255 results match your criteria interaction snack


Socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors modifies the association between snack foods intake and incidence of metabolic syndrome.

Nutr J 2021 07 22;20(1):70. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Intake of snack foods has been previously associated with an elevated risk of chronic disease; however, studies on snack foods and metabolic syndrome (MetS) while considering the modifying effect of socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors on this association are lacking. We aimed to investigate the association between snack foods intake and the MetS risk, and the mediatory effects of SES and lifestyle factors on the forenamed association among adults who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (2006-2018).

Methods: This is a prospective study of 1915 participants (male, 40. Read More

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Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene Polymorphism-Dietary Pattern Interaction on Hyperhomocysteinemia in a Chinese Population: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 24;8:638322. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Health Management Institute, The Second Medical Center & National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) has been recognized as a risk factor of several chronic diseases. There is accumulating evidence that both genetic and dietary factors had a notable impact on the risk of Hhcy. The present study aims to investigate the interaction effect on Hhcy between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism and dietary intake. Read More

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Machine Learning Analysis to Identify Digital Behavioral Phenotypes for Engagement and Health Outcome Efficacy of an mHealth Intervention for Obesity: Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 24;23(6):e27218. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The digital health care community has been urged to enhance engagement and clinical outcomes by analyzing multidimensional digital phenotypes.

Objective: This study aims to use a machine learning approach to investigate the performance of multivariate phenotypes in predicting the engagement rate and health outcomes of digital cognitive behavioral therapy.

Methods: We leveraged both conventional phenotypes assessed by validated psychological questionnaires and multidimensional digital phenotypes within time-series data from a mobile app of 45 participants undergoing digital cognitive behavioral therapy for 8 weeks. Read More

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Four-Year Behavioral, Health-Related Quality of Life, and BMI Outcomes from a Cluster Randomized Whole of Systems Trial of Prevention Strategies for Childhood Obesity.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2021 06 5;29(6):1022-1035. Epub 2021 May 5.

Faculty of Health, Global Obesity Centre (GLOBE), Institute for Health Transformation, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: This study aimed to test the effectiveness of the Whole of Systems Trial of Prevention Strategies for Childhood Obesity (WHO STOPS Childhood Obesity) for behavioral, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and BMI outcomes.

Methods: This was a cluster randomized trial of 10 communities randomly allocated (1:1) to start intervention in 2015 (step 1) or in 2019 (after 4 years) in South West Victoria, Australia. Data were collected from participating primary schools in April to June of 2015 (73% school participation rate), 2017 (69%), and 2019 (63%). Read More

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Interaction of Squid () Mantle Protein with a Mixtures of Potato and Corn Starch in an Extruded Snack, as Characterized by FTIR and DSC.

Molecules 2021 Apr 6;26(7). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Unidad Culiacán, Culiacán 80110, Mexico.

The majority of snacks expanded by extrusion (SEE) are made with vegetable sources, to improve their nutritional content; it has been proposed to incorporate squid (), due to its high protein content, low price and high availability. However, the interaction of proteins of animal origin with starch during extrusion causes negative effects on the sensory properties of SEE, so it is necessary to know the type of protein-carbohydrate interactions and their effect on these properties. The objective of this research was to study the interaction of proteins and carbohydrates of SEE elaborated with squid mantle, potato and corn. Read More

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Trends in Dietary Patterns and Diet-related Behaviors in China.

Am J Health Behav 2021 03;45(2):371-383

Dangui Chen, Postgraduate Candidate, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China.

Determination of trends in diet-related behaviors and their interactions with cardio-metabolic diseases is an important research endeavor. We analyzed food categories, weight, eating frequency, eating location, cooking methods, time of food intake, dietary knowledge, food preference, nutritional structure over time, and their interaction with cardiometabolic risks, using t tests and χ² tests, based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey packages from 1997 to 2011. Consumption of fruits, dairy products, snacks, fast food, and beverages has increased significantly, as a concomitant and marked decrease in rice consumption has occurred. Read More

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A Dual-Pathway Perspective on Food Choices in Adolescents: The Role of Loss of Control Over Eating.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:630000. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Introduction: One in three adolescents frequently consume unhealthy snacks, which is associated with negative developmental outcomes. To date, it remains unclear how intrapersonal factors account for food choices in adolescents. Guided by the dual-pathway model, the current study aimed to: (1) examine the joint contribution of inhibitory control and attentional bias in predicting unhealthy food choices in adolescents, and (2) determine whether this mechanism is more pronounced in adolescents who experience loss of control over eating (LOC). Read More

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Development of a home-use method for the evaluation of food products by children with and without Down syndrome.

