11,646 results match your criteria intimate partner

South African university women's perspectives on intimate partner violence: a qualitative study of reactions to a tailored vignette.

Cult Health Sex 2021 Sep 15:1-17. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Intimate partner violence is an ongoing issue in South Africa, which has the highest rates of violence against women and girls in the world. Intimate partner violence is common in Limpopo, where women, including university students, experience elevated rates of violent crime. This qualitative study was conducted to examine university students' perspectives regarding intimate partner violence among their peers. Read More

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September 2021

Behavior Sequence Analysis of Victims' Accounts of Intimate Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 14:8862605211043587. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Criminal Behavioural Analyst.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) relates not only to physical forms of abuse, but also psychological, emotional, economic, and financial controlling behaviors. IPV is a dynamic, complex phenomenon that occurs over a relatively long period of time. While several measures of IPV exist, a method that can track the progression and escalation of such behaviors in relationships could offer more understanding and highlight key intervention points for individuals in such relationships. Read More

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September 2021

Examining the Role of National Context: Do Country Conditions During Childhood Impact Perpetration of Dating Violence in Emerging Adulthood?

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 14:8862605211043575. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

University of Haifa, Arlington, TX, USA.

The link between individual experiences in early childhood or adolescence years and future dating violence (DV) perpetration has been well established and explored across various populations. However, little is known on a worldwide scale, about the association between national conditions during childhood, like overall well-being or status of women in that nation, and perpetration of DV in emerging adulthood. Applying life-course theory and a socioecological framework to data from the International Dating Violence Study and country index scores, this study examines whether the overall well-being of a country during childhood affects the perpetration of DV in emerging adulthood. Read More

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September 2021

Depression in childhood: The role of children's exposure to intimate partner violence and maternal mental disorders.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 10;122:105305. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. da Engenharia, s/n, Bloco "D" - 1° Andar - Cidade Universitária, 50.740-600, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global problem with high prevalence rates, and is linked to maternal mental disorders (MMD). Children's exposure to IPV (CEIPV) can have impacts on their physical and mental health, including depression.

Objective: To analyze the associations between exposure to both CEIPV and MMD and depression in schoolchildren. Read More

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September 2021

Attentional Bias to Threat: Examining Associations with Children's Emotional Regulation and Interactions with Intimate Partner Violence.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

University of Notre Dame, 390 Corbett Family Hall, Notre Dame, IN, 46556, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) in the home-a prevalent environmental risk for children-exemplifies a key factor that may alter the role of attentional bias to threat (ABT) in children's psychological adjustment. The current study aims to (1) examine potential variations in ABT and emotion regulation across animal and face stimuli and (2) test IPV as a potential moderator of the relationship between ABT and child outcomes. Participating children (N = 37) completed computerized tasks assessing ABT. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of Screening for Sexual Trauma in a Gynecologic Oncology Setting.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 Sep 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Bioinformatics & Biostatistics, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Objectives: Sexual trauma poses a significant concern and is associated with heightened stress, negative health repercussions, and adverse economic effects. A history of abuse may increase a woman's risk of developing cancer, in particular cervical cancer. We analyzed the impact of screening for sexual abuse in a gynecologic oncology population. Read More

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September 2021

An HIV Narrative of Female Inmates With a Lifetime History of Mental Illness in Durban, South Africa.

Front Psychiatry 2021 25;12:637387. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Discipline of Psychiatry, School of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

South Africa (SA) has one of the highest prevalence rates of Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) globally, with women carrying a larger burden of the disease. Furthermore, female inmates have higher rates of HIV compared to their male counterparts, with an over-representation of mental illnesses among female inmates as well. Additionally, mental illnesses are highly prevalent in people living with HIV, with HIV and mental illness sharing a complex bidirectional relationship. Read More

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Reintegration with family and intimate partner violence (IPV) against women among the returnee migrant worker's family during COVID-19 induced lockdown: A Block-level analysis using multinomial logistic regression model.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2021 Nov 28;130:106226. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Geography and Applied Geography, University of North Bengal, West Bengal, India.

Worldwide the incidents of intimate partner violence (IPV) have increased due to lockdowns related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper aims to identify the association between IPV and different socio-economic factors of women & their most recent partner during the COVID-19 pandemic in returnee migrant worker families in Balurghat Block (area 363.9 sq. Read More

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November 2021

Domestic Homicide: A Synthesis of Systematic Review Evidence.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Sep 13:15248380211043812. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA.

Domestic homicide (DH) is the most extreme form of domestic violence (DV). There has been a growing worldwide interest in DH offenses and the characteristics of perpetrators and victims, and it is evidenced in part by the increase in the number of primary research studies in this area. The findings of a large number of the available primary literature have already been summarized into several systematic reviews. Read More

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September 2021

Development of perceptions and attitudes towards Intimate Partner Violence questionnaire for premarital young adults.

Med J Malaysia 2021 Sep;76(5):658-664

Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Medical Science, Women's Health Development Unit, Malaysia.

