150 results match your criteria ipfp


Hypoperfusion of the infrapatellar fat pad and its relationship to MRI T2* relaxation time changes in a 5/6 nephrectomy model.

Sci Rep 2021 May 11;11(1):9924. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department and Graduate Institute of Biology and Anatomy, National Defense Medical Center, No.161, Sec. 6, Minquan E. Rd., Neihu Dist., Taipei, 11490, Taiwan.

The purpose of present study was to longitudinally investigate the alterations in infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) vascularity in 5/6 nephrectomized rats by using dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI and IPFP degeneration by using MRI T2* relaxation time. Twelve male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to a control group and a 5/6 nephrectomy CKD group. The right knees of all rats were longitudinally scanned by 4. Read More

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The efficacy and safety of cupping therapy for treating of intractable peripheral facial paralysis: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25388

Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Background: Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) is a common clinical neurological disease and the incidence of intractable peripheral facial paralysis is on the rise. Symptoms include crooked mouth and eyes, tearing and shallow nasolabial folds. The disease seriously affects the physical and mental health of patients. Read More

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Total Infrapatellar Fat Pad Excision Leads to Worse Isokinetic Performance in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Knee Surg 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Aksaray University Education and Research Hospital, Aksaray, Turkey.

There are concerns that total infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) excision in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) results in patellar tendon shortening due to ischemic contracture, but individual preference of the surgeon is still the main determinant between total or partial excision. The aim of this randomized controlled study was to compare isokinetic performance and clinical outcome of TKAs with total and partial excision of the IPFP. Seventy-two patients scheduled to undergo TKA for primary knee osteoarthritis by a single surgeon were randomly assigned to either total or partial excision group. Read More

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Exosomes from Kartogenin-Pretreated Infrapatellar Fat Pad Mesenchymal Stem Cells Enhance Chondrocyte Anabolism and Articular Cartilage Regeneration.

Stem Cells Int 2021 9;2021:6624874. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200003, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Kartogenin-pretreated exosomes derived from infrapatellar fat pad mesenchymal stem cells on chondrocyte in vitro and articular cartilage regeneration in vivo.

Methods: Infrapatellar fat pad mesenchymal stem cells (IPFP-MSCs) were isolated from rabbits to harvest exosomes. After identification of mesenchymal stem cells and exosomes, rabbit chondrocytes were divided into three groups for further treatment: the EXO group (chondrocytes treated with exosomes isolated from infrapatellar fat pad mesenchymal stem cells), KGN-EXO group (chondrocytes treated with exosomes isolated from infrapatellar fat pad mesenchymal stem cells pretreated with KGN), and control group. Read More

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Pore geometry influences growth and cell adhesion of infrapatellar mesenchymal stem cells in biofabricated 3D thermoplastic scaffolds useful for cartilage tissue engineering.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Mar 3;122:111933. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (ibs.GRANADA), University Hospitals of Granada-University of Granada, Granada, Spain; Biopathology and Regenerative Medicine Institute (IBIMER), Centre for Biomedical Research (CIBM), University of Granada, Granada, Spain; Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; Excellence Research Unit "Modeling Nature" (MNat), University of Granada, Granada, Spain. Electronic address:

The most pressing need in cartilage tissue engineering (CTE) is the creation of a biomaterial capable to tailor the complex extracellular matrix of the tissue. Despite the standardized used of polycaprolactone (PCL) for osteochondral scaffolds, the pronounced stiffness mismatch between PCL scaffold and the tissue it replaces remarks the biomechanical incompatibility as main limitation. To overcome it, the present work was focused in the design and analysis of several geometries and pore sizes and how they affect cell adhesion and proliferation of infrapatellar fat pad-derived mesenchymal stem cells (IPFP-MSCs) loaded in biofabricated 3D thermoplastic scaffolds. Read More

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Reverse culture shock, distress symptoms and psychological well-being of fresh foreign degree holders in Pakistan.

J Community Psychol 2021 Feb 13. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.

This study explored to what extent does reverse culture shock predict the level of anxiety, depression, and psychological well-being among fresh foreign degree holders in Pakistan, in addition to finding out the relationship between the study variables. Participants consisted of 124 fresh foreign degree holders (109 men and 15 women) who were recruited through purposive and snowball sampling techniques. Reverse Culture Shock Scale, Major Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and WHO-5 Well-being Index were used to measure study variables. Read More

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February 2021

A New Procedure for Ultrasound-Guided Hydrorelease for the Scarring After Arthroscopic Knee Surgery.

