764 results match your criteria japanese speakers


Remote Training of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery With Advanced Manufactured 3D Sinus Models and a Telemedicine System.

Front Surg 2021 1;8:746837. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Surgery-Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Central Adelaide Local Health Network and the University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Traditionally, cadaveric courses have been an important tool in surgical education for Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). The recent COVID-19 pandemic, however, has had a significant global impact on such courses due to its travel restrictions, social distancing regulations, and infection risk. Here, we report the world-first remote (Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery) FESS training course between Japan and Australia, utilizing novel 3D-printed sinus models. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Constructing Japanese MeSH term dictionaries related to the COVID-19 literature.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e25. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Computer Science Department, The University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a flood of research papers and the information has been updated with considerable frequency. For society to derive benefits from this research, it is necessary to promote sharing up-to-date knowledge from these papers. However, because most research papers are written in English, it is difficult for people who are not familiar with English medical terms to obtain knowledge from them. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Predicting and classifying Japanese singleton and geminate consonants using logarithmic duration.

J Acoust Soc Am 2021 09;150(3):1830

Faculty of Contemporary Culture, Shokei University, Kumamoto City, Kumamoto, Japan.

To clarify the acoustic variables for predicting and classifying Japanese singleton and geminate consonants, raw and logarithmic durations of the consonants and their related segments were examined using 12 minimal pair words that were pronounced in a carrier sentence at various speaking rates by 20 native Japanese speakers. Regression and discriminant analyses revealed that the logarithmic durations were better at predicting and classifying Japanese singleton and geminate consonants than the raw durations used in many previous studies. Specifically, the best acoustic variables were the logarithmic duration of the consonant's closure or frication and the logarithmic average duration of the mora in the preceding carrier phrase. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Characteristics of Japanese Electrolaryngeal Speech Produced by Untrained Speakers: An Observational Study Involving Healthy Volunteers.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Oct 21;64(10):3786-3793. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Intensive Care Unit, Kanazawa University Hospital, Japan.

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of electrolaryngeal (EL) speech among untrained speakers to aid in its effective introduction and to identify syllables and words that are easy or difficult to pronounce. Method A total of 21 healthy individuals who had never used an EL were included. The participants were briefed, and tests comprising 100 Japanese syllables and 50 single words were conducted to evaluate EL speech intelligibility. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

[Invited Speakers' Session].

Authors:

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2021 ;61(Supplement):S1-S220

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Do Bilinguals Acquire Similar Words to Monolinguals? An Examination of Word Acquisition and the Similarity Effect in Japanese-English Bilinguals' Vocabularies.

Authors:
Aya Kutsuki

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Feb 20;11(1):168-182. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Psychology, Kobe Shoin Women's University, Kobe 657-0015, Japan.

Previous research has paid much attention to the overall acquisition of vocabularies among bilingual children in comparison to their monolingual counterparts. Much less attention has been paid to the type of words acquired and the possible transfer or cross-linguistic effects of the other language on vocabulary development. Thus, this study aims to explore similarities and dissimilarities in the vocabularies of simultaneous bilinguals and Japanese monolinguals and considers the possible cross-linguistic similarity effect on word acquisition. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

The influence of lexical characteristics and talker accent on the recognition of English words by native speakers of Korean.

J Acoust Soc Am 2021 08;150(2):769

Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

This study investigated the influences of lexical characteristics and talker accent on English spoken word recognition by first-language (L1) Korean second-language (L2) speakers of English. Stimuli were words that varied in phonological neighborhood density (PND) and word frequency (WF), produced by a L1 English speaker (L1 talker) and a L1 Korean speaker (L2 talker). Participants were 60 listeners from three groups: 20 L1 English speakers, 20 Korean L2 English speakers studying in the United States, and 20 Korean L2 English speakers studying in Korea. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Validation of the Japanese Version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Revised: A Preliminary Analysis.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Jul 24;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan.

