1,193 results match your criteria japanese art


Optimized micro-sampling and computational analysis for SERS identification of red organic dyes on prints.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2022 Jan 5;270:120857. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Chemistry, Portland State University, 1719 SW 10(th) Avenue, Science Research and Teaching Center Rm 262, Portland, OR 97201, United States. Electronic address:

The goals of this study were to develop a robust methodology and data analysis procedure to identify red dyes in artwork where dye collection is inaccessible by traditional methods. With Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) it is possible to obtain identifying molecular information from dilute and degraded dyes. A minimally invasive, soft-mechanical sampling method to gently contact printed paper is described; using a customized polymeric hydrogel surface with an exposure area of about 1 mm, micrometer-diameter colorant particles were collected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Dental manpower and treated dental diseases in department of dentistry, Taipei Hospital (the predecessor of National Taiwan University Hospital) in 1923.

J Dent Sci 2022 Jan 7;17(1):170-175. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: In 1906, there was a dental treatment room established in the department of surgery of Taipei Hospital to introduce modern dental services to Taiwan. It is undoubtedly the earliest hospital dentistry in Taiwan. This study tried to assess the dental manpower and treated dental diseases in Taipei Hospital, and hence to explore the appearance of Taiwan's early hospital dentistry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Distributions of dentists and physicians in Taiwan during the Japanese colonial period from 1923 to 1924.

J Dent Sci 2022 Jan 29;17(1):135-144. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: In 1896, the first dentist opened his dental clinic in Taipei City and this also opened a new era of Taiwan's dentistry. This study tried to assess the dentist manpower in Taiwan during the Japanese colonial period from 1923 to 1924, and hence to explore the appearance of Taiwan's early dentistry.

Materials And Methods: This study utilized the secondary data analysis to evaluate the numbers and distributions of dentists, physicians, and local practitioners in Taiwan from 1923 to 1924, to find the relationship among them, and further to explore the development of dentists in Taiwan at that period. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Optimal individualization of patient-oriented ovarian stimulation in Japanese assisted reproductive technology clinics, a review for unique setting with advanced-age patients.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

Ovarian stimulation is a key issue in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. ART practice in Japan is unique with various types of ovarian stimulation protocols, which may contribute to lower pregnancy rates compared to other countries. This review aims to clarify optimal individualized ovarian stimulation for improving the pregnancy rate per one oocyte retrieval cycle in Japan. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

[Pharmacological profile, clinical efficacy, and safety of Follitropin Delta produced by recombinant DNA technology in a human cell line (REKOVELLE PEN for S.C. Injection 12 μg, 36 μg, 72 μg)].

Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi 2022 ;157(1):76-84

Medical Affairs, Ferring Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd.

Follitropin Delta (Rekovellle Subcutaneous Injection 12 μg/ 36 μg/72 μg Pen) is a recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (rFSH) developed by Ferring Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd. Because human follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) gene is incorporated into a human-derived cell line (human embryonic retinoblastoma: PER. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Association of skipping breakfast and short sleep duration with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the general Japanese population: Baseline data from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative cohort study.

Prev Med Rep 2021 Dec 25;24:101613. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.

The purpose of the study was to investigate sex-specific associations of skipping breakfast and short sleep duration with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their interaction. We analyzed baseline data of 14,907 men and 14,873 women aged 35-69 years, who participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study from 2005. MetS was diagnosed using a modification of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III revised definition (NCEP-R 2005), using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Establishment of a Predictive Model for GvHD-free, Relapse-free Survival after Allogeneic HSCT using Ensemble Learning.

Blood Adv 2021 Dec 21. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Graft-versus-host-disease-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) is a useful composite endpoint that measures survival without relapse or significant morbidity after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We aimed to develop a novel analytical method that appropriately handles right-censored data and competing risks to understand the risk for GRFS and each component of GRFS. This study was a retrospective data-mining study on a cohort of 2207 adult patients who underwent their first allo-HSCT at the Kyoto Stem Cell Transplantation Group (KSCTG), a multi-institutional joint research group of 17 transplantation centers in Japan. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Research policy in supportive care and palliative care for cancer dyspnea.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2021 Dec 11. Epub 2021 Dec 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan.

