4,340 results match your criteria items essential


Development and Actionability of the Dutch COVID-19 Dashboard: Descriptive Assessment and Expert Appraisal Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, NL.

Background: Web-based public reporting by means of dashboards has become an essential tool for governments worldwide to monitor COVID-19 information and communicate it to the public. The actionability of such dashboards is determined by their fitness for purpose-meeting a specific information need-and fitness for use-placing the right information into the right hands at the right time and in a manner that can be understood.

Objective: The aim of this study is to identify specific areas where the actionability of the Dutch government's COVID-19 dashboard could be improved, with the ultimate goal of enhancing public understanding of the pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Management and Follow-Up Practices of Women With Recurrent Stress Urinary Incontinence Following Transobturator Mid-urethral Synthetic Sling Procedure: A 6-Year Retrospective Monocentric University-Based Study.

Front Surg 2021 3;8:710594. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Urology, Nanjing Medical University Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing, China.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of management and follow-up practices in repeat retropubic mid-urethral synthetic sling (MUS) procedure after transobturator tape/tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TOT/TVT-O) failure, and to clarify the possible etiology of recurrent stress urinary incontinence. The charts of all women patients who underwent tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) slings after previous failed transobturator MUS procedures between February 2012 and November 2018 at a single center were reviewed retrospectively. The transperineal ultrasound was performed to assess the pre-operative or post-operative urethral mobility and location of the slings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

An Evaluation of the Online Quality of Content of United States Accredited Pain Medicine Fellowship Training Programs.

Anesth Pain Med 2021 Jun 27;11(3):e115981. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Department of Anesthesiology, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

Background: Pain medicine fellowship applicants often seek information about programs from the Internet, which is becoming even more relevant with the transition to virtual interviews as a consequence of the global pandemic. Previous literature has revealed the significance of training program websites as part of the application process in other specialties.

Objectives: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the content, design, organization, and user friendliness by using a composite score to determine the quality of the pain medicine fellowship websites (PMFW). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Needs Assessment of Safe Medicines Management for Older People With Cognitive Disorders in Home Care: An Integrative Systematic Review.

Front Neurol 2021 3;12:694572. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

WHO Collaborating Centre at the Institute for Nursing Science and Practice, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

The global trend of healthcare is to improve the quality and safety of care for older people with cognitive disorders in their own home. There is a need to identify how medicines management for these older people who are cared by their family caregivers can be safeguarded. This integrative systematic review aimed to perform the needs assessment of medicines management for older people with cognitive disorders who receive care from their family caregivers in their own home. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

University students' behavioral intention and gender differences toward the acceptance of shifting regular field training courses to e-training courses.

Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) 2021 Sep 14:1-18. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of General Courses, College of Applied Studies and Community Service, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441 Saudi Arabia.

During the COVID-19 lockdown, all the courses at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) were delivered fully online, including field-training courses. Since there was no previous experience in offering field-training courses in a distance format, the current study aims to identify factors that could impact students' behavioral intention to accept the e-training approach in teaching field training courses at IAU. In order to gather the data, the researchers designed a questionnaire based on the UTAUT model and they ensured the face, content, and construct validity of the questionnaire by sending it to five experts in the relevant field and by using exploratory factor analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Sexual and reproductive health education: Midwives' confidence and practices.

Women Birth 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Curtin University, Hayman Road, Bentley, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Problem: There is limited evidence regarding midwives' confidence and practices in providing sexual and reproductive health care in Australia.

Background: Midwives provide important public health education to women regarding sexual and reproductive health care.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore midwives' confidence and practices around providing education to women on three key areas of sexual and reproductive health: contraception and family planning; sexual activity; and sexual health. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Examining the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on community engagement for people with mobility disabilities.

Disabil Health J 2021 Sep 1:101212. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

University of Kansas Research and Training Center on Independent Living (KU-RTCIL), 1000 Sunnyside Ave., Room 1052, Lawrence, KS, 66045, United States; University of Kansas Institute for Health and Disability Policy Studies (KU-IHDPS), 1000 Sunnyside Ave., Room 1052, Lawrence, KS, 66045, United States; University of Kansas Department of Applied Behavioral Science 4001 Dole Human Development Center, 1000 Sunnyside Ave Lawrence, KS, 66046, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent mandates upended community participation in the United States. People with disabilities were often more vulnerable to the adverse effects of the pandemic. Some areas of community participation affected for this population include employment, access to transportation, and social engagement and connection to others. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Pilot Study of Intervention With a Mobile Application Visualizing the Macronutrient Content for Type 2 Diabetes at a Japanese Center.

J Clin Med Res 2021 Aug 30;13(8):425-433. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Estimating the nutritional content of food is essential for self-management in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but it is a difficult skill to learn. The aim of this study was to investigate how diabetes management was impacted by the ability of patients to search for items they ate from a database of 26,300 different foods, and to visualize nutritional intake using the Japanese mobile application (app) "Calomeal."

