40 results match your criteria ipvaw


Hormonal Differences in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators When They Cope with Acute Stress: A Pilot Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 28;18(11). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 València, Spain.

Background: Only a few studies have paid attention to the ability of perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPVAW) against women to cope with acute stress, including hormonal parameters. In fact, previous studies assessed how salivary testosterone (Tsal) and cortisol (Csal) changed after coping with an acute emotional stressor (directly related to IPVAW), and they concluded that an imbalance between the two hormones might be characteristic of these men. Nevertheless, they neglected to examine the role of other hormones, such as salivary oxytocin (OXsal), which also seemed to play an important role in behavioral regulation, and whether this response could be generalized to other types of stress not directly related to IPVAW. Read More

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The Spatial Overlap of Police Calls Reporting Street-Level and Behind-Closed-Doors Crime: A Bayesian Modeling Approach.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 19;18(10). Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Traditionally, intimate-partner violence has been considered a special type of crime that occurs , with different characteristics from street-level crime. The aim of this study is to analyze the spatial overlap of police calls reporting street-level and behind-closed-doors crime. We analyzed geocoded police calls in the 552 census-block groups of the city of Valencia, Spain, related to street-level crime ( = 26,624) and to intimate-partner violence against women ( = 11,673). Read More

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Chronic high risk of intimate partner violence against women in disadvantaged neighborhoods: An eight-year space-time analysis.

Prev Med 2021 Jul 20;148:106550. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

We conducted a small-area ecological longitudinal study to analyze neighborhood contextual influences on the spatio-temporal variations in intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) risk in a southern European city over an eight-year period. We used geocoded data of IPVAW cases with associated protection orders (n = 5867) in the city of Valencia, Spain (2011-2018). The city's 552 census block groups were used as the neighborhood units. Read More

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A Short Measure of Acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: Development and Validation of the A-IPVAW-8 Scale.

Assessment 2021 Mar 18:10731911211000110. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Attitudes of acceptability of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) are considered one of the main risk factors of this type of violence. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a short version of the acceptability of IPVAW scale, the A-IPVAW-8, for large scale studies where space and time are limited. A panel of experts were asked to assess item content validity. Read More

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Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: A Spanish Typology.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Feb 26:886260521997442. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

University Research Institute of Criminology and Criminal Science. University of Valencia, Spain.

Typological approaches in research of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) have been discussed on the basis of their validity and applicability in professional practice; yet most of the published studies on offender typologies are limited due to the use of relatively small, non-representative samples. The current study explored typologies of IPVAW perpetrators in a large-scale representative Spanish sample ( = 9,731 cases extracted from the Comprehensive Monitoring System of Gender-Based Violence Cases; VioGén System), according to classic batterer typologies proposed by Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart (1994). To this end, the risk factors measured by the most extended Spanish police recidivism risk assessment tool (Valoración Policial del Riesgo; VPR) were used as clustering variables. Read More

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February 2021

Violence against women in heterosexual couples: A review of psychological and medico-legal considerations.

Med Sci Law 2021 Jan;61(1_suppl):113-124

Department of Health Promotion, Mother and Child Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties - Medico Legal Section, University of Palermo, Italy.

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is the most pervasive violation of women's rights worldwide, causing devastating lifelong damage. Victims can suffer physical, emotional or mental health problems, and experience detrimental effects in social, psychological and relational health with their families, especially children. Due to the complexity regarding violence against women in heterosexual couples, it is important to make a clear distinction between psychological and physical mistreatment, which also includes psychological violence. Read More

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January 2021

The Association Between Family Violence, Depression and Anxiety Among Women Whose Partners Have Been Treated for Alcohol Dependence.

J Fam Violence 2021 Jan 2:1-12. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Clinic for Mental Disorders "Dr Laza Lazarevic", Belgrade, Serbia.

The negative effects of men's excessive alcohol consumption on family members are well known. However, less is known about how men's alcohol dependence is associated with the mental health of their female spouses residing with them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with depression, anxiety, and intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) whose male spouses are undergoing treatment for alcohol dependence. Read More

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January 2021

Individual and societal risk factors of attitudes justifying intimate partner violence against women: a multilevel cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2020 12 10;10(12):e037993. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Methodology for Behavioral Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Objectives: Attitudes justifying intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) can play an essential role in explaining the prevalence of such public health problem. The study aim was to explain attitudes justifying IPVAW identifying individual and societal risk factors.

