117,389 results match your criteria interleukin il-6

IL-6 deficiency promotes colitis by recruiting Ly6C monocytes into inflamed colon tissues in a CCL2-CCR2-dependent manner.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 May 9:174165. Epub 2021 May 9.

Center for New Drug Safety Evaluation and Research, State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 211198, PR China. Electronic address:

Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that is elevated in inflammatory bowel disease. However, the role of IL-6 deficiency in colitis is not well-defined. Some IL-6 and IL-6 receptor antagonists are associated with severe gastrointestinal immune adverse effects, but the mechanisms of the effects are not clear. Read More

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High titers and low fucosylation of early human anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG promote inflammation by alveolar macrophages.


Sci Transl Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) become critically ill primarily around the time of activation of the adaptive immune response. Here, we provide evidence that antibodies play a role in the worsening of disease at the time of seroconversion. We show that early phase severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein-specific IgG in serum of critically ill COVID-19 patients induces excessive inflammatory responses by human alveolar macrophages. Read More

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Malnutrition is associated with hyperinflammation and immunosuppression in COVID-19 patients: A prospective observational study.

Nutr Clin Pract 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Emergency Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, PR, China.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading globally and has caused many deaths. This study investigated, for the first time, COVID-19 patients' nutrition status and its effects on their inflammatory and immune responses.

Methods: Forty-seven COVID-19 patients were recruited for this prospective study. Read More

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Icariin enhance mild hypothermia-induced neuroprotection via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB in experimental ischemic stroke.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Hainan Medical University, No.48, Baishuitang Road, Haikou, 460106, Hainan, China.

Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a promising neuroprotective agent for treating stroke. However, its clinical application was limited by the impractical duration. Icariin (ICA) were reported to have therapeutic effect on cerebral ischemia. Read More

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Dried Plum Consumption Improves Total Cholesterol and Antioxidant Capacity and Reduces Inflammation in Healthy Postmenopausal Women.

J Med Food 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA.

Dried plums contain bioactive components that have demonstrated antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The objective of this study was to determine if dried plum consumption reduces the risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in postmenopausal women, specifically examining lipid profiles, oxidative stress, antioxidant capacity, and inflammation in a dose-dependent manner. We conducted a 6-month, parallel-design controlled clinical trial, where 48 postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to consume 0, 50, or 100 g of dried plum each day. Read More

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from human breast milk ameliorates ulcerative colitis in mice gut microbiota modulation.

Food Funct 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, 127 Youyi West Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710072, China.

Gut microbiota imbalance is one of the major causes of ulcerative colitis (UC). L. rhamnosus SHA113 (LRS), a strain isolated from healthy human milk, influences the regulation of gut flora. Read More

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Rotundic acid reduces LPS-induced acute lung injury in vitro and in vivo through regulating TLR4 dimer.

Phytother Res 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Pharmacy, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanning, China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious clinical disease. Rotundic acid (RA), a natural ingredient isolated from Ilex rotunda Thunb, exhibits multiple pharmacological activities. However, RA's therapeutic effect and mechanism on ALI remain to be elucidated. Read More

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Circulating inflammatory biomarkers in adolescents: evidence of interactions between chronic pain and obesity.

Pain Rep 2021 1;6(1):e916. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Introduction: The negative effects of chronic pain and obesity are compounded in those with both conditions. Despite this, little research has focused on the pathophysiology in pediatric samples.

Objective: To examine the effects of comorbid chronic pain and obesity on the concentration of circulating inflammatory biomarkers. Read More

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Chemical Analysis of the Ingredients of 20% Aqueous Ethanol Extract of through Phytochemical Study and Evaluation of Anti-Neuroinflammatory Component.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 22;2021:5901653. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, College of Pharmacy, Wonkwang University, Iksan 54538, Republic of Korea.

spp. have been widely used in Asia as a folk medicine. In particular, the extracts of , a species that grows in China, India, and Tibet, have been used to treat mental disorders, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and convulsions. Read More

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Thalidomide reduces glycerol-induced acute kidney injury by inhibition of NF-κB, NLRP3 inflammasome, COX-2 and inflammatory cytokines.

Cytokine 2021 May 8:155574. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran. Electronic address:

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important clinical complication of rhabdomyolysis. The inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis of AKI induced by rhabdomyolysis. Thalidomide is an anti-inflammatory agent that has been used in the treatment of inflammatory disorders. Read More

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Sex disparities in vitamin D status and the impact on systemic inflammation and survival in rectal cancer.

BMC Cancer 2021 May 11;21(1):535. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Oncology, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Background: We reported previously that rectal cancer patients given curative-intent chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery for non-metastatic disease had enhanced risk of metastatic progression and death if circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] were low. Here we investigated whether the association between the vitamin D status and prognosis pertains to the general, unselected population of rectal cancer patients.

Methods: Serum 25(OH) D at the time of diagnosis was assessed in 129 patients, enrolled 2013-2017 and representing the entire range of rectal cancer stages, and analyzed with respect to season, sex, systemic inflammation, and survival. Read More

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Ivabradine protects rats against myocardial infarction through reinforcing autophagy via inhibiting PI3K/AKT/mTOR/p70S6K pathway.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1826-1837

Department of Cardiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, P.R. China.

Ivabradine (Iva), a heart rate reducing agent that specifically inhibits the pacemaker ionic current, has been demonstrated to be cardioprotective in many cardiovascular diseases. Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved metabolic process that regulates cardiac homeostasis. This study is aimed to explore whether autophagy is functionally involved in the cardioprotective effect of Iva in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). Read More

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December 2021

Hsa Circ 001839 Promoted Inflammation in Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Through NLRP3 by miR-432-3p.

Nephron 2021 May 11:1-13. Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Sports, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.

Background: In recent years, increasing discovery of the extremely important regulatory effects of circular RNAs on biological development, angiogenesis, tumor genesis, and development, as well as stem cell proliferation and differentiation has provided new opportunities for investigating regulation mechanism in angiogenesis.

Objectives: This study explored the expression of circ 001839 in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RI-RI) rats and whether its upstream microRNA-432-3p (miR-432-3p) affects inflammation in both RI-RI rats and NRK52E cells.

Methods: Rat model of RI-RI was made, and circ 001839 was identified by the gene-chip analysis in RI-RI rats. Read More

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Trait positive affect buffers the association between experimental sleep disruption and inflammation.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 Apr 28;129:105240. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Sleep disturbances and insufficient sleep are highly prevalent. Both clinical sleep disorders and multiple forms of experimental sleep loss predict heightened inflammation. As such, it is necessary to investigate potential protective factors. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of single or combined anticoccidials on performance, antioxidant status, immune response, and intestinal architecture of broiler chickens challenged with mixed Eimeria species.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 26;100(6):101162. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Biological Applications Department, Nuclear Research Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Abu-Zaabal 13759, Egypt. Electronic address:

Poultry production faces several threats and challenges, one of the most important of which is avian coccidiosis which causes annual losses exceeding US$ 3 billion. Discovering new drugs or combinations of existing anticoccidials has become inevitable to overcome the emergence of coccidiosis resistance. This study evaluated a new combination of maduramicin and diclazuril in comparison to the well-known product Maxiban72 which consisted of narasin and nicarbazin, and the single effect of monensin as treatments for avian coccidiosis. Read More

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The role of sex and inflammation in cardiovascular outcomes and mortality in COVID-19.

Int J Cardiol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Higher mortality in COVID-19 in men compared to women is recognized, but sex differences in cardiovascular events are less well established. We aimed to determine the independent contribution of sex to stroke, myocardial infarction and death in the setting of COVID-19 infection.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in a racially/ethnically diverse population. Read More

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Arbutin inhibits inflammation and apoptosis by enhancing autophagy via SIRT1.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, China.

Background: SIRT1 plays a protective role against diabetic retinopathy as it regulates inflammation, apoptosis and autophagy of cells.

Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the effects of arbutin and to identify a potential mechanism of action. Adult human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells were exposed to high glucose (HG) or treated with different concentrations of arbutin. Read More

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Mesenchymal stromal cells reduce evidence of lung injury in patients with ARDS.

JCI Insight 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America.

Background: Whether airspace biomarkers add value to plasma biomarkers in studying ARDS is not well understood. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are an investigational therapy for ARDS, and airspace biomarkers may provide mechanistic evidence for MSCs' impact in patients with ARDS.

Methods: We carried out a nested cohort study within a phase 2a safety trial of treatment with allogeneic MSCs for moderate to severe ARDS. Read More

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Expansion of GARP-Expressing CD4CD25FoxP3 T Cells and SATB1 Association with Activation and Coagulation in Immune Compromised HIV-1-Infected Individuals in South Africa.

Virol Sin 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Centre for Cardio-Metabolic Research in Africa (CARMA), Department of Physiological Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, 7600, South Africa.

Although antiretroviral treatment lowers the burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related disease, it does not always result in immunological recovery. This manifests as persistent chronic inflammation, immune activation or exhaustion that can promote the onset of co-morbidities. As the exact function of regulatory T (Treg) cells in HIV remains unclear, this cross-sectional study investigated three expression markers (Forkhead box protein P3 [FOXP3], glycoprotein A repetitions predominant [GARP], special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 [SATB1]) and compared their expansion between CD4CD25 and CD4CD25 T cells. Read More

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Gut microbiota modulation and anti-inflammatory properties of mixed lactobacilli in dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis in mice.

Food Funct 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Key Laboratory of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China. and Food College, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.

Correlations between gut microbiota activities and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment are gaining research interest. In our previous study, Lactobacillus acidophilus KLDS 1.0901, Lactobacillus helveticus KLDS 1. Read More

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Intravenous Interferon-β1a for the Treatment of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Acute Myocardial Infarct in Pigs.

Heart Surg Forum 2021 Apr 27;24(2):E409-E413. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Heart Center, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background: To investigate the potential of intravenously administered porcine recombinant interferon-β1a (IFN-β1a) for myocardial protection during acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in an experimental animal model.

Methods: Twenty-two piglets (mean ± standard deviation, 26.7 ± 1. Read More

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Cornuside alleviates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by inhibiting Th17 cell infiltration into the central nervous system.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2021 May;22(5):421-430

College of Pharmacy, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China.

The present study was conducted to clarify the therapeutic effect of cornuside on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and its influence on T helper 17 (Th17) cell and regulatory T (Treg) cell infiltration into the central nervous system. Rats were randomly placed into four treatment groups: control, EAE, EAE+cornuside, and EAE+prednisolone. The neurological function scores of rats were assessed daily. Read More

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Dietary Supplements for COVID-19.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:499-515

The Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious infectious disease that can rapidly escalate to respiratory failure and death. It has infected millions of people worldwide. The trajectory of this disease continues to progress in some areas of the United States and worldwide. Read More

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Clinical and Laboratory Predictors of Severity, Criticality, and Mortality in COVID-19: A Multisystem Disease.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:369-402

Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues devastating effects on healthcare systems. Such a crisis calls for an urgent need to develop a risk stratification tool. The present chapter aimed to identify laboratory and clinical correlates of adverse outcomes in patients with COVID-19. Read More

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How COVID-19 Has Globalized: Unknown Origin, Rapid Transmission, and the Immune System Nourishment.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:119-147

Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) profoundly influences T-cell immunity. The counts of total T cells and T-cell subsets, especially CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, are decreased in patients with COVID-19. Also, the function of these cells becomes less effective as the expression of immune inhibitory receptors, such as Tim3 and PD-1, increases over time during the disease. Read More

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Hypoxia-induced HIF1α dependent COX2 promotes ovarian cancer progress.

J Bioenerg Biomembr 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Gynaecology, ZIBO Central Hospital, No. 54 Gongqingtuan West Road, Zhangdian District, Zibo, 255036, Shandong, China.

Hypoxia can promote the progression and metastasis of ovarian cancer, while the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Hypoxia culture or CoCl2 induced-oxygen deprivation condition could promote SKOV3 cells to express cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2). Luciferase assay indicates that hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) could bind directly with the promoter region of COX2 to promote the transcription. Read More

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Tocilizumab increases citrullinated histone 3 in non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Open Heart 2021 May;8(1)

Center for Clinical Heart Research, Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: Beyond reducing inflammation and troponin T (TnT) release, the interleukin-6 receptor antagonist tocilizumab reduces neutrophil counts in patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). It is unclear if this is related to formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), carrying inflammatory and thrombotic properties.

Methods: In a placebo-controlled trial, 117 patients with NSTEMI were randomised to a single dose of tocilizumab (n=58) or placebo (n=59) before coronary angiography. Read More

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Genetically predicted circulating C-reactive protein concentration and colorectal cancer survival: A Mendelian randomization consortium study.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Background: A positive association between circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) and colorectal cancer (CRC) survival was reported in observational studies, which are susceptible to unmeasured confounding and reverse causality. We used a Mendelian randomization approach to evaluate the association between genetically-predicted CRP concentrations and CRC-specific survival.

Methods: We used individual-level data for 16,918 eligible CRC cases of European ancestry from 15 studies within the International Survival Analysis of Colorectal Cancer Consortium. Read More

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Impact of mTOR signaling pathway on CD8+ T cell immunity through Eomesodermin in response to invasive candidiasis.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China; Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated the effect of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway on CD8+ T cell immunity through Eomesodermin (Eomes) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with invasive candidiasis (IC) and in a mouse model.

Methods: We evaluated quantitative changes in parameters of the mTOR/phosphorylated ribosomal S6 kinase (pS6K) pathway and immune system at the onset of infection in ICU patients. The study was registered on 28 February 2017 at chictr. Read More

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Effects of supplementing a healthy diet with pecan nuts or extra-virgin olive oil on inflammatory profile of patients with stable coronary artery disease: a randomized clinical trial.

Br J Nutr 2021 May 11:1-27. Epub 2021 May 11.

Graduate Program in Health Sciences (Cardiology), Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul (IC/FUC). 395 Princesa Isabel Avenue, 90040-371, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

The consumption of nuts and extra-virgin olive oil has been associated with suppression of inflammatory pathways that contribute to atherosclerosis, but its role on the modulation of the inflammatory profile in patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding pecan nuts or extra-virgin olive oil to a healthy diet on inflammatory markers in patients with stable CAD. In this randomized clinical trial, 204 patients were enrolled to three study groups: 67 to control group (CG: healthy diet), 68 to pecan nuts group (PNG: 30g/day of pecans + healthy diet) and 69 to extra-virgin olive oil group (OOG: 30ml/day of extra-virgin olive oil + healthy diet). Read More

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