Methods: This was a single-arm, single-center, pilot study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Plasmodium vivax epidemiology in Ethiopia 2000-2020: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Sep 15;15(9):e0009781. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

ISGlobal, Institute for Global Health, Hospital Clinic-Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Ethiopia is one of the scarce rare African countries where Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum co-exist. There has been no attempt to derive a robust prevalence estimate of P. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effects of Depression and Resilience of Public Workers on Work-related Stress and Anxiety in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Sep 13;36(36):e262. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: This study explored the clinical variables related to public workers' stress and anxiety regarding the viral epidemic, and the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between their depression and anxiety in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Methods: A total of 938 public workers answered anonymous questionnaires in May 2020. The survey included rating scales such as the Stress and Anxiety to Viral Epidemics-9 (SAVE-9), Patients Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 2 items (CD-RISC 2), and subjects also answered whether they were employed in COVID-19 related fields. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Factors influencing the coping abilities in clinic nursing students under public health emergency (COVID-19): a cross-sectional study.

BMC Nurs 2021 Sep 13;20(1):167. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Nursing Department, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University/Jiangsu Provice Hospital, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Public health emergencies are serious social problems, threatening people's lives, causing considerable economic losses, and related to all mankind life and health and safety. Nurses are essential in the fight against the public health emergency, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). clinic nursing students are considered as backup health care providers for licensed nurses, the coping abilities and crisis management of nursing students at present deserve attention all around the world. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cost of provision of essential health Services in Public Health Centers of Jimma zone, Southwest Ethiopia; a provider perspective, the pointer for major area of public expenditure.

Health Econ Rev 2021 Sep 13;11(1):34. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Health Economics, Policy and Health Services Management, College of Public Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Provision of up-to-date cost information is crucial for not only addressing knowledge gap on the cost of essential health services (EHS) but also budgeting, allocating adequate resources and improving institutional efficiency at public health centers where basic health services are delivered the most.

Objective: To analyze the costs of essential health services at public health centers in Jimma Zone.

Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted in public health centers of Jimma zone from April 10, 2018 to May 9, 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Medical Student Experience and Outcomes, as Well as Preceptor Experience, with Rapid Conversion of a Preclinical Medical School Course to a Remote-Based Learning Format in the Setting of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Med Sci Educ 2021 Sep 3:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY USA.

Objectives: To assess student outcomes and experiences, as well as preceptor experiences, after emergently converting a preclinical medical school renal course to a remote setting during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: First-year medical student examination scores and responses to Likert-scale questions on end-of-course evaluations from the 2018-2019 (traditional) and 2019-2020 (remote) academic years were compared. Free-text responses from students and preceptors were analyzed using a qualitative summative approach to extract major themes in perceptions of remote learning. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Validation of the Prospective Memory Concerns Questionnaire (PMCQ).

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 26;15:686850. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

School of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia.

Prospective memory (PM), the ability to remember to complete intended tasks, is essential for successfully completing activities of daily living. PM impairments are common in people with neuropathology such as acquired brain injury and dementia. These PM impairments affect individuals' capabilities in key aspects of daily living including their health, safety, and independence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring the impact of socio-demographic characteristics, health concerns, and product type on home delivery rates and expenditures during a strict COVID-19 lockdown period: A case study from Portland, OR.

Transp Res Part A Policy Pract 2021 Nov 2;153:1-19. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Transportation Technology and People Lab, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751-CEE, Portland, OR 97207, USA.

E-commerce volumes and home deliveries have experienced steady growth in the last two decades. Strict COVID-19 lockdowns made home delivery an essential service and a lifeline for many households that, for travel restrictions or health concerns, were not able to utilize traditional shopping methods. This research studies the impact of socio-demographic variables and e-commerce attitudes on household deliveries for seven product categories (groceries, meals, electronics, household and office goods, recreational items, and fashion, beauty and personal care products, and medicine/health-related products) during the lockdown period in the greater Portland metropolitan region. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Economic impact of COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare facilities and systems: International perspectives.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2021 Oct 17;35(3):293-306. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Anesthesiology, LSU Health Shreveport, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71103, USA. Electronic address:

International hospitals and healthcare facilities are facing catastrophic financial challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Hospital Association estimates a financial impact of $202.6 billion in lost revenue for America's hospitals and healthcare systems, or an average of $50. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Health Related Quality of Life Measurements for Diabetes: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 1;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences & Technology College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu 410001, Nigeria.

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an essential measure that is used to assess the effect of chronic disease management on the health status of an individual. Previous studies have identified various instruments used in the measuring of diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the various instruments used for the diabetes-specific measure of HRQOL, and place emphasis on its content and measurement properties. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development and psychometric properties of the Therapeutic Relationship Assessment Scale-Nurse.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Nursing School of Barcelona, Campus Docent Sant Joan de Déu-Private Foundation, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: The literature shows a clear relationship between a good therapeutic relationship (TR) and the efficacy of nursing interventions. For the implementation of nursing psychotherapeutic interventions, the initial establishment of a good TR is essential. Several instruments assess the relationship established between the therapist and the patient in psychotherapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Primary healthcare system readiness to prevent and manage non-communicable diseases in Bangladesh: a mixed-method study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 09 7;11(9):e051961. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rapidly increasing in Bangladesh. Currently, it contributes to 67% of annual deaths, and accounts for approximately 64% of the disease burden. Since 70% of the Bangladeshi population residing in the rural area rely on the primary healthcare system, assessment of its capacity is crucial for guiding public health decisions to prevent and manage NCDs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Using the Delphi technique to achieve consensus on bereavement care in palliative care in Europe: An EAPC White Paper.