J Texture Stud 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Food Science, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA.

This article describes the development of a method to evaluate the acceptance of different snack food textures by children with food texture sensitivities, including children with and without Down syndrome (DS). An in-home use test (HUT) was developed to reflect recent taste study and allow greater recruitment. In this study, parents with children (ages 11-60 months) with DS (CWDS) and without (typically developing, CTD) were recruited and based on responses to several questions, children were categorized as food texture sensitive (TS) or nontexture sensitive (NTS). Read More

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Impact of altering the available food options on selection: Potential mediation by social norms.

Appetite 2021 09 7;164:105245. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Increasing the availability of lower-energy foods increases their selection. The current studies examine the extent to which this effect could be mediated by social norms - assessed by perceived popularity of foods - which may be implied by their relative availability. Study 1 (Online): 2340 UK adults estimated the perceived popularity of products. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of Intervention on College Students' Vending Selections.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Apr 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Nutrition and Hospitality Management, The University of Mississippi, University, Oxford, Mississippi, USA.

Objectives: To place in vending machines and determine if different sales strategies affect selection.

Participants: University students living in resident halls.

Methods: Vending machines included 50% and 50% non compliant snacks. Read More

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Ecological momentary assessment for health behaviors and contextual factors in persons with diabetes: A systematic review.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Apr 10;174:108745. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Yale University, School of Nursing, 400 West Campus Dr. Orange, Connecticut 06477, United States.

Aim: The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology and associations between EMA-measured psychosocial, contextual factors and diabetes self-management.

Methods: The inclusion criteria were: research of EMA and diabetes self-management behaviors such as glucose checks, administration of insulin and eating-and dietary intake behaviors among persons with diabetes. A comprehensive search of several databases was conducted across all dates until July 2020. Read More

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Digital food marketing to children: How an influencer's lifestyle can stimulate healthy food choices among children.

Appetite 2021 07 3;162:105182. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Ghent University, Belgium.

While influencer marketing has been shown to be effective at promoting food low in nutritional value among children, it is less clear whether influencers can also be used to promote healthy nutrition. This article reports on the results of an experimental study on whether and how influencer marketing on Instagram can be deployed to stimulate healthy eating behavior among children. In particular, the study examines whether signaling a healthy, athletic lifestyle can affect children's healthy snack choice (i. Read More

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Changes in food intake during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.

Appetite 2021 08 3;163:105191. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Psychiatry Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York, NY, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic and stay-at-home orders across the nation have had substantial consequences on access to food and dietary behaviors. We investigated the dietary intake of adults in NYC, before and during the COVID-19 period. A subset of participants (n = 31) from an NIH-funded multi-level discount supermarket study were assessed. Read More

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Physical Characterization of Maize Grits Expanded Snacks and Changes in the Carotenoid Profile.

Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2021 Mar 22;76(1):68-75. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Embrapa Agroindústria de Alimentos, Food Extrusion and Physical Properties Lab, Avenida das Américas 29501, Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 23020-470, Brazil.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of feed moisture (13-17%, wb) and barrel temperature (120-160 °C) on physicochemical properties, and changes in the carotenoid profile of maize grits extruded snacks. The extrudates were obtained in a single-screw extruder, according to a 3 factorial design with two replicates. The linear coefficients of feed moisture and barrel temperature mainly affected the physicochemical properties. Read More

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Meal patterns and incident hypertension in community-dwelling middle-aged adults: an 11-year follow-up cohort study.

J Hypertens 2021 Jul;39(7):1393-1401

Department of Ophthalmology, Guangdong Eye Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: We aimed to examine whether meal patterns, as well as energy intake from three main meals and snacks, were associated with incident hypertension.

