12,291 results match your criteria interviewing sample


Emotional intelligence and self-esteem: Personal competencies necessary for physicians.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 27;9:965417. Epub 2022 Jul 27.

Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Providencia, Chile.

Introduction: Even though emotional intelligence and self-esteem are truly important variables in healthcare, the fact is that there are few studies on these constructs in Spanish physicians. The objective was to analyze the relationship between self-esteem and emotional intelligence in Spanish physicians, and their relationship with sociodemographic and employment variables.

Methods: The study included a sample of 180 physicians with a mean age of 34. Read More

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Parents' Perceptions on the Debated Parenting Practice of Cognitive Enhancement in Healthy Children and Adolescents.

J Cogn Enhanc 2022 15;6(3):373-388. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Institute for Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

First evidence shows that some parents engage in the health-endangering practice of (mis-)using prescription drugs to boost their children's school performance. But little is known about parental perspectives on this phenomenon. This study aims to better understand parents' perspectives on the non-medical use of prescription drugs to improve healthy children's cognitive functioning. Read More

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Developing and evaluating an instrument to assess perceptions of an entry-level physician associate doctoral degree.

BMC Med Educ 2022 Aug 13;22(1):617. Epub 2022 Aug 13.

Physician Assistant Leadership and Learning Academy, Graduate School University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Most health professions in the United States have adopted clinical or practice doctorates, sparking an ongoing debate on whether physician assistants/associates (PAs) should transition from a master's to a doctorate as the terminal degree for the profession. Although more studies are anticipated, there is no validated instrument assessing perceptions of various stakeholders regarding an entry-level PA doctoral degree. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel self-report measure to assess perceptions of an entry-level PA doctoral degree. Read More

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Developing Medical Student Competencies, Clinical Skills, and Self-Efficacy With an Emergency Medical Responder Certification Course.

Cureus 2022 Jul 9;14(7):e26678. Epub 2022 Jul 9.

Academic Affairs, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, USA.

Introduction Previous studies have claimed gap year clinical experiences before medical school matriculation increase student self-efficacy and clinical confidence. At the University of Central Florida College of Medicine, 41 first-year medical students participated in a new certification course to become emergency medical responders before beginning their coursework. This study describes the results of a follow-up study that aims to investigate the impact the course had on student competency, self-efficacy, and clinical efficacy and if the course would prepare students similarly to previous clinical experience. Read More

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Dual contraceptive use and associated factors among women aged 15-49 years on antiretroviral therapy in Kayonza District, Rwanda: a cross-sectional study.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 17;42:45. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Public Health, Mount Kenya University-Rwanda, Kicukiro District, Kigali, Rwanda.

Introduction: globally, 600,000 women died of complications due to pregnancies among more than 2 million women on antiretroviral treatment who get pregnant every year due to low utilization of dual contraception and unsafe sex. The failure rate of preventing of mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) in Rwanda was 2% in 2019. In Rwanda, there was no research done and published on this topic. Read More

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Impact of a brief training on motivational interviewing and the 5A's approach on weight-related counseling practices of pediatricians.

Obes Sci Pract 2022 Aug 19;8(4):466-473. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Rollins School of Public Health Emory University Atlanta Georgia USA.

Background: Pediatric primary healthcare providers are well-positioned to provide healthy lifestyle and weight management related counseling but many lack training in evidence-based messages and methods.

Objectives: We assessed the impact of a brief, easy-to-access training for pediatric healthcare providers, (the Strong4Life Provider Training), designed to introduce/review current evidence-based messages and methods and improve healthy weight-related assessment and counseling practices.

Methods: Following their well-child visit, a convenience sample of children 12-17 years and parents of children 6-11 years ( = 121) of randomly selected Strong4Life trained ( = 15) and untrained ( = 15) pediatricians were administered a survey designed to assess the frequency, content, and patient satisfaction with weight management-related counseling provided. Read More

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How are parental practices and attitudes towards corporal punishment related to child academic, developmental, or psychological-emotional dysfunctioning?

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Institute of Mental Health, Milana Kasanina 3, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Corporal punishment (CP) is a widely spread disciplining practice among parents and caregivers globally. Our paper aimed to explore the relationship between the parental attitudes towards CP, expected outcomes of CP, and parenting practices on one hand, with the reported dysfunctions of their children, on the other. Additionally, we aimed to explore the relationship between the use of CP and the reported academic, developmental, and psychological-emotional dysfunctions of their children. Read More

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How do care home staff use non-pharmacological strategies to manage sleep disturbances in residents with dementia: The SIESTA qualitative study.

