2,849 results match your criteria intracranial abscesses


Wearable Mixed-Reality Holographic Navigation Guiding the Management of Penetrating Intracranial Injury Caused by a Nail.

J Digit Imaging 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chongqing Emergency Medical Center, Chongqing, China.

Penetrating brain injury caused by a nail is an extremely rare neurosurgical emergency that poses a challenge for neurosurgeons. Nail entering the brain from the orbit and lodging within the cranial cavity is even more unusual. A 53-year-old male was found unconscious at a construction site, and brain CT revealed not only the presence of a nail beneath the inner table of the parietal bone, but also traumatic intracerebral hematoma. Read More

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Differentiation of Solitary Mass Lesion of Brain using MR Spectroscopy with Histopathological Correlation.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):420-425

Dr Md Mainul Ahsan, Associate Professor, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Different types of solitary brain lesions and also tumefactive demyelinating lesions exhibit many features on CT and MRI that are characteristics of malignancy and surgical biopsy is often performed in suspected tumour. Proton MR Spectroscopy has been used to differentiate different type of these solitary brain lesions. Our purpose is to determine whether MR spectroscopy is able to improve preoperative diagnostic accuracy in case of intracranial solitary tumors. Read More

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Risk factors and morbidity associated with surgical site infection subtypes following adult neurosurgical procedures.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Mar 29:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective: Studies on surgical site infection (SSI) in adult neurosurgery have presented all subtypes of SSIs as the general 'SSI'. Given that SSIs constitute a broad range of infections, we hypothesized that clinical outcomes and management vary based on SSI subtype.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of all neurosurgical SSI from 2012-2019 was conducted at a tertiary care institution. Read More

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Predicting Anticoagulation Need for Otogenic Intracranial Sinus Thrombosis: A Machine Learning Approach.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2021 Apr 5;82(2):233-243. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

 The role of anticoagulation (AC) in the management of otogenic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (OCVST) remains controversial. Our study aims to better define when AC is used in OCVST.  MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 14, 2019 for English and English-translated articles. Read More

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A Clinical Case of 5 Times Irradiated Recurrent Orbital Hemangiopericytoma.

Case Rep Oncol 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):78-84. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

National Medical Research Radiological Center, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Orbital hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are rare mesenchymal tumors with a high tendency to recur. Treatment options are quite limited in case of a relapse, but re-irradiation can be useful. Most of the available data limit the possibility of re-irradiation, while novel techniques (e. Read More

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February 2021

Minimally invasive supratentorial neurosurgical approaches guided by Smartphone app and compass.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 24;11(1):6778. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Health Sciences Graduate Program, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, Brazil.

The precise location in the scalp of specifically planned points can help to achieve less invasive approaches. This study aims to develop a smartphone app, evaluate the precision and accuracy of the developed tool, and describe a series of cases using the referred technique. The application was developed with the React Native framework for Android and iOS. Read More

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Clinical Presentation of Toddlers With New Intracranial Space-Occupying Lesions: A Case Series.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2021 Feb 28. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University Hospital, Loma Linda, CA.

Objective: Intracranial space occupying lesions (ICSOLs) like tumors and abscesses can be life-threatening conditions. It can be especially difficult to diagnose these conditions in toddlers. We aimed to describe symptoms and signs present in a sample of toddlers with ICSOLs. Read More

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February 2021

Diffusion- and perfusion-weighted imaging characteristics of an intracranial abscess in a cat.

J Small Anim Pract 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Veterinary Science, Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, CH64 7TE, United Kingdom.

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A rare case of polymicrobial brain abscess involving .

Radiol Case Rep 2021 May 4;16(5):1123-1126. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Division of Clinical Microbiology, University of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3477 Euler Way, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

Brain abscess is a focal intracranial infection that may present as a life-threatening emergency. Brain abscess can present with a wide range of clinical syndromes, and it results in high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Here we describe a rare case of the polymicrobial right parietal brain abscess, especially associated with in a 59-year-old male who presented with acute onset of left-sided weakness and altered mental status. Read More

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Contemporary management of pediatric open skull fractures: a multicenter pediatric trauma center study.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Mar 12:1-5. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

8Pediatric Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California.

Objective: The authors sought to evaluate the contemporary management of pediatric open skull fractures and assess the impact of variations in antibiotic and operative management on the incidence of infectious complications.

Methods: The records of children who presented from 2009 to 2017 to 6 pediatric trauma centers with an open calvarial skull fracture were reviewed. Data collected included mechanism and anatomical site of injury; presence and depth of fracture depression; antibiotic choice, route, and duration; operative management; and infectious complications. Read More

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Porphyromonas gingivalis as an uncommon cause of intracranial abscesses.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2021;54. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Radiologia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

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Hyperbaric oxygen for intracranial abscess.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2021 First Quarter;48(1):97-102

Departments of Anesthesiology and Medicine, Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University, North Carolina U.S.

