266 results match your criteria japanese bilingual


O-JMeSH: creating a bilingual English-Japanese controlled vocabulary of MeSH UIDs through machine translation and mutual information.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e26. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Graduate School of Integrative Science and Engineering, Tokyo City University, Tokyo 158-8557, Japan.

Previous approaches to create a controlled vocabulary for Japanese have resorted to existing bilingual dictionary and transformation rules to allow such mappings. However, given the possible new terms introduced due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the emphasis on respiratory and infection-related terms, coverage might not be guaranteed. We propose creating a Japanese bilingual controlled vocabulary based on MeSH terms assigned to COVID-19 related publications in this work. Read More

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September 2021

Do Bilinguals Acquire Similar Words to Monolinguals? An Examination of Word Acquisition and the Similarity Effect in Japanese-English Bilinguals' Vocabularies.

Authors:
Aya Kutsuki

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Feb 20;11(1):168-182. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Psychology, Kobe Shoin Women's University, Kobe 657-0015, Japan.

Previous research has paid much attention to the overall acquisition of vocabularies among bilingual children in comparison to their monolingual counterparts. Much less attention has been paid to the type of words acquired and the possible transfer or cross-linguistic effects of the other language on vocabulary development. Thus, this study aims to explore similarities and dissimilarities in the vocabularies of simultaneous bilinguals and Japanese monolinguals and considers the possible cross-linguistic similarity effect on word acquisition. Read More

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February 2021

Cerebral lateralisation of first and second languages in bilinguals assessed using functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound.

Wellcome Open Res 2016 28;1:15. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Deafness, Cognition, Language Research Centre, UCL, London, UK.

: Lateralised language processing is a well-established finding in monolinguals. In bilinguals, studies using fMRI have typically found substantial regional overlap between the two languages, though results may be influenced by factors such as proficiency, age of acquisition and exposure to the second language. Few studies have focused specifically on individual differences in brain lateralisation, and those that have suggested reduced lateralisation may characterise representation of the second language (L2) in some bilingual individuals. Read More

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Switching between newly learned languages impacts executive control.

Psychophysiology 2021 Oct 27;58(10):e13888. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Previous research has explored the relationship between language control and executive control based on performance in bilinguals' skilled languages. However, this relationship between bilingualism and executive control has not been examined at the very initial stage of language learning. In the present study, we trained Chinese speakers to learn words in German and Japanese, two languages with which they had no prior experience. Read More

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October 2021

Neural Evidence of Language Membership Control in Bilingual Word Recognition: An fMRI Study of Cognate Processing in Chinese-Japanese Bilinguals.

Front Psychol 2021 7;12:643211. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

This study aims to examine the neural mechanisms of resolving response competition during bilingual word recognition in the context of language intermixing. During fMRI scanning, Chinese-Japanese unbalanced bilinguals were required to perform a second-language (L2) lexical decision task composed of cognates, interlingual homographs, matched control words from both Chinese (first language) and Japanese (L2), and pseudowords. Cognate word processing showed longer reaction times and greater activation in the supplementary motor area (SMA) than L2 control word processing. Read More

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The validation of a Japanese language version of the postoperative quality of recovery scale: a prospective observational study.

JA Clin Rep 2021 Apr 9;7(1):32. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Surgery, The University of Melbourne, Room 214, Level 2, Alan Gilbert Building 161 Barry St, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

Background: The Postoperative Quality of Recovery Scale (PostopQRS) is a survey-based tool that measures quality of the postoperative recovery in multiple domains over multiple time periods. The purpose of this study is to validate the Japanese version of the PostopQRS.

Methods: A prospective observational study using bilingual healthy volunteers was conducted in Australia to assess equivalence of the test values between the two languages. Read More

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[Multilingual Aphasia].

Authors:
Shinya Fukunaga

Brain Nerve 2021 Mar;73(3):231-238

Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare.

Multilingual aphasia is synonymous with polyglot aphasia and is often indistinguishable from bilingual aphasia. Multilingual aphasia, including bilingual aphasia, has been of interest from the perspectives of impairment and recovery patterns in each language, factors involved in recovery, and variations in cerebral lateralization of language function in each language. Early premorbid language proficiency and language use have been shown to play a crucial role in the manifestation of bilingual aphasia. Read More

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The acoustic realization of language-specific phonological categories despite dynamic cross-linguistic influence in bilingual and trilingual speech.

