11,305 results match your criteria invited screening

Consensus agreement to rename burning mouth syndrome and improve International Classification of Diseases-11 disease criteria: an international Delphi study.

Pain 2021 Oct;162(10):2548-2557

Department of Oral Health Practice and Center for Oral Health Research, College of Dentistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, United States.

Abstract: The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) proposes revisions in the nomenclature, disease definition, and diagnostic criteria for "burning mouth syndrome" (BMS). This process could benefit from additional systematically collected expert input. Thus, the purpose of this study was to use the Delphi method to (1) determine whether revision in nomenclature and alternative names for "BMS" are warranted and (2) identify areas of consensus among experts for changes to the disease description and proposed diagnostic criteria of "BMS," as described in the ICD-11 (World Health Organization). Read More

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October 2021

Prevalence of problematic Internet use and its association with quality of life among undergraduate nursing students in the later stage of COVID-19 pandemic era in China.

Am J Addict 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Public Health and Medicinal Administration & Institute of Translational Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macao SAR, China.

Background And Objectives: The prevalence of problematic Internet use (PIU) in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era is not known. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of PIU among baccalaureate nursing students (hereafter: nursing students) in the post-COVID-19 era.

Methods: A total of 1070 nursing students were consecutively invited to participate in this study from the nursing schools of five universities. Read More

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September 2021

Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and Risk Factors in 65-Year-Old Men in Oslo, Norway.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 10;17:561-570. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in 65-year-old men in Oslo, Norway.

Materials And Methods: From May 2011, until September 2019, the annual population of 65-year-old men living in Oslo were invited to an ultrasonographic screening of the abdominal aorta. Candidates received a one-time invitation by mail, including a questionnaire on possible risk factors and comorbidities. Read More

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September 2021

Implementation of social needs screening in primary care: a qualitative study using the health equity implementation framework.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 17;21(1):975. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Screening in primary care for unmet individual social needs (e.g., housing instability, food insecurity, unemployment, social isolation) is critical to addressing their deleterious effects on patients' health outcomes. Read More

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September 2021

Cervical cancer screening "see and treat approach": real-life uptake after invitation and associated factors at health facilities in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.

BMC Cancer 2021 Sep 16;21(1):1031. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Preventive medicine, Addis Ababa University, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Although cervical cancer is a preventable disease, screening coverage in Ethiopia is far below the target. There is limited evidence on uptake among the general population in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was conducted to assess uptake and associated factors with the cervical cancer screening "see and treat approach" among eligible women in public health facilities in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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September 2021

Factors associated with adherence to guideline-recommended cardiovascular disease prevention among HIV clinicians.

Transl Behav Med 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

School of Medicine, University of San Francisco California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Integrating cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in routine HIV care remains a challenge. This study aimed to identify factors associated with adherence to guideline-recommended CVD preventive practices among HIV clinicians. Clinicians from eight HIV clinics in Atlanta were invited to complete an online survey. Read More

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September 2021

Mental Health Screening in General Practices as a Means for Enhancing Uptake of Digital Mental Health Interventions: Observational Cohort Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 16;23(9):e28369. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Black Dog Institute, Randwick, Australia.

Background: Digital mental health interventions stand to play a critical role in managing the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, enhancing their uptake is a key priority. General practitioners (GPs) are well positioned to facilitate access to digital interventions, but tools that assist GPs in identifying suitable patients are lacking. Read More

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September 2021

Improving the continuity and coordination of ambulatory care through feedback and facilitated dialogue-a study protocol for a cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the ACD study (Accountable Care in Germany).

Trials 2021 Sep 15;22(1):624. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Health Economics, Technical University of Munich, Georg-Brauchle-Ring 60/62, 80992, München, Germany.