Background: Dyspnea is a common and distressing symptom in patients with cancer. To improve its management, multicenter confirmatory studies are necessary. Research policy would be useful in conducting these studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Factors Associated with Treatment Satisfaction Among People Living with HIV in Japan and Other Selected Countries: Examination of the Intertwined Roles of Medication, Patient, and Provider Characteristics.

AIDS Behav 2021 Dec 6. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

ViiV Healthcare, Brentford, UK.

We examined satisfaction and perceived challenges with antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Japan vs three other Asian countries (China, Taiwan, South Korea), and 21 non-Asian countries, using data from the 2019 Positive Perspectives Study (pooled sample size from all 25 countries = 2389). Participants in other Asian countries were more likely than those in Japan to report they missed ART ≥ 1 time in the past month because they were depressed/overwhelmed (57.4%[89/155] vs 32. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of nursing students in Japan: protocol for a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 12 1;11(12):e055916. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

School of Nursing, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Japan.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading globally with a high risk of mortality. It is also significantly affecting mental health. For nursing students, the impact of COVID-19 on mental health is predicted to be significant; however, sufficient data have not been obtained. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

[Brain Substrate Underlying Outstanding Artistic Ability].

Authors:
Masaru Mimura

Brain Nerve 2021 Dec;73(12):1347-1355

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine.

In this review, the brain substrate underlying outstanding artistic ability was discussed from the viewpoint of "neuroaesthetics" and savant syndrome. Beauty is a multifaceted concept and is related to other multiple cognitive or affective functions, for which the medial orbitofrontal cortex is the hub and core region of the brain. The savant syndrome is known for outstanding and talented abilities including art despite otherwise severe brain dysfunction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

[Egon Schiele and Dystonia].

Authors:
Masaki Takao

Brain Nerve 2021 Dec;73(12):1341-1345

Department of Clinical Laboratory and General Internal Medicine, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP) National Center Hospital.

Egon Schiele was one of the famous expressionist painters and ended his short life at the age 28 years. Based on the characteristics of his paintings, it was considered that he might have had cervical dystonia. However, the hypothesis may be wrong. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

[Van Gogh's Pathography and the Influence of Illness on Painting].

Brain Nerve 2021 Dec;73(12):1333-1339

Department of Neurology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine.

There are many theories about Van Gogh's illness, including temporal lobe epilepsy, schizophrenia, Meniere's disease, manic depression, digitalis/absinthe poisoning, and acute intermittent porphyria, which, along with the truth of the ear-cutting incident, remain a great mystery. Van Gogh is often described as an "artist of madness and passion," but except for seven episodes of severe mental disturbance, his extraordinary creativity was maintained to the end. Reading "Van Gogh's Letters" reveals a very thoughtful and intelligent Van Gogh, far from being insane. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

[The Pathography and Art of Beethoven].

Brain Nerve 2021 Dec;73(12):1327-1331

Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo.

The musician Ludwig van Beethoven suffered from hearing impairment and abdominal pain beginning in his mid-twenties. Lead intoxication can cause both of neural symptoms and digestive disorders. Lead was often present in poor-quality wines at that period, and thus Beethoven could have ingested a large amount of lead through daily wine consumption. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Feasibility of lateral mass screw insertion in patients with the risky triad of C1: evaluation of the over-the-arch technique.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 Nov 26:1-8. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and complications of the over-the-arch (OTA) technique for screw insertion into the C1 lateral mass in patients in whom conventional techniques (i.e., posterior arch [PA] and inferior lateral mass [ILM]) are not feasible due to 1) PA with a very small height (< 3. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Predictors associated with a better response to the Japanese aluminum-free hepatitis A vaccine, Aimmugen , for people living with HIV.

