current Status of Antimicrobial Drug Use in Japanese Companion Animal Clinics and the Factors Associated With Their Use.

Front Vet Sci 2021 24;8:705648. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Center for Veterinary Drug Development, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan.

The Japanese National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) was adopted to strengthen AMR surveillance and monitoring in companion animals. The Japanese Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (JVARM) system monitors the sale of veterinary antimicrobial drugs by pharmaceutical companies, and the sale of human drugs by principal wholesale companies to companion animal (dogs and cats) clinics. However, the data do not include sales by local drug suppliers and personal importation to companion animal clinics in Japan. Read More

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September 2021

Extra-endocrine phenotypes at infancy in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B: A case series of six Japanese patients.

Clin Pediatr Endocrinol 2021 1;30(4):195-200. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Surgery, Noguchi Thyroid Clinic and Hospital Foundation, Oita, Japan.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN2B) is an extremely rare disease, most often caused by a p.Met918Thr mutation. Medullary thyroid carcinoma of MEN2B has a good prognosis if diagnosed by one year of age. Read More

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October 2021

[Consideration on Academia Environments for Creating Medical Innovation].

Yakugaku Zasshi 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University.

The spread of COVID-19 has re-affirmed the crucial importance of the pharmaceuticals industry in improving the level of citizens' health and medical care, as well as the industry's importance in terms of contribution to economic growth and tax revenues. Although some time has passed since the importance of industry-academia collaboration was first raised in relation to the creation of innovative new drugs and the continuation of global competitiveness, conflicts between academia and companies have also been highlighted as barriers that hinder efforts to promote the practical realization of academia-initiated seeds. The authors have hypothesized that conflicts between academia and companies can be attributed to the vulnerability of innovation creation environments, including drug discovery, on the academia side, insufficient awareness concerning human resources that will undertake industry-academia operations, and inadequate development of structures. Read More

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October 2021

Evaluation of antimicrobial use in dairy cattle, beef cattle and broilers in Japan using dosage-based indicators.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Environmental Science for Sustainable Development, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo.

The sales amount of antimicrobials intended for use in dairy cattle, beef cattle and broilers from 2008 to 2019 was evaluated for each antimicrobial class and administration route using dosage-based indicators. Our results revealed that the antimicrobial sales amount sold for use in dairy cattle in 2019 in terms of total weight of active ingredient, the number of defined daily doses (DDDs) (theoretical amount of biomass subjected to antimicrobial treatment in a year) and the number of treatment days (TDs) (theoretical number of days of treatment that an animal is subjected to in a year) calculated using Japanese DDD values (DDDjp values) was 36,751 kg, 8,261,848,000 kg·days and 15.5 days, respectively. Read More

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October 2021

Agranulocytosis following injection of inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine (Vero cell): A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Sep;9(25):7468-7471

Department of Pharmacy, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University/Evidence-Based Pharmacy Center, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University/Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Sichuan University, Ministry of Education, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito borne flavivirus, is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, in terms of frequency and severity. JEV infection is thought to confer lifelong immunity. With the near eradication of poliomyelitis, JEV is now the continent's leading cause of childhood viral neurologic infection and disability. Read More

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September 2021

[Successful treatment with blinatumomab for refractory B lymphoblastic leukemia complicated with malignant pleural effusion].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2021 ;62(9):1393-1399

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Japanese Red Cross Society Himeji Hospital.

A 77-year-old man diagnosed with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL (B/Myeloid), NOS) achieved complete remission (CR) after eight courses of hyper-CVAD/MA therapy. However, 6 months later, blasts were observed on peripheral blood smear, and bone marrow aspiration revealed that the disease had relapsed as B lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). At this time, he had left pleural effusion. Read More

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October 2021

Influenza vaccination uptake and attitudes among adult cancer patients in Japan: a web-based questionnaire survey before the 2020/2021 season.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Oct 6:1-5. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Medical Governance Research Institute, Minato-ku, Japan.