Objective: The age of young adults is a critical period as they start to explore intimate relationship and prepare for marriage. Although instruments on intimate partner violence (IPV) are available, few include potential predictors of this violent behaviors such as perceptions and attitudes. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a questionnaire to assess perceptions and attitudes toward IPV among premarital young adults. Read More

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September 2021

Moderator effects in a randomized controlled trial of the Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) for intimate partner violence and hazardous alcohol use in Zambia.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Aug 28;228:108995. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and hazardous alcohol use are prevalent and co-occurring problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While limited evidence suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions can help address these problems, few randomized trials in LMICs have investigated moderators of treatment effectiveness. This study explores moderating factors impacting responsiveness to a CBT-based intervention for IPV and hazardous alcohol use among couples in Zambia. Read More

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Exposure to interparental violence and justification of intimate partner violence among women in sexual unions in sub-Saharan Africa.

Arch Public Health 2021 Sep 9;79(1):162. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Justification of intimate partner violence (IPV) is one of the critical factors that account for the high prevalence of IPV among women. In this study, we examined the association between exposure to interparental violence and IPV justification among women in sexual unions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).

Methods: Data for this study were obtained from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) of 26 countries in SSA conducted between 2010 and 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Is cohabitation as a form of union formation a licence to intimate partner physical violence in Uganda?

J Biosoc Sci 2021 Sep 9:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Population Studies, School of Statistics and Planning, Makerere University, Uganda.

The study examined the argument that cohabitation as a form of union increases physical violence victimization among women. The study's aim was to assess the association between physical violence and other socio-demographic factors that influence physical violence among women. Self-reported data were extracted from the 2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS), with a sample of 2479 couples, from the couple file. Read More

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September 2021

"Validation of a cyberbullying questionnaire as a screening tool for other forms of intimate-partner violence towards young women".

BMC Public Health 2021 09 8;21(1):1639. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Epidemiology Area, General Subdirectorate of Epidemiology, General Directorate of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: The use of electronic media is widespread among young people and is a potential tool for the perpetration of intimate-partner violence (IPV) towards women. The aim of this study is to validate two questions focused on harassment and control by electronic tools (HCE-2) as a screening tool for the detection of IPV in young women.

Methods: The data source was the third Community of Madrid IPV survey in 2014. Read More

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September 2021

Intimate Partner Violence Exposure and Adolescent Mental Health Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Housing Insecurity.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 8:8862605211043588. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

University of Nevada, NV, USA.

The present study investigated pathways from childhood exposure to mothers' intimate partner violence (IPV) to adolescent depression and anxiety. Further, the study examined whether housing insecurity mediated the link from IPV exposure to mental health outcomes. Data came from the Years 5, 9 and 15 interviews of the Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study; the analytic sample was limited to mothers with at least partial custody of children ( = 2,425). Read More

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September 2021

Alcohol use and intimate partner violence in HIV-uninfected pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa.

AIDS Care 2021 Sep 8:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa.

In settings with a high burden of HIV, pregnant women often experience a cluster of risk factors, including alcohol use and intimate partner violence (IPV). These interrelated risks are poorly understood among pregnant women at risk of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. We aim to determine cross-sectional associations between pregnant women's alcohol use and victimization due to IPV in the HIV-Unexposed-Uninfected Mother-Infant Cohort Study in Cape Town, South Africa. Read More

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September 2021

Women's understanding of economic abuse in North-Western Tanzania.

Womens Health (Lond) 2021 Jan-Dec;17:17455065211042180

Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.

Introduction: Economic abuse is a form of intimate partner violence that still lacks a clear conceptualization and therefore is often overlooked next to physical, sexual and psychological abuse. While existing categorizations recognize economic intimate partner violence as economic control, economic exploitation and employment sabotage, current measurements of economic abuse rarely capture all its forms, and the issue has not been widely explored in low- and middle-income country settings.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 18 women in Mwanza, Tanzania to understand local perceptions and experiences of economic intimate partner violence. Read More

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September 2021

R.E.S.P.e.c.T and intimate partner violence: a cross-sectional study using DHS data in Kenya.

BMJ Open 2021 09 7;11(9):e046069. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Background: Thirty per cent of all women experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the WHO's novel R.E. Read More

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September 2021

Interpersonal Violence and Contraceptive Method Use by Women Sex Workers.

Womens Health Issues 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objective: More than one-half of women sex workers (sex workers) in the United States experience interpersonal violence, defined as physical or sexual violence, by sexual partners, including clients or intimate partners. Women experiencing interpersonal violence by intimate partners often choose hidden, woman-controlled contraception (e.g. Read More

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September 2021

Child maltreatment and NR3C1 exon 1 methylation, link with deregulated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and psychopathology: A systematic review.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 3;122:105304. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

I-Reach Lab, Unit of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland.

Background: Epigenetics offers one promising method for assessing the psychobiological response to stressful experiences during childhood. In particular, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation has been associated with an altered hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the onset of mental disorders. Equally, there are promising leads regarding the association between the methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1-1) and child maltreatment and its link with HPA axis and psychopathology. Read More

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September 2021

Love, fear, and the human-animal bond: On adversity and multispecies relationships.