To make the Japanese version of the CESD-R-a revised version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression scale (CES-D)-in the assessment of depressive symptoms in a general population. The English version of CESD-R was translated into Japanese, and back-translated into English by three native speakers of Japanese and English; then, we selected the version most completely consistent with the original items. The CESD-R was applied to 398 community-dwelling people (191 men: 48. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Utility of Homologous Recombination Deficiency Biomarkers Across Cancer Types.

JCO Precis Oncol 2021 Aug 11;5. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Homologous recombination DNA repair deficiency (HRD) is associated with sensitivity to platinum and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors in certain cancer types, including breast, ovarian, pancreatic, and prostate. In these cancers, alterations and genomic scar signatures are useful indicators for assessing HRD. However, alterations in other homologous recombination repair (HRR)-related genes and their clinical significance in other cancer types have not been adequately and systematically investigated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Very low prevalence of ultrasound-detected tenosynovial abnormalities in healthy subjects throughout the age range: OMERACT ultrasound minimal disease study.

Ann Rheum Dis 2021 Aug 18. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra, Mexico, Mexico.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of ultrasound-detected tendon abnormalities in healthy subjects (HS) across the age range.

Methods: Adult HS (age 18-80 years) were recruited in 23 international Outcome Measures in Rheumatology ultrasound centres and were clinically assessed to exclude inflammatory diseases or overt osteoarthritis before undergoing a bilateral ultrasound examination of digit flexors (DFs) 1-5 and extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendons to detect the presence of tenosynovial hypertrophy (TSH), tenosynovial power Doppler (TPD) and tenosynovial effusion (TEF), usually considered ultrasound signs of inflammatory diseases. A comparison cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was taken from the Birmingham Early Arthritis early arthritis inception cohort. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography for Complete Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease: JACC State-of-the-Art Review.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 Aug;78(7):713-736

Department of Cardiology, National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG), Galway, Ireland.

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has shown great technological improvements over the last 2 decades. High accuracy of CTA in detecting significant coronary stenosis has promoted CTA as a substitute for conventional invasive coronary angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. In patients with coronary stenosis, CTA-derived physiological assessment is surrogate for intracoronary pressure and velocity wires, and renders possible decision-making about revascularization solely based on computed tomography. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Olaparib plus bevacizumab as maintenance therapy in patients with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer: Japan subset from the PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial.

J Gynecol Oncol 2021 09;32(5):e82

Centre Léon BERARD and University Claude Bernard Lyon I, GINECO, Lyon, France.

Objective: The addition of maintenance olaparib to bevacizumab demonstrated a significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit in patients with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer in the PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial (NCT02477644). We evaluated maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab in the Japan subset of PAOLA-1.

Methods: PAOLA-1 was a randomized, double-blind, phase III trial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Echoes of L1 Syllable Structure in L2 Phoneme Recognition.

Front Psychol 2021 20;12:515237. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Linguistics and Asian/Middle Eastern Languages, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States.

Learning to move from auditory signals to phonemic categories is a crucial component of first, second, and multilingual language acquisition. In L1 and simultaneous multilingual acquisition, learners build up phonological knowledge to structure their perception within a language. For sequential multilinguals, this knowledge may support or interfere with acquiring language-specific representations for a new phonemic categorization system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prediction of Second Language Proficiency Based on Electroencephalographic Signals Measured While Listening to Natural Speech.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 16;15:665809. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, and Osaka University, Kobe, Japan.

This study had two goals: to clarify the relationship between electroencephalographic (EEG) features estimated while non-native speakers listened to a second language (L2) and their proficiency in L2 determined by a conventional paper test and to provide a predictive model for L2 proficiency based on EEG features. We measured EEG signals from 205 native Japanese speakers, who varied widely in English proficiency while they listened to natural speech in English. Following the EEG measurement, they completed a conventional English listening test for Japanese speakers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Patterns of hearing changes in women and men from denarians to nonagenarians.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Apr 24;9:100131. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Background: Hearing loss needs to be diagnosed and treated early, especially in older individuals, since presbycusis potentially increases the risk of depression and dementia. However, standard data on hearing thresholds across the life-span in Japanese individuals are lacking.