Influenza vaccination is necessary to reduce severe influenza complications, especially in immunocompromised people such as cancer patients. However, few studies have examined influenza vaccination uptake among adult Japanese patients with cancer; their attitudes toward vaccination, as well as factors related to vaccine hesitancy, are unclear. From September 1 to October 31, 2020, we disseminated a web-based questionnaire to patients with a history of cancer via snowball sampling through e-mails and social media of two Japanese cancer patients associations. Read More

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October 2021

Ethnic Sensitivity Study of the Extrafine, Single-Inhaler, Triple Therapy Beclomethasone Dipropionate, Formoterol Fumarate, and Glycopyrronium Bromide Pressurized Metered Dose Inhaler in Japanese and Caucasian Healthy Individuals: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Single-Dose Crossover Study.

Clin Ther 2021 Sep 29. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Global Clinical Development, Chiesi Farmaceutici SpA, Parma, Italy.

Purpose: A number of single-inhaler, fixed-dose, triple combinations are available for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and/or asthma. One of these is the extrafine formulation beclomethasone dipropionate, formoterol fumarate, glycopyrronium bromide (BDP/FF/GB). Given that differences in ethnicity can result in differences in systemic exposure, we evaluated the relative pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of BDP/FF/GB in Japanese vs Caucasian healthy volunteers to assess the need for dose adjustment. Read More

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September 2021

Influence of istradefylline on non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease: A subanalysis of a 1-year observational study in Japan (J-FIRST).

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Sep 21;91:115-120. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Parkinson's Disease Advanced Therapy Center, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi, Japan.

Introduction: The non-motor symptoms (NMSs) of Parkinson's disease (PD) significantly impact the patient's health-related quality of life. This subanalysis of the J-FIRST study evaluated the effect of istradefylline, a selective adenosine A receptor antagonist, on NMSs in istradefylline-naïve Japanese patients with PD.

Methods: Patients with PD and ≥1 NMS and 'wearing-off' with their current antiparkinsonian treatment were observed for up to 52 weeks. Read More

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September 2021

The Present and Future of Yellow Fever Vaccines.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Sep 1;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-4036, USA.

The disease yellow fever (YF) is prevented by a live-attenuated vaccine, termed 17D, which has been in use since the 1930s. One dose of the vaccine is thought to give lifelong (35+ years) protective immunity, and neutralizing antibodies are the correlate of protection. Despite being a vaccine-preventable disease, YF remains a major public health burden, causing an estimated 109,000 severe infections and 51,000 deaths annually. Read More

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September 2021

A Novel Exercise Facilitation Method in Combination with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Using the Ikiiki Rehabilitation Notebook for Intractable Chronic Pain: Technical Report and 22 Cases.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Sep 14;9(9). Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Niigata 951-8520, Japan.

Recent clinical practice guidelines for chronic pain indicate, with a high evidence level, that the combination of exercise and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise facilitation method in combination with CBT using the "Ikiiki Rehabilitation Notebook" for patients with intractable chronic pain. "Ikiiki" means active in Japanese. Read More

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September 2021

Follicular dynamics during the pre-ovulatory and subsequent first follicular wave stages affect the pregnancy outcome in Japanese Black cows.

J Reprod Dev 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Cooperative Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Iwate University, Iwate 020-8550, Japan.

The diameters of the pre-ovulatory follicles (PF) and the largest follicle during the subsequent first follicular wave (W1LF), and plasma estradiol-17β (E) concentrations were monitored on Days 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 (ovulation = Day 1). Pregnancy was diagnosed on Day 30. Cows were classified into two groups according to the location of the dominant follicle ipsilateral (IG) or contralateral (CG) to the corpus luteum on Day 7. Read More

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September 2021

Indirect and Direct Mapping of the Cancer-Specific EORTC QLQ-C30 onto EQ-5D-5L Utility Scores.

Appl Health Econ Health Policy 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

PHMR Limited, Berkeley Works, Berkley Grove, London, NW1 8XY, UK.

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a response mapping algorithm to predict EQ-5D-5L utilities from European Organisation for Research and Treatment Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) scores and compare performance with direct mapping approaches to identify the best performing algorithm.

