33 results match your criteria interception stemflow


Modeling canopy interception under drought conditions: The relevance of evaporation and extra sources of energy.

J Environ Manage 2021 Aug 11;292:112710. Epub 2021 May 11.

Forest Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, MG, Brazil.

Modeling canopy interception is fundamental for understanding the forests' role in local and regional hydrology. In this study, canopy interception (CI), throughfall (TF), and stemflow (SF) were evaluated for a semi-deciduous Atlantic Forest (AFR) from 2013 to 2019, where a prolonged dry period occurred. The Gash and Liu models were analyzed in detail to determine the most appropriate for modeling CI throughout drought conditions. Read More

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Global patterns and drivers of rainfall partitioning by trees and shrubs.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Jul 6;27(14):3350-3357. Epub 2021 May 6.

CREAF, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.

Spatiotemporal redistribution of incident rainfall in vegetated ecosystems results from the partitioning by plants into intercepted, stemflow, and throughfall fractions. However, variation in patterns and drivers of rainfall partitioning across global biomes remains poorly understood, which limited the ability of climate models to improve the predictions of biome hydrological cycle under global climate change scenario. Here, we synthesized and analyzed the partitioning of incident rainfall into interception, stemflow, and throughfall by trees and shrubs at the global scale using 2430 observations from 236 independent publications. Read More

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An alternative water transport system in land plants.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 08 1;285(1884). Epub 2018 Aug 1.

School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington, New Zealand.

The evolution of vascular tissue is a key innovation enabling plants to inhabit terrestrial environments. Here, we demonstrate extra-vascular water transport in a giant, prop-rooted monocot from Lord Howe Island. (Pandanaceae) produces gutter-like leaves that capture rainwater, which is then couriered along a network of channels to the tips of aerial roots, where it is stored by absorptive tissue. Read More

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Hydrology-oriented forest management trade-offs. A modeling framework coupling field data, simulation results and Bayesian Networks.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Oct 26;639:725-741. Epub 2018 May 26.

Research Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering (IIAMA), Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia, Spain.

Hydrology-oriented forest management sets water as key factor of the forest management for adaptation due to water is the most limiting factor in the Mediterranean forest ecosystems. The aim of this study was to apply Bayesian Network modeling to assess potential indirect effects and trade-offs when hydrology-oriented forest management is applied to a real Mediterranean forest ecosystem. Water, carbon and nitrogen cycles, and forest fire risk were included in the modeling framework. Read More

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October 2018

Throughfall, stemflow, and interception characteristics of coniferous forest ecosystems in the western black sea region of Turkey (Daday example).

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Apr 30;190(5):316. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion, 6560, Ankara, Turkey.

This study aims to identify precipitation, throughfall, stemflow, precipitation, and interception processes in pure black pine, pure Scots pine, and mixed black pine-Scots pine forest ecosystems and present the precipitation partitioning according to different stand types. Throughfall and stemflow measurements were performed using five standard precipitation gauges in a pilot area established to represent pure black pine, pure Scots pine, and mixed black pine-Scots pine stands in the Bezirgan Basin. The total precipitation was measured in an open field close to the study area. Read More

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Elevated CO did not affect the hydrological balance of a mature native Eucalyptus woodland.

Glob Chang Biol 2018 07 17;24(7):3010-3024. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia.

Elevated atmospheric CO concentration (eC ) might reduce forest water-use, due to decreased transpiration, following partial stomatal closure, thus enhancing water-use efficiency and productivity at low water availability. If evapotranspiration (E ) is reduced, it may subsequently increase soil water storage (ΔS) or surface runoff (R) and drainage (D ), although these could be offset or even reversed by changes in vegetation structure, mainly increased leaf area index (L). To understand the effect of eC in a water-limited ecosystem, we tested whether 2 years of eC (~40% increase) affected the hydrological partitioning in a mature water-limited Eucalyptus woodland exposed to Free-Air CO Enrichment (FACE). Read More

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Mixed forest plantations can efficiently filter rainfall deposits of sulfur and chlorine in Western China.

Sci Rep 2017 01 30;7:41680. Epub 2017 Jan 30.

Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering, Institute of Ecology and Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

Forest filtering is a well-known and efficient method for diminishing atmospheric pollutant (such as SO and Cl) inputs to soil and water; however, the filtering efficiencies of forests vary depending on the regional vegetation and climate. The rainy area of West China has suffered from heavy rainfall and human activity, which has potentially resulted in large amounts of sulfur and chlorine deposition, but little information is available regarding the filtering effects of typical plantations. Therefore, the migration of SO and Cl from rainfall to throughfall, stemflow and runoff were investigated in a camphor (Cinnamomum camphora) plantation, a cryptomeria (Cryptomeria fortunei) plantation and a mixed plantation in a 9-month forest hydrology experiment. Read More

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January 2017

The role of stable isotopes in understanding rainfall interception processes: A review.