Design And Setting: A multilevel cross-sectional study of the World Values Survey (WVS) in 54 global countries. Read More

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December 2020

Associations Between Endorsement of Inequitable Gender Norms and Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Youth in Nigeria: Violence Against Children Survey, 2014.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Dec 6:886260520978196. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The purpose of this study was to assess whether the endorsement of inequitable gender norms about intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) and sexual behavior was associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, IPV perpetration, and sexual risk behavior. Nigerian youth aged 13-24 ( = 4,203) participated in the nationally representative, cross-sectional Nigeria Violence Against Children Survey (VACS) in 2014. Inequitable gender norms about IPVAW were assessed using six items from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), and inequitable gender norms about sexual behavior were assessed using four items adapted from the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) scale. Read More

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December 2020

Comparing Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Intimate Partner Violence Against Women.

Front Psychol 2020 8;11:2147. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Faculty of Psychology, Pontifical University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is an epidemic social and public health problem. Research has consistently found evidence for a complex etiology of IPVAW resulting from the interaction of many factors, among which gender-related norms and attitudes are among the main drivers of this violence. Public attitudes toward IPVAW are especially important because attitudes rejecting, condoning, or fostering such behavior are social factors that contribute to a climate of tolerance or refusal that can shape the social environment in which such violence takes place. Read More

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September 2020

Public Helping Reactions to Intimate Partner Violence against Women in European Countries: The Role of Gender-Related Individual and Macrosocial Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 08 30;17(17). Epub 2020 Aug 30.

Department of Methodology for Behavioral Sciences, University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain.

Public helping reactions are essential to reduce a victim's secondary victimization in intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) cases. Because gender-related characteristics have been linked widely to IPVAW prevalence, the study aimed to examine individual attitudes and perceptions toward different forms of violence against women, as well as gender-related macrosocial ideological and structural factors, in explaining helping reactions to IPVAW across 28 European countries. We performed multilevel logistic regression analysis, taking measures from the Eurobarometer 2016 ( = 7115) and the European Institute for Gender Equality datasets. Read More

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Psychosocial Implications of Supportive Attitudes towards Intimate Partner Violence against Women throughout the Lifecycle.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 08 20;17(17). Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain.

Supportive attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) normalize and promote these aggressive behaviors. As a result, more and more research is proposing the identification, analysis and intervention of these attitudes. However, the vast majority of this research focuses on students. Read More

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Representation of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Swedish News Media: A Discourse Analysis.

Violence Against Women 2020 Jul 27:1077801220940403. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Despite being rated as some of the world's most gender equal countries, Sweden and neighboring Nordic nations show high rates of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). As the news media contribute to the shaping of public attitudes, this article pursues a two-step discourse analysis of how IPVAW was represented in seven Swedish newspapers during 2018. Although an individualistic discourse on IPVAW was found to be most prevalent, articles where perpetrators were presented as non-Swedish more frequently contained a structural framing of IPVAW. Read More

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Alexithymia as a Predictor of Arousal and Affect Dysregulations when Batterers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Cope with Acute Stress.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 Apr 1;10(4). Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco Ibañez, 21-46010 Valencia, Spain.

Empirical research has stated that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) might underlie intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) perpetration. Even though there is a clear relationship between these two variables, it is still unknown how ADHD facilitates violence proneness. In this regard, psychophysiological variables such as skin conductance levels (SCL) might offer information about emotional regulation when individuals cope with stress. Read More

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Ensuring the comparability of cross-national survey data on intimate partner violence against women: a cross-sectional, population-based study in the European Union.

BMJ Open 2020 03 4;10(3):e032231. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Objectives: To ensure the cross-national comparability of the set of questions addressing physical and sexual intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) included in the European Union (EU) Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) survey. Once the measurement invariance of these measures is established, we aim to make appropriate and valid comparisons of the levels of physical and sexual IPVAW across the EU countries.