Cureus 2020 Dec 31;12(12):e12405. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Intelligent Orthopaedic System Development, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Science, Okayama, JPN.

Postoperative scarring is one of the complications after arthroscopic knee surgery, which is usually treated with manual therapy or arthroscopic debridement. The incidence of symptomatic scarring requiring surgery within six months postoperatively has been reported to be approximately 0.06-6. Read More

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December 2020

Structural Consequences of a Partial Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury on Remaining Joint Integrity: Evidence for Ligament and Bone Changes Over Time in an Ovine Model.

Am J Sports Med 2021 03 1;49(3):637-648. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Background: Severe injury to the knee joint often results in accelerated posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). In an ovine knee injury model, altered kinematics and degradation of the cartilage have been observed at 20 and 40 weeks after partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transection (p-ACL Tx) surgery. However, changes to the integrity of the remaining intact intra-articular ligaments (posterolateral [PL] band and posterior cruciate ligament [PCL]) as well as the subchondral bone after anteromedial (AM) band Tx remain to be characterized. Read More

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Infrapatellar fat pad volume and Hoffa-synovitis after ACL reconstruction: Association with early osteoarthritis features and pain over 5 years.

J Orthop Res 2021 Jan 17. Epub 2021 Jan 17.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) morphology and Hoffa-synovitis may be relevant to the development and progression of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA). We aimed to compare IPFP volume and Hoffa-synovitis in participants with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and uninjured controls, and to determine their association with prevalent and worsening early knee OA features and pain in participants post-ACLR. We assessed IPFP volume and Hoffa-synovitis from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 111 participants 1-year post-ACLR and 20 uninjured controls. Read More

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January 2021

Infrapatellar Fat Pads-Derived Stem Cell Is a Favorable Cell Source for Articular Cartilage Tissue Engineering: An and Study Based on 3D Organized Self-Assembled Biomimetic Scaffold.

Cartilage 2021 Jan 13:1947603520988153. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City.

Objective: Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are a promising source of cells for articular cartilage regeneration. However, ASCs isolated from different adipose tissue depots have heterogeneous cell characterizations and differentiation potential when cultured in 3-dimensional (3D) niches.

Design: We compared the chondrogenicity of ASCs isolated from infrapatellar fat pads (IPFPs) and subcutaneous fat pads (SCFPs) in 3D gelatin-based biomimetic matrix. Read More

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January 2021

Quantitative volume and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI derived perfusion of the infrapatellar fat pad in patellofemoral pain.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021 Jan;11(1):133-142

Department of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common knee condition and possible precursor of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Inflammation, leading to an increased perfusion, or increased volume of the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) may induce knee pain. The aim of the study was to compare quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) parameters, as imaging biomarkers of inflammation, and volume of the IPFP between patients with PFP and controls and between patients with and without IPFP edema or joint effusion. Read More

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January 2021

Dynamic changes in the infrapatellar knee structures with quadriceps muscle contraction. An in vivo study.

Ann Anat 2021 May 30;235:151663. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the effect of knee flexion and submaximal isometric quadriceps muscle (Q) contraction on the patellar tendon (PT), the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP), and the deep infrapatellar bursa (IPB) from extension to full flexion.

Methods: In Study 1, the dominant knee of seven healthy subjects was studied in full extension and at 60° flexion during relaxation and Q contraction. Each knee was inspected and palpated, the transverse infrapatellar diameter was measured by plicometry, and measurements of the anteroposterior (AP) thickness of the IPFP were made by ultrasound (US). Read More

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Methylprednisolone acetate mitigates IL1β induced changes in matrix metalloproteinase gene expression in skeletally immature ovine explant knee tissues.

Inflamm Res 2021 Jan 23;70(1):99-107. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Objective And Design: This study aimed at evaluating the effect of methylprednisolone (MPA) on messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels in immature ovine knee joint tissue explants following interleukin (IL)1β induction and to assess responsiveness of the explants.

Material Or Subjects: Explants were harvested from the articular cartilage, synovium, and infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) from immature female sheep.

Treatment: Methylprednisolone. Read More

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January 2021

Infrapatellar fat pads participate in the development of knee osteoarthritis in obese patients via the activation of the NF‑κB signaling pathway.

Int J Mol Med 2020 Dec 25;46(6):2260-2270. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Department of Orthopedics, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700, P.R. China.