Methods: We included 12 995 participants aged 18-59 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey in the final analysis. Dietary intake was assessed using weighing methods in combination with 24-h food records. Read More

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[Potential interaction effect on obesity between sleep duration and dietary patterns in preschool children in Bengbu City in 2018-2019].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2020 Nov;49(6):895-901

Department of Preventive Medicine, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, China.

Objective: To examine the interaction effect between sleep duration and dietary patterns on obesity, in order to explore the possible risk factors for preschool children's obesity.

Methods: During September of 2018 to March of 2019(1148 boys and 981 girls, 1199 living in urban and 930 living in rural, 756 only child and 1373 not only child), a total of 2129 preschool children used two-stage cluster sampling method from 22 kindergartens aged 3-6 years old were investigated. Social-demographic information(included sex, age, only child or not, left-behind children or not, economic status of family, parents 'cultural level and caregivers' information), sleep duration and dietary intake were collected through "Sleep Duration and Physical Development Questionnaire(SDPDQ) of children aged 3-6 years old in Bengbu city". Read More

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November 2020

Comfort eating: An observational study of affect in the hours immediately before, and after, snacking.

Br J Health Psychol 2021 Jan 4. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

Objective: 'Comfort eating' has been used to explain real-world food choices, suggesting that individuals are drawn to energy-dense ('unhealthy') snacks when experiencing negative affect. However, this concept has rarely been studied, particularly in real-world settings. Similarly, the effects of snacking on subsequent affect are also poorly understood. Read More

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January 2021

Increasing Meal Frequency in Isoenergetic Conditions Does Not Affect Body Composition Change and Appetite During Weight Gain in Japanese Athletes.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2020 Dec 25;31(2):109-114. Epub 2020 Dec 25.

Waseda University.

For athletes to gain body mass, especially muscle, an increase in energy consumption is necessary. To increase their energy intake, many athletes consume more meals, including supplementary meals or snacks. However, the influence of meal frequency on changes in body composition and appetite is unclear. Read More

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December 2020

Acute Impact of the Use of a Standing Desk on Appetite Sensations and Energy Intake.

J Phys Act Health 2020 Nov 4;17(12):1240-1246. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Background: Sedentariness has been shown to increase energy intake and is associated with increased obesity prevalence. Active workstations are used to implement physical activity interventions in workplaces, but it is unclear if they can lead to reductions in body weight. This study aims to observe the acute impact of a standing desk on energy intake and appetite sensations. Read More

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November 2020

Effects of health literacy, screening, and participant choice on action plans for reducing unhealthy snacking in Australia: A randomised controlled trial.

PLoS Med 2020 11 3;17(11):e1003409. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Sydney Health Literacy Lab, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Low health literacy is associated with poorer health outcomes. A key strategy to address health literacy is a universal precautions approach, which recommends using health-literate design for all health interventions, not just those targeting people with low health literacy. This approach has advantages: Health literacy assessment and tailoring are not required. Read More

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November 2020

Occurrence of and Reasons for "Missing Events" in Mobile Dietary Assessments: Results From Three Event-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020 10 14;8(10):e15430. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Psychological Assessment & Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.

Background: Establishing a methodology for assessing nutritional behavior comprehensively and accurately poses a great challenge. Mobile technologies such as mobile image-based food recording apps enable eating events to be assessed in the moment in real time, thereby reducing memory biases inherent in retrospective food records. However, users might find it challenging to take images of the food they consume at every eating event over an extended period, which might lead to incomplete records of eating events (missing events). Read More

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October 2020

Wild edible plants collected and consumed by the locals in Daqinggou, Inner Mongolia, China.

J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2020 Oct 9;16(1):60. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

College of Life Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot, 010022, People's Republic of China.

Background: Knowledge of wild edible plants is an important part of traditional knowledge. It is closely related to traditional human agriculture, as well as biodiversity. This study aimed to conduct a detailed investigation and evaluation of wild edible plants that are collected and consumed by the Mongolian and Han locals in Daqinggou and to provide valuable data for the development and utilization of plant resources. Read More

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October 2020

Association of leisure sedentary time with common chronic disease risk factors: A longitudinal study of China Health and Nutrition Surveys.

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 Jan 9;36(1):100-112. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Department of Medical Insurance Management, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: Although the common risk factors were identified and controlled for many years, the overall prevalence of chronic diseases continued to increase in China.