Design: Cross-sectional, population-based study. Read More

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Psychological intimate partner violence against women in the European Union: a cross-national invariance study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Dec 27;19(1):1739. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibañez 21, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a worldwide public health problem. One of the most frequent forms of this type of violence in western societies is psychological IPVAW. According to the European Union (EU) Fundamental Rights Association (FRA) the prevalence of psychological IPVAW in the EU is 43%. Read More

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December 2019

Lifetime prevalence of intimate partner violence against women in an urban Brazilian city: A cross-sectional survey.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(11):e0224204. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.

Background: Intimate partner violence is a global health burden that disproportionately affects women and their health outcomes. Women in Brazil are also affected by interpersonal violence. We aimed to estimate the lifetime prevalence of three forms of interpersonal violence against women (IPVAW) and to identify sociodemographic factors associated with IPVAW in one urban Brazilian city. Read More

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Long-Term Drug Misuse Increases the Risk of Cognitive Dysfunctions in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators: Key Intervention Targets for Reducing Dropout and Reoffending.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 9;16(20). Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco, Ibañez, 21 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a major public health problem, with an important mortality rate in women across the world. In this regard, it has been well-established that drug misuse explains (at least in part) an increased risk of IPVAW perpetration. Even though alcohol is the most widely studied drug underlying IPVAW, other drugs, such as cannabis and cocaine also seem to be significant indicators of this type of violence. Read More

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October 2019

The Importance of Considering Alexithymia during Initial Stages of Intimate Partner Violence Interventions to Design Adjuvant Treatments.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 1;16(19). Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Empirical evidence supports that individuals with alexithymia might be prone to certain types of violence, such as intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). Moreover, considering that alexithymia is directly involved in behavior regulation, problems due to identifying and regulating emotional states might be postulated as responsible, at least in part, for the success of psychotherapeutic treatments designed for decreasing the future risk of reoffending. Therefore, we assessed whether alexithymia was a good predictor of the discontinuation of treatment (dropout) and the risk of recidivism during the initial stages of intervention in a sample of men convicted of IPVAW perpetration ( = 118), while controlling for potential confounding variables (i. Read More

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October 2019

Dropout from Court-Mandated Intervention Programs for Intimate Partner Violence Offenders: The Relevance of Alcohol Misuse and Cognitive Impairments.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 07 6;16(13). Epub 2019 Jul 6.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

There is considerable interest in offering insight into the mechanisms that might explain why certain perpetrators of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) drop out of interventions. Although several socio-demographic variables and attitudes towards IPVAW have been proposed as risk factors for IPVAW perpetrators' dropout, less attention has been paid to alcohol misuse, and its interactions with empathic and cognitive deficits, in the discontinuation of the treatment. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to compare the profile of a carefully selected sample of IPVAW perpetrators, divided into four groups: those who completed the intervention with low ( = 267) and high alcohol consumption ( = 67); and those who dropped out before the intervention ended with low ( = 62). Read More

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Prevalence of intimate partner violence against women in Sweden and Spain: A psychometric study of the 'Nordic paradox'.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(5):e0217015. Epub 2019 May 16.

Unit for Social Epidemiology, University of Lund, Malmö, Sweden.

The high prevalence of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) in countries with high levels of gender equality has been defined as the "Nordic paradox". In this study we compared physical and sexual IPVAW prevalence data in two countries exemplifying the Nordic paradox: Sweden (N = 1483) and Spain (N = 1447). Data was drawn from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Survey on violence against women. Read More

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February 2020

Acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence among Male Offenders: The Role of Set-Shifting and Emotion Decoding Dysfunctions as Cognitive Risk Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 04 30;16(9). Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Valencia 46010, Spain.

