13,168 results match your criteria isolated abdominal

MiR-155 regulates neutrophil extracellular trap formation and lung injury in abdominal sepsis.

J Leukoc Biol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs)-mediated tissue damage is a hallmark in abdominal sepsis. Under certain conditions, microRNAs (miRs) can regulate protein expression and cellular functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-155 in sepsis-induced NET formation, lung inflammation, and tissue damage. Read More

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Puerarin reduces impairment of intestinal and adipose immune responses to influenza virus infection in mice.

Arch Virol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Basic Medical College, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, 12 Jichang Rd., San Yuanli St., Bai Yun Dist., Guangzhou, 510405, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Influenza is an acute viral respiratory disease that can also cause gastroenteritis-like symptoms, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Immune dysfunction of adipose tissue is involved in the occurrence and prognosis of influenza viral pneumonia. In this study, we analyzed intestinal and adipose immune responses in mice infected with influenza virus and found that the impairment of intestinal and adipose immunity to influenza virus infection could be reversed by treatment with puerarin, a medicinal compound isolated from Pueraria lobata (called "gegen" in Chinese). Read More

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Intraperitoneal Urinary Bladder Rupture as a Cause of Pneumoperitoneum.

Am Surg 2021 Jun 10:31348211025765. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Trauma Surgery and Critical Care, Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.

The most common cause of pneumoperitoneum in trauma patients is hollow viscus injury; however, in patients with pneumoperitoneum on imaging and normal hollow viscus during the laparotomy, other rare causes of pneumoperitoneum like intraperitoneal urinary bladder rupture should be ruled out. Urinary bladder can rupture either extraperitoneally or intraperitoneally or both. Rupture of the urinary bladder is commonly seen in patients with abdominal trauma; however, pneumoperitoneum is usually not seen in patients with traumatic bladder rupture. Read More

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Anti-inflammatory and tight junction protective activity of the herbal preparation STW 5-II on mouse intestinal organoids.

Phytomedicine 2021 May 6;88:153589. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder, in which recurrent abdominal pain is associated with defecation or a change in bowel habits. STW 5-II is a combination of six medicinal herbs with a clinically proven efficacy in managing IBS.

Aim: This study aims to establish an in vitro IBS model using mouse intestinal organoids and to explore the anti-inflammatory and tight junction protective activities of the multi-herbal preparation STW 5-II. Read More

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Application of MALDI-TOF MS to assess clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes associated with anaerobic bloodstream infection: a retrospective observational study.

Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 2021 Jun 9;20(1):42. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Japanese Red Cross Nagoya Daini Hospital, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8650, Japan.

Background: Correctly identifying anaerobic bloodstream infections (BSIs) is difficult. However, a new technique, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), enables more accurate identification and appropriate treatment. Anaerobic BSIs identified by MALDI-TOF MS were retrospectively analyzed to determine the clinical and microbiological features and patient outcomes based on the anaerobic genera or group. Read More

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Correction to: Isolated ascending aorta dilatation is associated with increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jun 9;16(1):168. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Cardiology Department, Barzilai Medical Center Campus, Barzilai University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University, Ashkelon, Israel.

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[Enodvascular treatment of isolated abdominal aortic dissection].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;59(6):525-529

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China.

To examine the outcome of endovascular treatment in patients of isolated abdominal aortic dissection. From February 2012 to June 2020, 61 patients (44 males, 17 females) with an age of (60.2±11. Read More

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Common iliac artery aneurysm urological manifestations.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(2):216-220

Centro Médico Dalinde, Torre Médica Gineco-Pediátrica, Área de Cirugía Cardiovascular, Ciudad de México, México.

Background: An iliac artery aneurysm is a permanent and focal dilation of the artery that measures more than 50% of the normal diameter of the vessel. Isolated iliac artery aneurysms are infrequent, mostly as an association with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The objective of this article is mainly to focus on urological symptoms as the manifestations of iliac artery aneurysm, to propitiate an early diagnosis. Read More

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January 2020

Clinical and laboratory characteristics in gynecologic and obstetric patients with surgical site infection

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(2):137-144

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Gineco Obstetricia No. 4 "Luis Castelazo Ayala," División de Investigación en Salud. Ciudad de México, México.

Background: The frequency of surgical site infection (SSI) is different according to the different hospitals and is not completely known in the hospital.

Objective: To describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics in gynecological and obstetric patients with SSI, as well as its frequency, associated risk factors and the most frequently isolated microorganism in cultures.

Material And Mehotds: Descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective and observational study. Read More

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January 2020

Liposomal honokiol promotes hair growth via activating Wnt3a/β-catenin signaling pathway and down regulating TGF-β1 in C57BL/6N mice.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 5;141:111793. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Neuro-oncology, Cancer Center, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100071, China. Electronic address:

Liposomal honokiol isolated from the genus Magnolia has been found to have antiangiogenic, anti-inflammatory and antitumor properties. However, there has no report on its role in hair growth. Hair follicles are life-long cycled organelles that go through from anagen, catagen and telogen stages and are regulated by diverse signaling pathways, including Wnt/β-catenin, Notch, Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and Sonic hegehog (SHH). Read More

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Hormone Receptor Positive/HER2 Negative Breast Cancer With Isolated Bladder Metastasis: A Rare Case.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2021 Jan-Dec;9:23247096211022186

Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, USA.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in North America. Hormone receptor positive (HR+) and HER2 negative (HER2-) breast cancers account for at least 60% to 70% of all breast cancer cases. They usually metastasize to lymph nodes, bones, liver, lungs, and brain. Read More

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[Treatment reality of aortic diseases in Switzerland].