Objective: We presumed the leisure sedentariness as a latent but pivotal factor of chronic diseases, and examined its distribution and changing trend, analysed its interaction effects on common risk factors, which could provide a new perspective for the prevention and management.

Methods: A total of 5013 participants were screened out from China Health and Nutrition Survey. Read More

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January 2021

Predicted DRD4 prefrontal gene expression moderates snack intake and stress perception in response to the environment in adolescents.

PLoS One 2020 26;15(6):e0234601. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Desautels Faculty of Management, McGill Center for the Convergence of Health and Economics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Body weight is substantially determined by eating behaviors, which are themselves driven by biological factors interacting with the environment. Previous studies in young children suggest that genetic influences on dopamine function may confer differential susceptibility to the environment in such a way that increases behavioral obesity risk in a lower socioeconomic status (SES) environment but decreases it in a higher SES environment. We aimed to test if this pattern of effect could also be observed in adolescence, another critical period for development in brain and behavior, using a novel measure of predicted expression of the dopamine receptor 4 (DRD4) gene in prefrontal cortex. Read More

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The differential effect of maternal dietary patterns on quantiles of Birthweight.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 22;20(1):976. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Discipline of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Nursing and Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Maternal dietary habits during pregnancy are considered essential for development and growth of the fetus as well as maternal health. It has an effect on the birthweight of infants. However, little is known about the effect of dietary patterns on birthweight in urban South Africa. Read More

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Optimizing air-frying process conditions for the development of healthy fish snack using response surface methodology under correlated observations.

J Food Sci Technol 2020 Jul 28;57(7):2651-2658. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri P.O., Willington Island, Cochin, 682029 India.

Air frying technique was used for the preparation of fish cutlet-a popular fish snack with low fat content, better protein content and color. The process conditions viz: temperature varying from 160 to 200 °C and time varying from 5 to 15 min were optimized using response surface methodology. A factorial design with 9 runs satisfying rotatability conditions under correlated errors was formulated for the experiment. Read More

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Exploring the directionality in the relationship between descriptive and injunctive parental and peer norms and snacking behavior in a three-year-cross-lagged study.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020 06 15;17(1):76. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Communication Science, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background: People's eating behavior is assumed to be influenced by what other people do (perceived descriptive norms) and what others approve of (perceived injunctive norms). It has been suggested that adolescents are more susceptible to peer norms than parental norms, because they experience a strong need for group acceptance that leads to conforming to peer group norms. The current study examined changes in snacking behavior and four types of social norms (i. Read More

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Refined carbohydrate-rich diet is associated with long-term risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in apolipoprotein E ε4 allele carriers.

Alzheimers Dement 2020 07 7;16(7):1043-1053. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Neuropsychiatry: Epidemiological & Clinical Research, University of Montpellier, INSERM, Montpellier, France.

Introduction: In animal models, refined carbohydrates (RF) worsen Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the long-term effects of high RF intake on the risk of dementia and AD are poorly described in epidemiological studies. Moreover, the interaction between RF and the apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE-ε4) is unknown. Read More

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Behavioral Circadian Timing System Disruptors and Incident Type 2 Diabetes in a Nonshift Working Multiethnic Population.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2020 07 21;28 Suppl 1:S55-S62. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: This study aimed to describe distributions of behavioral circadian disruptors in a free-living setting among a nonshift working multiethnic population, estimate the associated risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and determine whether disruptors account for ethnic differences in T2D.

Methods: Participants from six ethnic groups were included (Amsterdam, the Netherlands; n = 1,347-3,077 per group). Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate ethnic differences in disruptors, such as skipping breakfast, eating erratically, and sleep duration. Read More

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Development of a measure of the relative reinforcing value of food versus parent-child interaction for young children.

Appetite 2020 10 14;153:104731. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, USA; Center for Ingestive Behavior Research, University at Buffalo, USA. Electronic address:

The relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food captures individual differences in the motivation to eat and is associated with weight status among infants, children, and adults. Currently, there is no concurrent measure of the RRV of food versus a non-food alternative for 4-to-5-year-old children. The present study aimed to develop and validate a measure of the RRV of food versus time spent interacting with a parent in the context of reading among 4-to-5-year-old children. Read More

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October 2020