Hepatol Res 2021 Nov 26. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Advanced Clinical Research Center, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: After the hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak among men who have sex with men (MSM) around 2018, the importance of HAV vaccination was emphasized, especially for MSM-living with human immunodeficiency virus (MSM-LWHIV). Aimmugen is licensed and distributed exclusively in Japan. While administration of three doses is recommended, 85% of recipients in the general population were reported to acquire seroprotection after the second dose. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Comorbidities and co-medications among 28 089 people living with HIV: A nationwide cohort study from 2009 to 2019 in Japan.

HIV Med 2021 Nov 25. Epub 2021 Nov 25.

Center for Promotion of Data Science, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: Comorbidities are associated with a high burden of disease in people living with HIV (PLWH). The objective was to investigate the prevalence of chronic comorbidities and use of co-medications in PLWH in Japan.

Methods: This study retrospectively analysed clinical information from PLWH receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) between April 2009 and March 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Conception by assisted reproductive technology in infants with critical congenital heart disease in Japan.

Reprod Biomed Online 2021 Oct 17. Epub 2021 Oct 17.

Department of Paediatrics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya Aichi, Japan. Electronic address:

Research Question: What is the proportion of infants born as a result of assisted reproductive technology ART across different types of neonatal critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in a Japanese population?

Design: A retrospective analysis of 418 consecutive infants with CCHD that required catheter treatment or surgery within the first 28 days of life or ductal-dependent lesions, in two paediatric centres in Japan, between January 2014 and December 2019. The proportion of ART in infants with each type of CCHD was evaluated. The proportion of ART in infants with univentricular heart defect (UVH) compared with those with biventricular heart defect (BVH) was evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

-Based Kampo Medicine Combined With Assisted Reproductive Technology Is Effective for Refractory Infertility and Early Recurrent Miscarriage: A Case Report.

Front Nutr 2021 3;8:761199. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

Department of Kampo Medicine, Aizu Medical Center, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is an effective treatment developed for infertile couples in the world. As a result, women suffering from infertility benefit from ART treatment. However, even when ART treatment is successfully performed, there are cases where conception is not achieved or maintained. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Author Correction: Depressive symptoms, anxiety, and quality of life of Japanese women at initiation of ART treatment.

Sci Rep 2021 Nov 17;11(1):22793. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Department of Social Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 157-8535, Japan.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Cancer in adolescents and young adults in Japan: epidemiology and cancer strategy.

Int J Clin Oncol 2022 Jan 15;27(1):7-15. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, 3-1-69 Otemae, Chuo-ku, Osaka, 541-8567, Japan.

According to national cancer registry data in Japan, approximately 20,000 adolescents and young adults (AYAs, age 15-39 years) are newly diagnosed with cancer each year. Improvements in treatment and care for AYAs with cancer are included in the Phase Three Basic Plan to Promote Cancer Control Programs in Japan. This article reviews current cancer incidence and survival for AYAs with cancer in Japan using population-based cancer registry data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Triangulation supports agricultural spread of the Transeurasian languages.

Nature 2021 11 10;599(7886):616-621. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Department of World Languages and Cultures, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.

The origin and early dispersal of speakers of Transeurasian languages-that is, Japanese, Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic-is among the most disputed issues of Eurasian population history. A key problem is the relationship between linguistic dispersals, agricultural expansions and population movements. Here we address this question by 'triangulating' genetics, archaeology and linguistics in a unified perspective. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Effects of daily 1,000-IU vitamin D-fortified milk intake on skeletal muscle mass, power, physical function and nutrition status in Japanese.

J Med Invest 2021 ;68(3.4):249-255

Kenshokai Gakuen College for Health and Welfare, Tokushima, Japan.