PLoS One 2022 9;17(8):e0272814. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Division of Psychiatry, UCL, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Sleep disturbances affect 38% of care home residents living with dementia. They are often treated with medication, but non-pharmacological interventions may be safer and effective yet more difficult to implement. In the SIESTA study (Sleep problems In dEmentia: interviews with care home STAff) we explored care home staffs' experience of managing sleep disturbances in their residents living with dementia. Read More

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Technology-Delivered Adaptations of Motivational Interviewing for the Prevention and Management of Chronic Diseases: Scoping Review.

J Med Internet Res 2022 08 9;24(8):e35283. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, United States.

Background: Motivational interviewing (MI) can increase health-promoting behaviors and decrease health-damaging behaviors. However, MI is often resource intensive, precluding its use with people with limited financial or time resources. Mobile health-based versions of MI interventions or technology-delivered adaptations of MI (TAMIs) might increase reach. Read More

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Nature videos for PTSD: protocol for a mixed-methods feasibility study.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2022 1;13(2):2101765. Epub 2022 Aug 1.

Department of Medical Psychology, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Given the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), particularly among military personnel, new treatment approaches are needed. One may be virtual relaxation interventions, especially 360-degree nature videos, since studies have demonstrated their relaxation effects for healthy participants. If these relaxation effects can be reproduced in patients with PTSD, they may offer a viable tool to reduce distress and hyperarousal. Read More

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Ratings of the reasons and the disclosure of an Alzheimer's disease diagnosis: has anything changed in the past 20 years?

Aging Ment Health 2022 Aug 5:1-7. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

School of Psychology and Counselling, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

Objectives: The disclosure of an Alzheimer's disease diagnosis poses challenges for health care professionals, patients, and their families. Past research has shown that people favour disclosure, but it is uncertain if this situation has changed.

Method: We used a cross-sectional online survey to explore disclosure preferences in a sample of young adults ( = 229; 66. Read More

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Effectiveness of motivational interviewing among patients with COPD: A systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Patient Educ Couns 2022 Jul 28. Epub 2022 Jul 28.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) for COPD in behavioral changes and health outcomes, and also verify the reliability of results in conjunction with trial sequential analysis and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation tool.

Methods: Studies that implemented MI interventions for COPD patients were systematically searched by eight databases from inception to December 2021. Study screening, quality assessment, data extraction, and meta-analysis were conducted according to Cochrane standards. Read More

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Factors influencing adults who participate in a physical activity coaching intervention: a theoretically informed qualitative study.

BMJ Open 2022 08 4;12(8):e057855. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Holsworth Research Initiative, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Objective: Behaviour change interventions targeting changes in physical activity (PA) can benefit by examining the underlying mechanisms that promote change. This study explored the use of the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation and Behaviour (COM-B) model and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to code and contextualise the experiences of participants who completed a PA coaching intervention underpinned by motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural therapy.

Design: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of participants. Read More

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Needs assessment in head and neck surgical oncology training: A qualitative study of expert opinions.

Head Neck 2022 Aug 3. Epub 2022 Aug 3.

Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: Few studies have investigated the needs of head and neck surgery trainees and areas for improvement of fellowship programs.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative study by interviewing a nationally representative sample of program directors and national leaders in head and neck surgery. We asked about the current state and strengths of training; and areas for further improvement. Read More

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Brief Motivational Interviewing: Evaluation of a skills-based education program.

J Dent Hyg 2022 Aug;96(4):46-56

Department of Primary Dental Care, Division of Dental Hygiene; all at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Oral health care providers have been charged with recommending the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for the prevention of HPV oropharyngeal cancers (OPC). The purpose of this study was to determine dental hygiene student competency of the application of brief motivational interviewing (BMI) and the accuracy of HPV vaccine information for the prevention of HPV OPC. A convenience sample of 59 senior dental hygiene (DH) students from the class of 2020 (n=31) and the class of 2021 (n=28) participated in the HPV OPC curriculum and skills-based BMI training at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry. Read More

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Profiling of Croatian Consumers Based on Their Intention to Consume Farmed Fish.