Compr Psychoneuroendocrinol 2021 Aug 7;7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Social Work, Richmond, VA, USA.

Love and strong social bonds are known buffers in the experience of adversity. Humans often form strong bonds with non-human animals. The human-animal bond refers to a mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship between humans and non-human animals. Read More

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Understanding Intimate Partner Violence among Immigrant and Refugee Women: A Grounded Theory Analysis.

J Aggress Maltreat Trauma 2021 29;30(6):792-810. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Immigrant and refugee women may experience considerable multifaceted and interrelated barriers that place them at heightened risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). The objective of this analysis was to increase our understanding of immigrant and refugee women's responses to abuse. We conducted in-depth interviews with 84 women who immigrated from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Read More

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September 2020

The Dynamics of Interpersonal Relationships: Understanding Power and Control Tactics Among College Students.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 4:8862605211042816. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation, MN, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem among college students and many students have difficulty identifying unhealthy and abusive behaviors. The aims of this mixed methods study are to: (a) create an inclusive tool that illustrates the power and control experiences of a diverse group of young adult college students, (b) ensure a broad scope of tactics are illustrated (related to technology and different types of relationships), and (c) measure the experience of these tactics, including how IPV knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy are influenced by a more inclusive tool. In Phase I, semi-structured interviews were conducted with students (n = 33) and staff (n = 10) at campus sexual assault centers at the three University of Michigan (UM) campuses to explore power and control tactics utilized by perpetrators on college campuses. Read More

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September 2021

Brief Note: Exploratory Examination of How Race and Criminal Record Relate to Housing Instability Among Domestic Violence Survivors.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 4:8862605211042626. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Housing instability is a critical concern in the United States, and domestic violence (DV) survivors are a group at high risk for experiencing housing instability or of becoming unhoused. Prior research has also identified having a criminal record (CR) as being a major barrier to obtaining stable housing, and this is truer for Black and Latinx people compared to their White counterparts. No study has examined whether comparable trends exist among survivors of DV, a group also at elevated risk of having a CR, sometimes related to their experience of abuse. Read More

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September 2021

Longitudinal trends in screening males and females for intimate partner violence as part of a systemic multi-specialty health system intervention.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Sep 3;14(1):344. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objective: To assess intimate partner violence screening for males and females in a health system that underwent a systemic intervention to improve survivor identification and response. Electronic health record data from 13 clinics were accessed for February of 2017, 2018, and 2019 to calculate screening rates and positive screening rates for intimate partner violence by clinic and sex-race groups (n  =  11,693 non-Hispanic White females; n  =  4318 Other females; n  =  9184 non-Hispanic White males; n  =  3441 Other males). Linear mixed effects models were used to examine whether screening rates differed significantly over time and by sex-race group. Read More

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September 2021

Association between intimate partner violence during pregnancy and risk of preterm birth.

BMC Public Health 2021 09 3;21(1):1610. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Warwick Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery (WCAHRD), Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.

Background: Preterm birth is a risk factor for child survival in both the short and long term. In Zimbabwe, the prevalence of preterm birth is rising, and there are growing concerns about the adverse consequences. This study explored the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy and preterm birth in Zimbabwe. Read More

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September 2021

Child Marriage and Intimate Partner Violence: An Examination of Individual, Community, and National Factors.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 3:8862605211042602. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

University of Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Despite being a human rights violation, child marriage still takes place across the globe. Prior scholarship has shown early marriage to be associated with an increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). Drawing on data from the nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys-conducted in developing and transitional nations where rates of child marriage tend to be higher-the current study provides a cross-national examination of individual-, community-, and national-level predictors of child marriage and their association with physical and emotional IPV. Read More

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September 2021

Using Behavior Change Theory to Understand How to Support Screening for Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence.

Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle) 2021 16;2(1):305-315. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Okanagan, Canada.

Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are at a high risk for traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). Women's shelters may be an ideal location for TBI screening. Behavior change theory can help understand factors that influence screening at women's shelters and develop interventions to promote screening. Read More

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Intimate partner violence types and symptoms of common mental disorders in a rural community of Chiapas, Mexico: Implications for global mental-health practice.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(9):e0256850. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Global Health and Social Medicine. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

This paper examines the scope and characteristics of male-to-female intimate partner violence in southern rural Chiapas, Mexico, and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms, highlighting the role of partner controlling behaviors. Participants were selected by random sampling. One-hundred and forty-one women >15 years participated in the study. Read More

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September 2021

HIV self-testing and oral pre-exposure prophylaxis are empowering for sex workers and their intimate partners: a qualitative study in Uganda.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 Sep;24(9):e25782

Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Introduction: HIV self-testing (HIVST) and oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) are complementary, evidence-based, self-controlled HIV prevention tools that may be particularly appealing to sex workers. Understanding how HIVST and PrEP are perceived and used by sex workers and their intimate partners could inform prevention delivery for this population. We conducted qualitative interviews to examine ways in which HIVST and PrEP use influence prevention choices among sex workers in Uganda. Read More

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September 2021