Background: Patients in Germany are free to seek care from any office-based physician and can always ask for multiple opinions on a diagnosis or treatment. The high density of physicians and the freedom to choose among them without referrals have led to a need for better coordination between the multiple health professionals treating any given patient. The objectives of this study are to (1) identify informal networks of physicians who treat the same patient population, (2) provide these physicians with feedback on their network and patients, using routine data and (3) give the physicians the opportunity to meet one another in facilitated network meetings. Read More

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September 2021

A story half told: a qualitative study of medical students' self-directed learning in the clinical setting.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Sep 15;21(1):494. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

Background: Medical educators have promoted self-directed learning (SDL) as an important means of enabling students to take responsibility for their own learning throughout their training and practice. While SDL has been well-studied in classroom settings, it remains a story half told: barriers to and facilitators of SDL in the clinical setting are not yet well described. The goals of this study were to explicate student experiences of SDL in their clinical training and to identify the roles that local social and cultural contexts play in shaping their experiences of SDL. Read More

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September 2021

Attitudes of Physicians in Jordan Towards Non-Disclosure of Health Information.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2021 Aug 29;21(3):423-427. Epub 2021 Aug 29.

The University of Jordan School of Medicine, Amman, Jordan.

Objectives: This report aims to investigate the attitudes of physicians in Jordan towards non-disclosure of health information among physicians, with a focus on those who are 'always truthful' and those who are not.

Methods: The report is based on the second subset of data from a cross-sectional study-conducted between January and August 2016-of the truth disclosure practices among and attitudes of physicians in Jordan. The sample consisted of 240 physicians selected from four major hospitals by stratified random sampling and invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire regarding truth disclosure attitudes. Read More

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How injury registration and preseason assessment are being delivered: An international survey of sports physical therapists.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Physical Therapy and Motor Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Objective: To identify the role of sports physical therapists (PT) in the organization of injury registration and preseason assessment, applied in athletic organizations and sports teams of different gender and level world-wide.

Design: cross-sectional study.

Setting: LimeSurvey platform. Read More

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September 2021

Innovation in primary health care responses to COVID-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Prim Health Care Res Dev 2021 09 15;22:e44. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Distinguished Professor and Executive Head Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: In May 2020, the African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine invited submissions on lessons learnt from responses to the COVID-19 pandemic from primary care providers in Africa. This included descriptions of innovations and good practices, the management of COVID-19 in district health services and responses of communities to the outbreak.

Aim: To synthesise the lessons learnt from the COVID-19 pandemic in the Africa region. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence estimates of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Belgium: results from two cross-sectional studies.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Sep 14;21(1):947. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Service Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, Sciensano, Rue Ernest Blerot 1, 1070, Anderlecht, Belgium.

Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) is the most diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in Belgium. Screening programs focus on young women, due to the implications of chronic asymptomatic infections for reproductive health. Thereby, the frequency of infections in men and older adults is underestimated. Read More

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September 2021

A prospective investigation of developmental trajectories of psychosocial adjustment in adolescents facing a chronic condition - study protocol of an observational, multi-center study.

BMC Pediatr 2021 09 14;21(1):404. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Immunology and Intensive Care Medicine, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Relatively little is known about protective factors and the emergence and maintenance of positive outcomes in the field of adolescents with chronic conditions. Therefore, the primary aim of the study is to acquire a deeper understanding of the dynamic process of resilience factors, coping strategies and psychosocial adjustment of adolescents living with chronic conditions.

Methods/design: We plan to consecutively recruit N = 450 adolescents (12-21 years) from three German patient registries for chronic conditions (type 1 diabetes, cystic fibrosis, or juvenile idiopathic arthritis). Read More

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September 2021

Indirect costs attributed to headache: A nation-wide survey of an active working population.

Cephalalgia 2021 Sep 14:3331024211043795. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Public Health National School, 50106Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: The economic burden of headache in European countries is substantial, mostly related to indirect work-productivity loss costs, yet data for Portugal is scarce.

Methods: An anonymous web-based survey of headache was distributed to a convenience sample of Portuguese companies' workforces, to assess last-year headache and "yesterday"-point prevalence. Preexisting headaches were classified into migraine and non-migraine headache and work impact (absenteeism and presenteeism) was evaluated in relation to point prevalence. Read More

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September 2021

Factors influencing participation in preventive interventions for gastric cancer: the results from the GISTAR study.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Institute of Clinical and Preventive Medicine and Faculty of Medicine, University of Latvia Department of Research, Riga East University hospital Digestive Diseases Centre GASTRO Institute of Information Technology, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France Centro Javeriano de Oncología, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Bogotá, Colombia Agencia Costarricense de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Fundación INCIENSA, San Jose, Costa Rica.

