34,175 results match your criteria january june


Results of Obturator Foramen Bypass in Patients with Groin Infection and Arterial Involvement.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

MedStar Washington Hospital Center.

Objective: Arterial bypass tunneling via the obturator foramen (OFB) can be performed to circumvent groin infections during lower extremity revascularization. The objective of this study is to report safety and efficacy outcomes of OFB in the setting of infected femoral pseudoaneurysms and infected prosthetic femoral bypass grafts.

Methods: A multi-hospital, single-entity healthcare system retrospective review was conducted for all patients who underwent OFB between January 2014 through June 2020. Read More

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SSEP amplitudes add information for prognostication in postanoxic coma.

Resuscitation 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Intensive Care, Amsterdam UMC and University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate whether somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) amplitude adds information for prediction of poor outcome in postanoxic coma.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study we included adult patients admitted after cardiac arrest between January 2010 and June 2018 who remained in coma and had SSEP recorded for prognostication. Outcome was dichotomized in poor (Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) 4-5) and good (CPC 1-3) at ICU discharge. Read More

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Unexpected decline in pediatric asthma morbidity during the coronavirus pandemic.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Section of Pulmonary Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic profoundly impacted health care utilization. We evaluated asthma-related emergency department (ED) and inpatient health care utilization by a county-specific Medicaid population, ages 2-18, during the COVID-19 pandemic and compared it to utilization from a 3-year average including 2017-2019. All-cause ED utilization and asthma medication fill rates were evaluated during the same timeframes. Read More

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Relative snowpack response to elevation, temperature and precipitation in the Crown of the Continent region of North America 1980-2013.

Authors:
Len Broberg

PLoS One 2021 13;16(4):e0248736. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Environmental Studies Program, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America.

Water availability in western Canada and the United States is dependent on the accumulation of snowpack in the montane regions and threatened by increased winter temperature and more precipitation as rain linked to climate change. In order to make reasoned decisions to adapt to climate change managers require knowledge of the role of temperature and precipitation in SWE development and data to distinguish the relative retention response of snowpack regions to expected temperature and precipitation regime shifts at the watershed scale. Using the Daymet interpolated 1 km2 dataset, effects of elevation, temperature (Tmax, Tmin and Tavg) and precipitation on April 1 SWE in the Crown of the Continent were tested by linear regression and Kendall correlation. Read More

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Association of Sleepwalking and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder With Parkinson Disease in Men.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e215713. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Importance: Previous studies conducted among patients with Parkinson disease (PD) reported that parasomnias other than rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD), particularly sleepwalking (SW), are associated with PD severity. However, it remains unclear whether the presence of SW is associated with altered odds of having PD in a population-based study.

Objective: To evaluate whether probable SW, either alone or co-occurring with probable RBD, is associated with higher odds of PD in men. Read More

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Joint effects of HPV-related knowledge and socio-demographic factors on HPV testing behaviour among females in Shenzhen.

Eur J Public Health 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Healthcare, Affiliated Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital, Southern Medical University, Shenzhen, China.

Background: Limited population-based studies explore the utilization and associated barriers or facilitators to cervical cancer screening in China. We attempted to investigate the associations of socio-demographic factors, HPV specific knowledge with HPV testing behaviour in Shenzhen, China.

Methods: A citywide cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to June 2015 in Shenzhen city by using a multistage stratified cluster sampling method. Read More

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Effects of temperature and phytoplankton community composition on subitaneous and resting egg production rates of Acartia omorii in Tokyo Bay.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7959. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Graduate School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Konan 4-5-7, Minato, Tokyo, 108-8477, Japan.

To clarify the effects of temperature and phytoplankton community composition on Acartia omorii (Copepoda: Calanoida) egg production, its abundance and egg production rates were investigated from 2016 to 2018 in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Abundance was high from March to May (> 3.0 × 10 individuals m) and low or undetected from late June to December (≤ 0. Read More

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A Real-World Comparison of Cardiovascular, Medical and Costs Outcomes in New Users of SGLT2 Inhibitors versus GLP-1 Agonists.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Apr 9:108800. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Humana Healthcare Research, Inc., Humana Inc., Louisville, KY.

Aims: To compare SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 agonists on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, treatment persistence/discontinuation, healthcare utilization and costs.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study utilized medical and pharmacy claims to identify new SGLT2 inhibitor or GLP-1 agonist users from January 2015 to June 2017. A total of 5,507 patients were included in each treatment group after 1:1 propensity score matching. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 infection rates of antibody-positive compared with antibody-negative health-care workers in England: a large, multicentre, prospective cohort study (SIREN).