Attitudes towards the acceptability of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) contribute to an increased risk of IPVAW perpetration, and these attitudes are common among IPVAW offenders. Research suggests that IPVAW offenders present cognitive deficits related to information processing. Little is known, however, about how these deficits are related to the acceptability of IPVAW. Read More

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Alexithymic traits are closely related to impulsivity and cognitive and empathic dysfunctions in intimate partner violence perpetrators: New targets for intervention.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2021 Jan-Feb;28(1):71-79. Epub 2019 Apr 27.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Clinical psychologists are interested in studying factors that interfere with the behavioral regulation of perpetrators of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW), as well as the way these factors affect the risk of future recidivism after interventions that are designed for them are completed. Although several variables have been proposed as risk factors for IPVAW, the role of alexithymia and its relationships with other cognitive and empathic variables in IPVAW perpetrators has been neglected. Thus, the main aim of this study was to compare the alexithymic and cognitive and empathic traits in a carefully selected sample of IPVAW perpetrators ( = 47; mean age = 39) with a control group matched on sociodemographic characteristics ( = 41; mean age = 42). Read More

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Assessing the role of women's autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 10;48(5):1580-1592

Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Our study investigates the associations between women's autonomy and attitudes toward the acceptability of intimate-partner violence against women (IPVAW) and maternal health-care utilization outcomes.

Methods: We combine data from 113 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2003 and 2016, which give us a pooled sample of 765 169 mothers and 777 352 births from 63 countries. We generate composite scores of women's autonomy (six-point scale with reference: no contribution) and acceptability of IPVAW (five-point scale with reference: no acceptance) and assess the associations between these measures and women's use of antenatal care services and facility delivery in pooled and unique country samples. Read More

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October 2019

Beliefs and attitudes about intimate partner violence against women in Spain.

Psicothema 2019 Feb;31(1):38-45

Universidad de las Islas Baleares.

Background: Some attitudes serve to justify violence against women, to blame women for the violence they experience, and to perpetuate levels of this violence. These attitudes often stem from traditional norms and beliefs which are important to identify. The purpose of this study is to compare beliefs about intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) between two time points, examining the effect of the respondents– sex and previous academic-training. Read More

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February 2019

The university campus environment as a protective factor for intimate partner violence against women: An exploratory study.

J Community Psychol 2018 09 12;46(7):903-916. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

University of Valencia.

Some neighborhood characteristics linked to social disorganization theory have been related to intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). The study of other neighborhood-level factors that may influence IPVAW risk, however, has received less attention. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of university campuses on IPVAW risk. Read More

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September 2018

Length of Women's Stays in Domestic Violence Shelters: Examining the Contribution of Background Variables, Level of Violence, Reasons for Entering Shelters, and Expectations.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 17;36(11-12):NP5993-NP6012. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Women's shelters are one of the most important services established for women who are victims of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). Studies indicate that women undergo positive processes in shelters, and the longer the stay in the shelter, the more successful the woman will be in leaving the cycle of violence. However, the literature also reveals a remarkable variance in the length of women's shelter stays, and very little research has been conducted to understand the factors contributing to this variance. Read More

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The Willingness to Intervene in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women (WI-IPVAW) Scale: Development and Validation of the Long and Short Versions.

Front Psychol 2018 17;9:1146. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Willingness to intervene when one becomes aware of a case of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) reflects the level of tolerance and acceptance of this type of violence in society. Increasing the likelihood of intervention to help victims of IPVAW is also a target for prevention strategies aiming to increase informal social control of IPVAW. In this study, we present the development and validation of the Willingness to Intervene in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence (WI-IPVAW) scale. Read More

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Country of residence, gender equality and victim blaming attitudes about partner violence: a multilevel analysis in EU.

Eur J Public Health 2018 06 27;28(3):559-564. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global and preventable public health problem. Public attitudes, such as victim-blaming, are important for our understanding of differences in the occurrence of IPVAW, as they contribute to its justification. In this paper, we focus on victim-blaming attitudes regarding IPVAW within the EU and we apply multilevel analyses to identify contextual determinants of victim-blaming attitudes. Read More

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Husband/Partner Intoxication and Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the Philippines.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2016 09 5;28(6):507-18. Epub 2016 Jul 5.

Lincoln Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

This study examined husband/partner intoxication and experience with physical, sexual, and emotional intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) using data derived from a nationally representative survey conducted in the Philippines in 2013. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between intoxication and 3 different types of intimate partner violence against women. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine intoxication and severity of violence. Read More

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September 2016