An intervention study was conducted to investigate the effects of daily 1,000-IU vitamin D-fortified milk intake on skeletal muscle mass, power, physical function and nutrition status in 26 healthy people and 8 older adults living in a nursing home. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level was 13.4 ± 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Flavivirus vaccines: Virus-like particles and single-round infectious particles as promising alternatives.

Vaccine 2021 Nov 6;39(48):6990-7000. Epub 2021 Nov 6.

Departamento de Medicina Molecular y Bioprocesos. Instituto de Biotecnología. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ave. Universidad 2001, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62210, México. Electronic address:

The genus flavivirus of the Flaviridae family includes several human pathogens, like dengue, Zika, Japanese encephalitis, and yellow fever virus. These viruses continue to be a significant threat to human health. Vaccination remains the most useful approach to reduce the impact of flavivirus fever. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Caregiver bereavement outcomes in advanced cancer: associations with quality of death and patient age.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Nov 6. Epub 2021 Nov 6.

Japanese Red Cross Kyushu International College of Nursing, 1-1 Asty Munakata, Fukuoka, 811-4157, Japan.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Etiology and treatment of cervical kyphosis: state of the art review-a narrative review.

J Spine Surg 2021 Sep;7(3):422-433

Norton Leatherman Spine Center, Louisville, KY, USA.

Objective: To provide state of the art review regarding cervical kyphosis.

Background: Cervical spine kyphosis has been increasingly common due to the growing elderly population. Clinicians should comprehensively understand its symptoms, biomechanics, etiology, radiographic evaluation, classification, and treatment options and complications of each treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

[Factors associated with community collaboration in the implementation phase of the local health-care, medical, and welfare plan].

Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 2021 Dec 22;68(12):876-887. Epub 2021 Oct 22.

Faculty of Policy Studies, Doshisha University.

Objective The aim of this study was to elucidate the status of health-care, medical, and welfare planning (hereafter, "planning")-in which public health nurses (PHNs) had participated-and the factors associated with community collaboration in the implementation phase. Additionally, suggestions regarding health activities that would contribute to improving the entire community's health level were obtained.Methods The Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle was the conceptual framework for this study, and the focus was the implementation phase of the plan (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

[COVID-19 measures and human rights guaranteed by the Japanese Constitution].

Authors:
Hajime Akiyama

F1000Res 2021 23;10:230. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8571, Japan.

Since March 2020, the Act on Special Measures for Pandemic Influenza and New Infectious Diseases Preparedness and Response has been a significant statute in dealing with COVID-19 in Japan. The Act mandates requests, instructions and orders for business suspension and shortened business hours, as well as stay-at-home requests. These measures limit freedom of movement and establishment, guaranteed rights under the Japanese Constitution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Cumulative live birth rate according to the number of receiving governmental subsidies for assisted reproductive technology in Saitama Prefecture, Japan: A retrospective study using individual data for governmental subsidies.

Reprod Med Biol 2021 Oct 20;20(4):451-459. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Environmental Health Science and Public Health Akita University Graduate School of Medicine Akita Japan.

Purpose: We investigated the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) in women receiving governmental subsidies for assisted reproductive technology (ART) in Saitama Prefecture, Japan.

Methods: Women who applied for subsidies from Saitama Prefectural Government for the first time in 2016 were enrolled and followed up until the end of 2017. Treatment information, including live birth, was obtained from the Japanese ART registry by linking it with unique identification numbers for treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Remarkably low KIR and HLA diversity in Amerindians reveals signatures of strong purifying selection shaping the centromeric KIR region.

Mol Biol Evol 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética, Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, 81531-980, Brazil.

The killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) recognize human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules to regulate the cytotoxic and inflammatory responses of natural killer cells. KIR genes are encoded by a rapidly evolving gene family on chromosome 19 and present an unusual variation of presence and absence of genes and high allelic diversity. Although many studies have associated KIR polymorphism with susceptibility to several diseases over the last decades, the high-resolution allele-level haplotypes have only recently started to be described in populations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021