Authors:
Mark Amengual

J Acoust Soc Am 2021 02;149(2):1271

Department of Languages and Applied Linguistics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA.

The present study examines the acoustic realization of the English, Japanese, and Spanish /k/ in the productions of two groups of English-Japanese bilinguals [first language (L1) English-second language (L2) Japanese and L1 Japanese-L2 English] and one trilingual group [L1 Spanish-L2 English-third language (L3) Japanese]. With the analysis of voice onset time (VOT) as a proxy for the degree of cross-linguistic influence in each language, this experiment compares the production patterns of L2 and L3 learners of Japanese and explores the effects of language mode and cognate status on the speech patterns in each of the languages of these bilingual and trilingual individuals. By manipulating the degree of activation of the target and non-target language(s) with the use of cognates and non-cognates in monolingual, bilingual, and trilingual experimental sessions, this study investigates static as well as transient phonetic influence. Read More

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February 2021

The Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale (PIPS): Validity and Reliability of the Japanese Version for Chronic Low Back Pain and Knee Pain.

J Pain Res 2021 4;14:325-332. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Saitama, Japan.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to translate the Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale Japanese version (PIPS-J) and inspect its validity and reliability in older patients with chronic low back pain and knee pain.

Materials And Methods: The PIPS was translated into Japanese by a bilingual linguistic expert and three researchers and administered to 120 outpatients with low back pain and knee pain (61.7% women, age 73. Read More

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February 2021

Heart to Heart Cards: A Novel, Culturally Tailored, Community-Based Advance Care Planning Tool for Chinese Americans.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2021 Jun 27;38(6):650-657. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Division of Palliative Medicine and Geriatrics, NewYork-Presbyterian Queens, New York, NY, USA.

Context: A paucity of literature describes the growing Chinese American community's end-of-life (EOL) priorities and preferences.

Objective: Develop a culturally-tailored advance care planning (ACP) tool to understand the EOL preferences of this underserved minority group.

Methods: Informed by the Cultural Appropriateness Theory, the Chinese American Coalition for Compassionate Care (CACCC) developed Heart to Heart (HTH) Cards using a 3-step approach. Read More

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The English and Chinese language versions of the Short Form 12-item Health Survey are equivalent.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Jan 7;19(1):14. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Background: The Short Form 12-item Health Survey (SF-12v2) was originally developed in English, but it is also available in Hong Kong (HK) Chinese. While both language versions had their measurement properties well assessed in their respective populations, their measurement invariance in scores has not been examined. Therefore, we aimed to assess their measurement invariance. Read More

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January 2021

Aging patterns of Japanese auditory semantic processing: an fMRI study.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2020 Dec 21:1-24. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

The efficacy of listening comprehension is presumably sustained over the life span, contradicting the stereotype of universal cognitive decline. It is thus worth investigating whether and how the preserved auditory semantic function is supported by affected or unaffected neural mechanism with age. To investigate this issue, 22 younger and 21 older Japanese adults were imaged in a 3 Tesla MRI scanner while performing an auditory semantic-tone task. Read More

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December 2020

An Evaluation of a Perinatal Education and Support Program to Increase Breastfeeding in a Chinese American Community.

Matern Child Health J 2021 Feb 16;25(2):214-220. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Charles B. Wang Community Health Center, 268 Canal Street, New York, NY, 10013, USA.

Introduction: In 2015, a community health center implemented a multipronged, Chinese language, health education initiative to increase breastfeeding. Perinatal education, hospital visits after delivery, and postpartum support were implemented to provide informational and emotional support. This study evaluates the impact of the breastfeeding program for Chinese American women. Read More

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February 2021

Patient-provider communication patterns among Asian American immigrant subgroups in New York City.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 05 6;104(5):1049-1058. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Patient-provider communication is essential for patient-centered care, yet Asian American immigrant populations face barriers. We aim to describe: 1) patient-reported communication-related characteristics for 16 disaggregated Asian American subgroups; and 2) the association of patient comprehension of provider communication with socio-demographics, language proficiency and concordance, and perceived cultural sensitivity in this population.