Foods 2022 Jul 20;11(14). Epub 2022 Jul 20.

Laboratory for Analytical Chemistry, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska Cesta 143, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Today's increased demand and consumption of fish would be impossible to ensure without aquaculture. Farmed fish, however, is often considered inferior among consumers in comparison to its wild counterparts. The aim of this study was to profile Croatian fishery consumers based on their intention to consume farmed fish. Read More

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Parents' Needs and Their Perceived Obstacles With Team Members in Perinatal Palliative Care: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study.

J Hosp Palliat Nurs 2022 Jul 26. Epub 2022 Jul 26.

Advances in prenatal diagnosis have made medical, psychological, and ethical issues regarding the diagnosis of fetal anomalies a crucial topic of research. This study identified the needs of parents of unborn babies with fetal anomalies and their views regarding the services of interdisciplinary team members in charge of assisting them. The sample consisted of 30 parents and 40 team members from a women's health education and research hospital. Read More

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Adaptation of a Danish online version of the Oxford Physical Activity Questionnaire (OPAQ) for secondary school students-a pilot study.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2022 Jul 25;8(1):153. Epub 2022 Jul 25.

Centre for General Practice at Aalborg University, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objective: To adapt and partly validate a Danish online version of the patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) Oxford Physical Activity Questionnaire ("OPAQ") and evaluate mobile phones and tablets as data capturing tool to identify potential problems and deficiencies in the PROM prior to implementation in the full study.

Methods: The OPAQ was translated into Danish by a formalised forward-backward translation procedure. Face validity was examined by interviewing 12 school students aged 10-15, recruited from two Danish public schools. Read More

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Association between different levels of maternal vitamin-D status during pregnancy and maternal outcomes.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2022 08 26;50:307-313. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Maternal vitamin-D deficiency is a significant health concern among pregnant women in the Middle East. Vitamin-D deficiency during pregnancy has been associated with adverse maternal outcomes and an increased risk of pregnancy complications. This study aimed to identify the level of vitamin-D during pregnancy and examine the effect of different vitamin-D levels during pregnancy on maternal outcomes. Read More

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Development of a factorial survey for use in an international study examining clinicians' likelihood to support the decision to initiate invasive long-term ventilation for a child (the TechChild study).

BMC Med Res Methodol 2022 07 21;22(1):198. Epub 2022 Jul 21.

School of Nursing, Midwifery & Health Systems, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Background: The decision to initiate invasive long-term ventilation for a child with complex medical needs can be extremely challenging. TechChild is a research programme that aims to explore the liminal space between initial consideration of such technology dependence and the final decision. This paper presents a best practice example of the development of a unique use of the factorial survey method to identify the main influencing factors in this critical juncture in a child's care. Read More

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Effectiveness of the national German quitline for smoking cessation: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2022 07 19;22(1):1386. Epub 2022 Jul 19.

IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich, Germany.

Background: Despite the decline in cigarette smoking prevalence during nearly the past two decades, tobacco use is still widespread in the German adult population, accounting for 125,000 deaths each year and causing tremendous social costs. To accelerate the reduction in tobacco smoking prevalence, evidence-based smoking cessation methods are pivotal to a national tobacco control strategy. The present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the national German Smokers Quitline offering cessation support to smokers. Read More

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Sentinel fall presenting to the emergency department (SeFallED) - protocol of a complex study including long-term observation of functional trajectories after a fall, exploration of specific fall risk factors, and patients' views on falls prevention.

BMC Geriatr 2022 07 18;22(1):594. Epub 2022 Jul 18.

Department for Health Services Research, Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Carl Von Ossietzky University, Ammerländer Heerstraße 114-118, 26129, Oldenburg, Germany.

Background: Falls are a leading cause for emergency department (ED) visits in older adults. As a fall is associated with a high risk of functional decline and further falls and many falls do not receive medical attention, the ED is ideal to initiate secondary prevention, an opportunity generally not taken. Data on trajectories to identify patients, who would profit the most form early intervention and to examine the impact of a fall event, are lacking. Read More

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Intimate partner violence and child maltreatment in Scotland - Insights from nationally representative longitudinal survey data.

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jul 15;132:105784. Epub 2022 Jul 15.