WIREs Water 2017 Jan;4(1):1-17

National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Western Ecology Division, US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR, USA.

The isotopic composition of water transmitted by the canopy as throughfall or stemflow reflects a suite of processes modifying rainfall. Factors that affect isotopic composition of canopy water include fractionation, exchange between liquid and vapor, and selective transmittance of temporally varying rainfall along varying canopy flowpaths. Despite frequent attribution of canopy effects on isotopic composition of throughfall to evaporative fractionation, data suggest exchange and selection are more likely the dominant factors. Read More

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January 2017

Woody encroachment and its consequences on hydrological processes in the savannah.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2016 09;371(1703)

Laboratório de Ecologia e Hidrologia Florestal, Instituto Florestal, Floresta Estadual de Assis, PO Box 104, 19802-970 Assis, São Paulo, Brazil.

Woody encroachment due to changes in climate or in the disturbance regimes (fire and herbivory) has been observed throughout the savannah biome over the last century with ecological, hydrological and socioeconomic consequences. We assessed changes in tree density and basal area and estimated changes in rain interception by the canopies across a 5-year period over a biomass gradient in Cerrado vegetation protected from fire. We modelled throughfall, stemflow and net rainfall on the basis of tree basal area (TBA). Read More

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September 2016

The importance of considering rainfall partitioning in afforestation initiatives in semiarid climates: A comparison of common planted tree species in Tehran, Iran.

Sci Total Environ 2016 Oct 16;568:845-855. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, Canada.

As plantations become increasingly important sources of wood and fiber in arid/semiarid places, they have also become increasingly criticized for their hydrological impacts. An examination and comparison of gross rainfall (GR) partitioning across commonly-planted tree species (Pinus eldarica, Cupressus arizonica, Robinia pseudoacacia, and Fraxinus rotundifolia) in semiarid regions has great value for watershed and forest managers interested in managing canopy hydrological processes for societal benefit. Therefore, we performed a field study examining GR partitioning into throughfall (TF), stemflow (SF), and rainfall interception (I) for these species in the semiarid Chitgar Forest Park, Tehran, Iran. Read More

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October 2016

Spatial variation in the (137)Cs inventory in soils in a mixed deciduous forest in Fukushima, Japan.

J Environ Radioact 2016 Sep 9;161:35-41. Epub 2016 May 9.

Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-7-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8521, Japan.

The spatial variation of the radiocesium inventory in forest soil was studied c.a. 44 km northwest of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, Japan. Read More

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September 2016

[Time lag effects of throughfall in natural Larix gmelinii forest in the north of Great Xing'an Mountains, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2015 Nov;26(11):3285-92

Based on a natural Larix gmelinii forest from Mohe Ecological Station, located in north of Great Xing' an Mountains, time lag effects of throughfall inside the Larix gmelinii forest were analyzed by measuring rainfall, throughfall and stemflow with the method of location observation. The result showed that forest throughfall, stemflow and canopy interception accounted for 76.5%, 2. Read More

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November 2015

Canopy Interception for a Tallgrass Prairie under Juniper Encroachment.

PLoS One 2015 6;10(11):e0141422. Epub 2015 Nov 6.

Department of Natural Resource Ecology & Management, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, United States of America.

Rainfall partitioning and redistribution by canopies are important ecohydrological processes underlying ecosystem dynamics. We quantified and contrasted spatial and temporal variations of rainfall redistribution for a juniper (Juniperus virginiana, redcedar) woodland and a tallgrass prairie in the south-central Great Plains, USA. Our results showed that redcedar trees had high canopy storage capacity (S) ranging from 2. Read More

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A review and evaluation of forest canopy epiphyte roles in the partitioning and chemical alteration of precipitation.

Sci Total Environ 2015 Dec 4;536:813-824. Epub 2015 Aug 4.

Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC, Canada.

Interactions between precipitation and forest canopy elements (bark, leaves, and epiphytes) control the quantity, spatiotemporal patterning, and the chemical concentration, character and constituency of precipitation to soils. Canopy epiphytes exert a range of hydrological and biogeochemical effects due to their diversity of morphological traits and nutrient acquisition mechanisms. We reviewed and evaluated the state of knowledge regarding epiphyte interactions with precipitation partitioning (into interception loss, throughfall, and stemflow) and the chemical alteration of net precipitation fluxes (throughfall and stemflow). Read More

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December 2015

Temporal changes in radiocesium deposition in various forest stands following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

J Environ Radioact 2017 Jan 26;166(Pt 3):449-457. Epub 2015 May 26.

Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan.

In this study, we investigated the transfer of canopy-intercepted radiocesium to the forest floor following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The Cs content of throughfall, stemflow, and litterfall were monitored in two coniferous stands (plantations of Japanese cedar) and a deciduous mixed broad-leaved forest stand (oak with red pine) from July 2011 to December 2012. The forest floor of cedar stands had received higher levels of additional Cs deposition compared with the mixed broad-leaved stand during the sampling period. Read More

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January 2017

Modeling the early-phase redistribution of radiocesium fallouts in an evergreen coniferous forest after Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents.

Sci Total Environ 2015 Oct 22;529:30-9. Epub 2015 May 22.

Institute of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, CE Cadarache-Bat 153, BP3-13115 St-Paul-lez-Durance Cedex, France.

Following the Chernobyl accident, the scientific community gained numerous data on the transfer of radiocesium in European forest ecosystems, including information regarding the short-term redistribution of atmospheric fallout onto forest canopies. In the course of international programs, the French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) developed a forest model, named TREE4 (Transfer of Radionuclides and External Exposure in FORest systems), 15 years ago. Recently published papers on a Japanese evergreen coniferous forest contaminated by Fukushima radiocesium fallout provide interesting and quantitative data on radioactive mass fluxes measured within the forest in the months following the accident. Read More

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October 2015

[Rainfall redistribution traits of three main forest types in Dagangshan Mountains of Jiangxi Province, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2014 Aug;25(8):2193-200

The redistribution processes of rainfall due to the canopy were studied on three typical forest types (Chinese fir forest, evergreen broad-leaved forest and Phyllostachys pubescens forest) in Dagangshan Mountains of Jiangxi Province. The results showed that from April to June, 2012, the total precipitation was 531.6 mm, with the maximum single rainfall of 61. Read More

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Atmospheric particulate deposition in temperate deciduous forest ecosystems: interactions with the canopy and nutrient inputs in two beech stands of Northeastern France.

Sci Total Environ 2014 Jul 3;487:206-15. Epub 2014 May 3.

INRA, Biogéochimie des Ecosystèmes Forestiers 1138, F-54280 Champenoux, France. Electronic address:

As wood harvests are expected to increase to satisfy the need for bio-energy in Europe, quantifying atmospheric nutrient inputs in forest ecosystems is essential for forest management. Current atmospheric measurements only take into account the <0.45 μm fraction and dry deposition is generally modeled. Read More

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Meteorological influences on stemflow generation across diameter size classes of two morphologically distinct deciduous species.

Int J Biometeorol 2014 Dec 11;58(10):2059-69. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Department of Geology and Geography, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, 30640, USA,

Many tree species have been shown to funnel substantial rainfall to their stem base as stemflow flux, given a favorable stand structure and storm conditions. As stemflow is a spatially concentrated flux, prior studies have shown its impact on ecohydrological and biogeochemical processes can be significant. Less work has been performed examining stemflow variability from meteorological conditions compared to canopy structural traits. Read More

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December 2014

[Canopy interception of Pinus tabulaeformis plantation on Longzhong Loess Plateau, Northwest China: characteristics and simulation].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2013 Jun;24(6):1509-16

College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Taking the Pinus tabulaeformis plantation in the Anjiagou catchment on Longzhong Loess Plateau as test object, an observation was made on the characteristics of throughfall, stemflow, interception, and canopy structure of P. tabulaeformi during its growth season (from May to September) in 2011. Based on the observed data, the revised Gash analytical model was adopted to simulate the canopy interception, aimed to understand the ecological hydrological processes of Pinus tabulaeformis plantation and related mechanisms. Read More

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Study on hydrological functions of litter layers in North China.

PLoS One 2013 30;8(7):e70328. Epub 2013 Jul 30.

Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Combating of Education Ministry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.

Canopy interception, throughfall, stemflow, and runoff have received considerable attention during the study of water balance and hydrological processes in forested ecosystems. Past research has either neglected or underestimated the role of hydrological functions of litter layers, although some studies have considered the impact of various characteristics of rainfall and litter on litter interception. Based on both simulated rainfall and litter conditions in North China, the effect of litter mass, rainfall intensity and litter type on the maximum water storage capacity of litter (S) and litter interception storage capacity (C) were investigated under five simulated rainfall intensities and four litter masses for two litter types. Read More

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[Characteristics of rainfall interception by Caragana korshinskii and Hippophae rhamnoides in Loess Plateau of Northwest China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2012 Sep;23(9):2383-9

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

From May to October 2011, an investigation was conducted on the effects of rainfall and its intensity on the canopy interception, throughfall, and stemflow of Caragana korshinskii and Hippophae rhamnoides, the main shrub species commonly planted to stabilize soil and water in the Anjiagou catchment of Loess Plateau. A total of 47 rainfall events were observed, most of which were featured with low intensity, and the total amount and average intensity of the rainfalls were 208.9 mm and 2. Read More

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September 2012

[Eco-hydrological characteristics and soil and water conservation effect of citrus plantation on slope red soil of Jiangxi Province, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2012 Feb;23(2):468-74

Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China.

A 9-year observation was conducted at the experimental plots in the Citrus reticulata plantation in Jiangxi Provincial Eco-Technology Park to study the eco-hydrological characteristics and soil conservation benefits of the plantation on slope red soil. Seven treatments were designed and monitored over nine years. The average flow and the rate of sediment for the seven treatments were reduced by 78. Read More

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February 2012

The role of forest type in the variability of DOC in atmospheric deposition at forest plots in Italy.

Environ Monit Assess 2012 Jun 15;184(6):3415-25. Epub 2011 Jul 15.

CNR Institute of Ecosystem Study, 28922 Verbania Pallanza, Italy.

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was studied in atmospheric deposition samples collected on a weekly basis in 2005-2009 at 10 forest plots in Italy. The plots covered a wide range of geographical attributes and were representative of the main forest types in Italy. Both spatial and temporal variations in DOC concentrations and fluxes are discussed, with the aim of identifying the main factors affecting DOC variability. Read More

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[Canopy interception characteristics of main vegetation types in Liupan Mountains of China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2010 Oct;21(10):2487-93

Research Institute of Forestry Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China.

Based on field observation and modeling analysis, this paper studied the canopy interception, interception capacity, and some parameters for interception modeling of main forest types in Liupan Mountains of China. For the test main forest types, the ratio of their canopy interception to precipitation ranged from 8.59% to 17. Read More

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October 2010

[Rainfall redistribution in subalpine Quercus aquifolioides forest in upper reaches of Minjiang River].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2008 Sep;19(9):1871-6

Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Forestry Ecological Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China.

Based on the meteorological data from June to September 2007, the rainfall redistribution in subalpine Quercus aquifolioides forest in the upper reaches of Minjiang River was investigated by permanent plot method. The results showed that the total rainfall outside the forest was 486.7 mm, and the throughfall, stemflow, and canopy interception accounted for 82. Read More

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September 2008

[Canopy interception of sub-alpine dark coniferous communities in western Sichuan, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2007 Nov;18(11):2398-405

Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beshoweding 100091, China.

Based on field measurements of throughfall and stemflow in combination with climatic data collected from the meteorological station adjacent to the studied sub-alpine dark coniferous forest in Wolong, Sichuan Province, canopy interception of sub-alpine dark coniferous forests was analyzed and modeled at both stand scale and catchment scale. The results showed that monthly interception rate of Fargesia nitida, Bashania fangiana--Abies faxoniana old-growth ranged from 33% Grass to 72%, with the average of 48%. In growing season, there was a linear or powerful or exponential relationship between rainfall and interception an. Read More

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November 2007

[Rainffall interception model of forest canopy: a preliminary study].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2005 Sep;16(9):1633-7

Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China.

Canopy interception is an important hydrological process in forest ecosystem, and its modelling is of significance to understand and estimate the rainfall interception by the canopy. In this paper, a canopy rainfall interception model was established by dividing a rain incident into a set of short period, calculating the rainfall distribution intercepted by the canopy, and educing the process of the rain incident. This model considered the effects of the dryness of canopy and trunk on the evaporation from wet canopy and trunk during one rain incident, and introduced two factors, leaf area index (LAI) and surface area of trunk per unit area of ground (SAI), when computing the evaporation. Read More

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September 2005

Effects of bulk precipitation pH and growth period on cation enrichment in precipitation beneath the canopy of a beech (Fagus moesiaca) forest stand.

Sci Total Environ 2001 Dec;281(1-3):79-85

Forest Research Institute of Athens, Terma Alkmanos, Ilisia, Greece.

The effects of bulk precipitation pH and growth period (growing and dormant) on cation enrichment beneath foliage were examined in a beech (Fagus moesiaca) forest stand during a 48-month period. The bulk precipitation pH values ranged from 4.2 to 7. Read More

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December 2001

Interception loss, throughfall and stemflow chemistry in pine and oak forests in northeastern Mexico.

Tree Physiol 2001 Aug;21(12-13):1009-13

Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Apartado Postal 41, Linares, NL 67700, México.

Interception loss, gross precipitation, throughfall and stemflow solution chemistry beneath pine (Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl.), oak (Quercus sp.) and pine-oak natural forest canopies in northeastern Mexico were measured. Read More

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