Methods: Descriptive statistics are presented for 1269 Asian American immigrants responding to cross-sectional, venue-sampled surveys conducted in New York City. Read More

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Cross-Linguistic Influence on L2 Before and After Extreme Reduction in Input: The Case of Japanese Returnee Children.

Front Psychol 2020 18;11:560874. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Language and Culture, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

This study investigates the choice of genitive forms (the woman's book vs. the book of the woman) in the English of Japanese-English bilingual returnees (i.e. Read More

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September 2020

Differences Between Current and Desired Physician Hypertension Management Roles Among Chinese American Seniors: a Qualitative Study.

J Gen Intern Med 2020 12 21;35(12):3471-3477. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Though patient-physician racial concordance correlates with better perceived shared decision-making, Chinese immigrants report low quality of care and have undertreated hypertension regardless of concordance.

Objective: To inform efforts to change physician behavior and improve quality of hypertension care, we used role theory to explore differences between Chinese American seniors' descriptions of current and desired physician roles in hypertension management.

Design: Qualitative interviews. Read More

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December 2020

High-efficiency artificial enzyme cascade bio-platform based on MOF-derived bimetal nanocomposite for biosensing.

Talanta 2020 Dec 11;220:121374. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong Sino-Japanese Center for Collaborative Research of Carbon Nanomaterials, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266071, PR China.

In this paper, a high-performance enzyme cascade bio-platform has been developed for biosensing by combining MOFs-based nanozyme and natural enzymes. Firstly, a novel porous mixed bi-metal oxide (MnCoO) derived from MOF with rod-like nanostructures was synthesized. Based on this, the nanozyme of bovine serum albumin-Pt [email protected] MnCoO ([email protected]) was successfully synthesized and used to construct enzyme cascade bio-platform. Read More

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December 2020

Expanding Bilingual Social Workers for the East Asian Older Adults beyond the "COVID-19 Racism".

Authors:
Sangeun Lee

J Gerontol Soc Work 2020 Aug-Oct;63(6-7):589-591. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research, Bryn Mawr College , Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA,

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January 2021

Grammatical Characteristics of Vietnamese and English in Developing Bilingual Children.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 08 4;29(3):1212-1225. Epub 2020 Aug 4.

School of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, San Diego State University, CA.

Purpose Defining parameters for typical development in bilingual children's first and second languages can serve as the basis for accurate language assessment. This is the first study to characterize Vietnamese and English grammatical development in a sample of bilingual children. Method Participants were 89 Vietnamese-English bilingual children, aged 3-8 years. Read More

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Psychometric comparison of Chinese and English versions of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire with bilingual Hong Kong Chinese students.

Int J Psychol 2021 Apr 23;56(2):296-303. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Counseling Psychology and Community Services, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA.

The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003) assesses two emotion regulation (ER) strategies: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Researchers have used the ERQ in cross-national studies, such as with participants in Hong Kong. There is inconsistency in psychometric equivalence data for the ERQ in Chinese among adults, and prior research in Hong Kong contradicted the ERQ's original factor structure (Matsumoto et al. Read More

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Perceptions and Barriers to SNAP Utilization Among Asian and Pacific Islanders in Greater Los Angeles.

Am J Health Promot 2020 09 3;34(7):779-790. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Public Health, Center for Health Equity, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: To examine the perceptions of and barriers to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation among Asian and Pacific Islander (API) immigrants.

Design: Qualitative focus groups were conducted in 4 API communities.

Setting And Participants: Participants were recruited from 4 API communities (n = 68; 22 Tongan, 18 Vietnamese, 16 Filipino, and 12 Chinese) through local community-based organizations in Los Angeles and Orange Counties. Read More

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September 2020

Survey data of foreign language learners' enjoyment and anxiety in the U.S.

Authors:
Tsung-Han Weng

Data Brief 2020 Jun 31;30:105221. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

University of Kansas, Department of Curriculum and Teaching, United States.

The data derive from a survey collected from 182 bilingual and multilingual speakers who are foreign language speakers from six language groups, including Mandarin Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Arabic, French, and Russian. They registered in beginning, immediate, and advanced levels of foreign language classes in a public four-year university in the Midwestern U.S. Read More

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Neural substrates of bilingual processing in a logographic writing system: An fMRI study in Chinese Cantonese-Mandarin bilinguals.