Methods: The Multi-Instrument Comparison dataset contains responses to both the EQ-5D-5L and QLQ-C30 questionnaires from 692 individuals with a broad range of cancers. Response mapping was conducted, fitting ordered logistic regressions to predict response levels for each of the five EQ-5D dimensions and utilities were predicted using the US and Japanese EQ-5D-5L value sets to test the algorithm performance. Read More

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September 2021

A cluster of BK polyomavirus-associated hemorrhagic cystitis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Transpl Infect Dis 2021 Sep 21:e13736. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Hematology/Oncology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

Background: BK polyomavirus (BKV) can cause hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in immunocompromised patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). It remains unclear whether nosocomial BKV infections occur. During a 9-month period, an increase in BKV-associated HC (BKV-HC) cases was observed at our institution. Read More

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September 2021

A Multicenter Retrospective Study Comparing Surgical Outcomes Between the Overlap Method and Functional Method for Esophagojejunostomy in Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy: Analysis Using Propensity Score Matching.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery II, Faculty of Medicine, Hokkaido University Division of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Hokkaido University Hospital Department of Surgery, Teine Keijinkai Hospital Department of Surgery, Hokkaido Gastroenterology Hospital Department of Surgery, Tonan Hospital, Sapporo Department of Surgery, Asahikawa City Hospital, Asahikawa Department of Surgery, Obihiro-Kosei General Hospital, Obihiro, Japan.

Background: This study aimed to compare the postoperative outcomes after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) with esophagojejunostomy (EJS) performed using the overlap method or the functional method in a multicenter retrospective study with propensity score matching.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled all patients who underwent curative LTG for gastric cancer at 6 institutions between January 2004 and December 2018. Patients were categorized into the overlap group (OG) or functional group (FG) based on the type of anastomosis used in EJS. Read More

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September 2021

Disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome and outcomes of endoscopic ultrasound-guided treatment of pancreatic fluid collections: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Dig Endosc 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome (DPDS) frequently occurs in patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis and resultant pancreatic fluid collection (PFC). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate outcomes of endoscopic ultrasound-guided treatment of PFCs according to the presence of DPDS.

Methods: Using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane database, we identified clinical studies published until January 2021 with data comparing outcomes of endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of PFCs between DPDS and non-DPDS patients. Read More

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September 2021

Do Bilinguals Acquire Similar Words to Monolinguals? An Examination of Word Acquisition and the Similarity Effect in Japanese-English Bilinguals' Vocabularies.

Authors:
Aya Kutsuki

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Feb 20;11(1):168-182. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Psychology, Kobe Shoin Women's University, Kobe 657-0015, Japan.

Previous research has paid much attention to the overall acquisition of vocabularies among bilingual children in comparison to their monolingual counterparts. Much less attention has been paid to the type of words acquired and the possible transfer or cross-linguistic effects of the other language on vocabulary development. Thus, this study aims to explore similarities and dissimilarities in the vocabularies of simultaneous bilinguals and Japanese monolinguals and considers the possible cross-linguistic similarity effect on word acquisition. Read More

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February 2021

Quality of life and life-space mobility after total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot case-controlled study.

J Phys Ther Sci 2021 Sep 1;33(9):660-667. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Australia.

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify factors inhibiting improvement in the quality of life after total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. [Participants and Methods] This was a pilot case-control study. The sample comprised of five participants with rheumatoid arthritis and 11 participants with osteoarthritis, who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Read More

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September 2021

The Forgotten Ones: Crafting for Meaning and for Affiliation in the Context of Finnish and Japanese Employees' Off-Job Lives.

Front Psychol 2021 30;12:682479. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Faculty of Social Sciences (Psychology), Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.

In an intensifying working life, it is important for employees to proactively shape their lives beyond work to create opportunities for satisfying personal needs. These efforts can be beneficial for creating and sustaining well-being in terms of vitality. In this study, we focused on off-job crafting (OJC) for meaning and OJC for affiliation, conceptualized as proactive changes in off-job life with the aim of increasing satisfaction of needs for meaning and affiliation, among employees in Finland and Japan, two countries with disparate cultural values. Read More

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Is laminoplasty or laminectomy the best strategy for C segment in French-door laminoplasty? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Sep 14;16(1):557. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 148 Baojian Road, Harbin, 150081, China.

Background: To compare the clinical outcomes of C laminectomy and C laminoplasty at the C segment during French-door laminoplasty.

Methods: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 10, 2020 for studies comparing the clinical outcomes of two types of French-door laminoplasty in the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM). Review Manager 5. Read More

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September 2021