Methods: In a retrospective consecutive sample of 10681 native-Japanese speakers (37. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Behavioral effect of mismatch negativity neurofeedback on foreign language learning.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(7):e0254771. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Center for Information and Neural Networks (CiNet), National Institute of Information and Communications Technology and Osaka University, Iwaoka, Iwaoka-cho, Nishi-ku, Kobe, Hyougo, Japan.

Listening is critical for foreign language learning. Listening difficulties can occur because of an inability to perceive or recognize sounds while listening to speech, whereas successful listening can boost understanding and improve speaking when learning a foreign language. Previous studies in our laboratory revealed that EEG-neurofeedback (NF) using mismatch negativity event-related brain potential successfully induced unconscious learning in terms of auditory discrimination of speech sounds. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differences in the effects of BMI on bone microstructure between loaded and unloaded bones assessed by HR-pQCT in Japanese postmenopausal women.

Osteoporos Sarcopenia 2021 Jun 26;7(2):54-62. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pharmacy, Yasuda Women's University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Objectives: The relationship between weight-related load and bone mineral density (BMD)/bone microstructure under normal load conditions using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) remains unconfirmed. The study aims to investigate the differences in effect of body mass index (BMI) on BMD/bone microstructure of loaded and unloaded bones, respectively, in Japanese postmenopausal women.

Methods: Fifty-seven postmenopausal women underwent HR-pQCT on the tibia and radius. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

English Speakers Can Infer Pokémon Types Based on Sound Symbolism.

Front Psychol 2021 2;12:648948. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Letters, Kansai University, Suita, Japan.

Sound symbolism, systematic associations between sounds and meanings, is receiving increasing attention in linguistics, psychology and related disciplines. One general question that is currently explored in this research is what sorts of semantic properties can be symbolically represented. Against this background, within the general research paradigm which explores the nature of sound symbolism using Pokémon names, several recent studies have shown that Japanese speakers associate certain classes of sounds with notions that are as complex as Pokémon types. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Accuracy and Stability in English Speakers' Production of Japanese Pitch Accent.

Lang Speech 2021 Jul 6:238309211022376. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

York St John University, UK.

Standard Japanese uses pitch accent to distinguish words such as initially-accented "chopsticks" and finally-accented "bridge." Research on the second language acquisition of pitch accent shows considerable variation: in accuracy scores in identification, in different dominant accent types in production, and in the unstable accent types of repeated words. This study investigates pitch accent production in English-speaking learners of Japanese, asking how accuracy and stability vary (a) with amount of Japanese experience and (b) between learners. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vowel Length Expands Perceptual and Emotional Evaluations in Written Japanese Sound-Symbolic Words.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Jun 21;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima 7398524, Japan.

In this study, we examined whether vowel length affected the perceptual and emotional evaluations of Japanese sound-symbolic words. The perceptual and emotional features of Japanese sound-symbolic words, which included short and long vowels, were evaluated by 209 native Japanese speakers. The results showed that subjective evaluations of familiarity, visual imageability, auditory imageability, tactile imageability, emotional valence, arousal, and length were significantly higher for sound-symbolic words with long vowels compared to those with short vowels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Switching between newly learned languages impacts executive control.

Psychophysiology 2021 Oct 27;58(10):e13888. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Previous research has explored the relationship between language control and executive control based on performance in bilinguals' skilled languages. However, this relationship between bilingualism and executive control has not been examined at the very initial stage of language learning. In the present study, we trained Chinese speakers to learn words in German and Japanese, two languages with which they had no prior experience. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Profiles of Linguistic Multicompetence in Vietnamese-English Speakers.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 07 23;30(4):1711-1727. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

School of Teacher Education, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia.