Brain Res 2020 07 28;1738:146794. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Logographic-logographic bilingualism is lacking in bilingual researches. Cantonese and Mandarin are two Chinese languages that belong to the logographic writing system and share the same set of Chinese characters. Cantonese-Mandarin bilinguals employ logographic-logographic bilingualism, and thus provide a unique population for bilingual studies. Read More

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Why is so difficult: tense/aspect marking in Mandarin-English bilingual children.

J Child Lang 2020 09 27;47(5):1073-1083. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

University of Alberta.

Learning to mark for tense in a second language is notoriously difficult for speakers of a tenseless language like Chinese. In this study we test two reasons for these difficulties in Chinese-English sequential bilingual children: (1) morphophonological transfer (i.e. Read More

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September 2020

Functional MRI and Structural Connectome Analysis of Language Networks in Japanese-English Bilinguals.

Neuroscience 2020 04 4;431:17-24. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Juntendo University, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

We aimed to clarify the mechanisms of neural plasticity involved in language. We hypothesized that alterations which occur in bilinguals could reflect the mechanisms of acquisition of a second language and simulate neural plasticity related to language. We compared spatial characteristics of story listening-related hemodynamic modulations and subcortical fiber networks between monolinguals and bilinguals. Read More

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Unpacking the 'black box' of lay health worker processes in a US-based intervention.

Health Promot Int 2020 Feb;35(1):5-16

Asian American Research Center on Health, University of California, 3333 California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Prior studies have supported the effectiveness of the use of Lay Health Workers (LHWs) as an intervention model for managing chronic health conditions, yet few have documented the mechanisms that underlie the effectiveness of the interventions. This study provides a first look into how LHWs delivered a family-based intervention and the challenges encountered. We utilize observation data from LHW-led educational sessions delivered as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test a LHW outreach family-based intervention to promote smoking cessation among Vietnamese American smokers. Read More

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February 2020

Common Neural System for Sentence and Picture Comprehension Across Languages: A Chinese-Japanese Bilingual Study.

Front Hum Neurosci 2019 25;13:380. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

While common semantic representations for individual words across languages have been identified, a common meaning system at sentence-level has not been determined. In this study, fMRI was used to investigate whether an across-language sentence comprehension system exists. Chinese-Japanese bilingual participants ( = 32) were asked to determine whether two consecutive stimuli were related (coherent) or not (incoherent) to the same event. Read More

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October 2019

Associations between focus constructions and levels of exhaustivity: An experimental investigation of Chinese.

Authors:
Yu-Yin Hsu

PLoS One 2019 9;14(10):e0223502. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Chinese and Bilingual Studies, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

How various types of focus differ with respect to exhaustivity has been a topic of enduring interest in language studies. However, most of the theoretical work explicating such associations has done so cross-linguistically, and little research has been done on how people process and respond to them during language comprehension. This study therefore investigates the associations between the concept of exhaustivity and three focus types in Chinese (wh, cleft, and only foci) using a trichotomous-response design in two experiments: a forced-choice judgment and a self-paced reading experiment, both with adult native speakers. Read More

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Comprehension of presupposition triggers in Cantonese-speaking children with and without autism spectrum disorders.

Clin Linguist Phon 2020 7;34(4):388-406. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Speech Therapy Unit, Department of Chinese and Bilingual Studies, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Built on a previous finding that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) had difficulty comprehending presuppositions, a domain of knowledge which is crucial for successful communication, the present study investigated the comprehension of seven types of presupposition trigger - namely definite descriptions, factive predicates, change-of-state verbs, implicative verbs, iteratives, temporal clauses, and counterfactual conditionals - in Cantonese-speaking children with and without ASD. Twenty-seven children with ASD (mean age 9.07) were compared with 23 typically developing (TD) children matched on chronological age and 21 TD children matched on language ability (LA). Read More

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The role of proactive control on subcomponents of language control: Evidence from trilinguals.

Cognition 2020 01 22;194:104055. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China. Electronic address:

Language control in bilingual individuals has been the source of thorough study in the last decade. However, the characterization of the subcomponents of this cognitive process remains shallow. In this experiment we tested Chinese, English, and Japanese trilinguals who completed a modified language-switching task. Read More

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January 2020