Objectives: Search-and-treat strategy for Helicobacter pylori and surveillance of patients with precancerous lesions are recommended to decrease the burden of gastric cancer in high-risk areas. We aimed to evaluate the acceptance of the target population to these strategies.

Methods: We applied a search-and-treat strategy combined with biomarker screening (pepsinogens I and II, gastrin-17) for atrophic gastritis to healthy individuals aged 40-64 years within the GISTAR Pilot study. Read More

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September 2021

The general practitioners perspective regarding registration of persistent somatic symptoms in primary care: a survey.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 Sep 11;22(1):182. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Health, Medical and Neuropsychology Department, Leiden University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Background: Persistent somatic symptoms (PSS) are common in primary care and often accompanied by an increasing disease burden for both the patient and healthcare. In medical practice, PSS is historically considered a diagnosis by exclusion or primarily seen as psychological. Besides, registration of PSS in electronic health records (EHR) is unambiguous and possibly does not reflect classification adequately. Read More

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September 2021

Alcohol use among patients with epilepsy in western China. A hospital-based study.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 Sep 8;124:108302. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Neurology, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, 32# W. Sec 2, 1st Ring Rd, Chengdu, Sichuan 610072, People's Republic of China; Chinese Academy of Sciences Sichuan Translational Medicine Research Hospital, 32# W. Sec 2, 1st Ring Rd, Chengdu, Sichuan 610072, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

AMIS: Alcohol consumption has multiple negative consequences for people with epilepsy, including precipitation of seizure or status epilepticus, worsening of seizure control, increased adverse effects of anti-seizure medications, increased sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, and premature mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate alcohol use and explore the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with alcohol use among patients with epilepsy in western China.

Methods: A face-to-face questionnaire on alcohol use was conducted at Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from December 2020 to June 2021. Read More

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September 2021

Effectiveness and predictors of response to somatostatin analogues in patients with gastrointestinal angiodysplasias: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Background: Gastrointestinal angiodysplasias are vascular malformations that often cause red blood cell transfusion-dependent anaemia. Several studies suggest that somatostatin analogues might decrease rebleeding rates, but the true effect size is unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate the efficacy of somatostatin analogues on red blood cell transfusion requirements of patients with gastrointestinal angiodysplasias and to identify subgroups that might benefit the most from somatostatin analogue therapy. Read More

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September 2021

Primary care heart failure service identifies a missed cohort of heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction.

Eur Heart J 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Cardiology Department, Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Wythenshawe Hospital, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT, UK.

Aims: We explored whether a missed cohort of patients in the community with heart failure (HF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) could be identified and receive treatment optimization through a primary care heart failure (PCHF) service.

Methods And Results: PCHF is a partnership between Inspira Health, National Health Service Cardiologists and Medtronic. The PCHF service uses retrospective clinical audit to identify patients requiring a prospective face-to-face consultation with a consultant cardiologist for clinical review of their HF management within primary care. Read More

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September 2021

Association of Population Screening for Breast Cancer Risk With Use of Mammography Among Women in Medically Underserved Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Sep 1;4(9):e2123751. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Importance: Black women bear a disproportionate burden of breast cancer mortality in the US, in part due to inequities in the use of mammography. Population screening for breast cancer risk in primary care is a promising strategy for mitigating breast cancer disparities, but it is unknown whether this strategy would be associated with increased mammography rates in underserved women of racial and ethnic minority groups.

Objective: To examine whether providing individualized breast cancer risk estimates is associated with an increase in the rate of screening mammography. Read More

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September 2021

Anxiety and depression in school-age patients with spinal muscular atrophy: a cross-sectional study.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Sep 9;16(1):385. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, Hangzhou, 310052, China.