Purpose Speech-language pathologists work with increasing numbers of multilingual speakers; however, even when the same languages are spoken, multilingual speakers are not homogeneous. Linguistic multicompetence (aka multi-competence) considers competency across all languages and is associated with multiple demographic, migration, linguistic, and cultural factors. Method This article examines the linguistic multicompetence of adults with Vietnamese heritage living in Australia ( = 271) and factors associated with varying profiles of multilingualism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

NeoRAS wild-type in metastatic colorectal cancer: Myth or truth?-Case series and review of the literature.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Aug 18;153:86-95. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Hematology, Oncology, and Tumor Immunology, Campus Charité Mitte, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Department of Hematology, Oncology, and Tumor Immunology, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Upfront KRAS and NRAS gene testing ('RAS') is the standard of care for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), to guide first-line treatment. The presence of RAS mutation (MT) is a negative predictor for the efficacy of anti-EGFR antibodies and the use of cetuximab and panitumumab is restricted to RAS wild-type (WT) mCRC. Conversion from RAS WT to RAS MT mCRC after treatment with anti-EGFR antibodies is a known and well-described acquired resistance mechanism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Native Language Similarity during Foreign Language Learning: Effects of Cognitive Strategies and Affective States.

Appl Linguist 2021 Jun 10;42(3):514-540. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA.

According to the US Department of State, a native English speaker can learn Spanish in about 600 h, but would take four times as long to learn Japanese. While it may be intuitive that similarity between a foreign language and a native tongue can influence the ease of acquisition, what is less obvious are the specific cognitive and emotional processes that can lead to different outcomes. Here, we explored the influence of cognitive strategies and affective states on native English speakers' ability to learn artificial foreign words that vary in their similarity to the native language. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Isatuximab, carfilzomib, and dexamethasone in relapsed multiple myeloma (IKEMA): a multicentre, open-label, randomised phase 3 trial.

Lancet 2021 Jun 4;397(10292):2361-2371. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Hematology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Isatuximab is an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody approved in combination with pomalidomide-dexamethasone and carfilzomib-dexamethasone for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. This phase 3, open-label study compared the efficacy of isatuximab plus carfilzomib-dexamethasone versus carfilzomib-dexamethasone in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma.

Methods: This was a prospective, randomised, open-label, parallel-group, phase 3 study done at 69 study centres in 16 countries across North America, South America, Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development of a simple screening tool based on the 5-question geriatric locomotive function scale for locomotive syndrome.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga, Japan.

Background: The optimal cut-off values of the 5-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-5) as a screening tool to identify Locomotive Syndrome (LS) diagnosed with the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25) has yet to be fully investigated. This study aimed to construct a simple screening tool, based on the GLFS-5, for the detection of LS-1, LS-2, and LS-3 diagnosed with the GLFS-25.

Methods: This research was approved by the institutional review board of Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine (No. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The temperature of emotions.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(6):e0252408. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Emotions and temperature are closely related through embodied processes, and people seem to associate temperature concepts with emotions. While this relationship is often evidenced by everyday language (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Operational research capacity building through the Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT-IT) in China: implementation, outcomes and challenges.

Infect Dis Poverty 2021 Jun 1;10(1):80. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Background: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) introduced the Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT IT) into China to build a special capacity and equip public health professionals with an effective tool to support developing countries in strengthening their operational research. The paper aims to investigate and analyze the implementation, outcomes and challenges of the first cycle of SORT IT in China.

Main Text: As a result of the successful implementation, SORT IT China, Cycle 1 has demonstrated fruitful outputs as exemplified by the 18-month follow-up to the post-training initiatives of the twelve participants, who all achieved the four milestones required by SORT IT. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Measurement Invariance in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale among English-Speaking Whites and Asians.

Authors:
Tsukasa Kato

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 16;18(10). Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Social Psychology, Toyo University, 5-28-20 Hakusan, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8606, Japan.

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale has been widely used to measure depressive symptoms. This study compared the measurement invariances for one-, two-, three-, and four-factor models of the CES-D across English-speaking Whites and Asians: White Americans, White Australians, Indians, Filipinos, and Singaporeans. White Americans and Australians, Indians, Filipinos, and Singaporeans English speakers (782 men and 824 women) whose ages ranged from 20 to 79 years, completed the CES-D. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF