23,010 results match your criteria interval exercise

Impact of Concussion History on Heart Rate Variability during Bouts of Acute Stress.

J Athl Train 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Context: Following a sports-related concussion, many athletes experience persisting neurophysiological alterations. These alterations may be absent at rest but emerge during moments of physiological stress. Unnoticed and untreated neurophysiological dysfunction may negatively impact long-term neurological health in adolescent athletes as they are at a critical point in development. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Accuracy in Predicting Repetitions to Task Failure in Resistance Exercise: A Scoping Review and Exploratory Meta-analysis.

Sports Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Faculty of Sport, Health, and Social Sciences, Solent University, Southampton, UK.

Background: Prescribing repetitions relative to task failure is an emerging approach to resistance training. Under this approach, participants terminate the set based on their prediction of the remaining repetitions left to task failure. While this approach holds promise, an important step in its development is to determine how accurate participants are in their predictions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Does Fit Mean (f)it? A Comparison of Physiological and Experiential Fitness Data From the iReAct Study.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 1;3:729090. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Social and Public Health Sciences, Institute of Sport Science, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Regular exercise fosters fitness-enhancing benefits. We assume that exercise interventions become successful and sustainable if physiological benefits of exercise are also subjectively perceivable. The goal of this study was to examine how young inactive adults to an exercise intervention and how those responses are . Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Optimizing Outcomes in Cardiac Rehabilitation: The Importance of Exercise Intensity.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 3;8:734278. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Division of Preventative Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States.

Exercise based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recognized internationally as a class 1 clinical practice recommendation for patients with select cardiovascular diseases and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Over the past decade, several meta-analyses have generated debate regarding the effectiveness of exercise-based CR for reducing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. A common theme highlighted in these meta-analyses is the heterogeneity and/or lack of detail regarding exercise prescription methodology within CR programs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Prevalence of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Misuse in Iranian Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Iran J Public Health 2021 Jun;50(6):1120-1134

Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Due to widespread abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids among professional athletes and amateur sportsmen and their health-related problems, determining the prevalence and the pattern of anabolicandrogenic steroid misuse at the national level seems to be vital for designing efficient preventive and educational measures.

Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted via comprehensive searches of the electronic databases including PubMed, MedLine, Scopus, Google Scholar and National Persian Databases including SID, Magiran, IranDoc (between 1980 and Dec 2019 in English and Persian languages) and also from citations in the selected papers. Overall, 39 articles met the criteria and were included in qualitative and quantitative synthesis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of Four Lipid Metabolism-Related Polymorphisms on Body Composition Improvements After 12 Weeks of High-Intensity Interval Training and Dietary Energy Restriction in Overweight/Obese Adult Women: A Pilot Study.

Front Physiol 2021 1;12:712787. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Center of Molecular Biology and Pharmacogenetics, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus (BIOREN), Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.

Polymorphisms in lipid metabolism-related genes have been associated with obesity and body composition, but these have been scarcely described concerning the magnitude of the response to exercise interventions in the overweight/obese population. To evaluate the association of perilipin 1 (; rs1052700 and rs2304795), lipoprotein lipase (rs283), and adrenoceptor beta 3 (rs4994) polymorphisms with high and low responders (LoRes) to fat mass reduction after 12 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and dietary energy restriction in overweight/obese adult women. In addition, we examined the effect of these genetic variants on body composition changes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Reduced Risk of Atrial Fibrillation Following Cholecystectomy: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 2;13:706815. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

: Gallstone disease (GD) is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease. However, it is unknown whether GD contributes to atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to investigate the association between GD and AF. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cardiac MRI shows an association of lower cardiorespiratory fitness with decreased myocardial mass and higher cardiac stiffness in the general population - The sedentary's heart: The Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP).

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Internal Medicine B, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany; German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), partner site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: The heart has the capacity to adapt to different demands. The pathophysiological mechanisms involved with sedentarism are not fundamentally the opposite of those related with physical activity and regular exercise. We investigated the impact of lower cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) on heart's plasticity and function in a population-based setting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

High-speed stretch-shortening cycle exercises as a strategy to provide eccentric overload during resistance training.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, 6027 WA, Australia.

Resistance exercises eliciting eccentric overload (EO) are considered to strongly promote muscular hypertrophy and broad neuromuscular adaptations, but typically require specialized equipment. The aims of these experiments were to assess whether EO is achieved during common high-speed stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) exercises (rebound bench press throw [RBPT] and squat jump [SJ]), and to test the effect of the external load on the EO achieved. Twenty-nine under-18 handball players and fifteen physically active males (24. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Exercise heart rate reserve and recovery as risk factors for sudden cardiac death.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Graduate School of Urban Public Health, University of Seoul, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Little is known if heart rate responses during and after exercise test may be associated with the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Our aim was to determine if exercise heart rate reserve and recovery, providing non-invasive indices, may predict SCD risk in general male population.

Methods: We evaluated the impact of delayed heart rate reserve and slow heart rate recovery and the risk of SCD in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease prospective cohort study of randomly selected 1967 men aged 42-61 years at recruitment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Effect of Resistance Training in Healthy Adults on Body Fat Percentage, Fat Mass and Visceral Fat: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Exercise Physiology, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of New South Wales, Room 202, Wallace Wurth Building, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Resistance training is the gold standard exercise mode for accrual of lean muscle mass, but the isolated effect of resistance training on body fat is unknown.

Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated resistance training for body composition outcomes in healthy adults. Our primary outcome was body fat percentage; secondary outcomes were body fat mass and visceral fat. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Exercise training in paediatric congenital heart disease: fit for purpose?

Arch Dis Child 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre (CHERC), University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

Exercise and physical activity (PA) have been shown to be effective, safe and feasible in both healthy children and children with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, implementing exercise training as an intervention is still not routine in children with CHD despite considerable evidence of health benefits and well-being. Understanding how children with CHD can safely participate in exercise can boost participation in PA and subsequently reduce inactivity-related diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effects of dry needling of the obliquus capitis inferior on sensorimotor control and cervical mobility in people with neck pain: A double-blind, randomized sham-controlled trial.

Braz J Phys Ther 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Pain in Motion International Research Group, Brussels, Belgium; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Impairments of sensorimotor control relating to head and eye movement control and postural stability are often present in people with neck pain. The upper cervical spine and particularly the obliquus capitis inferior (OCI) play an important proprioceptive role; and its impairment may alter cervical sensorimotor control. Dry needling (DN) is a valid technique to target the OCI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effect of a Combined Exercise and Cognitive Activity Intervention on Cognitive Function in Community-dwelling Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Phys Ther Res 2021 24;24(2):112-119. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Rehabilitation Science, Kobe University, Graduate School of Health Science, Japan.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of an intervention combining exercise and cognitive activity on cognitive function in healthy older adults.

Methods: This pilot randomized controlled trial recruited 33 eligible, healthy communitydwelling older adults (mean age, 77.1 years old; women, 51. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Can high-intensity interval training improve mental health outcomes in the general population and those with physical illnesses? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Sports Med 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Objective: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a safe and feasible form of exercise. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the mental health effects of HIIT, in healthy populations and those with physical illnesses, and to compare the mental health effects to non-active controls and other forms of exercise.

Design: Random effects meta-analyses were undertaken for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing HIIT with non-active and/or active (exercise) control conditions for the following coprimary outcomes: mental well-being, symptoms of depression, anxiety and psychological stress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Aerobic interval training improves irisin and chemerin levels of both liver and visceral adipose tissues and circulating asprosin in rats with metabolic syndrome.

Physiol Int 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

3 Exercise Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, United States.

The perturbation of adipokinetic hormones, such as irisin, chemerin, and asprosin has been reported to participate in pathological conditions (e.g., insulin resistance) and chronic inflammation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effects of exercise training on heart rate variability in children and adolescents with pulmonary arterial hypertension: a pilot study.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Aug;11(4):1028-1036

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University Childrens Hospital Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is often associated with cardiac autonomic dysfunction, and heart rate variability (HRV) as marker of cardiac autonomic function is even related to disease severity. Knowledge about the effects of physical activity on HRV is limited in these patients. We aimed to assess whether HRV parameters can be influenced by a supervised exercise training program and whether respective changes are related to levels of activity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparative effectiveness of treatment options for subacromial shoulder conditions: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis 2021 9;13:1759720X211037530. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Primary Care Centre Versus Arthritis, School of Medicine, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, UK.

Background: There are currently many treatment options for patients with subacromial shoulder conditions (SSCs). Clinical decision-making regarding the best treatment option is often difficult. This study aims to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of treatment options for relieving pain and improving function in patients with SSCs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Association between a family history of diabetes and carotid artery atherosclerosis in Korean adults.

Epidemiol Health 2021 3;43:e2021049. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for atherosclerosis, but the association between a family history of diabetes and atherosclerosis remains unknown. In this study, we assessed the association between a family history of diabetes and increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, in a middle-aged Korean population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 3,974 community-dwelling adults (1,404 male and 2,570 female) aged 30-64 years from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center cohort. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The estimated prevalence of no reported dementia-related diagnosis in older Americans living with possible dementia by healthcare utilization.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Health, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, North Dakota State University, NDSU Dept 2620, PO Box 6050, Fargo, ND, 58108, USA.

Background: Screening for dementia in relevant healthcare settings may help in identifying low cognitive functioning for comprehensive cognitive assessments and subsequent dementia treatment after diagnosis.

Aims: This study sought to estimate the prevalence of no reported dementia-related diagnosis in a nationally-representative sample of older Americans with a cognitive impairment consistent with dementia (CICD) by healthcare utilization.

Methods: The unweighted analytical sample included 1514 Americans aged ≥ 65 years that were identified as having a CICD without history of stroke, cancers, neurological conditions, or brain damage who participated in at least one-wave of the 2010-2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Fathers' daily intake of fruit and vegetables is positively associated with children's fruit and vegetable consumption patterns in Europe: The Feel4Diabetes Study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.