Background: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neurogenetic disease which involves multisystem dysfunctions such as respiratory, digestive, and motor disorders. Anxiety, depression and other psychological disorders often accompany severe chronic physical diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression along with their influencing factors among school-age patients with SMA. Read More

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September 2021

Targeting DNA Damage Repair Mechanisms in Pancreas Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Aug 24;13(17). Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Internal Medicine I, Ulm University Hospital, 89081 Ulm, Germany.

Impaired DNA damage repair (DDR) is increasingly recognised as a hallmark in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). It is estimated that around 14% of human PDACs harbour mutations in genes involved in DDR, including, amongst others, , , , , and . Recently, DDR intervention by PARP inhibitor therapy has demonstrated effectiveness in germline -mutated PDAC. Read More

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Effectiveness of a Dental Intervention to Improve Oral Health among Home Care Recipients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 3;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Health Services Research, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany.

We quantified the effectiveness of an oral health intervention among home care recipients. Seven German insurance funds invited home care recipients to participate in a two-arm randomized controlled trial. At t, the treatment group (TG) received an intervention comprising an oral health assessment, dental treatment recommendations and oral health education. Read More

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September 2021

Barriers and Facilitators of Breast Cancer Screening amongst Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Women in South Western Sydney: A Qualitative Explorative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 30;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 30.

School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW 2560, Australia.

Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer amongst Australian women and the second most common cause of cancer mortality. Despite the proven effectiveness of early intervention, screening rates remain subpar across many regions in New South Wales (NSW). Screening rates are particularly low within the culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) area of South Western Sydney (SWS). Read More

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Ultrasound-based evaluation of the prevalence of abdominal cystic echinococcosis in the Turkestan region of Kazakhstan.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Viale Brambilla 54, 27100 Pavia, Italy.

Background: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. CE is known to be endemic in some parts of Central Asia. We present findings from an ultrasound-based survey to estimate the prevalence of CE in the Turkestan oblast of Kazakhstan. Read More

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September 2021

A prognostic model, including quantitative fetal fibronectin, to predict preterm labour: the QUIDS meta-analysis and prospective cohort study.

Health Technol Assess 2021 Sep;25(52):1-168

Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: The diagnosis of preterm labour is challenging. False-positive diagnoses are common and result in unnecessary, potentially harmful treatments (e.g. Read More

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September 2021

Aortic valve calcification among elderly males from the general population, associated echocardiographic findings, and clinical implications.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Cardiology, Odense University Hospital, J. B. Winsløws Vej 4, Odense 5000, Denmark.

Aims: Aortic valve calcification (AVC) detected by non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) associates with morbidity and mortality in patients with aortic valve stenosis. However, the importance of AVC in the general population is sparsely evaluated. We intend to describe the associations between AVC score on NCCT and echocardiographic findings as left atrial (LA) dilatation, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, aortic valve area (AVA), peak velocity, mean gradient, and aortic valve replacement (AVR) in a population with AVC scores ≥300 AU. Read More

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September 2021

Polycythemia vera: historical oversights, diagnostic details, and therapeutic views.

Leukemia 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Research Foundation, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.

Polycythemia vera (PV) is a relatively indolent myeloid neoplasm with median survival that exceeds 35 years in young patients, but its natural history might be interrupted by thrombotic, fibrotic, or leukemic events, with respective 20-year rates of 26%, 16%, and 4%. Current treatment strategies in PV have not been shown to prolong survival or lessen the risk of leukemic or fibrotic progression and instead are directed at preventing thrombotic complications. In the latter regard, two risk categories are considered: high (age >60 years or thrombosis history) and low (absence of both risk factors). Read More

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September 2021

The influence of semantic relevance on the discernment of product appearance and function.

BMC Psychol 2021 Sep 3;9(1):133. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Industrial Design, Tatung University, No. 40, Chungshan North Rd., Section 3, Taipei City, 104, Taiwan.

Background: This study investigated the impact of semantic relevance on the ability to comprehend the appearance and function of a product, as presented in images.

Methods: The images used the constructs of Simile, Metaphor and Analogy to correspond to congruent, related and incongruent semantic structures, and measured the amplitude of Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to compare these images with Landscape images. Sixteen participants with design-related educational backgrounds were invited to join in the ERP experiment. Read More

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September 2021