3,352 results match your criteria interleukin triggering

The AIM2 and NLRP3 inflammasomes trigger IL-1-mediated antitumor effects during radiation.

Sci Immunol 2021 May;6(59)

Department of Pathology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

The inflammasome promotes inflammation-associated diseases, including cancer, and contributes to the radiation-induced tissue damage. However, the role of inflammasome in radiation-induced antitumor effects is unclear. We observed that tumors transplanted in mice were resistant to radiation treatment compared with tumors in wild-type (WT) mice. Read More

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Inhibition of Sirtuin 3 prevents titanium particle-induced bone resorption and osteoclastsogenesis via suppressing ERK and JNK signaling.

Int J Biol Sci 2021 3;17(5):1382-1394. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, No. 188 Shizi Street, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, China.

Implant-derived wear particles can be phagocytosed by local macrophages, triggering an inflammatory cascade that can drive the activation and recruitment of osteoclasts, thereby inducing peri-prosthetic osteolysis. Efforts to suppress pro-inflammatory cytokine release and osteoclastsogenesis thus represent primary approaches to treating and preventing such osteolysis. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a NAD-dependent deacetylases that control diverse metabolic processes. Read More

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Internalization of cell-derived microparticles triggers endothelial pro-inflammatory responses.

Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Siriraj Center of Research Excellence in Microparticle and Exosome in Diseases, Department of Research and Development, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Increased numbers of circulating microparticles (MPs) have long been documented in thalassemia and are considered as a contributing factor in developing the thromboembolic events (TEEs), which are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Indeed, the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which MPs and endothelial cells interact and their consequences remain poorly investigated.

Objective: The present study aims to compare the biological effects of MPs obtained from healthy subjects and β-thalassemia/HbE patients on endothelial pro-inflammatory responses. Read More

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Remodelling of colorectal cancer cell signaling by microbiota and immunity in diabetes.

Endocr Relat Cancer 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

C García-Jiménez, Area Physiology. Dpt Basic Health Sciences., Rey Juan Carlos University, ALCORCÓN, Spain.

Obesity is the strongest known risk factor to develop Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and both share a state of chronic, diffuse and low-grade inflammation, impaired immune responses and alterations in the composition and function of the microbiome. Notably, these hallmarks are shared with colorectal cancer (CRC), which is epidemiologically associated to obesity and T2D. Gut barrier damages in T2D, destabilize the microbiome that metabolizes the diet and modulates the host immune response triggering inflammatory and proliferative pathways. Read More

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Calming the inflammatory storm in severe COVID-19 infections: Role of biologics- A narrative review.

Saudi Pharm J 2021 Mar 2;29(3):213-222. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia.

The risk of Coronavirus infection continues, and the fear of resurgence indicates the lack of a successful therapeutic strategy. In severe COVID-19 infection, many immune cells and their products are involved, making management difficult. The abundant release of cytokines and chemokines in severe COVID-19 patients leads to profound hyper inflammation and the mobilization of immune cells, triggering the cytokine storm. Read More

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An update on the regulatory mechanisms of NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Cell Mol Immunol 2021 May 13;18(5):1141-1160. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

The NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a multiprotein complex involved in the release of mature interleukin-1β and triggering of pyroptosis, which is of paramount importance in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions. Over the past decade, considerable advances have been made in elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying the priming/licensing (Signal 1) and assembly (Signal 2) involved in NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Recently, a number of studies have indicated that the priming/licensing step is regulated by complicated mechanisms at both the transcriptional and posttranslational levels. Read More

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Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interferon-gamma induce inflammasome-mediated corneal endothelial cell death.

Exp Eye Res 2021 Apr 17;207:108574. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA; Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Chronic corneal endothelial cell (CEC) loss results in corneal edema and vision loss in conditions such as pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK), Fuchs' dystrophy, and corneal graft failure. Low CEC density has been associated with an elevation of intraocular pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (INF)-γ. These cytokines are capable of triggering pyroptosis, a programmed cell death mechanism mediated by the inflammasome, prompting the activation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1β, the perpetuation of inflammation, and subsequent damage of corneal endothelial tissue. Read More

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Effect of Dynamic and Static Load on the Concentration of Myokines in the Blood Plasma and Content of Sodium and Potassium in Mouse Skeletal Muscles.

Biochemistry (Mosc) 2021 Mar;86(3):370-381

National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, 634050, Russia.

Modulation of cytokine production by physical activity is of considerable interest, since it might be a promising strategy for correcting metabolic processes at both cellular and systemic levels. The content of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-15 in the plasma and the concentration of monovalent cations in the skeletal muscles of trained and untrained mice were studied at different periods after static and dynamic exercises. Dynamic loads caused an increase in the IL-6 content and decrease in the IL-15 content in the plasma of untrained mice, but produced no effect on the concentration of IL-8. Read More

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Cytokine receptor clustering in sensory neurons with an engineered cytokine fusion protein triggers unique pain resolution pathways.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Mar;118(11)

Center for Translational Immunology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands;

New therapeutic approaches to resolve persistent pain are highly needed. We tested the hypothesis that manipulation of cytokine receptors on sensory neurons by clustering regulatory cytokine receptor pairs with a fusion protein of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 (IL4-10 FP) would redirect signaling pathways to optimally boost pain-resolution pathways. We demonstrate that a population of mouse sensory neurons express both receptors for the regulatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10. Read More

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Cell-Mediated Immunoreactivity of Poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline) as Promising Formulation for Immunomodulation.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Mar 12;14(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department for Biomaterials Research, Polymer Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 41 Bratislava, Slovakia.

Poly(2-isopropenyl-2-oxazoline) (PIPOx) represents a functional polymer with high potential for drug delivery, tissue engineering, and immunomodulation. The immunomodulatory efficiency of the PIPOx formulation has been studied in vitro following splenic cells and RAW 264.7 macrophages exposition. Read More

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Exosomes from COVID-19 Patients Carry Tenascin-C and Fibrinogen-β in Triggering Inflammatory Signals in Cells of Distant Organ.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 20;22(6). Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.

SARS-CoV-2 infection can cause cytokine storm and may overshoot immunity in humans; however, it remains to be determined whether virus-induced soluble mediators from infected cells are carried by exosomes as vehicles to distant organs and cause tissue damage in COVID-19 patients. We took an unbiased proteomic approach for analyses of exosomes isolated from plasma of healthy volunteers and COVID-19 patients. Our results revealed that tenascin-C (TNC) and fibrinogen-β (FGB) are highly abundant in exosomes from COVID-19 patients' plasma compared with that of healthy normal controls. Read More

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Macrophages at the nexus of mesenchymal stromal cell potency: The emerging role of chemokine cooperativity.

Jacques Galipeau

Stem Cells 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin in Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Pharmacological depletion of macrophages in vivo with liposomal clodronate renders mice unresponsive to adoptive transfer of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) for affecting outcomes of acute inflammatory pathology. This experimental observation identifies host macrophages as necessary in mediating the salutary anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs as a cellular pharmaceutical. This theory is supported by the observation that transfusion of MSCs leads to the prompt phagocytosis of nearly half of lung entrapped MSCs by lung resident macrophages, triggering an interleukin (IL)-10 suppressive efferocytotic response. Read More

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Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells-1 Agonist Regulates Intestinal Inflammation via Cd177 Neutrophils.

Front Immunol 2021 9;12:650864. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Internal Medicine and Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-1 (TREM-1) signaling is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes that is necessary for the successful antimicrobial response and resolution of inflammation in the gut. In this study, we determined the effect of an anti-TREM-1 agonistic antibody (α-TREM-1) on colitis and identify its underlying mechanism of action. Administration of α-TREM-1 alleviated colitis in mice and resolved dysbiosis, which required TLR4/Myd88 signaling. Read More

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Anti-Obesity Effect of T. Chebula Fruit Extract on High Fat Diet Induced Obese Mice: A Possible Alternative Therapy.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Mar 22:e2001224. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Molecular Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641046, India.

Occurrence of obesity and its associated metabolic disorders continues to escalate. The present study evaluates the anti-obesity effects of ethanolic fruit extract of Terminalia chebula (EETC) on high fat diet induced obese mice. The bioactive compounds present in the EETC is evaluated by Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR), Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV-1, and HIV-1 derived ssRNA sequences activate the NLRP3 inflammasome in human macrophages through a non-classical pathway.

iScience 2021 Apr 9;24(4):102295. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.

Macrophages promote an early host response to infection by releasing pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), TNF, and IL-6. The bioactivity of IL-1β is classically dependent on NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which culminates in caspase-1 activation and pyroptosis. Recent studies suggest a role for NLRP3 inflammasome activation in lung inflammation and fibrosis in both COVID-19 and SARS, and there is evidence of NLRP3 involvement in HIV-1 disease. Read More

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Venlafaxine Attenuated the Cognitive and Memory Deficit in Mice Exposed to Isoflurane Alone.

Front Neurol 2021 23;12:591223. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication during the post-operative period. It affects the recovery time of the patient after surgery and the stay time in hospital, which causes a great deal of burden to patients and families emotionally and financially. However, there is no specific and effective treatment available for this disorder. Read More

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February 2021

A Comparative Review of Autologous Conditioned Serum and Autologous Protein Solution for Treatment of Osteoarthritis in Horses.

Front Vet Sci 2021 19;8:602978. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies at St. Augustine, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

Many alternative treatments aimed at modulating osteoarthritis (OA) progression have been developed in the past decades, including the use of cytokine inhibitors. IL-1β is considered one of the most impactful cytokines in OA disease and therefore, its blockage offers a promising approach for the modulation of OA. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a naturally occurring anti-inflammatory protein belonging to the IL-1 family that competes with IL-1β for occupancy of its receptors, without triggering the same downstream inflammatory response. Read More

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February 2021

Role of IL-6 inhibitor in treatment of COVID-19-related cytokine release syndrome.

Int J Med Sci 2021 21;18(6):1356-1362. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Institute of Urology, Tianjin, China.

Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) may be the key factor in the pathology of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). As a major driver in triggering CRS in patients with COVID-19, interleukin-6 (IL-6) appears to be a promising target for therapeutics. The results of inhibiting both trans- and classical- signaling with marketed IL-6 inhibitors (tocilizumab, siltuximab and sarilumab) in severe COVID-19 patients are effective based on several small studies and case reports thus far. Read More

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Cannabidiol Ameliorates Cognitive Function via Regulation of IL-33 and TREM2 Upregulation in a Murine Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 ;80(3):973-977

Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, Dental College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA.

There is a dire need for due innovative therapeutic modalities to improve outcomes of AD patients. In this study, we tested whether cannabidiol (CBD) improves outcomes in a translational model of familial AD and to investigate if CBD regulates interleukin (IL)-33 and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), which are associated with improved cognitive function. CBD was administered to 5xFAD mice, which recapitulate early onset, familial AD. Read More

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January 2021

Pre- and Post-partum Concentrations of Interleukin 1α, Interleukin 8, and α1-Acid Glycoprotein in Vaginal Fornix and Endometrium of Dairy Cows With Clinical Cervicitis.

Front Vet Sci 2020 2;7:605773. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada.

Innate immunity is the principal sensor responsible of the local immune response to control mucosal bacterial contamination of the reproductive tract after parturition, triggering a pro-inflammatory process in the mucosa of the uterus, the vaginal and the cervix. However, knowledge about the inflammation process and outcome of the cervix in dairy cows is scarce even though it plays an important anatomic and functional role between the vagina and the uterus. The objective of the present study was to describe the cellular and humoral local innate immune response during clinical cervicitis (CC) in the uterus and vaginal fornix in pre- and post-partum periods of dairy cows. Read More

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February 2021

Inhibition of Caspase-1 Ameliorates Ischemia-Associated Blood-Brain Barrier Dysfunction and Integrity by Suppressing Pyroptosis Activation.

Front Cell Neurosci 2020 11;14:540669. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Neurology, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, China.

Ischemic cerebral infarction represents a significant cause of disability and death worldwide. Caspase-1 is activated by the NLRP3/ASC pathway and inflammasomes, thus triggering pyroptosis, a programmed cell death. In particular, this death is mediated by gasdermin D (GSDMD), which induces secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18. Read More

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January 2021

Dual Role of Interleukin-10 in Murine NZB/W F1 Lupus.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jan 29;22(3). Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Medical Centre-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

As a key anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10 is crucial in preventing inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, in human and murine lupus, its role remains controversial. Our aim was to understand regulation and immunologic effects of IL-10 on different immune functions in the setting of lupus. Read More

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January 2021

[Effect of acupuncture on microglia activation in prefrontal cortex of chronic stress-induced depression rats].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Jan;46(1):52-7

School of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of acupuncture on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), microglia marker ion calcium adaptor protein (Iba-1) and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) in the prefrontal cortex of chronic stress-induced depression rats, so as to explore its antidepressant mechanism.

Methods: Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, acupuncture and fluoxetine groups, with 8 rats in each group. The depression model was established by using chronic mild unpredictable stress methods for 6 weeks. Read More

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January 2021

[ lipopolysaccharide regulates macrophage polarization via triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells-1].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Feb;56(2):175-181

Department of Periodontology, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University & State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chengdu 610041, China Yang Yun is working on 3E Dental, Chengdu 610041, China.

To investigate the relationship between pattern recognition receptor triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) and M1/M2 polarization in macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (Pg-LPS), so as to explore the mechanism of TREM-1 in periodontitis. Human monocytic cell line THP-1 were induced to differentiate into macrophages by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate and stimulated by 0 (blank control group) and 1 μg/ml Pg-LPS (LPS group), respectively. LP17, the TREM-1 inhibitor (LPS+LP17 group) and its control peptide (LPS+control peptide group) with final concentration of 0. Read More

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February 2021

MiR-665 inhibits inflammatory response in microglia following spinal cord injury by targeting TREM2.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 01;25(1):65-70

Department of Orthopaedics, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to uncover the role of microRNA-665 (miR-665) in protecting inflammatory response in microglia following spinal cord injury (SCI) and the underlying mechanism.

Patients And Methods: The serum levels of miR-665 and TREM2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid 2) in SCI patients (n=24) and healthy subjects (n=24) were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Then, the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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January 2021

Epigenetic Evolution of ACE2 and IL-6 Genes: Non-Canonical Interferon-Stimulated Genes Correlate to COVID-19 Susceptibility in Vertebrates.

Genes (Basel) 2021 01 25;12(2). Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Nashville, TN 37209, USA.

The current novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has spread globally within a matter of months. The virus establishes a success in balancing its deadliness and contagiousness, and causes substantial differences in susceptibility and disease progression in people of different ages, genders and pre-existing comorbidities. These host factors are subjected to epigenetic regulation; therefore, relevant analyses on some key genes underlying COVID-19 pathogenesis were performed to longitudinally decipher their epigenetic correlation to COVID-19 susceptibility. Read More

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January 2021

Innate Immune Sensing of Viruses and Its Consequences for the Central Nervous System.

Viruses 2021 01 23;13(2). Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA.

Viral infections remain a global public health concern and cause a severe societal and economic burden. At the organismal level, the innate immune system is essential for the detection of viruses and constitutes the first line of defense. Viral components are sensed by host pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). Read More

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January 2021

Mitochondrial DAMPs and altered mitochondrial dynamics in OxLDL burden in atherosclerosis.

Mol Cell Biochem 2021 Apr 25;476(4):1915-1928. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Translational Research, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA, 91766, USA.

Atherosclerosis results in life-threatening cardiovascular pathologies, including ischemic heart disease, stroke, myocardial infarction, and peripheral arterial disease. The role of increased serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and resultant accumulation of oxidized-LDL (oxLDL) in atheroma formation is well established. Recent findings elucidate the significance of mitochondrial damage-associated molecular patterns (mtDAMPs) in triggering sterile inflammation in concert with oxLDL. Read More

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Is There any Additional Benefit of Multiple Doses of Tocilizumab in COVID-19 Patients?

Cureus 2020 Dec 22;12(12):e12214. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Internal Medicine, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, USA.

Many patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a hyperactive immune response (cytokine storm) which has been incriminated in multiorgan dysfunction (MOD). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are the key cytokines involved in mediating systemic inflammation and triggering endothelial dysfunction. To limit these effects, IL-6 receptor inhibitors (IL6ri) have been used in COVID-19 patients. Read More

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December 2020

Ectopic Expression of Human Thymosin β4 Confers Resistance to Legionella pneumophila during Pulmonary and Systemic Infection in Mice.

Infect Immun 2021 Mar 17;89(4). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Thymosin beta-4 (Tβ4) is an actin-sequestering peptide that plays important roles in regeneration and remodeling of injured tissues. However, its function in a naturally occurring pathogenic bacterial infection model has remained elusive. We adopted Tβ4-overexpressing transgenic (Tg) mice to investigate the role of Tβ4 in acute pulmonary infection and systemic sepsis caused by Upon infection, Tβ4-Tg mice demonstrated significantly lower bacterial loads in the lung, less hyaline membranes and necrotic abscess, with lower interstitial infiltration of neutrophils, CD4, and CD8 T cells. Read More

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