Social Work, School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, 15a George Square, EH8 9LN Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Research on child maltreatment in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) rarely draws on nationally representative samples, and rarely accounts for maternal, paternal and child reports of parental aggression towards children separately.

Objective: We explore if living with IPV makes children more likely to be smacked or slapped by their parents.

Participants And Setting: A prospective longitudinal and nationally representative child cohort study for Scotland (starting sample N:5217). Read More

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Clarifying the synergistic effects of emotion dysregulation and inhibitory control on physical aggression.

Hum Brain Mapp 2022 Jul 15. Epub 2022 Jul 15.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Rising rates of violence underscore the need to better understand how systems that regulate distress and impulse control jointly modulate aggression risk. The goals of the current study were to investigate the unique and interactive effects of emotional dysregulation and inhibitory control on the perpetration of physical aggression. We recruited a high-risk community sample of 206 adults (M/SD  = 33. Read More

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Emesis in pregnancy - a qualitative study on trial recruitment failure from the EMPOWER internal pilot.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2022 Jul 14;8(1):146. Epub 2022 Jul 14.

Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: As part of the internal pilot of the EMPOWER trial investigating the second-line antiemetic therapies in severe emesis in pregnancy ( https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN16924692 ), a qualitative study of women's views was carried out, to improve our understanding of why women did, or did not, consent to participation in the trial. Read More

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Patient feedback on hospital pharmacists' consultation skills: A feasibility study using the Interpersonal Skills Questionnaire (ISQ).

PLoS One 2022 14;17(7):e0268544. Epub 2022 Jul 14.

School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.

Background: Improvement in practitioners' consultation skills (CSs) can be driven by patient feedback, however, to date, no study has been conducted with reference to pharmacy consultations. The Interpersonal Skills Questionnaire (ISQ) is potentially appropriate for collecting patient feedback on pharmacists' CSs. This study aims to explore the feasibility of collecting patient feedback on hospital pharmacists' CSs using the ISQ, to identify the acceptability of the feedback process, and to identify methods to enhance the process in the future. Read More

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Clinical Profile and the Extent of Disability in Multiple Sclerosis Patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2022 Jun 11;14(6):e25851. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Family and Community Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, SAU.

Objectives: The objective is to study the demographics and clinical characteristics of Saudi multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, and assess their extent of disability using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS).

Methods: This hospital-based study intended to address the population of all MS-diagnosed patients registered between 2018 and 2021 in the Neurology Department of King Fahad Hospital in the Madinah region. Data were gathered from medical records and by interviewing participants in the Neurology Clinic. Read More

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Are maternal factors predictors of a child's first dental visit? A birth cohort study in Brazil.

Braz Oral Res 2022 11;36:e092. Epub 2022 Jul 11.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas - UFPel, Post-Graduate Program in Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between maternal factors and dental visits of children within their first year of life. This study used data from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort and included pregnant women and their children at 12 months of age, followed-up between May 2014 and December 2015. Socioeconomic and demographic data, information on the use of dental services during the last year, and information on dental fear were collected by interviewing the mothers. Read More

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Training at farmers training centers and its impact on crop productivity and households' income in Ethiopia: A propensity score matching (PSM) analysis.

Heliyon 2022 Jul 1;8(7):e09837. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

African Forum for Agricultural Advisory Services (AFAAS), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The creation and expansion of training and extension networks for rural households are indispensable to develop and improve skills and to increase productivity and income-generating capabilities. In this line, Ethiopia has established farmers/pastoralists training centers (F/PTCs) since 2002 aimed at providing a multitude of services to farmers at the grassroots level. One of these services is the provision of training. Read More

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Dental Fear and Anxiety in 9-12 Years Old Children in Clinical Setting in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Normative Values and Types of Informant.

Acta Inform Med 2022 Mar;30(1):41-47

Department of Preventive and Pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Background: The most commonly used diagnostic tests for evaluation of the dental fear and anxiety (DFA) presence in children were psychometric scales, where interpretation in determining and using of their cut-off scores sometimes was not completely exact. Also, several studies have been conducted where the results were conflicting in terms of who better assessed the DFA presence - the children, their parents, or dentists.

Objective: To determine the normative values in the child and parental versions of the Modified version of the CFSS-DS scale (CFSS-DS-mod scale) and to compare the ways in which children, their parents, and the dentist assessed the DFA presence in the dental office. Read More

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