Palliat Med 2021 Sep 6:2692163211043000. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Aarhas University, Aarhas, Denmark.

Background: The WHO definition of palliative care includes bereavement support as integral to palliative care, yet a previous survey of bereavement support in palliative care in Europe has shown a range of service responses to loss. A rigorous approach to agreeing and implementing a palliative care bereavement framework was required.

Aim: The aim of this study was to develop consensus on best-practice recommendations for bereavement care principles, structures, processes and delivery based on current practice and evidence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effects of simulation technology-based learning on nursing students' learning outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Sep 1;107:105127. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Background: Gaps between theory and clinical practice represent challenges for nursing students during their learning processes. Providing simulation technology-based learning for nursing students is essential for modern nurse education, but evidence of efficacy remains scarce.

Objectives: To determine the effects of simulation technology-based learning for nursing students. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Systematic Literature Review of Health-related Quality of Life Measures for Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder and Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder.

Sex Med Rev 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Pharmacoeonomics and Policy, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) / Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder (FSIAD) impacts health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of women and their partners, yet existing measures fail to adequately capture relevant concepts (ie, what is essential to measure including symptoms/impacts) important to women with HSDD/FSIAD.

Objectives: To identify HRQoL tools used to assess women with HSDD/FSIAD, and to evaluate their psychometric properties (ie, reliability, validity, and responsiveness).

Methods: We conducted searches in PubMed, Embase and PsychINFO from June 5, 1989 to September 30, 2020 for studies in women with HSDD/FSIAD and psychometric analyses (English only). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Longitudinal impact of oral health on geriatric syndromes and clinical outcomes in community-dwelling older adults.

BMC Geriatr 2021 09 4;21(1):482. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Division of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Oral health is essential for daily living and plays a pivotal role in overall health conditions and well-being. This study evaluated the impact of self-reported oral health on geriatric conditions, institutionalization, and mortality.

Methods: This study analyzed the population of the Aging Study of Pyeongchang Rural Area that had undergone geriatric assessments between 2016 and 2017. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development and psychometric testing of the nursing faculty competencies self-assessment scale.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Nov 30;106:105068. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Graduate School of Nursing, Osaka Prefecture University, 3-7-30, Habikino, Habikino-shi, Osaka 583-8555, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Alongside the promotion of faculty development, further clarification on the vital faculty competencies is critical.

Objectives: To develop and test the psychometric properties of the Nursing Faculty Competencies Self-Assessment Scale.

Design: A cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Perioperative risk factors for new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting: a systematic review.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 09 3;21(1):418. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro Dongjak-Gu, Seoul, 06974, Republic of Korea.

Background: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common cardiac dysrhythmia to occur after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the risk factors for new-onset POAF after CABG during the perioperative period have yet to be clearly defined. Accordingly, the aim of our systematic review was to evaluate the perioperative predictors of new-onset POAF after isolated CABG. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Content Validity and Inter-Rater Reliability of the Occupational Therapy Pediatric Inventory of Cognitive Skills (OT-PICS): An Assessment Tool of Functional Cognition in Children.

Occup Ther Health Care 2021 Sep 2:1-17. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Programs in Occupational Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

The Occupational Therapy Pediatric Inventory of Cognitive Skills (OT-PICS) is being developed to evaluate functional cognition skills in children in the domains of play, educational participation, and self-care. This study aimed to determine the content validity and inter-rater reliability of the OT-PICS. Seven content experts agreed that all 15 items of the tool are essential items to examine functional cognition in children ( 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Microplastics in aquatic environment: Challenges and perspectives.

Chemosphere 2021 Nov 12;282:131151. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Environmental Biotechnology Group (EBiTG), Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, Uttarakhand, India. Electronic address:

The occurrence of microplastics in the aquatic environment has become a growing concern globally. Microplastics pose a hazard to the ecological system, and their presence, particularly in the water, has an adverse impact on human health and the ecosystem. Microplastics are released into the environment directly from everyday used plastic items, degradation of plastics, industries, and wastewater treatment plants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Analyzing the Drivers of Household Dietary Diversity: Evidence from Burkina Faso.

Food Nutr Bull 2021 Sep 1:3795721211029092. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

1810Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA.

Background: The diets of millions of poor individuals lack adequate amount of essential nutrients.

Objective: To examine the determinants of household dietary diversity in Burkina Faso and assess whether the choice of a diversity metric matters.

Methods: Using survey data from 2014, we construct 3 metrics-Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS), Berry Index (BI), and Healthy Food Diversity Index (HFDI). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021