The term "intracranial abscess" (ICA) includes cerebral abscess, subdural empyema, and epidural empyema, which share many diagnostic and therapeutic similarities and, frequently, very similar etiologies. Infection may occur and spread from a contiguous infection such as sinusitis, otitis, mastoiditis, or dental infection; hematogenous seeding; or cranial trauma. In view of the high morbidity and mortality of ICA and the fact that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) is relatively non-invasive and carries a low complication rate, the risk-benefit ratio favors adjunct use of HBO2 therapy in selected patients with intracranial abscess. Read More

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Brain MRI in Epstein-Barr Virus Meningoencephalitis in Children.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2020 Sep-Oct;23(5):621-624. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Medanta, The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana, India.

Background And Purpose: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) meningoencephalitis can have variable and nonspecific brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in children. This study was done with the purpose of describing brain MRI findings in children with EBV meningoencephalitis.

Materials And Methods: The study included 45 pediatric patients that presented with variable neurological symptoms and were found to have EBV meningoencephalitis based on positive EBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in the cerebrospinal fluid. Read More

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February 2020

The importance of imaging in diagnosis of infected otogenic pneumatoceles.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Feb 16;42(4):102981. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objective: Spontaneous otogenic pneumatocele is a rare entity resulting from a pressure gradient between a dehiscent temporal bone and the intracranial space. Secondary infection can ensue in patients with concurrent otomastoiditis. The current study discusses the clinical presentation and imaging characteristics of two cases of secondarily infected otogenic pneumatoceles. Read More

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February 2021

Retroauricular Abscess in Adults.

J Int Adv Otol 2021 Jan;17(1):30-34

Department of Otolaryngology-Head - Neck Surgery Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objectives: To describe the clinical course and outcome of a group of adults who presented with a subperiosteal abscess (SPA) MATERIALS and METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with SPA.

Results: Between 2001 and 2015, 7 such patients-5 men and 2 women-were identified. Their age ranged from 18 to 62 years. Read More

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January 2021

Pediatric Otogenic Cerebral Sinus Vein Thrombosis and Thrombophilia.

Isr Med Assoc J 2021 Feb;23(2):99-106

Pediatric Hematology Unit, Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel.

Background: Otogenic cerebral sinus vein thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but severe complication of otitis media in children. To date, the role of prothrombotic evaluation is still controversial.

Objectives: To report the clinical manifestations, prothrombotic evaluation, and current management of CSVT. Read More

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February 2021

Complications in Pediatric Acute Mastoiditis: HCUP KID Analysis.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Feb 16:194599821989633. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA.

Objective: A small proportion of children with otitis media develop acute mastoiditis, which has the potential to spread intracranially and result in significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and management of complications related to pediatric acute mastoiditis using a national database.

Study Design: Retrospective review of 2016 Kids' Inpatient Database, part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Read More

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February 2021

Single Layer and Double Layer Duraplasty for the Management of Persistent Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea Following Frontal Sinus Trauma: A Retrospective Study.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Feb 12. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, CMDC (SC), Pune, Maharashtra Military Dental Centre, Delhi Cantt, New Delhi CH (CC), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh ITS Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract: Persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is an infrequent complication of frontal sinus trauma. It often require craniotomy for dural repair and obliteration of sinus with well vascularized pericranial flap. The multilayer vascularized techniques have gained popularity over the years owing to low rate of postoperative CSF leaks. Read More

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February 2021

Infective Endocarditis Leading to Intracranial Abscess: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Jan 12;13(1):e12660. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA.

Neurologic complications are a hallmark of infective endocarditis (IE). IE leading to intracranial abscess has an unfavorable prognosis. A 17-year-old boy with a past medical history of aortic valve replacement presented with fever and seizure. Read More

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January 2021

Complications of Acute and Chronic Otitis Media in a Tertiary Referral Center in Nepal.

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Dec 1;58(4):234-240. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of ENT-HNS, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Objective: The aim of this study was to report the incidence of complications in otitis media and to determine the frequencies of various extracranial and intracranial complications at a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients of all ages and genders who were treated in a tertiary care hospital in Nepal from May 2015 to May 2020 for complications of acute and chronic otitis media. The complications were broadly classified as extracranial and intracranial. Read More

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December 2020

Hemichorea-Hemiballismus as a Presentation of Cerebritis from Intracranial Toxoplasmosis and Tuberculosis.

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) 2021 Jan 20;11. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Neurosciences, College of Medicine - Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila, PH.