L Meuli T Lattmann

Gefasschirurgie 2021 Jun 1:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Swissvasc Registry, Klinik für Gefässchirurgie, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Brauerstrasse 15, 8400 Winterthur, Schweiz.

Background: Due to the federally organized healthcare system in Switzerland, aortic interventions are performed in many different hospitals, presumably sometimes with a very small number of cases per institution. The aim of this study was to present the treatment reality of aortic diseases based on the aortic interventions recorded in Switzerland's vascular registry Swissvasc.

Methods: All interventions on the aorta that were carried out between January 2018 and December 2020 in Switzerland and entered in the Swissvasc registry were included in this overview. Read More

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CEACAM5 overexpression is a reliable characteristic of CD133-positive colorectal cancer stem cells.

Cancer Biomark 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia.

Background: CD133 (prominin-1) is the most commonly used molecular marker of the cancer stem cells (CSCs) that maintain tumor progression and recurrence in colorectal cancer. However, the proteome of CSCs directly isolated from colorectal tumors based on CD133 expression has never been investigated.

Objective: To reveal biomarkers of CD133-positive colorectal CSCs. Read More

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Searching for new molecular markers for cells obtained from abdominal aortic aneurysm.

J Appl Genet 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Medyków 18 Street, Bldg. C-1, 40-752, Katowice, Poland.

The aim of the study was to investigate specific potential markers for cells obtained from three layers of human AAA divided into three segments along the AAA based on morphological differences. The isolated cells were compared to control commercial cell types from healthy human abdominal aortas. For each type of aortic layer, three specimens from 6 patients were compared. Read More

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Different Biliary Microbial Flora Influence Type of Complications after Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Single Center Retrospective Analysis.

J Clin Med 2021 May 18;10(10). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Surgery, Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, 00128 Rome, Italy.

Background: Bacterobilia is associated with postoperative morbidity after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), mostly due to infectious complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of bacteria species isolated from intraoperative biliary cultures, and related complications after PD.

Methods: An ANOVA test was used to assess the prevalence of isolated bacterial species and postoperative complications. Read More

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Penetration of Isavuconazole in Ascites Fluid of Critically Ill Patients.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 May 11;7(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Ismaningerstrasse 22, 81675 Munich, Germany.

Fungal peritonitis is a life-threatening condition which is not only difficult to diagnose, but also to treat. Following recent guidelines, echinocandins and azoles are the recommended antimycotics for the management of intra-abdominal spp. infections, with a favor for echinocandins in critically ill patients. Read More

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Cellular senescence in vascular wall mesenchymal stromal cells, a possible contribution to the development of aortic aneurysm.

Mech Ageing Dev 2021 May 29;197:111515. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University di Bologna, Bologna, 40126, Italy.

Cellular senescence is a hallmark of ageing and it plays a key role in the development of age-related diseases. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an age related degenerative vascular disorder, characterized by a progressive dilatation of the vascular wall and high risk of rupture over time. Nowadays, no pharmacological therapies are available and the understanding of the molecular mechanisms that lead to AAA onset and development are poorly defined. Read More

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First lung and kidney multi-organ transplant following COVID-19 Infection.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Electronic address:

As the world responds to the global crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic an increasing number of patients are experiencing increased morbidity as a result of multi-organ involvement. Of these, a small proportion will progress to end-stage lung disease, become dialysis dependent, or both. Herein, we describe the first reported case of a successful combined lung and kidney transplantation in a patient with COVID-19. Read More

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Clinical, pathologic, and epidemiologic features of nocardioform placentitis in the mare.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 25;171:155-161. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. Electronic address:

Placentitis is the leading cause of infectious abortion in the horse and contributes to roughly 19% of all abortions in the United States. A type of placental infection, nocardioform placentitis (NP) is associated with gram-positive branching actinomycetes localized within the ventral body of the feto-maternal interface to create a lymphoplasmacytic mucoid lesion. While the etiology of this disease is poorly described, this placental infection continues to cause episodic abortions in addition to weak and/or growth retarded neonates. Read More

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September 2021

Lose Weight to Donate: Development of a Program to Optimize Potential Donors With Hepatic Steatosis or Obesity for Living Liver Donation.

Transplant Direct 2021 Jun 25;7(6):e702. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Transplant Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA.