Background: Past research has focused on the relationship between mothers' and children's eating habits, although little is known about fathers as potential agents. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between fathers' and children's fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in the context of fathers' education level and family income insecurity.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis using baseline data from the multicentre Feel4Diabetes Study were collected in 2016. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Depressive symptoms interfere with the improvement in exercise capacity by cardiac rehabilitation after left ventricular assist device implantation.

Artif Organs 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 6-1 Kishibeshinmachi, Suita, Osaka, 564-8565, Japan.

Background: Although depressive symptoms are associated with an increased risk of readmission after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, it is unclear whether they affect the efficacy of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR). This study aimed to investigate the effect of depressive symptoms on EBCR efficacy.

Methods: We analyzed 48 patients who participated in EBCR after LVAD implantation (mean age 45±12 years; 60% male). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effect of different exercise training intensities on age-related cardiac damage in male mice.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Sep 14;13(17):21700-21711. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.

Aging is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Although exercise is known to be beneficial for the health of aging heart, the optimal exercise training intensity to prevent natural aging-induced cardiac damage has not been defined. In this study, we used 32-week-old male mice and randomly divided them into three groups, namely, untrained (UNT) mice, moderate-intensity exercise training (MET) mice, and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) mice. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Leucine-enriched whey protein supplementation, resistance-based exercise, and cardiometabolic health in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Increasing protein intake (above the Recommended Dietary Amount) alone or with resistance-based exercise is suggested to improve cardiometabolic health; however, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are needed to confirm this.

Methods: The Liverpool Hope University-Sarcopenia Aging Trial (LHU-SAT) was a 16 week RCT (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02912130) of 100 community-dwelling older adults [mean age: 68. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Protein Supplementation Does Not Improve Aerobic and Anaerobic Fitness in Collegiate Dancers Performing Cycling Based High Intensity Interval Training.

J Dance Med Sci 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

The effects of a 6-week cycling high-intensity interval training (HIIT) concurrently with protein supplementation on aerobic and anaerobic fitness and body composition in collegiate dancers was investigated. Eighteen participants enrolled in a collegiate dance program were matched into three groups: high-protein (HP; 90 g·d-1), moderate-protein (MP; 40 g·d-1), and control (C; 0 g·d-1). All participants performed a 6-week HIIT intervention. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Can a Hip Brace Improve Short-Term Hip-Related Quality of Life for People With Femoroacetabular Impingement and Acetabular Labral Tears: An Exploratory Randomized Trial.

Clin J Sport Med 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Institute of Bone and Joint Research, Australia; Department of Rheumatology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Australia; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gosford and Wyong Hospitals, Australia; Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Australia; Sydney Orthopaedic Trauma & Reconstructive Surgery, Sydney, Australia; Hip Arthroscopy Australia, Richmond, Australia; Swinburne University of Technology; Maroondah Hospital, Eastern Health, Davey Drive, Ringwood East, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Western Health, Melbourne, Australia; Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS), The University of Melbourne and Western Health, St Albans, Melbourne, Australia; Macquarie University Hospital, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; and North Sydney Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Centre, North Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: To examine whether a hip brace can improve hip health quality-of-life (QoL) and is well-tolerated in people with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) or symptomatic labral tears after 6 weeks of wear.

Design: Parallel, two-arm, exploratory randomized trial.

Setting: Hospital and private clinics of orthopaedic surgeons. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Fatigue self-management led by occupational therapists and/or physiotherapists for chronic conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Chronic Illn 2021 Sep 13:17423953211039783. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

63662School of Rehabilitation Science, 3710McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of occupational therapist-/physiotherapist-guided fatigue self-management for individuals with chronic conditions.

Methods: Eight databases, including MEDLINE and EMBASE, were searched until September 2019 to identify relevant studies. Randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies of self-management interventions specifically developed or delivered by occupational therapists/physiotherapists to improve fatigue symptoms of individuals with chronic conditions were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Use of Liraglutide 3.0 mg for Weight Management in a Real-World Setting in Switzerland.

Obes Facts 2021 Aug 20:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Adimed Zentrum für Adipositas und Stoffwechselmedizin, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Introduction: Data from randomized controlled trials show that liraglutide 3.0 mg, in combination with diet and exercise, is associated with greater weight loss than diet and exercise alone in patients with obesity. In practice, the utilization of weight loss drugs is influenced by various factors, including the cost of treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cytokine Concentrations in Saliva vs. Plasma at Rest and in Response to Intense Exercise in Adolescent Athletes.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep 12:1-11. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Salivary measures are advantageous in conducting large paediatric studies involving repeated measures. However, research measuring salivary cytokines in youth is limited. : Compare salivary with plasma concentrations of inflammatory cytokines at rest and following exercise in adolescent swimmers (21 male, 22 female). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic-Hyperoxic Exposures on Lipid Profile and Inflammation in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 27;8:700826. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics, N.V. Sklifosofsky, I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) tend to suffer from comorbidities, and are often simultaneously affected by obesity, dysglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. This syndrome can be reversed if it is timely diagnosed and treated with a combination of risk factors-reducing lifestyle changes and a tailored pharmacological plan. Interval hypoxic-hyperoxic training (IHHT) has been shown as an effective program in reducing cardiovascular risk factors in patients with MS even in the absence of exercise. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF