30,422 results match your criteria interaction inflammatory


Biglycan in hepatorenal crosstalk Biglycan: a regulator of hepatorenal inflammation and autophagy.

Matrix Biol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany. Electronic address:

Soluble biglycan, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, plays a significant role in several pathologies as it has emerged as an extracellular matrix-derived danger-associated molecular pattern. Biglycan is released from the extracellular matrix in response to tissue injury and, as a canonical danger signal, interacts with innate immune receptor, Toll-like receptors 2 and 4, thereby triggering a sustained inflammatory response. Recent evidence indicates that biglycan acts as a molecular switch between inflammation and autophagy by a specific interaction with the Toll-like co-receptor CD14 and CD44, respectively. Read More

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New Insight To The Rol Of Α-Enolase (Eno-1) As Immunological Marker In Rainbow Trout Fry.

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Jun 9:104163. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Grupo de Marcadores Inmunológicos, Laboratorio de Genética e Inmunología Molecular, Instituto de Biología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Avenida Universidad #330, 2373223, Valparaíso, Chile; Núcleo Biotecnológico de Curauma (NBC), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Avenida Universidad #330, 2373223, Valparaíso, Chile. Electronic address:

α-Enolase is an enzyme of the glycolytic pathway that has also been involved in vertebrate inflammatory processes through its interaction with plasminogen. However, its participation in the immune response of lower vertebrates during early life development is unknown. Opportunistic pathogens in salmon farming are the principal cause of mortality in the fry stage. Read More

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Patterns and Effects of Admission Hyperglycemia and Inflammatory Response in Trauma Patients: A Prospective Clinical Study.

World J Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: The constellation of the initial hyperglycemia, proinflammatory cytokines and severity of injury among trauma patients is understudied. We aimed to evaluate the patterns and effects of on-admission hyperglycemia and inflammatory response in a level 1 trauma center. We hypothesized that higher initial readings of blood glucose and cytokines are associated with severe injuries and worse in-hospital outcomes in trauma patients. Read More

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Complement Receptor 3 Forms a Compact High-Affinity Complex with iC3b.

J Immunol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark;

Complement receptor 3 (CR3, also known as Mac-1, integrin αβ, or CD11b/CD18) is expressed on a subset of myeloid and certain activated lymphoid cells. CR3 is essential for the phagocytosis of complement-opsonized particles such as pathogens and apoptotic or necrotic cells opsonized with the complement fragment iC3b and, to a lesser extent, C3dg. Although the interaction between the iC3b thioester domain and the ligand binding CR3 α I-domain is structurally and functionally well characterized, the nature of additional CR3-iC3b interactions required for phagocytosis of complement-opsonized objects remains obscure. Read More

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Cytomegalovirus subverts macrophage identity.

Cell 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Institute for Immunodeficiency, Center for Chronic Immunodeficiency (CCI), University Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany; Center for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Center, 79106 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Cytomegaloviruses (CMVs) have co-evolved with their mammalian hosts for millions of years, leading to remarkable host specificity and high infection prevalence. Macrophages, which already populate barrier tissues in the embryo, are the predominant immune cells at potential CMV entry sites. Here we show that, upon CMV infection, macrophages undergo a morphological, immunophenotypic, and metabolic transformation process with features of stemness, altered migration, enhanced invasiveness, and provision of the cell cycle machinery for viral proliferation. Read More

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The influence of extracellular tissue on neutrophil function and its possible linkage to inflammatory diseases.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University Medical Centre Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Background: Migration, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), release of myeloperoxidase (MPO), and NETosis are functional immunological reactions of elementary importance for polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). Unregulated inflammatory response of PMN within tissues plays a key role in the pathophysiology of several diseases. However, little is known about the behavior of PMN after migration through blood vessel walls. Read More

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Single-Cell Analysis of Ploidy and Transcriptome Reveals Functional and Spatial Divergency in Murine Megakaryopoiesis.

Blood 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China National Center for Bioinformation, Beijing, China.

Megakaryocytes (MKs), the platelet progenitor cell, play important roles in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) maintenance and immunity. However, it is not known whether these diverse programs are executed by a single population or by distinct subsets of cells. Here, we manually-isolated primary CD41+ MKs from the bone marrow (BM) of mice and human donors based on ploidy (2N-32N), performed single-cell RNA sequencing analysis. Read More

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Disruption of the pro-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory cytokines and tight junction proteins expression, associated with changes of the composition of the gut microbiota in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0252930. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russian Federation.

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a pathologic condition characterized by changes in gut microbiome composition, low-grade inflammation, and disruption of intestinal wall permeability. The interaction between the gut microbiome and the disease manifestation remains unclear. The changing of tight junction proteins and cytokines expression throughout the gastrointestinal tract in IBS patients has not been studied yet. Read More

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and Serve as Potential Diagnostic Biomarkers of Acute Myocardial Infarction Based on Integrated Bioinformatics Analyses.

DNA Cell Biol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.

This study aimed to explore the potential diagnostic biomarkers and mechanisms underlying acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We downloaded four datasets (GSE19339, GSE48060, GSE66360, and GSE97320) from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and combined them as an integrated dataset. A total of 153 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by the linear models for microarray analysis (LIMMA) package. Read More

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The Effects of Limosilactobacillus reuteri LR-99 Supplementation on Body Mass Index, Social Communication, Fine Motor Function, and Gut Microbiome Composition in Individuals with Prader-Willi Syndrome: a Randomized Double-Blinded Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, China.

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder associated with developmental delay, obesity, and neuropsychiatric comorbidities. Limosilactobacillus reuteri (Lactobacillus reuteri, Lact. reuteri) has demonstrated anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory effects in previous studies. Read More

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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, polygenic risk score and colorectal cancer risk.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with reduced colorectal cancer (CRC) risk.

Aim: To explore whether this association varies according to background polygenic risk for CRC.

Methods: Data were collected from a large population-based case-control study on CRC in Germany. Read More

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An elevated anxiety level among prepubertal autistic boys with non-treatment-seeking functional gastrointestinal disorders: A case-control study.

Autism Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.

Children with autism commonly suffer from comorbid functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) and anxiety. The raised prevalence of both conditions in autism suggests complex reciprocal relationships, which are seldom explored in non-treatment-seeking FGID. The relationships between subtypes of FGID and anxiety are also unclear. Read More

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Resveratrol ameliorated endothelial injury of thoracic aorta in diabetic mice and Gly-LDL-induced HUVECs through inhibiting TLR4/HIF-1α.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Endocrinology, Putuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

To explore the effects of resveratrol on the levels of inflammatory cytokines and Toll-like receptor-4/ hypoxia-inducible transcription factors-1α (TLR4/HIF-1α) signalling pathway in diabetes mellitus. C57BL/6 mice received intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin for constructing diabetic mice models. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with 50 µg/mL Gly-LDL for inducing injury models. Read More

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Relating the transcriptome and microbiome by paired terminal ileal Crohn disease.

iScience 2021 Jun 5;24(6):102516. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ministry of Health, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Research Center, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease, 160# Pu Jian Avenue, Shanghai 200127, China.

Management of terminal ileal Crohn disease (CD) is difficult due to fibrotic prognosis and failure to achieve mucosal healing. A limited number of synchronous analyses have been conducted on the transcriptome and microbiome in unpaired terminal ileum tissues. Therefore, our study focused on the transcriptome and mucosal microbiome in terminal ileal tissues of patients with CD with the aim of determining the role of cross-talk between the microbiome and transcriptome in the pathogenesis of terminal ileal CD. Read More

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Biomedical and Tissue Engineering Strategies to Control Foreign Body Reaction to Invasive Neural Electrodes.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 25;9:659033. Epub 2021 May 25.

NeXT: Neurophysiology and Neuroengineering of Human-Technology Interaction Research Unit, Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Rome, Italy.

Neural-interfaced prostheses aim to restore sensorimotor limb functions in amputees. They rely on bidirectional neural interfaces, which represent the communication bridge between nervous system and neuroprosthetic device by controlling its movements and evoking sensory feedback. Compared to extraneural electrodes (i. Read More

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An Advanced Clinician Practitioner in Arthritis Care (ACPAC) Maintains a Positive Patient Experience While Increasing Capacity in Rheumatology Community Care.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 3;14:1299-1310. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Continuing Professional Development, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: This study describes patient care experiences of solo-rheumatologist and co-managed care models utilizing an Advanced Clinician Practitioner in Arthritis Care-trained Extended Role Practitioner (ACPAC-ERP) in three community rheumatology practices.

Materials And Methods: Patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) were assigned to care provided by one of three (2 senior, 1 early-career) community-based rheumatologists (usual care), or an ACPAC-ERP (co-managed care) for the 6-months following diagnosis. Patient experiences were surveyed using validated measures of patient satisfaction (Patient Doctor Interaction Scale-PDIS), global ratings of confidence and satisfaction, referral patterns, disease activity (RADAI) and self-perceived disability (HAQ-Disability) as well as demographic information. Read More

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Ankylosing spondylitis: an autoimmune or autoinflammatory disease?

Nat Rev Rheumatol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Dipartimento di Medicina di Precisione, Università della Campania L. Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology. Unlike other systemic autoimmune diseases, in AS, the innate immune system has a dominant role characterized by aberrant activity of innate and innate-like immune cells, including γδ T cells, group 3 innate lymphoid cells, neutrophils, mucosal-associated invariant T cells and mast cells, at sites predisposed to the disease. The intestine is involved in disease manifestations, as it is at the forefront of the interaction between the mucosal-associated immune cells and the intestinal microbiota. Read More

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Microbial interaction: Prevotella spp. reduce P. aeruginosa induced inflammation in cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells.

J Cyst Fibros 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University Belfast, Lisburn Road, Belfast, UK. Electronic address:

Background: In Cystic Fibrosis (CF) airways, the dehydrated, thick mucus promotes the establishment of persistent polymicrobial infections and drives chronic airways inflammation. This also predisposes the airways to further infections, the vicious, self-perpetuating cycle causing lung damage and progressive lung function decline. The airways are a poly-microbial environment, containing both aerobic and anaerobic bacterial species. Read More

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STAT1 epigenetically regulates LCP2 and TNFAIP2 by recruiting EP300 to contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.

Clin Epigenetics 2021 Jun 10;13(1):127. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430071, Hubei, China.

Background: The aetiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is related to genetics and epigenetics. Epigenetic regulation of the pathogenesis of IBD has not been well defined. Here, we investigated the role of H3K27ac events in the pathogenesis of IBD. Read More

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Cellular and molecular mediators of lymphangiogenesis in inflammatory bowel disease.

J Transl Med 2021 Jun 10;19(1):254. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Key Laboratory of Medical Science and Laboratory Medicine of Jiangsu Province, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Background: Recent studies reporting the intricate crosstalk between cellular and molecular mediators and the lymphatic endothelium in the development of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) suggest altered inflammatory cell drainage and lymphatic vasculature, implicating the lymphatic system as a player in the occurrence, development, and recurrence of intestinal diseases. This article aims to review recent data on the modulatory functions of cellular and molecular components of the IBD microenvironment on the lymphatic system, particularly lymphangiogenesis. It serves as a promising therapeutic target for IBD management and treatment. Read More

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Vitamin D attenuates COVID-19 complications via modulation of proinflammatory cytokines, antiviral proteins, and autophagy.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University Jeddah 21589 Saudi Arabia.

: Global emergence of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has clearly shown variable severity, mortality, and frequency between and within populations worldwide. These striking differences have made many biological variables attractive for future investigations. One of these variables, vitamin D, has been implicated in COVID-19 with rapidly growing scientific evidence. Read More

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P2RX7 gene variation mediates the effect of childhood adversity and recent stress on the severity of depressive symptoms.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0252766. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

The P2X purinoceptor 7 (P2RX7) mediates inflammatory microglial responses and is implicated in neuroimmune mechanisms of depression and neurodegenerative disorders. A number of studies suggest that psychosocial stress may precipitate depression through immune activation. Genetic association studies of P2RX7 variants with depression have been inconclusive. Read More

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A comparison expression analysis of CXCR4, CXCL9 and Caspase-9 in dermal vascular endothelial cells between keloids and normal skin on chemotaxis and apoptosis.

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2021 Jun 10:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

The Sixteenth Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), Beijing, China.

This present study was designed to explore key biological characteristics and biomarkers associated with dermal vascular endothelial cells of keloids. GSE121618 dataset was downloaded in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) Database, including the KECs group and NVECs group. Through GEO2R, we have screened the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and performed gene ontology (GO), Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Read More

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Preparation of a water soluble aminated β-1,3-D-glucan for gene carrier: The in vitro study of the anti-inflammatory activity and transfection efficiency.

J Biomed Mater Res A 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China.

β-1,3-D-glucan has been reported to have a series of bioactivities including antitumor, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects; however, its insolubility in neutral aqueous solution significantly restricts the potential application in biological and medicine fields. Herein, a water-soluble aminated β-1,3-D-glucan (AG) was synthesized and the anti-inflammatory effect, cytotoxicity and plasmid DNA (pDNA) binding capacity of AG, serum stability, the particle sizes and zeta potentials of AG/pDNA nanocomposites, and the transfection efficiency and mechanism of action were studied. AG shows no obvious cytotoxicity within the range of working concentration (1-64 μg/ml) and it exerts potent anti-inflammatory effect independent on Dectin-1 and TLR2. Read More

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Adipose Extracellular Vesicles: Messengers From and to Macrophages in Regulating Immunometabolic Homeostasis or Disorders.

Front Immunol 2021 24;12:666344. Epub 2021 May 24.

Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity of Shandong Province, Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Adipose tissue is comprised of heterogenous cell populations that regulate both energy metabolism and immune reactions. Macrophages play critical roles in regulating immunometabolic homeostasis or disorders through cooperation with adipocytes, adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) or other cells in adipose tissue. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are recently recognized as efficient messengers for intercellular communication. Read More

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Single Cell RNA-Seq Analysis Identifies Differentially Expressed Genes of Treg Cell in Early Treatment-Naive Rheumatoid Arthritis By Arsenic Trioxide.

Front Pharmacol 2021 24;12:656124. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Early treatment-naïve rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has defective regulatory T (Treg) cells and increased inflammation response. In this study, we aim to illustrate the regulation of Treg cells in pathogenesis of early rheumatoid arthritis by arsenic trioxide (AsO). We studied the effects of AsO on gene expression in early treatment-naïve RA Treg cells with single cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq). Read More

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The derepression of transposable elements in lung cells is associated with the inflammatory response and gene activation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Mob DNA 2021 Jun 9;12(1):14. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, Box 164, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Background: Transposable elements (TEs) are repetitive sequences of viral origin that compose almost half of the human genome. These elements are tightly controlled within cells, and if activated, they can cause changes in both gene regulation and immune viral responses that have been associated with several chronic inflammatory diseases in humans. As oxidants are potent activators of TEs, and because oxidative injury is a major risk factor in relation to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), we hypothesized that TEs might be involved in the regulation of gene expression and so contribute to inflammation in cases of IPF. Read More

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Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Protects Against Endothelial Dysfunction in a Human Model of Systemic Inflammation: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2021 Jun 10:ATVBAHA121316388. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Periodontology Unit, UCL Eastman Dental Institute and Hospital, University College London, United Kingdom. (M.O., Y.L., F.D.).

Objective: Inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction are known to contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) protects from endothelial dysfunction and the damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion. Using intensive periodontal treatment (IPT), an established human model of acute systemic inflammation, we investigated whether RIPC prevents endothelial dysfunction and modulates systemic levels of inflammation and oxidative stress. Read More

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Novel Mechanisms for Resolution of Liver Inflammation: Therapeutic Implications.

Semin Liver Dis 2021 May 24;41(2):150-162. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), California and Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California.

Traditional concepts have classically viewed resolution of inflammation as a passive process yet insight into the pathways by which inflammation is resolved has challenged this idea. Resolution has been revealed as a highly dynamic and active event that is essential to counteract the dysregulated inflammatory response that drives diverse disease states. Abrogation of the hepatic inflammatory response through the stimulation of proresolving mechanisms represents a new paradigm in the setting of chronic inflammatory-driven liver diseases. Read More

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Exploring the role of Aquaporins (AQPs) in LPS induced systemic inflammation and the ameliorative effect of Garcinia in male Wistar rat.

Inflammopharmacology 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Zoology, Animal Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Gauhati University, Guwahati, 781014, Assam, India.

The Aquaporins (AQPs) could prove to be striking targets of inflammation. The aim of this study was to study the involvement of AQPs and explore the anti-inflammatory activity of Garcinia extract in LPS induced acute systemic inflammation in Wistar rats. Adult male Wistar rats (n = 6) were pretreated with Garcinia orally twice for 7 days, followed by a single intraperitoneal dose (5. Read More

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