The aim of the present study was to assess the activation of nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) in the infrapatellar fat pads (IPFPs) of obese patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). For this purpose, 32 patients (22 obese patients with KOA and 10 patients with KOA with a healthy weight) treated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were selected. The expression levels of pro‑inflammatory cytokines and adipocytokines, and the activation of NF‑κB were detected in both the cases and controls by enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry where appropriate. Read More

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December 2020

Effects of infrapatellar fat pad preservation versus resection on clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in patients with knee osteoarthritis (IPAKA): study protocol for a multicentre, randomised, controlled clinical trial.

BMJ Open 2020 10 23;10(10):e043088. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Clinical Research Centre, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Introduction: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) is commonly resected during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for better exposure. However, our previous studies have suggested that IPFP size was protective against, while IPFP signal intensity alteration was detrimental on knee symptoms and structural abnormalities. We hypothesise that an IPFP with normal qualities, rather than abnormal qualities, should be preserved during TKA. Read More

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October 2020

Scaffold-Free Cartilage Construct from Infrapatellar Fat Pad Stem Cells for Cartilage Restoration.

Tissue Eng Part A 2020 Oct 23. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Once damaged, the articular cartilage has a very limited intrinsic capacity for self-renewal due to its avascular nature. If left untreated, damaged cartilage can lead to progressive degeneration of bone and eventually causes pain. Infrapatellar fat pad adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (IPFP-ASCs) has a potential role for cartilage restoration. Read More

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October 2020

The Interplay between Toxic and Essential Metals for Their Uptake and Translocation Is Likely Governed by DNA Methylation and Histone Deacetylation in Maize.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Sep 22;21(18). Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St, London, ON N6A5B8, Canada.

The persistent nature of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in the environment severely affects plant growth and yield. Conversely, plants acquire zinc (Zn) from the soil for their vital physiological and biochemical functions. However, the interplay and coordination between essential and toxic metals for their uptake and translocation and the putative underlying epigenetic mechanisms have not yet been investigated in maize. Read More

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September 2020

Can low-dose methotrexate reduce effusion-synovitis and symptoms in patients with mid- to late-stage knee osteoarthritis? Study protocol for a randomised, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial.

Trials 2020 Sep 16;21(1):795. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Clinical Research Centre, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic disease in older adults. Currently, there are no effective therapies to reduce disease severity and progression of knee OA (KOA), particularly in mid- to late-stages. This study aims to examine the effect of methotrexate (MTX) on knee effusion-synovitis and pain in symptomatic patients with mid- to late-stage KOA. Read More

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September 2020

Infrapatellar fat pad resection or preservation during total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

J Orthop Surg Res 2020 Aug 5;15(1):297. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Department of Orthopedic, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, No.168 Litang Road, Dongxiaokou Town, Changping District, Beijing, 102218, China.

Background: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) or Hoffa's fat pad is often resected during total knee arthroplasty in order to improve visibility. However, the management of the IPFP during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the subject of an ongoing debate that has no clear consensus. The purpose of this review was to appraise if resection of the IPFP affects clinical outcomes. Read More

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Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells Retain Their Adipocyte Differentiation Potential in Three-Dimensional Hydrogels and Bioreactors .

Biomolecules 2020 07 17;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Center for Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disorder with a significant economic and healthcare impact. The knee joint is composed of cartilage and the adjoining bone, a synovial capsule, the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP), and other connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments. Adipose tissue has recently been highlighted as a major contributor to OA through strong inflammation mediating effects. Read More

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Association of infra-patellar fat pad size with age and body weight in children and adolescents.

Ann Anat 2020 Nov 2;232:151533. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Imaging and Functional Musculoskeletal Research, Institute of Anatomy, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg & Nuremberg, Salzburg, Austria; Department of Orthopedic Surgery & Traumatology, Landesklinik Tamsweg, Paracelsus Medical University, Tamsweg, Austria.

Background: The infra-patellar fat pad (IPFP) represents a potential mediator between obesity, low grade inflammation, and knee osteoarthritis via endocrine pathways. Yet, not only in adults, but also in childhood obesity negatively impacts knee structures.

Objective: The current study therefore investigated the sex-specific growth of the IPFP with age and body weight in healthy children and adolescents. Read More

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November 2020

Chemical composition, ruminal degradation kinetics, and methane production (in vitro) of winter grass species.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Jan 3;101(1):179-184. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Information about the nutritive value, dry matter (DM) digestibility, and methane (CH ) emission potential of grass species is required for their optimal utilization in ruminant rations. The present study was designed: (i) to quantify the nutrient profile, mineral composition and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of winter grass species commonly available in northern Pakistan; and (ii) to measure the in vitro gas production (IVGP) and CH emission of the grass species during 72 h in vitro ruminal fermentation. Seven grass species, namely, Cenchrus ciliaris, Setaria anceps, Panicum antidotale, P. Read More

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January 2021

Partial resection of the infrapatellar fat pad during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has no effect on clinical outcomes including anterior knee pain.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2020 Nov 22;140(11):1751-1757. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, 920-8641, Japan.

Background: Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a major complication that occurs after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), even when hamstring tendon (HT) grafts are used. Damage to the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) during arthroscopy can cause AKP. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of IPFP preservation on clinical outcomes, including AKP, in patients who underwent ACLR with HT autografts using the inside-out technique. Read More

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November 2020

Serum adipokines/related inflammatory factors and ratios as predictors of infrapatellar fat pad volume in osteoarthritis: Applying comprehensive machine learning approaches.

Sci Rep 2020 06 19;10(1):9993. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) has been associated with knee osteoarthritis onset and progression. This study uses machine learning (ML) approaches to predict serum levels of some adipokines/related inflammatory factors and their ratios on knee IPFP volume of osteoarthritis patients.

Methods: Serum and MRI were from the OAI at baseline. Read More

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Site-Dependent Lineage Preference of Adipose Stem Cells.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2020 15;8:237. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Department of Orthopedics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States.

Adult stem cells have unique properties in both proliferation and differentiation preference. In this study, we hypothesized that adipose stem cells have a depot-dependent lineage preference. Four rabbits were used to provide donor-matched adipose stem cells from either subcutaneous adipose tissue (ScAT) or infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP). Read More

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High-fat feeding primes the mouse knee joint to develop osteoarthritis and pathologic infrapatellar fat pad changes after surgically induced injury.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2020 05 25;28(5):593-602. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Center (UMC) Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Department of Equine Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: Obesity is one of the greatest risk factors for osteoarthritis (OA) and evidence is accumulating that inflammatory mediators and innate immunity play an important role. The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) could be a potential local source of inflammatory mediators in the knee. Here, we combine surgical joint damage with high-fat feeding in mice to investigate inflammatory responses in the IPFP during OA development. Read More

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Recent Advance in Source, Property, Differentiation, and Applications of Infrapatellar Fat Pad Adipose-Derived Stem Cells.

Stem Cells Int 2020 7;2020:2560174. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Department of Histology and Embryology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China.

Infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) can be easily obtained during knee surgery, which avoids the damage to patients for obtaining IPFP. Infrapatellar fat pad adipose-derived stem cells (IPFP-ASCs) are also called infrapatellar fat pad mesenchymal stem cells (IPFP-MSCs) because the morphology of IPFP-ASCs is similar to that of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). IPFP-ASCs are attracting more and more attention due to their characteristics suitable to regenerative medicine such as strong proliferation and differentiation, anti-inflammation, antiaging, secreting cytokines, multipotential capacity, and 3D culture. Read More

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The impact of a significant weight loss on inflammation assessed on DCE-MRI and static MRI in knee osteoarthritis: a prospective cohort study.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2020 06 10;28(6):766-773. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

The Parker Institute, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark; Dept. of Radiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: To study the impact of weight loss on inflammation in individuals with overweight and knee osteoarthritis (OA) using both static- and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI and assess the association of these changes to pain.

Design: Individuals with overweight (BMI > 27) and knee OA were examined before and after a >5% weight loss over 8 weeks (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02905864). Read More

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Patella-patellar tendon angle decreases in patients with infrapatellar fat pad syndrome and medial patellar plica syndrome.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2020 Aug 3;28(8):2609-2618. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Munhwa-dong, Jung-gu, Daejeon, 301-721, South Korea.

Purpose: Infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) syndrome and medial patellar plica (MPP) syndrome are two recognized causes of anterior knee pain. However, diagnosing these syndromes is challenging without arthroscopic examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate sagittal patellar tilt in patients with IPFP syndrome or MPP syndrome by measuring the patella-patellar tendon angle (PPTA) in affected patients. Read More

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Quantitative DCE-MRI demonstrates increased blood perfusion in Hoffa's fat pad signal abnormalities in knee osteoarthritis, but not in patellofemoral pain.

Eur Radiol 2020 Jun 17;30(6):3401-3408. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) fat-suppressed T2 (T2) hyperintense regions on MRI are an important imaging feature of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and are thought to represent inflammation. These regions are also common in non-OA subjects, and may not always be linked to inflammation. Our aim was to evaluate quantitative blood perfusion parameters, as surrogate measure of inflammation, within T2-hyperintense regions in patients with OA, with patellofemoral pain (PFP) (supposed OA precursor), and control subjects. Read More

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