Lancet 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Public Health England Colindale, Colindale, London, UK; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Increased understanding of whether individuals who have recovered from COVID-19 are protected from future SARS-CoV-2 infection is an urgent requirement. We aimed to investigate whether antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 were associated with a decreased risk of symptomatic and asymptomatic reinfection.

Methods: A large, multicentre, prospective cohort study was done, with participants recruited from publicly funded hospitals in all regions of England. Read More

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Prevalence of Strongyloidiasis Among Cardiothoracic Organ Transplant Candidates in a Non-Endemic Region; A Single Center Experience with Universal Screening.

Transpl Infect Dis 2021 Apr 12:e13614. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Medicine, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States.

Disseminated strongyloidiasis and hyperinfection syndrome can cause significant morbidity and mortality after transplantation. Screening and treatment prior to transplantation can reduce or prevent this disease. Targeted screening of transplant candidates, based on assessed risk, fails to identify all who would benefit. Read More

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Clinical Predictors of Heart Block During Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia Ablation, a Multicenter 18 Year Experience.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Northwell Health, 100 East 77th Street, New York, NY, 10075.

Background: Catheter ablation is considered the first-line treatment of symptomatic atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). It has been associated with a risk of heart block (HB) requiring pacemaker. This study aims to determine potential clinical predictors of complete heart block as a result AVNRT ablation. Read More

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Using Google Trends Data to Track Healthcare Use for Hand Osteoarthritis.

Cureus 2021 Mar 9;13(3):e13786. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA.

Background Google Trends (GT) is a free tool that provides analysis of search traffic for specified terms entered into the Google search engine. In this study, we evaluate the association between public interest in hand osteoarthritis (OA) as determined by GT search volumes and healthcare usage related to hand OA. Methodology We compiled GT data from 2010 to 2017 for the following group of hand OA-related search terms: "hand osteoarthritis," "hand arthritis," "hand swelling," "hand stiffness," and "chronic hand pain. Read More

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Correlation with spontaneous pneumothorax and weather change, especially warm front approaching.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Mar;13(3):1584-1591

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Iwate Medical University, Iwate, Japan.

Background: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) occurs more frequently in young, tall men, with approximately 10,000 times video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) annually in Japan is undergoing for surgical treatment. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear, but several reports have suggested correlation with weather conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between onset of PSP and changes in weather. Read More

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Association between the platelet to lymphocyte ratio, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and axillary lymph node metastasis in cT1N0 breast cancer patients.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(3):1854-1861. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of General Surgery, The Second Medical Center of PLA General Hospital Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and axillary lymph node metastasis in cT1N0 breast cancer patients.

Methods: The clinicopathological data of 154 patients with cT1N0 breast cancer from January 2015 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. Read More

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Ibandronate sodium and zoledronate sodium in the treatment of senile osteoporosis: efficacy, impact on quality of life and cost-effectiveness analysis.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(3):1764-1771. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Pharmacy, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of ibandronate sodium and zoledronate sodium in the treatment of senile osteoporosis and their impact on quality of life, and to analyze the cost-effectiveness.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 215 patients with senile osteoporosis, who were admitted to our hospital from January 2017 to June 2019. Among them, 115 cases treated with ibandronate sodium were set to group A and 100 cases treated with zoledronate sodium were set to group B. Read More

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Impact of the COVID-19 Induced Lockdown Measures on Concentration in USA.

Atmos Environ (1994) 2021 Apr 7:118388. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Statistics, University of Chicago.

In 2020, most countries around the world have observed varying degrees of public lockdown measures to mitigate the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. As an unintended consequence of reduced transportation and industrial activities, air quality has dramatically improved in many major cities around the world. In this paper, we analyze the environmental impact of the lockdown measures on concentration levels in 48 core-based statistical areas (CBSA) of the United States, during the pre and post-lockdown period of January to June, 2020. Read More

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Primary Failure of Autogenous Arteriovenous Fistula: Critical Analysis.

Indian J Nephrol 2020 Nov-Dec;30(6):382-390. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Command Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Introduction: Permanent vascular access is an essential intervention in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its success depends on various non-modifiable and modifiable factors. Considering the element of unpredictability and failure, we attempted to analyze various factors responsible for primary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure in presumed high-risk groups.

Materials And Methods: We conducted an observational study of newly created AVFs at a tertiary referral government hospital in Eastern India between January 2014 and June 2015. Read More

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November 2020