Background: There is limited literature documenting hemichorea-hemiballism (HCHB) resulting from co-infection of toxoplasmosis and tuberculosis (TB) in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Toxoplasmic abscess is the most common cause while TB is a rare etiology.

Case Description: We describe a 24-year-old male with AIDS-related HCHB as the presentation of cerebritis on the right subthalamic nucleus and cerebral peduncle from intracranial toxoplasma and TB co-infection. Read More

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January 2021

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis related to Orbital Cellulitis Serious Complication to Prevent: a case report and literature review.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Feb 18;62:179-181. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University of Casablanca, B.P 5696, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: The authors report a case which aims to underline the importance of multidisciplinary management and rapid diagnosis of orbital cellulitis, for an adequate treatment of ocular damages and related complications, to prevent serious and permanent sequelae and avoid a fatal prognosis.

Presentation Of Case: A 61-year-old female reported to the oral and maxillofacial surgery department after she was dragged around for two months. She presented with a right facial swelling and orbital apex syndrome including proptosis, ophthalmoplegia and ptosis. Read More

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February 2021

Intracranial Manifestation of Melioidosis: A Case Report and Long-Term Follow-Up.

Cureus 2020 Dec 29;12(12):e12367. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Neurosurgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, SWE.

Primary neurological melioidosis is rare with fewer than 50 cases reported world-wide. We report the first documented case of primary neurological melioidosis in Sweden, a 32-year old male who previously lived in Thailand for six years and recently moved to Sweden. He presented with headache, irritability and lack of concentration. Read More

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December 2020

Intracranial Abscess and Proteus mirabilis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2020 Dec 27;12(12):e12326. Epub 2020 Dec 27.

Internal Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, CHN.

An intracranial abscess caused by  is rarely reported in adults. A 17-year-old girl presented with generalized tonic-clonic seizure, high-grade fever, headache, and vomiting with a history of slowly progressing apathy, clumsiness, and disorientation. She had meningeal signs and altered sensorium with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 10. Read More

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December 2020

Frontal Sinus Drainage in Acute Pediatric Sinusitis With Intracranial Complications.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2021 Jan 31:1945892421991311. Epub 2021 Jan 31.

Division of Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: The indication for frontal sinus drainage is uncertain when managing pediatric acute sinusitis with intracranial complications.

Objective: The primary objective was to determine if addressing the frontal sinus reduced need for subsequent surgical procedures in children presenting with acute sinusitis complicated by intracranial abscess.

Methods: A case series with chart review was performed at a tertiary children's hospital between 2007 and 2019. Read More

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January 2021

Primary pituitary abscess in an adolescent female patient: case report, literature review, and operative video.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 Jan 29. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Utah, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, 175 N. Medical Drive East, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA.

Purpose: Primary pituitary abscesses are extraordinarily rare lesions, especially in pediatric populations, with very few cases described in the literature. Here we review this rare condition and discuss its management.

Methods: We report a case of a previously healthy 12-year-old female patient who presented with vomiting and meningismus. Read More

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January 2021

Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis presenting with intracranial spread along large sphenoidal emissary foramen.

Med Mycol Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;32:10-13. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

University of Florida College of Medicine - Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

A 13-year-old girl was admitted for headache, right periorbital swelling and erythema. CT imaging demonstrated right orbital preseptal cellulitis, severe pansinusitis and suspected epidural abscess. Brain MRI and sinus CT confirmed an epidural abscess in the right middle cranial fossa and a second extra-cranial abscess in the right infratemporal fossa along with large right sphenoidal emissary foramen. Read More

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Chronic Sphenoiditis With Deep Neck Space Extension: Case Report With Review of the Literature and Postulated Mechanisms for Extracranial Extension.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Jan 20:145561321989453. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, 2468Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Isolated primary sphenoid sinusitis is a rare occurrence, estimated to make up less than 3% of sinus infections. The posterior anatomic location of the sphenoid makes treatment challenging when it becomes infected. Complications involving intracranial extension to surrounding structures often result in cranial nerve deficits due to their proximity. Read More

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January 2021

Overlooked Piece of Wood Served as a Vector Transmitting Clostridium Perfringens: A Case Report Emphasizing the Awareness of Gas-Forming Organisms in Posttraumatic Pneumocephalus.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jan 14. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurocenter and Regenerative Neuroscience Cluster, Inseslspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern Department of Neurosurgery, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract: The radiological depiction of posttraumatic pneumocephalus is due to trapped air in most cases. Although rarely reported, it can also be the result of a gas-forming organism, requiring immediate treatment due to high mortality. Here, we report on an elderly patient with radiological appearance of posttraumatic intracranial pneumocephalus after a wound was closed without recognition of a retained tree branch. Read More

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January 2021