Background: Living donor liver transplantation offers an attractive option to reduce the waitlist mortality. However, in recent years, the rising prevalence of obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has posed a serious threat to the donor pool while simultaneously increasing demand for liver transplant. To our knowledge, there have been no major published studies in the United States documenting a diet and exercise intervention to expand the living donor pool. Read More

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Screening of Reference Genes for RT-qPCR in Chicken Adipose Tissue and Adipocytes.

Front Physiol 2021 14;12:676864. Epub 2021 May 14.

Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Harbin, China.

Reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR is the most commonly used method to detect gene expression levels. In experiments, it is often necessary to correct and standardize the expression level of target genes with reference genes. Therefore, it is very important to select stable reference genes to obtain accurate quantitative results. Read More

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Desmoid type fibromatosis of the distal pancreas: A case report.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2021 May;25(2):276-282

Department of Surgery, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea.

A 23-year-old Korean female presented epigastric pain of two-months' duration. She had a laparoscopic ovarian cyst excision 8 months previously. Clinical examination was normal. Read More

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Risk Factors for Increased Post-operative Length of Stay in Children with Coarctation of Aorta.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology and Pediatric Intensive Care), University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital, 1 Children's Way, Slot 512-1, Little Rock, AR, 72202, USA.

Coarctation of the aorta is a relatively common congenital heart disease occurring in 0.4-0.6 per 1000 live births with a low mortality rate. Read More

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Isolated spleen tuberculosis in an immunocompetent patient, a rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 12;83:105966. Epub 2021 May 12.

Digestive Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jl Diponegoro No 71, Salemba, Jakarta Pusat 10430, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB), as a major public health concern, is affecting almost 10 million people globally. At present, diagnostic and screening efforts mainly focus on positive smear results. Therefore, the number of extra pulmonary and negative sputum TB is rising and hampering the diagnosis and treatment process due to the large number of false negatives. Read More

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Abdominal and vaginal pelvic support with concomitant hysterectomy for uterovaginal pelvic prolapse: a comparative systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Introduction And Hypothesis: While approximately 225,000 pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgeries are performed annually in the US, there is no consensus on the optimal route for pelvic support for the initial treatment of uterovaginal prolapse (UVP). Our objective is to compare the outcomes of abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) to vaginal pelvic support (VPS) with either uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) or sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) in combination with hysterectomy for treating apical prolapse.

Methods: A systematic search was performed through March 2021. Read More

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A step-by-step approach to endorectal proctopexy (ERPP): how we do it.

Tech Coloproctol 2021 Jul 28;25(7):879-886. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, S. Rita Clinic, Vercelli, Italy.

There are many surgical treatments aimed at correcting internal mucosal prolapse and rectocele associated with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). Perineal procedures can be considered as first options in young men in whom an abdominal approach poses risks of sexual dysfunction and in selected women with isolated posterior compartment prolapse who failed conservative treatment. About 20 years ago, we described endorectal proctopexy (ERPP) also known as internal Delorme procedure. Read More

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Flavonifractor plautii bloodstream infection in an asplenic patient with infectious colitis.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of infectious diseases, Klinik Favoriten, Kundratstraße 3, 1100, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Flavonifractor plautii is a gram-positive, strictly anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium. It belongs to the family of Clostridiales, is frequently found in the human gut microbiome and is rarely isolated in other human specimens.

Clinical Presentation: We report a case of a bloodstream infection with Flavonifractor plautii following infectious colitis in a 24-year-old asplenic woman with beta thalassemia. Read More

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A Computational and Experimental Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Bipolar Mode With Phase-Shift Angle Mode in Radiofrequency Fat Dissolution on Subcutaneous Tissue.

Lasers Surg Med 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Shanghai Institute for Minimally Invasive Therapy, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, 200082, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objectives: Radiofrequency (RF) energy exposure refers to a popular non-invasive method employed to generate heat in cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. RF thermal stimulation of adipose tissue has been considered to cause adipocyte metabolism and enzymatic degradation of triglycerides into free fatty acids and glycerol. Bipolar mode (BM) has achieved extensive applications in clinical studies on RF fat dissolution, whereas BM has a less penetration depth than monopolar, result in a higher RF voltage that may be required to increase power to the deeper fat layer of the subcutaneous tissue, and improper power control may easily cause the skin layer to be thermally damaged. Read More

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[Cannulation of the Portal Vein during Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in a Patient with Choledocholithiasis].

Korean J Gastroenterol 2021 May;77(5):253-257

Department of Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea.

Cannulation of the portal vein is a rare complication of ERCP. This paper reports a case of portal vein catheterization during ERCP in a patient with choledocholithiasis. A 62-year-old man was admitted to the Presbyterian Medical Center with right upper quadrant pain and jaundice. Read More

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[Endovascular treatment of common iliac artery aneurisms].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2021 (6. Vyp. 2):52-58

Petrovsky Russian Scientific Center of Surgery, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To demonstrate endovascular management of common iliac artery aneurysms with iliac branch devices and to discuss some technical aspects of these interventions including bilateral procedures.

Material And Methods: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with concomitant implantation of iliac branch devices was performed in 9 patients at the Petrovsky National Research Center of Surgery for the period from January 2019 to December 2020. Mean age of patients was 64. Read More

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